17 most beautiful bridges in the world
The editors of the authoritative portal of architecture and design Architectural Digest have compiled a list of the most beautiful bridges in the world. And there are many of them, because architects love to design something special instead of boring road on several supports. From the Charles Bridge in Prague to the Golden Gate in San Francisco, check out where your foot has never set foot.
Seri Wawasan Bridge, Putrajaya, Malaysia
Designed by a firm from Kuala Lumpur and completed in 2003.
Puente de la Mujer Bridge, Buenos Aires, Argentina
The structure was designed by the famous architect Santiago Calatrava. The bridge was opened in 2001.
High Bridge, Amsterdam, Netherlands
The design of the building was carried out by the architectural bureau of West 8, New York. The work was completed in 2001.
Nescio, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Built in 2006 the bridge was so beautiful it won three major international awards. Designers from the London firm WilkinsonEyre designed the structure. The bridge is about 800 meters long.
Rialto Bridge, Venice, Italy
Rialto Bridge in Venice was built back in 16th century. It is the oldest bridge standing over the Grand Canal.
Subisuri Bridge, Bilbao, Spain
The Subisuri pedestrian bridge, like the Puente de la Mujer in Buenos Aires, was designed by the legendary architect Santiago Calatrava. The structure was opened to citizens in 1997.
Manhattan Bridge, New York, USA
The bridge connects the boroughs of Manhattan and Brooklyn. It was designed by engineer Leon Moisseiff and opened the structure in 1912. To this day the bridge is used daily by thousands of car and public transportation passengers, cyclists and pedestrians.
Sheikh Zayed Bridge, Abu Dhabi, UAE
The bridge was designed by the famous architect Zaha Hadid. Construction was completed in 2010, and the construction cost about $ 300 million.
Széchenyi Chain Bridge, Budapest, Hungary
Designed by British engineer William Tierney Clark, the Szechenyi Chain Bridge opened in 1849. It crosses the mighty Danube River.
Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco, USA
One of the most famous bridges in the world was built in 1937. It owes its recognizable shape to architect Irwin Morrow.
Tower Bridge, London, United Kingdom
Another architectural celebrity, Tower Bridge was opened in 1894. Thanks to it, cars and pedestrians can still easily cross the River Thames to this day.
Helix Bridge, Singapore
Helix Bridge, which opened in 2010, is lit up and futuristic-looking. It connects the urban areas of Singapore Marina and Marina South.
Juselinu Kubicek Bridge, Brasilia, Brazil
The bridge was designed by architect Alexander Chen and engineer Mario Vila Verde. When the construction was completed in 2002, the total cost was approximately $57 million.
Millau Viaduct Bridge, Cressel, France
The viaduct of Millau is the highest bridge in the world. Its highest point rises to 340 meters above the base of the structure. The design was developed by the architect Sir Norman Foster and the engineer Michel Wirloge. And the bridge was opened in 2004.
Charles Bridge, Prague, Czech Republic
The Charles Bridge, which crosses the Vltava River, was built in the early 1400s. It is built entirely of stone and decorated with dozens of ancient statues on both sides.
Brooklyn Bridge, New York, USA
The bridge was opened to the citizens in 1883, and at first New Yorkers were incredulous about the huge construction. Just a week after its opening rumors swept through the city that it might suddenly collapse. This caused a stampede on the bridge and the death of twelve people. To reassure the public of the bridge’s durability, authorities ran 21 elephants from the circus over it. Today 150,000 cars and pedestrians use the bridge every day.
Haju Bridge, Isfahan, Iran
The structure is about 130 meters long and 12 meters wide and accommodates as many as 23 arches. Beautiful by day and by night, the Haju Bridge is a popular meeting place for citizens.
Top 25: The longest bridges in the world
Determining the longest bridge in the world is not an easy task. For the past few years, there have been real “measurement wars” to determine the longest bridge on Earth. The main reason for this is that it is difficult to determine what exactly is a bridge. Does it have to span over water? Does it have to measure the roadway of bridges? What if only part of the bridge is above water? While these questions are essential if you want to put a bridge in the Guinness Book, we won’t look at any particular type of bridge. With that said, here are the 25 longest bridges in the world.
25. Saratov Bridge
When it opened in 1965, the Saratov Bridge over the Volga, located in Saratov, Russia, was the longest bridge in the Soviet Union. It is 2,803.7 meters long and connects Saratov on the right (west) bank of the Volga, with the city of Engels on the left (east) bank. In 2008 they began to build a new bridge, and in 2009 its second part was completed and opened, resulting in a total length of 12,760 meters.
24. Jubilee Parkway
The Jubilee Parkway is a pair of parallel concrete viaduct bridges that carry Highway 10 across Mobile Bay from the George Wallace Tunnel on Blakeley Island in Mobile, Alabama, east to Spanish Fort/Daphne, Alabama. Sadly, one of the largest automobile accidents occurred on the bridge in 1995, killing one person and injuring ninety.
23. Confederate Bridge
The Confederation Bridge spans Abegweit Passage, the narrowest part of Northumberland Strait, linking Prince Edward Island to mainland New Brunswick, Canada. It is called the longest ice-covered bridge in the world during the winter months. Interesting fact: To leave the island, drivers must pay a toll.
22. Presidential Bridge
The Presidential Bridge is a truss bridge that spans the Volga River in the Ulyanovsk region of Russia and connects the city of Ulyanovsk with the eastern part of the Ulyanovsk region. It is the second longest bridge in Russia and one of the longest bridges in Europe, with a length of 19.98 kilometers. Up to 40,000 vehicles pass over the bridge every day.
21. Bhumibol Bridge
Also known as the Industrial Ring Road Bridge, Bhumibol is part of the 13 km industrial ring road connecting South Bangkok with Samut Prakan province. The bridge twice crosses the Chao Phraya River with two cable-stayed spans of 702 m and 582 m, supported by two diamond-shaped pylons 173 m and 164 m high. In 2009 the bridge was named after King Bhumidol Adulyadej because, according to tradition, all bridges spanning the Chao Phraya River in Bangkok are named after members of the royal family.
20. Rio-Niteroi Bridge
The Costa e Silva Presidential Bridge, commonly known as the Rio Niteroi Bridge, is a box-section girder bridge located in Guanabara Bay, in the state of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil. It connects the cities of Rio de Janeiro and the municipality of Niteroi. It is currently the longest stressed concrete bridge in the Southern Hemisphere and the sixth longest in the world. It was originally named after President Costa e Silva, but today it is rarely so named.
19. Penang Bridge
The Penang Bridge is a two-lane toll bridge connecting Georgetown on the island of Penang and Seberang Prai on the Malaysian mainland on the Malay Peninsula. The total length of the bridge is 13.5 km, making it the longest bridge in Malaysia and the fourth longest in Southeast Asia. Up until 2014, it was the only one that connected the peninsula and the island.
18. Bridge over the Kama River
The bridge across the Kama River on highway R239 is near the village of Sorochy Gory in Tatarstan, Russia. It is part of the longest bridge structure in Russia in terms of total length of the overpass. The bridge is part of the longest artificial road structure in Russia. It is considered very important because it is part of the highway that connects the cities and towns of Kazan, Kristopol, Bugulma, and Orenburg.
17. Vasco da Gama Bridge
Vasco da Gama Bridge is a cable-stayed bridge framed by viaducts overlooking the Tagus River near Lisbon, the capital of Portugal. It is the longest bridge in Europe (including viaducts), with a total length of 17.2 km. The bridge also has six lanes (soon to be eight, which will increase the volume of traffic) with a speed limit of 120 km per hour.
16. Aerotrain Test Track
Although not in use, the Aerotrain Test Track was where the French high-speed rail train was tested in the 1970s. Although parts of this extensive track have been demolished, you can still see it today.
15. Incheon Bridge
The Incheon Bridge (also called the Great Incheon Bridge) is a newly built reinforced concrete bridge in South Korea. When it opened in October 2009, it was the second road connecting Yeongjong Island and Incheon on the mainland. It is also the seventh longest cable-stayed bridge and is 12.3 kilometers long.
14. The Sixth of October Bridge
The Sixth of October Bridge is an elevated highway in downtown Cairo, Egypt. The 20.5-kilometer-long bridge and causeway crosses the Nile River twice, running from the west bank suburbs, east across Gezira Island in downtown Cairo, and further connecting the city to Cairo International Airport to the east. Its name is reminiscent of the date of the “Crossing”, which began on the day of the beginning of the Doomsday War in 1973. In 2011, during the Egyptian Revolution, protesters marched across the bridge to Tahrir Square and there were fights between Mubarek’s supporters and his opponents.
13. Tunnel bridge over the Chesapeake Bay Bridge
The tunnel bridge first connected 19 km of trestle, two 1.6 km tunnels, four man-made islands, two high level bridges, about 3.2 km of dike and 8.9 km of access roads crossing the Chesapeake Bay. Fun fact! In 1987, the bridge tunnel was officially named the Lucius J. Kellam Jr. Tunnel Bridge in honor of one of the civic leaders who worked long and hard on the bridge. However, it is now better known as the Chesapeake Tunnel Bridge.
12. the Jintang Bridge
The Jintang Bridge is a cable-stayed highway in Zhejiang, China, on the Zhoushan Archipelago, the largest group of islands in China. The Zhejiang Bridge is also important to Chinese history, uniting the Chinese People’s Liberation Army during the Beiping-Tianjin campaign. The people of Tianjin call it the “Glass Bridge.
11. Jiaozhou Bay Bridge
The Jiaozhou Bay Bridge is the longest overhead bridge in the world, if you count the length of all parts (some parts are suspended above land). The length of this bridge is 42.6 kilometers, but the length above water is only 25.9 kilometers. It competed with the Lake Pontchartrain Bridge, which has also been called the longest over-water bridge, resulting in Guinness World Records having to create two categories of “longest over-water bridges”.
10. Atchafalaya Basin Bridge
The Atchafalaya Basin Bridge is two parallel bridges in the U.S. state of Louisiana, located between Baton Rouge and Lafayette, over which Route 10 passes over the Atchafalaya Basin. This bridge is also known as the Louisiana Memorial Airborne Bridge. It is best to drive over these bridges with caution. Because of the narrowness of the two river crossings and the lack of a curb, many accidents occur here. Apparently there were so many accidents that in 1999 the governor had to lower the speed limit from 112 km per hour to 100 km per hour.
9. Zhuhai-Macau Bridge
The Zhuhai-Macau Bridge is a 54 km long bridge in Hong Kong consisting of three cable-stayed bridges, an underwater tunnel and four artificial islands. It took 120 years to build, at a cost of 126.9 billion yuan, or $18.77 billion. It is now considered the longest bridge across the sea.
8. Donghai Bridge
The Dunghai Bridge is one of the longest sea bridges in the world. Its total length is 32.5 kilometers, and it connects mainland Shanghai and the deep-sea port of Yangshan in China. Vehicles too heavy can’t move across the bridge because the route is too narrow.
7. Runyang Bridge
Runyang Bridge is a large bridge complex that crosses the Yangtze River in Jiangsu Province, China, below Nanjing. The complex consists of two major bridges that connect Zhenjiang on the south bank of the river and Yangzhou on the north bank. The bridge is part of the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railroad. It holds the record as the third largest suspension bridge in the world and the largest bridge in China.
6. Hangzhou Bay Bridge
The bridge over Hangzhou Bay with a length of 35.673 km is one of the longest transoceanic bridges in the world. The purpose of building this bridge was to reduce the travel time from Ningbo to Shanghai. It succeeded in doing so. It used to take four hours, but now it takes two.
5. Swamp Bridge in Manchac
The Swamp Bridge in Manchac is a double concrete trestle bridge in the U.S. state of Louisiana. It is located near Lake Pontchartrain, known for its incredibly long bridges, as you will soon see. Although the bridge is perfectly safe to drive, Louisiana legend has it that the bridge is haunted by the Cajun werewolf called Rougarou or the voodoo princess. Despite these spooky stories, however, the only thing drivers should be wary of are the alligators that dwell under the bridge.
4. Lake Pontchartrain Dam
The Lake Pontchartrain Dam is considered the longest bridge in the United States and the longest overhead (continuous) bridge in the world. It consists of two parallel bridges crossing Lake Pontchartrain in South Louisiana, USA. The length of the two bridges is 38.35 km. There has been some controversy as to which bridge is considered the longest overhead bridge. For over 10 years, Lake Pontchartrain Dam was listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the longest overwater bridge. In 2011, however, that title was awarded to the Jiaozhou Bay Bridge in China. Many in the U.S. disputed this, claiming that the dam above water is 38 kilometers long, so it is the longest. Guinness ended the dispute by creating two categories: one for longest bridge (continuous), which was assigned to the Lake Pontchartrain Dam, and a second for longest bridge (by cumulative length), which was assigned to the Jiaozhou Bridge.
3. Bang Na Bridge Photo: shutterstock
The Bang Na Bridge is a 55 km long six-lane highway located in Thailand. The bridge runs along the Bang Na-Trat Highway. For a long time it was considered one of the longest bridges in the world (until 2010 the longest), but has been removed from some lists, because for most of its length it does not pass over a body of water. The largest body of water it crosses is the Bang Pakong River.
2. The Great Bridge of Tianjin
The Great Tianjin Bridge is a railway viaduct that runs between Langfang and Qingxian and is part of the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railroad. It is one of the longest bridges in the world with a total length of about 113.7 km. According to Guinness, it holds the record for the second longest bridge in the world.
1. the Great Danyang-Kunshan Bridge (Danyang-Kunshan) Photo: commons.wikimedia.org
The Danyang-Kunshan Grand Bridge is the longest bridge in the world and is now listed in the Guinness Book of World Records with such a record. It is a 164.8 kilometer long viaduct on the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railroad, the geography of which is characterized by flat rice fields, canals, rivers and lakes. The bridge took four years to build and cost more than $8 billion.