The cave “White Palace” is located in the same mountain massif as “Primorsky Giant” and has long been known to local hunters. The cave was first described by geologists in 1962. In 1966 there were conducted paleontological excavations. In 1985 speleologists from Vladivostok found the continuation of the cave cavity. Entrance to the cave is at the base of the steep and rocky western slope of the mountain, about 10 meters above the water level of the river.
Rich Fanza Cave
The karst cave Rich Fanza is located in the Khasansky District of Primorsky Krai, 9 kilometers west of the village Barabash, in the valley of the Rich Key, on its left bank, in the basin of the Bogataya River. The first mention of the cave dates back to 1950, but cave research by Vladivostok speleologists was carried out only in 1973. Bogataya Fanza Cave is a geological natural monument.
Komsomolskaya cave was discovered by local residents at the end of last century, but after some time its coordinates have been forgotten. The cave was found out again in 1966 by V.P.Barkin, who also made the plan of the cave. The cave is a three connected halls; its total length is 250 meters, depth is 57 meters, volume is 25000 m3. Komsomolskaya Cave is the largest marble cavity in the Far East.
Located on the right bank of the river APartizanskaya (Suchan), 11 kilometers south of Partizansk. Entrance to the cave is clearly visible when approaching the platform, on the right side of the electric train from Partizansk to Nakhodka. The entrance to the cave is located on a steep rocky slope. On the walls of the cave stretches horizontal ledges, these are traces of the lowering level of the ancient underground river.
On the Chandalaz Range, on one of the valley slopes, at the base of the rock, there is a small horizontal cave. The cave is a gallery 2 meters high and up to 2.5 meters wide. The length of the cave is 13.5 meters. The Little Cave is located on the saddle of a small ridge that separates the karst hollow from the western slope.
The Medvezhya Cave is situated on the crest of a high watershed between the Povorotny and Medvezhy springs, on the left tributary of the Sinegorka (Daubikheza) River, in the Yakovlevskiy region of Primorye. The cave was discovered in 1966 by the local hunter I.I.Panasenko. The first studies of the cave conducted by Vladivostok speleologists in 1968, made a plan of the cave. The detailed survey was made in 1969.
The Mokrushinskaya Cave is situated in the Olginsky District of Primorsky Krai. The largest karst cave in the Far East is unique in its variety of stalactites, stalagmites, stalagmites, and cascade sintering. The multilevel cave is very beautiful with many small lakes and the stalactites have peculiar colors ranging from blue and greenish to red-brown.
The Tender Cave is situated in the North of Primorye, in Dalnegorsk region, in the upper reaches of the Krivoi river. The Tender Cave was discovered in 1974. The cave is damp. The cave is abundant in sintered rocks of various forms.
Nikolaevskaya cave is located in the Dalnegorsk region of Primorsky Krai, in the middle course of the Nikolaevsky Key. The cave was discovered in the late 18th century. In 1906 it was visited by V. K. Arsenyev, later it was explored by S. N. Anishchik and A. Y. Barabanov (in 1964), and by O. I. Prikhodchenko (in 1969). The plan of the cave was made in 1976. The Nikolaevskaya Cave is a labyrinth, which has three floors.
Primorsky Giant Cave
Primorsky Giant Cave, 540 m long and 93 m deep, one of the largest caves in Primorsky Krai, is located in Partizansky District, 32 km south-east of the village Sergeevka. The cave was formed in the massive limestone of Mount Constantinople, which is located in the headwaters of the Left Alekseevka River, on its right bank.
Silver Cave is situated in Shkotovo District of Primorsky Krai, on Mount Van Gou in the vicinity of the village of Manyudobnoe. The cave has long been known to local residents because of its highly visible entrance hole. In 1966-1967, excavations were carried out in it under the leadership of E.G. Leshok. During the excavations a large number of bone remains of different animals, as well as fragments of charcoal and stone tools were found.
Spasskaya cave is located in the town of Spassk-Dalnego at the foot of the northern slope of Malaya Sopka. The cave was formed about 20 million years ago and is a heavily branched horizontal cavity, the entrances to which are located at the bottom of the funnel near Spassky Cement Plant. The cave has 11 halls (Kapelka, Amphitheater, Stalactite, etc.), as well as a large deep lake and several small lakes (Transparent and others).
Sleeping Beauty Cave
Sleeping Beauty Cave is located in Shkotovo District, Primorsky Krai. The karst cave is situated in the Artemovka river valley, in its upper reaches. Here on the territory of the Ussuri State Reserve is the Snake Mountain, an ancient karst reef of the Late Permian period.
The Devil’s Gate Cave
The Devil’s Gate Cave is situated in the Dalnegorsk region of Primorsky Krai. Its entrance is about 15 m in diameter. Shortly after the entrance the gallery rapidly narrows after a few tens of meters blocked with sinter. The side wall of the entrance gallery has a second entrance that leads into the grotto.
Van Gou Caves
In Shkotovo region of Primorye, on one of the tops of the ridge Big Griva, near the village Multyudobnoe, there are caves Silver (local name Sitsa), and Dragon Cave. In 1966-1967, excavations led by E.G. Leshok were conducted in the Silver Cave. During the excavations, a large number of animal remains were found, as well as charcoal fragments and stone tools.
Partizansky District Caves
There are several limestone massifs in the Partizansky District, most of which are located in the valley of the Partizanskaya (Suchan) River. In the area of the village Yekaterinovka there is a large massif of limestone Lozovy (Chandalaz) Ridge and Yekaterinovsky Ridge, where the caves are located. The biggest karst cavity of the Lozovy (Chandalaz) Ridge and the deepest is the Solyanik Cave, which is 122 m deep.
Caves of the Shkotovo area
The caves of Shkotovsky District of Primorsky Krai are located in the valley of the Artemovka River, in its upper reaches. Here, on the territory of the Ussuri State Reserve, there is an ancient karst reef of the Late Permian period, which is known as the Snake Mountain.
Caves of Primorsky Krai
Karst caves – natural monuments of Primorsky Krai, taken under protection of the state. Despite this, everyone is free to visit these mysterious places.
Primorsky Krai is one of the richest in natural attractions of the Russian Federation. Besides the ocean coast, uncharacteristic for Russia flora and fauna, the Lake Khanka and the Sikhote-Alin mountain system, Primorsky Krai can boast numerous caves, due to the mountainous character of the area. The overwhelming majority of the caves are of karst origin, though small volcanic caves and grottoes of abrasion character are also found here.
White Palace Cave
The cave is situated in the Partisansky district at the foot of the mountain Constantinople. White Palace – an underground tunnel in the system of white limestone, from the color of which the grotto and got its name. When hit by the light, its walls begin to shimmer and sparkle. The second part of the name the cave got for its imposing vaults, reminiscent of the outstanding architectural structure. In one of the halls of the cave in the rainy season and during the flood, an underground lake is formed. In the winter season, the walls are covered with frozen ice, giving the cave the epithet “crystal palace.”
Rich Fanza is located in the Khasansky district of the region in less than 10 km from the village Barabash. The Big Fanza is located in the Leopard Land Nature Park, so there is an official administrative fine for visiting it without permission of the administration, although the vast majority of tourists visit it freely and without permission. Rich Fanza is a standard karst cave of the labyrinthine type, best known for its unique siphon lake. The length of underground passages – more than 150 meters, the cave has 2 floors, and the number of lakes in it depends on the filling of the river Bogataya, in the basin of which the cave is located.
Komsomolsk cave is located 12 km from the village of Olga, in the east of Primorye. Komsomolskaya cave consists of three halls, with a lake of more than 60 sq.m. in the middle hall. The cave has long been known to the local population, but “anew” it was discovered in the mid-60s by scientists, in the early 70s it was described in detail and given a name. The length of the underground corridors of the cave is 250 meters, depth – almost 60 meters. A special feature of the Komsomolskaya is its location in the marble rocks, it is the largest cave of this type on the territory of the region.
The Bat Cave is situated 11 km away from the Partizansk town and 1 km away from the Novaya Sila station. The entrance is situated on a rocky mountainside with the underground gallery, which ends in an impressive grotto. In the cave was discovered Neolithic site of man with the household items of that era. One of the finds is a coin-shaped amulet made of bronze and representing a miniature Buddhist mandala. It is believed that the amulet dates back to the time of the Jurchens who inhabited the Primorye and the Amur region in the Middle Ages.
Small cave is situated on the territory of Nakhodka city district on the slopes of the Chandolaz Ridge. The cave got its name for its small size – 13,5 m in length, 2 in height and 2,5 in width. Little is just one of the many small caves of Chandolaz, which became famous because of the surprise that lurked in it. This small grotto ends in a rubble, behind which the entrance to a vast hall of more than 50 m² and more than 3 m high was later found and excavated.
The Bear Cave is located in the Anuchin district of Primorsky Krai within the Eastern Blue Ridge of Sikhote Alin. It got its name from a bear pursued by a hunter, during which time the cave was discovered. The Bear Cave is a two-tiered cave, the upper floor is narrow and winding, and the lower floor is a hall up to 8 meters high. The total length of the underground corridors – more than 60 meters. The Bear Cave is dry, which allows it to be inhabited – there lives a large colony of bats.
Mokrushinskaya cave is the largest cave in the Far East (the volume of more than 60 thousand cubic meters). Mokrushinskaya is located at the foot of Mount Mokrushinskaya (former Immudynza) within the river of the same name in the Olginsky district. The cave was discovered back in the early 20th century by the local peasants, and at the same time it was described by scientists, although a complete topographic survey was carried out after the Second World War. The cave consists of two floors: the upper level contains 4 halls, one of which contains 8 underground lakes, and in the lower level there is an enormous lake of almost 300 square meters in area and 10 meters in depth.
The Nezhnaya Cave is located in the basin of the Krivoy River on the territory of the Dalnegorsk Municipal District in limestone sediments. The cave was discovered in the middle of the 70s, consists of several halls connected by underground galleries. Nizhnaya is distinguished by extremely dampness – its floor is often covered with puddles, the walls are covered with moisture and dripstones are developed. Since 1986 Nizhnaya is a natural monument of regional importance.
The Nikolaevskaya cave is situated within the Dalnegogorsky urban area away from the road leading from Dalnegorsk to the Nikolaevsk zinc-lead mine. Nikolaevskaya cave is considered the most accessible for visiting in Dalnegogorsk. The length of the underground passages of the cave is slightly less than 1 km, the depth – over 17 meters. The cave ends with a gallery, which leads to the underground lake of about 5 m in diameter. From the lake leads underground passage filled with water, which has been explored no more than 25 meters.
In Partisansky district there is a cave with the sonorous name Primorsky Giant. The entrance to one of the largest caves of Primorsky Krai starts at the foot of Mount Constantinople. The grotto’s underground passages are over 500 meters long and 93 meters deep. The cave was discovered in the late 40’s, it was originally given the name of the cave named after V. Arseniev, but since the 60s the present name stuck. From a geological point of view, the Primorsky Giant is a tectonic cleft formed by the limestone that makes up Mount Constantinople. Despite the relatively low constant temperature (not more than +1.5 ° C) and high humidity (95-99%), the cave is inhabited – there are several colonies of bats (about 2.5 thousand individuals of several species) and there are grasshoppers.
Silver Cave, better known by its Chinese name Sitsa, is located in Shkotovo district at the foot of Flangovaya Mountain (formerly Van Gou). The total length of the underground passages exceeds 50 meters, from the wide entrance leads to a tapering gallery, ending with a small hall, which you can reach only in winter, when the underground waters are frozen. There are paintings on the walls of the Silver Cave, which, despite their apparent antiquity, were made by modern authors. One of the treasures of the cave is a spring-rouse, flowing down its slope.
Spasskaya Cave is the largest cave in the region, the length of its underground galleries exceeds 2.2 km. It is located in the suburbs of Spassk-Dalney at the foot of Mount Malaya Sopka. This formation is more than 20 million years old. For the first time it was possible to get into the cave only in the mid 1960s, when groundwater filling its halls was pumped out. Spasskaya consists of 11 halls, connected by crossed and parallel galleries, several small underground lakes and one large (the lake of Transparent). Despite the fact that the entrance to the cave is difficult to pass, Spasskaya is actively visited. A curious phenomenon is the difference in temperature: if the temperature at the entrance to the cave is minus, then the temperature rises in the depths, and the ice drifts are replaced by water and clay.
The famous cave Sleeping Beauty still causes a lot of controversy in the scientific community and among fans of speleology. This karst formation is considered one of the most popular destinations of active tourism in the region. Sleeping Beauty was discovered in the 50’s, in the early 60’s in it were found sculptural images, one of which it received its present name. Disputes about the nature of the images continue to this day: some researchers consider them a monument of the Jurchen era, others attribute them to the period of the Bohai state, and others believe that the images are hoaxes and were made by their contemporaries immediately after the discovery of the cave.
The cave Devil’s Gate is situated 12 km from the Dalnegorsk city boundaries at the foot of the Sakharnaya mountain. The cave fully justifies its sonorous name – a massive entrance of 14 by 14 meters leads to the underground labyrinths. From the entrance there is a gallery, which ends up in a small hall. The total length of underground passages is more than 130 meters. Devil’s Gate is one of the most studied caves of Primorye, despite the fact that it was discovered rather late – in 1973. The cave was inhabited by humans even in ancient times: the late Neolithic site was found here. The find included an underground workshop with stone tools, arrowheads and bone and shell products, and a living room with human remains.
The Caves of Mt.
Dragon Cave is the second famous cave of Flank Mountain (Wang Guo) after Silver Cave. Dragon is a small cave with galleries just under 20 meters long. Like the Silver, Dragon has a karstic origin, in contrast to its sister, the walls of Dragon are wider, but at 18 meters from the entrance there is a landslide that makes further passage impossible. As in the Silver, in the Dragon traces of ancient occupation were found, in particular the stone tools of Neolithic time.
Caves of Partizansky District
The underground tunnels of the Partizansky area are located in the valley of the river of the same name, the slopes of which are made of limestone rocks. Besides the caves of the White Palace, the Bat and the Sea Giant underground tunnels with equally poetic names are the most famous: Speleologist’s Dream, Camel, Lion, and even the Lonely Mouse Cave.
Caves of the Shkotovo area
Shkotovo area is located in the south of Primorye in close proximity to Vladivostok, therefore, traditionally enjoys special popularity among spelunking tourists. Most of the caves of the area are located in the valley of the river Artemovka in the cavity of the Snake Mountain. Besides Sleeping Beauty, they include Kolonok Cave, Pervomayskaya Cave and Giant Tunnel.