On which oceanfront is Adelaide, Australia?
Adelaide is the capital and largest metropolitan area in the state of South Australia. It has a population of more than 1,200,000 people.
It is located on the Adelaide Plains, on the coast of the Gulf of St. Vincent, which has access to the Indian Ocean. To the south of the city are the Fleurieu Peninsula and the small mountain range of Mount Lofty.
The history of Adelaide’s founding is quite interesting. It was the only English settlement on the mainland, virtually independent of the British Empire, a kind of center of civil and political freedoms. Dreamers, freethinkers, philosophers, and progressive politicians from all over the continent flocked here.
The founder of the settlement – a direct successor to the free cities of Europe – is considered to be Colonel Light, on whose orders the area began to be built rapidly in the second half of the 1830s. Seen from above, Adelaide’s broad streets and large squares form a makeshift grid, with the city center completely surrounded by parks and gardens.
From the coast to the hills, which bear the same name as the settlement, Adelaide stretches for 20 km. The city is bordered on the north by Gowler and on the south by Sellicks Beach, the distance between them is about 85 km. The total area of the metropolis is almost 900 km2 . Adelaide’s residential areas rise 50 meters above sea level. The most famous natural attraction in the vicinity is Mount Lofty, which is more than 700 m high. This peak is the highest in this region of Australia.
Before European settlement, the town was a bushy area with low shrubs and wetlands along the coast. This made construction a bit of a nuisance. The major rivers Torrance and Onkaparinga flow nearby, but they cannot fully supply Adelaide’s growing population with fresh water. Most of it comes from the large reservoirs of the Happie Valley and Mount Bold.
What time is it and the weather in the city
The time in Adelaide is quite different from ours: it is in the time zone UTC +9.3 (UTC +10.3 in summer time). The locality is considered the driest of all the major cities on the mainland. The local climate is of the Mediterranean type, so most of the rain falls during the winter months. In summer, however, you can expect weeks of rain, and it only lasts for a short time. June is considered the wettest month, with an average of 70-90 mm of precipitation.
In winter, the weather remains quite warm with average monthly temperatures of 11-12 ° C. Frosts are extremely rare and snowfall is infrequent, mostly on the slopes of the Adelaide Hills.
In summer, the thermometer averages +21-29 ° C, but even then, the ocean water gets cold because of the cold currents that lap the southern mainland. However, you can still swim in the bays and coves, but only from December to February. These are the best months for beach holidays and city tours.
At first glance, the city looks like a typical European or American metropolis with numerous high-rise buildings and futuristic Art Nouveau skyscrapers. However, if you take a closer look at photos of residential areas of Adelaide, it becomes clear that most of the settlement is occupied by one- and two-story buildings – private estates of local residents. They all look very nice and neat, so even a casual stroll through the neighborhoods is a great experience.
And if you want to get a closer look at the local architecture and cultural heritage of Adelaideans, you’re in for a treat:
Cleland National Park.
Explore the natural vegetation in Cleland National Park. In Cleland, a ticket for an adult costs 25 AUD and for a child from 4 to 15 years old it costs 12 AUD. You can also save money and buy a general ticket for the whole family for 4 people for 56 AUD. The park offers exciting night tours, which should be booked individually. The reserve is home to unique Australian fauna such as the Tasmanian devil, a variety of reptiles and even koalas, which can be hand-fed at certain hours. Tours of Cleland are available all year round, from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Belair National Park
Go here to see an authentic Australian bush, carved over much of the continent, and small lakes. Near them you can relax after climbing the steep mountain trail to the Adelaide Hills. It takes no more than 25 minutes to get from the city center to the park. The reserve is open from 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. in summer and from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. in winter. Entrance to Belair is free.
There are three in the city: the Central Botanic Garden, the Wittung Botanic Garden, and the Mount Lofty Botanic Garden. Central Botanic Garden was founded around the middle of the XIX century and is of interest to fans of flora because of the many ancient plants, planted here nearly 200 years ago. Many of them are unusual for Australian ecosystems and were brought here from all over the world (birches from Russia, for example). The Rose Garden and the Mediterranean-style Water Garden are both noteworthy. The most striking feature of the latter is the lotuses that bloom almost the whole year round. Admission to the garden is free. Wittunga Garden is the most complete collection of unique Australian and South African flora. The garden on Mount Lofty’s eastern slope is divided into seven climate zones. Each zone contains trees and shrubs typical of a particular geographic region of the planet: pines and deciduous trees, ferns, azaleas, rhododendrons, exotic flowers and many others.
The highlight of the Central Botanic Gardens is Australia’s first glass-walled greenhouse, erected in the late 1860s purely for the cultivation of the giant water lily. That’s when the House of Palms also appeared, impressive not only for its collection of savannah plants but also for its unusual Victorian appearance.
South Australian Art Gallery
The most unusual examples of art from Europe and Asia, as well as the tribes of local aborigines, are on display here. It is worth visiting the museum because of its huge collection of paintings by famous English painters of the 18th and 19th centuries, which researchers believe to be the most complete outside Britain. Paintings and engravings by Titian, Rembrandt, Dürer, Gainsborough, Goya, Van Dyck and many others are among the most valuable exhibits. The gallery also features sculptures, ceramics, photographs, clothing and furnishings from past eras. Admission to the museum, which is open from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., is free.
This zoo functions on a non-profit basis, so you do not have to pay for admission. On the area of 10 hectares there are more than 300 representatives of fauna from all over the world. Among them are such rare and endangered species as the Sumatran tiger. All animals are placed in the conditions, closest to their natural habitat. Here you will not see cages with bars: they are replaced by glass barriers or natural barriers like a large pond with a waterfall or artificial rocks.
Not only explore the history and production of the drink in Australia, but also get to sample a variety of wines.
The outside of the center is impressive in the shape of a box with bottles and almost entirely enveloped in vines.
South Australian Museum
The institution houses the largest paleontological collection in the state, including extinct animal skeletons, fossils, meteorite remains, talented artwork by Aboriginal artists, and artifacts that tell the story of the lives of Oceania and Papua New Guinea tribes. Admission to the museum is free.
Tandania Center for Aboriginal Cultural Studies
Here you’ll find out how life was lived by the indigenous tribes of Australia long before Adelaide was built. There are displays of paintings by Indigenous mainland artists and regular Aboriginal performances, including ritual dances and traditional music. The center has a souvenir shop, where tourists are offered handicrafts of local craftsmen, and a cafe. You can enjoy unusual aboriginal cuisine there.
There are regular excursions from Adelaide. The island, located 100 km from the city, is mostly inhabited by small kangaroos and sea lions. There are also the oldest apiaries in the world.
From October to April you can go on a water cruise on the Murray River, on which the real vintage ships run.
The best way to get to town
There are two ways to get to the city:
- By South Australian Railways train. There are regular train services between Adelaide and Perth, Sydney, Darwin and Melbourne.
- By plane. The city’s international airport is located about 10 kilometers from its center. Qantas, Malaysia Airlines and Singapore Airlines regularly land here, but you’ll need to make a connection in Kuala Lumpur or Singapore. A shuttle bus runs every 30 minutes from the airport to Adelaide itself. It stops at the entrance to the lounge. The ticket costs about 10 AUD and the journey will take about 25 minutes. A cheaper way is the city bus, which runs every 15 minutes. It costs 4.4 AUD. If you are very tired and want to get to the hotel quicker, order a cab for 16 AUD – 20 AUD.
Adelaide is one of the most beautiful cities in the south of the continent and is a city you’ll remember for a long time.
Adelaide is the state capital of South Australia. It’s one of the top five cities on the Green Continent. More than 1.3 million people live in Adelaide. The city stretches 20 kilometres along the Gulf of St. Vincent and is 1,160 kilometres west of the nation’s capital Canberra.
Save money on a trip to Adelaide!
Construction began in December 1836 and was named after Queen Adelaide, wife of the reigning British king at the time, William IV. For future streets, builders had to clear the land from the bush and drain the coastal marshes. It was the only free British colony on the entire continent. For the rest of the country, Adelaide was a center of religious freedom, progressive social policy and civil rights.
The modern city has spacious squares and beautiful boulevards, while several scenic, landscaped parks surround its central city blocks. Adelaide is known for its excellent quality wine, vibrant festivals and the work of local artists.
Adelaide’s warm, Mediterranean-like climate and scenic beauty draw golfers and tennis players, day trippers, skaters, sailors, divers and surfers. Tourists also visit the national parks, which are home to many unique Australian wildlife.
Parks and Wildlife
Adelaide is considered a very green city because its center is surrounded by a ring of parks. Montefiore and Lofty Hills provide panoramic views over the city.
Since 1883 there is a zoo in Adelaide, which is popular with tourists and citizens. It contains about 300 species of Australian animals and representatives of exotic fauna from other continents. The zoo is open daily from 9.30 to 17.00.
The main botanical garden of Adelaide extends over an area of 34 hectares. It was founded in 1857 and there are still some old trees planted in the 19th century. The botanical garden is known not only for its rich collections of flora. People come here to admire the beautiful buildings of greenhouses, built in the traditions of the Victorian style. You do not need to pay to enter the botanical garden. It is open daily from 8 a.m. until sunset.
The other botanical garden occupies the eastern slopes of Lofty Hill and is a 30-minute drive from the city center. The garden was developed in 1977. Today it occupies seven valleys with flora from around the world.
Another botanical garden “Wittunga” was created in Adelaide in 1975. Its territory exhibits collections of plants of the Green Continent. In addition, the garden grows species characteristic of the Cape province of South Africa, the climate of which is very similar to the climate of Australia.
At a distance of no more than 15 km from Adelaide there are four national parks. Tourists come to them to experience the rich natural world of the continent. Belair Park is attractive with its bush walks. Cleland Park is of interest to lovers of exotic Australian fauna. On its green territory you can see kangaroos, wombats, wallabies, dingoes, koalas and emu ostriches. Morialta Park is famous for its full-flowing waterfalls.
Adelaide Museums and Galleries
The South Australian Museum occupies an entire complex of buildings on Adelaide’s North Terrace. Here there is a huge number of exhibits that tell about the history and culture of the continent. The museum is considered to be the most visited in Australia. Its ethnographic collection consists of more than 30,000 items and introduces visitors to the Aboriginal culture of the country. Entrance to the museum is free except for some specially arranged exhibitions. The museum doors are open daily from 10.00 to 17.00.
The city’s Center for Aboriginal Cultural Studies “Tannania” introduces the unique local rituals and traditions. Exhibitions, workshops, and music and dance shows are held in its halls throughout the year. Tandania has a souvenir store where they sell indigenous crafts from the continent. A local café serves traditional Australian Aboriginal food. The center is open to visitors from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily.
Adelaide has an interesting South Australian Art Gallery, with paintings, drawings and sculptures by Australian artists. It held its first exhibitions in 1881. More than half a million people come every year to see the works of art. The gallery is open daily from 10.00 to 17.00, and it is free to visit.
The Australian Museum of Immigration has been in town since 1986. During a tour of it, you can learn about how the colonization of the continent took place and what impact migrants had on the indigenous population. The museum welcomes guests every day from 10.00 to 17.00. Admission is free.
Wine and food
Adelaide has a reputation as one of the best wine regions in the country, so many travelers include a local wine tasting as part of their tourist trip. To the east of the city is the National Wine Center. It is an interactive museum that tells about the local traditions of grape growing and wine making. Grape vines are planted around the building, and its walls are decorated as wine bottle crates.
The center also has a tasting room where visitors have the opportunity to taste the best varieties of wine, assess their taste, aroma and quality. The wine center welcomes guests Monday through Thursday from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m., on Friday from 8 a.m. to 9 p.m., on Saturday from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m., and on Sundays and holidays from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.
There are many restaurants, cafes and eateries for all tastes and pockets. Many of them specialize in Asian cuisine. Adelaide has entire neighborhoods built up with establishments where you can grab a bite to eat or a hearty lunch. Above all these are Rundle, O’Connell, Hutt and Melbourne streets.
Outdoor cafes in Adelaide
Memorable souvenirs from Adelaide usually include Australian Aboriginal products, country-style clothing and paintings by local artists. Connoisseurs try to buy opal jewelry. You can buy souvenirs in the specialty shops, in the central market and in the seven-story Myer Centre mall. There’s a good selection of ceramics, metal, and glass crafts in the Jam Factory, 19 Morphett St., Design & Applied Arts Center.
Between the major attractions of Adelaide it is not difficult to get around on foot. There are buses, trains and streetcars running through the streets of the city. All public transportation is operated by one company, and passengers use single tickets for travel. Depending on the needs, you can buy a ticket, which is valid for two hours, for $ 4.4 or a daily pass for $ 8.3. The public transportation network is quite extensive and covers almost every corner of the city. After 6 p.m. the number of buses on Adelaide’s streets decreases, and after midnight they do not run at all. There is an exception to this rule – on Saturday night, the “After Midnight” bus takes latecomers to downtown streets once an hour.
To explore Adelaide, tourists use the City Loop bus route 99. Every 15 to 30 minutes, the free bus takes visitors to the city’s major attractions.
Adelaide has free bike rentals. Bicycles are available on a document deposit with the condition that they must be returned by 4.30pm.
Special offers on hotels
How to get there
Adelaide International Airport is 8 km from the city center. It has regular flights to Hong Kong, Dubai, Auckland, Kuala Lumpur and Singapore. There are also flights to Adelaide from Sydney, Melbourne, Canberra and several other Australian cities. Sydney and Melbourne are connected to Adelaide by rail and bus.
There are cabs and Jetbus services from the airport to the city, which take two routes to Adelaide. A bus ride costs $4.4, and Jetbuses leave every 15 minutes. Cabs to downtown cost $16 to $20.