Akulovsky vodokanal: history and fishing

What is Akulovsky vodokanal

Akulovsky Vodokanal is located to the northeast and east of the capital in the Capital Region. The water canal begins from the Uchinsky reservoir near the village of Akulovo, which gave the water canal its own name.

Then the channel crosses the Uchinsky Forest Park, the river Klyazma, the railroad to Yaroslavl, Yaroslavl automobile highway and divides the town of Korolev into new and dilapidated parts. All this time the canal is placed in underground pipes.

Then the canal comes to the surface and flows through the territory of the Losiny Ostrov National Park and ends in the unnatural pond of the Eastern Water Treatment Plant on the border of the Vostochny settlement and Gorensky Forest Park.

Construction of the Akulovo Waterworks

Due to the rapid growth of the population and increasing demands of the industry the issue of water shortage in Moscow was raised sharply in the 20-30s of the XX century. In order to solve the problems of water supply of the capital a Plan of Moscow water supply was adopted in the first half of the 1930s.

One of the elements of the plan was the construction of the Eastern Canal, which was to connect the Klyazma Reservoir with the Moscow River near the Southern Port. This plan was not fully implemented, but it was partially realized in the form of the construction of the Akulovsky water canal.

Construction of the water canal began in 1935 and lasted two years. In the second half of the 1930s, the Moscow Canal was put into operation, and a year later the Akulovsky water canal was launched, the canal was filled, and water was supplied to the Eastern Waterworks, which was called Stalinskaya until 1961.

The canal was built with two strings of water conduits. Along its length every 2 kilometers there were pump tumblers, whose purpose was to transfer the water flow from one line to the other. From the outside they are made in the form of small buildings of unusual architecture.

Later in the 80’s and 90’s, a third string was added to the existing ones to increase the flow capacity of the canal.

The total length of the Akulovsky water canal is about 28 kilometers, 9.3 kilometers of which are in underground pipes with 3 meter diameter, the rest 18.7 kilometers it flows freely on the surface. In places where there is an opportunity to use the energy of freely flowing water, power plants were built: Akulovskaya and Listvyanskaya hydroelectric power stations.

Secrets of the Akulovo Waterworks

Most of the builders of the Vodokanal were Gulag prisoners, only the leadership positions were not occupied by convicts. Most of the involuntary canal builders were transferred to me from the Belomorsko-Baltiysky Canal, which was completed in the first half of the 1930s.

The conditions under which the Akulovo water canal was being built, according to the recollections of eyewitnesses, were horrendous. People lived in barracks and worked from dawn to complete darkness, most of them were undernourished.

The result for that treatment were many victims whose bodies were buried here in the surrounding ground. Locals then many times came across human remains not far from the water canal.

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All those employed at the construction of the canal signed a nondisclosure form, the violation of which was considered a criminal offence. This applied to convicts as well as freelancers.

Only in the 90’s the facts about the construction of the canal ceased to be secret, after which the memories of the canal builders were published.

At the moment, the canal is a strategic facility that supplies water to the inhabitants of the capital, so free passage to the canal is prohibited. In places where the canal flows under the ground, it is forbidden to approach it closer than 50 meters.

This prohibition applies primarily to pump switches and canal “stations”. It is forbidden to come closer than 150 meters to the canal in places where the water is openly flowing.

Compliance with the prohibitions is monitored by guards who patrol the site around the clock. But the fact that the inhabitants use this area for movement is unmistakably evidenced by the paths, trampled in the restricted area.

Some guards are relatively tolerant of harmless pedestrians in the restricted area, and it is possible to negotiate with them to explore and enter the facility.

How to get to the canal

Akulovsky water canal is located in the vicinity of Moscow, on the basis of this it will be very easy to get to it. To get to the closed part of the canal, which is in the pipes, it makes no sense to get there, but to the open area can be reached by personal vehicle on Shchelkovsky or Yaroslavsky highway.

If you move to Yaroslavl highway can get to the water plant from the southern part of the Korolev or the village of Oboldino. When traveling on Shchelkovskoe highway necessary near the neighborhoods Balashikha “Amber” and “Emerald” turn left under the symbol “brick”, behind which is a barrier to the guard post.

Just here and need to show a pass to enter the territory of the water company.

To get to the southern territory Vodokanal possible and public transport. From the metro station “Schelkovskaya” go to the bus stop “District of the Yantarny” or “Forestry” by bus number 10, number 300, number 338, number 384, number 395, number 396, number 447, number 889, or bus number 102k, number 396k, number 447k, number 506k, number 1013, number 1222k.

After the exit it is necessary to bypass the checkpoint with a barrier, in case there is no pass on the territory, then you should turn to the path that leads to the forest. It is possible to walk to the water canal, but avoid the security guards of the facility.

Territory pass

Cars are prohibited on the territory of Elk Island Park, and unauthorized access to the Water Canal is also prohibited, as it is a strategic facility. But, as always, there are no rules without exceptions.

Most passes are used to bypass traffic jams on the Shchelkovo highway through the territory of Elk Island.

Before 2011 it was easy to get a pass. It was issued to all comers by the administration of the water canal for a fee.

After the change of management of security of the water company, it became much more difficult to get a pass. To issue a permit, you need to give strict arguments for obtaining it: the presence of real estate in the vicinity of the water canal, living in the surrounding area, etc.

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To issue a permit is necessary to apply to a special Pass Office, located at: Moscow, Akulovo, 2. Telephone for contact: +7 (499)780-98-84. Mode of operation: 08:00 – 17:00 (Monday – Thursday), 08:00 – 15:45 (Friday).

The price of the pass – about 5000 RUR, through unofficial channels – a couple of tens of thousands of rubles.

As for fishing on the Akulovo water channel, there are contradictory reviews of those who were lucky enough to fish here. Some note the abundance of fish in the canal. It is reported that here it is easy to catch the usual representatives of reservoirs of the European part of Russia: pike, crucian carp, perch, roach, bream.

Others point out fairly that there are almost no fish in the canal, as water is pumped through it, which does not contribute to the preservation of biobalance.

In any case, in order to check these statements, it is necessary to take permission from the administration for fishing. It is not allowed to fish on a strategic site.

If the hapless fisherman does not have permission, the guards have the right to detain him, and the violator is threatened with arrest to the police, a fine and drawing up a protocol.

Most of the comments about fishing on the territory of Akulovsky water canal belong to the past, because previously it was much easier to make an unofficial agreement with the guards or to take permission to pass and fish in the forbidden territory. With the transformation of the regulations on access to the territory, few people in the region or ordinary residents of Moscow can boast that they passed through or, all the more so, fished in the Akulovskoye Vodokanal area.

Most of the feedback about being in this protected area is that :

  • the Vodokanal itself is an outstanding hydraulic structure supplying water to Moscow;
  • the open territory of the Vodokanal is situated in the beautiful Losiny Ostrov area;
  • Permanent security and regime of the object allow to keep canal water clean and not to turn its banks into a dump as we often see.

Otherwise, transformations in the practice of admittance to the territory of the water canal have caused that:

  • It has become virtually impossible for outsiders to obtain a pass;
  • the bicycle path next to the canal was closed;
  • fishing at the canal was almost completely banned.

So, the times when it was possible to fully relax on the bank of the canal are irretrievably gone. at the moment, such pleasure is available only to employees of the canal and to those who officially or unofficially took such permission.

The Akulovo water canal is a large-scale hydro-technical creation, which was brought to life in the 1930s with the bright participation of the USSR administration. This construction allowed transferring the Volga water to the Moscow River and solving the problem of lack of quality water in the capital.

Akulovsky Vodokanal is protected as a strategic object, access to it is restricted and available only to a select few.

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What is Akulovsky Vodokanal

Akulovsky Vodokanal is a hydrotechnical facility of strategic importance, which provides an uninterrupted water supply to Moscow.

Akulovsky Vodokanal is located to the northeast and east of the capital in the Moscow region. Vodokanal begins from the Uchinsky Reservoir near the village of Akulovo, which gave the Vodokanal its name. Then the channel crosses the Uchinsky Forest Park, Klyazma River, the railroad to Yaroslavl, Yaroslavl automobile highway and divides the city of Korolev into new and old parts. All this time, the canal is placed in underground pipes. Then the canal comes to the surface and flows through the territory of the Losiny Ostrov National Park and ends in the artificial reservoir of the Eastern Water Treatment Plant on the border of the Vostochny settlement and Gorensky Forest Park.

Construction of the Akulovo Waterworks

Due to the rapid growth of the population and the growing needs of industry, the issue of water shortages in Moscow became acute in the 1920s and 1930s. To solve the problems of the capital’s water supply, the Moscow Water Supply Plan was adopted in 1931. One of the elements of the plan was the construction of the Eastern Canal, which was to connect the Klyazma reservoir with the Moscow River near the Southern Port. This plan was not fully implemented, but its partial implementation was carried out in the form of the construction of the Akulovsky water canal.

The water canal switch on Pionerskaya Street. Photo of 1937.

Construction of the water canal began in 1935 and lasted two years. In 1937, the Moscow Canal was put into operation, and a year later the Akulovsky water canal was launched, the canal was filled, and water was supplied to the Eastern Waterworks, which was called Stalinskaya until 1961.

Pumping station by the railroad in Podlipkos.

The canal was built with two strings of water conduits. Along its entire length, every 2 kilometers there were pump switches, whose purpose was to transfer the water from one line to the other. Externally, they are made in the form of small buildings of peculiar architecture. Even later, in the 80s and 90s, a third string was added to the existing ones to increase the capacity of the canal.

The first belt of structures

The total length of the Akulovo water canal is about 28 kilometers, 9.3 kilometers of which are in underground pipes with 3 meter diameter, the rest 18.7 kilometers it flows freely on the surface. In places where there is an opportunity to use the energy of free-flowing water, power plants were built: Akulovskaya and Listvyanskaya hydroelectric power plants.

Akulovskaya dam

Listvyanskaya hydroelectric power station

Akulovskaya dam

Akulovskaya dam

Spring

Water canal switch

Akulovskaya HPP

Listvyanskaya hydroelectric power station

Listvyanskaya hydroelectric power station

Water canal (open part)

Pestovskaya dam

Akulovskiy spillway

Akulovskiy spillway

Akulovskiy spillway

House for engineers and technicians (1936) Pushkino, 4th Akulovsky Proezd, 2.

г. Pushkino, Dmitlag warehouses (rebuilt).

Stables n. Akulovo

Flooded quarry where gravel was extracted, Ivanteevka town.

Guard cabin, Akulovo

The old road to the quarry, Ivanteevka

On the territory of the former camp, Ivanteevka

Stables, Ivanteevka

The economic camp building, Ivanteevka

Barracks kanaloarmeytsy, v. Tishkovo

Barracks kanaloarmeytsy, v. Tishkovo

Secrets of the Akulovo Waterworks

The vast majority of the builders of the water canal were Gulag prisoners, only the management positions were not occupied by prisoners. Most of the involuntary canal builders were transferred here from the Belomorsko-Baltiysky Canal, which was completed in 1933.

The conditions under which the Akulovo water canal was built, according to the recollections of eyewitnesses, were horrendous. People lived in barracks and worked from dawn until complete darkness, most were undernourished. The result of this treatment were hundreds of victims whose bodies were buried here in the surrounding soil. Locals subsequently stumbled upon human remains repeatedly in the area around the water canal.

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Everyone hired to work on the canal signed a nondisclosure form, the violation of which was considered a criminal offence. This applied to both prisoners and freelancers. Only in the 90’s the facts of the canal construction ceased to be secret, after which the memories of the canal builders were made public.

Now the canal is a strategic facility that supplies water to the capital’s residents, so free passage to the canal is prohibited. In places where the canal runs underground, it is forbidden to approach it closer than 50 meters. This prohibition applies primarily to pumping stations and “switches” of the canal. It is prohibited to come closer than 150 meters to the canal in places where water is flowing openly.

Compliance with the bans is monitored by guards who patrol the site around the clock. However, the fact that the residents use the area for recreational purposes is evidenced by the paths along the forbidden zone. Some guards are quite tolerant of harmless pedestrians in the restricted area, so you can try to negotiate with them to pass and inspect the site.

How to get to the canal

The Akulovsky water canal is located in close proximity to Moscow, so it is easy to get to it. There is no sense to get to the closed part of the canal, which is in the pipes, but the open area can be reached by personal car along the Shchelkovsky or Yaroslavsky highway. When driving on Yaroslavl highway you can reach the water canal from the southern part of the Korolev or the village of Oboldino. When driving on Shchelkovskoe highway necessary in the area of neighborhoods Balashikha “Amber” and “Emerald” turn left under the sign “brick”, behind which is a barrier to the guard post. This is where you need to show a pass to enter the territory of the water company.

You can also get to the southern zone of the water canal by public transport. From the metro station “Schelkovskaya” to go to the bus stop “Yantarny Microdistrict” or “Forestry” by route bus № 10, № 300, № 338, № 384, № 395, № 396, № 447, № 889, or bus number 102k, № 396k, № 447k, № 506k, № 1013, № 1222k. After exit it is necessary to bypass the checkpoint with a barrier, if you do not have a pass to the territory, then you should turn to the path that leads to the forest. You can walk there until you reach the waterworks, but you should avoid the security guards of the facility.

Territory pass

No cars are allowed on the territory of Elk Island Park, and unauthorized access to the water tank area is also forbidden, as it is a strategic site. But, as always, there are no rules without exceptions. For the most part, passes are used to bypass traffic jams on the Shchelkovskoye Highway through the territory of Elk Island.

Before 2011 it was easy to get a pass. It was issued to all who wished by the administration of the water canal for a fee. After the change of management of security of the water channel to get a pass became much more difficult. To issue a permit, one must provide solid arguments for obtaining it: the presence of real estate in the vicinity of the waterworks, living in the surrounding area, etc.

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To obtain a permit you must go to the special Pass Office, located at: 2, Akulovo village, Moscow. Telephone for contact: +7 (499)780-98-84. Mode of operation: 08:00 – 17:00 (Monday – Thursday), 08:00 – 15:45 (Friday). The cost of the pass – about 5000 RUR, through unofficial channels – several tens of thousands of rubles.

Fishing and catch

Regarding fishing at the Akulovo water channel, there are conflicting reviews of those who have been lucky enough to fish here. Some note the abundance of fish in the channel. It is reported that here you can easily catch typical representatives of reservoirs of the European part of Russia: pike, crucian carp, perch, roach, bream. Others rightly remark that there are almost no fish in the canal, as the water in it is pumped with pumps, which does not help preserve the biobalance.

In any case, to check these statements, it is necessary to get a permit from the administration for fishing. It is not allowed to fish on a strategic site just like that. If the hapless fisherman does not have a permit, the guards have every right to detain him, and the violator may be taken to the police, a protocol and a fine.

Reviews

Most of the reviews about fishing on the territory of the Akulovo Water Canal belong to the past, because previously it was much easier to unofficially agree with the guards or to obtain permission to pass and, accordingly, to fish in the prohibited area. With the changes in the regulations on access to the territory, few ordinary residents of Moscow and the region can boast that they have passed or, even more so, fished on the territory of the Akulovo Vodokanal.

Most of the comments about being in this protected area are that :

  • the Vodokanal itself is an outstanding hydraulic structure supplying water to Moscow;
  • the open air zone of the water canal is situated in a picturesque place on Losiny Island;
  • Object regime and permanent security allow to keep canal water clean and not to turn its banks into a dump as it is often done in our country.

On the other hand, changes in admittance practices to the canal’s territory have made it

  • it became almost impossible for unauthorized persons to obtain a pass;
  • the bicycle path next to the canal was closed;
  • fishing at the canal was almost completely banned.

Thus, the times when it was possible to fully relax on the bank of the canal are irretrievably gone. Now this pleasure is available only to employees of the water canal and to those who have officially or unofficially obtained such a permit.

Conclusion

The Akulovo water canal is a large-scale hydro-technical creation, which was brought to life in the 30s with the direct participation of the Soviet leadership. This construction allowed to transfer the Volga water to the Moscow River and solve the problem of lack of quality water in the capital. Akulovsky water canal is protected as a strategic object, access to it is restricted and available only to a select few.

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