30 main attractions of Khabarovsk region
Khabarovsk region welcomes travelers with its natural riches. It has several nature reserves, national parks and wildlife preserves, which show how reverent the locals are about heritage preservation. In addition to beauty in the general sense, there are truly unique phenomena, like lakes covered with blooming lotuses, or Toki Island, where pinnipeds settle comfortably.
In the cities, too, there is much to see, from monuments to historical figures to museums with a rich collection of works of art. Orthodox can visit churches and cathedrals, built in modern times. And all without exception will love the city parks and recreation areas, saving from boredom and raising the spirits.
The most famous and beautiful places of the region
List, pictures with names and descriptions of sights worth visiting!
Mountain range with a length of 150 km. The highest point – 2.1 thousand meters. Since most of the territory is removed from civilization, pristine nature has been preserved here. In 1987 on an area of almost 357 thousand hectares was formed Bureinsky reserve – reserve, where there is an exemplary piece of mountain taiga. In addition to the Dusse-Alin, Lake Bear, situated on the slopes of the ridge, is an ornament of these places. It is not only a mountain lake, but also a glacial lake. The reservoir looks like it is sealed on three sides in a stone bag. The water is blue and clear. Tourists can visit the area only in groups accompanied by the Reserve workers.
Refers to the Komsomolsk district. You can find them almost on the top of the hill at a height of about 950 meters. They look like granite rock formations of different shapes, sometimes bizarre. They are all of varying size within a range of 12-70 m. Some of the pillars form a mini group and have separate names, such as the Walls. Crown, Bowl. Declared a natural monument of local importance.
Archipelago in the Sea of Okhotsk with the total area of 250 thousand hectares. In 1999, they became part of the reserve of the same name, and in 2013 – the national park. Tourist season falls in the summer months and September. There are many destinations, including whale watching, which is uncommon in Russia. Despite the abundance of recreational options, visitors are few: this is due to the difficulty of travel and the high cost of excursions.
These petroglyphs were discovered in the Khabarovsk region. First described back in the middle of the XIX century. They were made during the early Neolithic period. There are especially many rock formations and stones with petroglyphs on the right bank of the Amur, although they are also found in other places. Both human and animal life scenes are painted. Some drawings suggest what the fauna was like in ancient times.
BAM is one of the longest railway lines in the world – 3.8 thousand kilometers. Opened in 1938, but construction took more than a decade. Links the Irkutsk region and Khabarovsk region. At the moment it needs to be expanded, as it operates at the capacity limit. The modernization project has already been launched.
They are located in different districts of the region. The most popular lakes are Tsvetochnoye, Barkhatnoye, and Lonchakovo. Just a few days at the end of July and in early August, you can see the lotuses of Komarova bloom. The water surface is covered with flowers, creating a unique natural canvas. There are a lot of legends and fables connected with this phenomenon. Allegedly, if you look at the lotus in the blooming period of the buds you will be lucky all year long.
Located in Sunny district at an altitude of 761 m above sea level. The water temperature does not get warmer than +6 ° C. By type, it is a landslide, as formed by the descent of mountain masses from the slope, which was blocked by the bed of the river with the same name. On the banks grows sparse woods, including low shrubs, the relief is not uniform, and the snow lies until mid-summer.
Part of the Trans-Siberian Railway, spanning the Amur River near the regional capital. Total length (with flyovers) – almost 3.9 thousand km, width – about 25 m. It was opened in 1916, but was repeatedly rebuilt and reconstructed. Especially strongly transformed in the late 90s of the last century, when the old spans were dismantled and started to use modern ones. In Khabarovsk tourists are welcomed by a museum, founded in honor of the bridge.
Created in Sredne-Amurskaya lowland in 1997 on an area of more than 100 thousand hectares. It’s named after the lake bordering the reserve. Its main task is to preserve and study marsh complexes which occupy up to 80 % of the territory. Besides, an important factor is that migration routes of some rare bird species pass through the zapovednik. It is necessary to give them safe stays and not to change their habitual environment.
Since 1987 it is recognized as a natural monument of local significance. It is located in Vininski district and occupies an area (together with the protected zone) of about 1.2 thousand hectares. It has a zoological profile, because the island is a rookery of pinnipeds – Larga seals, sea lions, walruses. In 2007 it became a private reserve. Excursions are free, nobody lives there permanently, so you have to make an appointment in advance.
It exists since 1963. It occupies an area of 45 thousand hectares. It was named after the mountain range. Most of the area is covered by forests. Despite its proximity to populated areas, the reserve is rich in different kinds of fauna. One can even meet Himalayan bears and Amur tigers. The nature museum welcomes tourists on a permanent basis, eco-routes have also been developed, and the Aralia Visitor Center operates.
Botchin Nature Reserve
Originally it had the status of a wildlife preserve, but in 1994 it became a nature reserve. Its area is 267 thousand hectares. The relief is mountainous and heterogeneous, elevation differences are within 500 m. The Amur tigers come here, it’s the northernmost point of their habitat. Found fossils of plants, which are millions of years old. As part of environmental education, the reserve cooperates with schools and participates in regional eco-projects.
Established in 1994. Occupies 860 thousand hectares of the Ayano-Maisky district. The largest nature reserve of the region. Since it is located on the coast, includes part of the water area of the Sea of Okhotsk. The staff offers tourists two itineraries for visiting the reserve. It is prohibited to deviate from them and before entering the territory it is necessary to get permission by signing the code of conduct.
Komsomolsky Nature Reserve
Established in the central part of the region in 1963. The area with water area is 64 thousand hectares. Part of the territory – the Amur valley, 80% – forests. Remarkable places: Steller’s sea-eagle nesting ground, ethnographic museum, tunnels left from Talandinskaya hydroelectric power station construction. Three walking and two water routes for tourists are developed. They vary in length and take from 1 to 4 days.
Amur cliff in Khabarovsk
It can be found on the Nevelsky Embankment. It has been known since 1858, when a camp was set up here. The bloody history of execution of musicians in 1918 is connected with this place. Gradually, a museum and cultural center with the same name was formed here. It occupied the building of the former lifeguard station. The classical interiors of different times, typical for Khabarovsk, were reconstructed inside.
Another name – “In the name of the Assumption of the Mother of God”. Built in the 80s of XIX century. It was the first stone temple in the city. With it had a bell tower and two side chapels. In 1930 the cathedral was dismantled. In the 90s a new project was developed and a reconstructed building was built at the same place. Appearance is significantly different, but some details have been deliberately preserved. The sacred objects are the old icons.
Admiral Nevelsky Embankment
It is situated in the historical part of Khabarovsk. It was named in honour of Admiral, the head of two exploratory expeditions. In the center – “Amur cliff” with viewing platform. The embankment – a place for walks and all kinds of urban events. From here in good and clear weather you can see China. There is free Wi-Fi in the area. The monument to Muravyov-Amursky, the pier and the beach are very close.
Khabarovsk City Ponds
Have artificial origins. Until 1983 there were ravines in this place. The area around it is landscaped, something like a small park. Total 3 ponds: Lower with a fountain and lighting, Medium, where you can ride on special boats, the Upper, in addition to light and fountains, he surprises with concerts of classical music. On the territory there are many sculptures, there are benches, cafes and play areas.
Built in the early 2000s in Khabarovsk with the blessing of Patriarch Alexy II. It became a cathedral after the illumination. Has two limits, small is under the main. The inner walls are painted with frescoes. Five gold domes appeared due to donations from parishioners and public organizations. The height of the building is 83 meters, making the cathedral one of the highest in Russia.
Cathedral of Seraphim of Sarov
Construction began in Khabarovsk in 2003, and the temple was lit in 2008. The white-stone building was built according to an original project and has no analogues. More like a merchant’s chambers, crowned with a dome, rather than a monastery. The main relics are a part of the relics of Seraphim of Sarov and his icon. The vacant lot that surrounds the temple is now a landscaped park that is a picturesque place for city residents to relax in.
Far Eastern Art Museum
It has been situated in Khabarovsk since 1931. It has the largest collection of art in the region. Most of the collection came from the collections of the Hermitage, the Tretyakov Gallery and other museums of the country. To the paintings over time were added icons. The museum’s exhibition activities are extensive and include other regions and foreign countries. It also regularly hosts exhibitions of similar themes.
Khabarovsk Krai Museum named after Grodekov
It was founded in 1894. It is named after the Governor General. The exhibition is divided into thematic parts: geology, flora and fauna, indigenous peoples, development of territories and others. On a permanent basis takes temporary exhibitions of different directions. The building was built especially for the museum and is a monument of architecture. New halls were added to it twice. In the more modern one a whale skeleton is on display.
In its current form it has been working since 1999. Before that, in Komsomolsk-on-Amur there was a museum at the aircraft plant. When it became a part of the expocenter the number of areas of exhibition activity increased. The area of the premises is 1,3 thousand square meters. The exhibitions tell the history of the enterprise and the national aviation. The employees hold meetings with current and former employees, give lectures.
Monument to Muravyov-Amursky
A statue of governor-general appeared in Khabarovsk in 1891. At the opening attended by Nicholas II, who had not yet stepped on the throne. The monument is guarded by the guard, which is located in a nearby house. The pedestal under the sculpture has several different in height and shape tiers. Muravyov-Amursky is depicted in full-length. Five memorial plaques with inscriptions and historical references are installed on the composition.
Monument to Yerofey Khabarov
Installed in 1958 in Khabarovsk in front of the railway station. It is dedicated to the pathfinder, in whose honor the city is named. There is no portrait resemblance to the prototype, author’s imagination reflected common features and symbolism of the figure for the region. In 2008 the reconstruction was carried out, a plaque with the sculptor’s name – Milchin was installed, and the monument got its official name.
Amur Botanical Garden
The only one in the region, works since 1988. Its collection consists of local and exotic plants from all over the world. All in all, there are about 600 specimens in the garden. Nearby, thanks to the created comfortable conditions, species characteristic of different climatic zones coexist. Tourists can buy ornamental plants for home, as well as take courses that teach how to take care of greenery.
Anyuisky National Park
Located in Nanaysky District since 2007. It occupies an area of 429 thousand hectares on the right bank of the Amur River. It also includes part of the Sikhote-Alin Mountains. Since it is difficult to get there, this natural cluster has remained untouched and unaffected by humans. For the most part, the area is covered with broadleaved forests and Korean cedar. There is only one settlement within the park.
Located near the capital of the region. It has been working since 2002. In this zoo, each pet is a native of the Far East. They are placed in spacious aviaries, as close as possible replicating the natural habitat of the animals. All the animals were on the verge of death and could not survive in their natural environment, so they were placed under the supervision of the zoo’s staff. Among the inhabitants are a deer, a leopard and a polar bear.
Siziman Stone Forest
The natural monument is situated in the Vininsky district in the bay of the same name. Received its present status in 1992. The phenomenon itself has been known since the 18th century. It occupies an area of 20 hectares. The branches and trunks of trees in the distant past were sealed by hot lava. Now you can see their manifestations on the coast. When the “protective” crust due to environmental influences disappears, the structure of trees becomes visible.
The Amur River
Its length is 2.8 thousand km. On the territory of Russia, it flows through several regions and also belongs to the Chinese lands. Its mouth is the Sea of Okhotsk. It is navigable and is of great importance, both in the economic activity of the country and in tourism. It is rich in fish, and there are many natural and historical sights along its shores. In recent decades, there has been a lot of flooding.
Mountains of Khabarovsk Krai.
70% of the territory of Khabarovsk Krai are mountain ranges and peaks, there is a spectacular combination of mountain climate of the Far East and the pine and cedar vegetation.
Khabarovsk Krai is a region of Russia in the Far East, bordering Primorsky Krai, Magadan and Amur Oblasts, Yakutia and the Jewish Autonomous Okrug. The region is notable for the fact that most of its territory is occupied by the Khabarovsk Mountains. Many ridge tops have long been a favorite climbing destination for climbers and mountaineers. Each mountain boasts unique features, natural resources, flora and fauna.
Mountain systems of Khabarovsk region
70% of the total area of the region is occupied by mountain ranges and systems. The average height of the peaks is 2000-2500 meters above sea level. Ranges are composed of different rocks and have their own distinctive vegetation and fauna.
Mountain ranges of Khabarovsk Krai:
- Khingan . Divides the Lena and Amur basins and includes a small area of Khabarovsk Krai. The highest peak is Rocky Goletz, 2,412 m;
- Bureinskiy . Southern part of the Far East on the border with the Amur Region. It is made of sedimentary and granitic rocks. The highest point is Bureya, 2167 m;
- Jagdy . South of the region, together with Yankan, Tukuringra and Soktakhan form a mountain chain along the perimeter of the border. It is composed of sandstone, shale. The maximum height is 1593 m;
- Sikhote – Alin . It encircles the eastern part of the shoreline of the Sea of Japan. The highest mountain is Tardoki-Yani, 2090 m;
- Tulsky . Northwest Territory, stretches for 100 km to the Sea of Okhotsk. Tundra and taiga conifers predominate;
- Sette – Daban . Captures a section of Yakutia. It is composed of granite, limestone, sandstone. Spruce, fir, and cedar grow here. The maximum point is 2.1 km;
- Konder . Large gold and platinum deposit in the north of Khabarovsk Krai. It has a regular circular shape;
- Dzhugzhur . Located in the northwest of the Sea of Okhotsk. Included in the Dzhugzhur National Reserve. The highest point is Topko, 1906 m;
- Dusse – Alin . The central part of the region, is famous for its impregnability. The height of 2.3 km managed to conquer not many;
- Bajal . Located in the southeast, near the Amur region. It is here that popular routes for hiking and climbing pass.
Some peaks are inaccessible for climbing, and inexperienced speleoturist difficult to conquer the mountain. Only experienced climbers with special equipment reach the highest point.
The most popular mountain peaks in Khabarovsk Krai:
- Beryl – the highest mountain of the region and the Suntar-Khayata range, the height of 2933 m;
- Magloi – an extinct volcano, 1,225 meters in height;
- Tordoki – Yani – a 2-kilometer Sikhote-Alin mountain near the coast of the Sea of Japan;
- Ko (Witmina) – the second peak after Tordoki-Yani, the southernmost point of the region;
- Bygda – 1,400-meter mountain-source of most of the mountain rivers and streams;
- Iggu, a 1,362-meter peak in the center of the Sikhote Alin range, where timber production is conducted;
- Sputnik, a 1,805-meter mountain remote from residential areas in the southeast of the region.
The climate characteristic of Khabarovsk Krai makes it possible to visit the region all year round and to visit different places. The closer the area is to the sea, the milder the climate. The mountain weather does not change at almost any time of the year. The ideal time to go camping is late summer and early fall. During this period, the rains end, the heat subsides, but the winter frosts are still far away.