All provinces of China, alphabetical description and list

China Provinces

The Socialist Republic of China ranks first in terms of population and third in terms of area.

The administrative-territorial division, given the number of inhabitants and vast area, has been a complex multi-level system since ancient times. The provinces of China differ in socio-ethnographic features and level of economic development.

Guangxi province.

The division of the state into parts provides for the establishment of local laws in each of them, the general basic legal norms and articles of the constitution apply throughout the country. Criterion for the formation of administrative-territorial units:

  • The historical characteristics of the region;
  • location of economic and transport networks;
  • ethnographic and religious composition of the population;
  • the drawing of borders taking into account the large natural objects (rivers, lakes, mountains).

Management of the state taking into account the classification of areas gives positive results: calm and peaceful situation among the population close on spiritual and cultural traditions, coordinated functioning of economy and transport.

Xinjiang province.

Provinces of China General Characteristics

China has 23 provinces, each of which has its own center and is distinguished by the number and characteristics of population and the community of economic sectors. The most populous provinces are Guangdong, Sichuan, Hebei, Henan, Jiangsu and Shandong.

The population in these provinces averages 70 million, peaking at 104 million in Guangdong.

The influx of population in these areas is due to the location of large and developed cities. Chinese people, mostly young, leave the more backward agricultural administrative-territorial units, coming to the eastern part of the country in search of work and education, seeking to get closer to the capital Beijing. The Celestial Empire offers citizens the opportunity to find employment in commerce, services, tourism, and industry.

Gansu Province

Western and central provinces with a small population by Asian standards – Qinghai and Gansu – have less developed transportation systems, are not as attractive to investors and tourists, and the jobs here are much fewer than in the developed western part of the country, with lower living standards.

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Gansu province

Population size depends not only on economic indicators, but also on the size of the area allocated to the unit. The developed province of Taiwan, which has an ambiguous status and is the subject of centuries-long disputes, holds a population of only 23 million people, due to the small area of the island on which the land is located.

Yunnan province

Difficult to read for the Russian person the names of the Chinese lands reflect the essence and peculiarities of each. Closely connected with nature and subtly sensitive to changes in the world around them, the inhabitants of the Celestial Empire give names to the territories, inspired by the beauty of rivers, lakes, mountains and plains.

The province of Heilongjiang is in tune with the local name of the Amur River, and Liaoning is the name of the Liao River.

Asians when naming provinces took into account their modern specialization and the historical features of the region.

Guangxi province.

The territorial and administrative division of land is necessary for the country’s qualitative and controlled local government. China’s provinces, many of which acquired modern borders centuries ago, are a good example of carrying out a competent transformation of the area of the state.

Anhui province

China Provinces

The division of China into provinces and other administrative units is very complex. The division of territories is influenced by the history of regional development, transportation and economic networks, population composition, and the presence of major natural features.

What is a province?

China's provinces

A province is an administrative unit in China that reports to the central government in the capital. Each province is headed by a governor, but the secretaries of the Communist Party committees have no less of a role in governing the territory.

How many provinces are there in China

It is officially stated that China has 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 cities that report to the center, and 2 special administrative regions.

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Chinese provinces and their capitals – list

    – Hefei – The province is located in the western part of China and has a population of about 60 million people.
  1. Girin – Changchun – is located in the northern part. A province of 25 million people.
  2. Gansu – Lanzhou is one of the most sparsely populated areas in China because of its desert terrain. It is also home to the famous colored mountains.
  3. Guizhou – Guiyan – located in the southwest of the country with about 35 million inhabitants – Guangzhou – population about 92 million – Taipei – a province with a developed tourist industry and a population of 23 million. – Chongqing – considered the most beautiful province in China and the most popular among tourists. Population is about 82 million.
  4. Liaoning – Shenyang – the province has access to the sea, the number of inhabitants is about 42 million – Fuzhou – adjacent to Taiwan. About 35 million people live in the province.
  5. Hubei – Wuhan – has a population of 60 million. – Changsha is a very picturesque region. Its pearl is Zhangjiajie Park.
  6. Hainan – Haikou is a tropical and tourist Chinese island. The resort island is home to about 8 million people. – Shijiazhuang – has a diverse landscape and 70 million people live here.
  7. Henan – Zhengzhou is one of the densely populated areas with 90 million people. – Nanchang – Up to 40 million people live here.
  8. Jiangsu – Nanjing – with about 73 million people.
  9. Qinghai – Xining – one of the largest provinces, but sparsely populated because of the topography (only 5 million people live there) – Hangzhou is a tourist province and an industrially developed area. About 50 million people live there. – Harbin is located in northern China. The province is popular among Russians for finding jobs and passing training courses. Number of inhabitants – 35 million people. – Jinan – has a favorable location, the number of inhabitants – about 90 million people.
  10. Shaanxi – Xi’an is one of the popular tourist centers, permanent population – about 36 million – Kunming is a province with developed tourist sphere, one of the most picturesque in the country. It has a permanent population of about 39 million.
  11. Shanxi – Taiyuan – 37 million people permanently live there.
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Southern provinces of PRC.

Because of their developed economy and advantageous economic and geographical location, the southern provinces are among the most developed and densely populated.

They include territories such as:

  • Hainan and Guangdong – located near the South China Sea. Here there is a tropical climate, which allows swimming and recreation all year round.
  • Yunnan is located in the southwest. The area is famous for its fertile valleys, historical sites and mountainous terrain.
  • Fujian is a province located in southeastern China, near the East China Sea. Abundant precipitation and a subtropical climate allows tourists to enjoy relict forests in forested areas and relax in recreational areas near thermal springs.
  • Guangxi – The province is rich in beautiful mountain and forest landscapes, historical sites, picturesque waterfalls and ancient caves.
  • Zhejiang – a tourist area where many Neolithic monuments have been found.
  • Hong Kong and Macau are not considered Chinese provinces, but separate administrative areas. It is more suitable for recreation of young and active people.

Most populous province of China

The most populous Chinese province is Guangdong. According to various statistics centers, this area has a permanent population of 92 to 104 people. According to unofficial statistics, there may still be about 35 million migrants, who stay in the country for no more than six months at a time. This influx of migrants or “current population” has resulted from the rapid economic and industrial development of the province and the labor shortage.

The migration and influx of tourists was also influenced by its close proximity to the ocean. Because of its high population density, the province always has a higher percentage of those with respiratory illnesses.

The province surpasses other territories not only in the number of inhabitants, but also in GDP growth. In 2016, the province’s GDP figure was higher than that of the rest of Russia.

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