Royal Palace Amalienborg in Copenhagen
In the center of Copenhagen is the Amalienborg Museum, which is part of Christian VIII’s palace. Here you can, for example, check out Christian X’s study, visit the Fabergé Camera and visit the Gala Hall, which is still used by the royal family on special occasions.
Amalienborg is the royal palace in Copenhagen and is still the residence of the reigning monarchs today. The castle is notable for its history of origin, original architecture, and also attracts tourists with an unusual spectacle – the change of the guard of honor.
Photo: Royal Palace in Copenhagen
Amalienborg Palace is rightly considered one of the most beautiful Danish castles. The main feature of the palace building is not only a calling card of the Danish capital, but also a living space. Queen Margrethe II and her family live in the castle.
In the center of Copenhagen is the Amalienborg Museum, which is part of the palace of Christian VIII. Here you can, for example, check out Christian X’s study, visit the Fabergé Camera and visit the Gala Hall, which is still used by the royal family on special occasions. The Amalienborg Museum is part of the Royal Danish Collection, which also has places to visit in Rosenborg and Koldingus. In Amalienborg you can also visit.
Useful to know! The Amalienborg palace complex is decorated in the rococo force, and the buildings are built with their facades facing each other, forming a small square. The attraction is on the list of the most visited in Denmark.
Prior to the construction of the royal palace in Copenhagen, namely in 1673, a castle was erected on the square, which was named after the wife of the reigning monarch Frederick III – Sophia Amalia. The palace of Sophie Amalienborg served as a residence for the royal couple until 1689. Unfortunately, a severe fire that occurred in the court theater completely destroyed the castle.
During the reign of Frederick V, the construction of a modern palace complex consisting of four buildings began. The monarch ordered the work to be completed on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of the coronation of Christian I, an ancestor of the Oldenburg dynasty.
The architect was Nikolaus Eitved, who began his career as a gardener at the court of Frederiksborg. It was Eitved who later founded the Academy of Fine Arts in Denmark. He conceived the castle ensemble of Amalienborg as consisting of four separate buildings connected by wings and forming an octagonal square. An equestrian statue of Frederik V was erected in the center of the square. The sculpture was made by master from France – Jacques Sali.
Interesting fact! Construction work lasted 4 years and was completed in 1754. However, the royal family originally lived in the castle Kristiansborg and moved into a new palace only after a fire in the old residence in 1794.
In the early 19th century the idea of opening the Rosenborg to the public arose, and in 1812 the principle was established, which is still valid today, that the historic interiors chronologically follow the change of generations of the royal family. The Danish Royal Collections was founded in 1833, and Rosenborg was opened to the public in 1838. Thus, a tour of the palace turned into a journey through Danish history from the time of Christian IV to the present, as there was a room furnished for Frederick VI, who lived until the following year, when it opened. In 1868 a room was provided for Frederick VII, who had died five years earlier, and Christian IX was also given a room at Rosenborg in 1910. The limited space in the palace was now fully utilized, with no rooms left vacant.
Structure of the palace
The Amalienborg Palace in Copenhagen consists of four buildings, named after monarchs and princes. The first, in 1754, built the mansion of Christian VII. Then the building of Christian VIII was completed. These two parts of the complex are open to tourists and free to visit, while the other two houses are the apartments of the reigning royal family, entry is prohibited. In any case, the place is worth a look, the palace is on the list of the most interesting sights in Copenhagen.
Originally the mansion was named after the Chancellor General of Denmark – Adam Moltke. Two exquisite rooms are of the greatest interest:
- The Knights’ Hall;
- The Banqueting Room.
The interiors of the chambers are said to be the best Rococo interiors in Europe. The front part is decorated with sculptures by a master from Germany. Today the royal family uses the mansion for receiving distinguished guests and celebrations.
In the late 18th century, architect Caspar Frederick Hardsdorff designed a covered colonnade that connected the two parts of the palace complex.
Interesting to know! Christian VII’s mansion is the most luxurious part of Amalienborg.
Today, this part of the castle houses the Amalienborg Museum. The first name of this part of the palace complex was Levetzau, in honor of the royal advisor. At the end of the 18th century, the castle was purchased by a Danish prince to settle next to his son and future monarch of Denmark – Christian VIII. After that, the palace was renamed in his honor. The royal couple turned the residence into the center of cultural life in Copenhagen. The king and queen patronized creative people.
Since 1881 the Ministry of Foreign Affairs was located in the palace, and in 1898 the palace rooms were occupied by the crown prince, who in 1912 ascended the throne and became the monarch of Denmark Christian X.
Interesting fact! His wife was the great-granddaughter of Emperor Nikolai I of Russia – Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
In 1980, the building was restored and a museum was opened. Here is a part of the royal collection (another exposition is presented in the Rosenborg Palace in Copenhagen). The collection contains items that belonged to four generations of the royal family.
Today the crown prince and his family reside in these rooms. The mansion was formerly named after Count Joachim Brockdorff. For 20 years, from 1768 to 1788 the building was occupied by the Cadet Academy, then by the Naval Academy and only in 1827 the future Danish monarch Frederick VII stayed here. Since 1869, King Frederik VIII lived in the palace, and since 1936 it was occupied by Frederik IX, father of the present Danish Queen Margrethe II.
In 2000, began a major reconstruction of the palace in Copenhagen, which lasted 10 years. When the work was finished, the Danish crown prince and his family moved into the castle.
This part of Amalienborg is the official residence of the royal family – Queen Margrethe II and her husband Prince Henrik. The palace was originally called Shakk, in honor of its first owner, Countess Anna Sophia Shakk. Then the monarch Frederick VI lived in the castle, after his death the building was given to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Supreme Court. In 1890 the apartments were occupied by King Christian IX. Since 1967 and to the present day the apartments have been occupied by Queen Margrethe II and her family.
Interesting fact! If the queen is in Copenhagen, the national flag is raised over the castle. Every day at 12:00 in front of the palace there is a change of guard.
Amalienborg in Copenhagen is located on the square of the same name and is the hallmark of the Danish capital. The way to the castle will prompt every local resident or Google map. You can get by buses number 1A, 15, 26, 83N and 85N. How to use public transport in Copenhagen we tell here.
The Amalienborg Palace complex in Copenhagen receives guests at different times depending on the time of year:
- January 1 – 11 a.m. to 7 p.m;
- January 2 to April 30 and November 1 to December 22 – daily except Mondays from 11 am to 4 pm;
- February 10-25, and March 24 through April 2 – every day from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m;
- May 1 through June 15, and September 16 through the end of October – daily from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m;
- From June 16 to September 15 – daily from 10-00 to 17-00;
- From December 23-25 the palace complex is closed;
- December 31 – from 11 a.m. to 3 p.m.
The booking office closes 20 minutes before the opening of the palace complex.
- adult – 125 CZK;
- student – 80 CZK;
- For children up to 18 years old admission is free.
The official website of the attraction: www.kongernessamling.dk. We recommend that you visit it, especially the section with a 3D visualization of the palace’s rooms and halls.
The prices on the page are for July 2022.
Good to know! You can make reservations by phone or online. Reservations are confirmed when a ticket arrives at the specified email address.
The castle provides facilities for tourists with disabilities. There are also lockers for storing personal belongings.
Royal Palace in Copenhagen is a calling card of the capital. Despite a certain asceticism and northern simplicity, the landmark arouses genuine interest, because it is a rare opportunity to visit the royal chambers and get acquainted with the life of monarchs.
Video: Kate Middleton’s meeting with the Queen of Denmark at Amalienborg Palace.
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My Travels. Copenhagen, Denmark. Part 2. Amalienborg Royal Palace.
If in the first post I just shared my observations and impressions from the first day of arrival, and almost nothing about the sights of the city, then this and all subsequent posts will be devoted to them alone. Some sights I will devote an entire post, some I will mention in passing and only illustrate them for clarity.
And I’ll start with one of the most interesting and beautiful places in the city, which we visited on the second day – the Amalienborg palace complex.
Amalienborg is not just a palace, it is the home of the Danish royal family.
Queen Margrethe and her family still live here.
The Amalienborg royal palace was designed by the Danish architect Nikolaus Eitved and built during the reign of King Frederik V of Denmark (1746-1766).
The architectural ensemble consists of four free-standing buildings with almost identical rococo facades, which together with the wings frame an octagonal square.
In the middle of the square stands an equestrian statue of Frederick V as a Roman emperor.
This is the work of the French sculptor Jacques Sali, which was created by the author about 15 years: so scrupulously he approached to the study of the horse. As it turned out, not in vain – among the monuments with horses this particular horse is considered one of the best.
Only two mansions out of four are usually open for visits, and the other two are occupied by the royal family and are closed to tourists.
But we were unlucky and on this day only one was open – Christian VII mansion (all the interior pictures were taken by me in this mansion).
This palace takes its name from the wife of Frederick III, Queen Sophia Amalia, who in 1673 built a palace on this site called Sophie Amalienborg.
In 1689 it burned down in a fire that broke out in the court theater during an opera performance.
Records indicate that 171 people died. The building was not rebuilt.
The entrance to these two rooms is enclosed by glass, so a few of the photos are a bit glarey.
The present ensemble was built by King Frederik V himself on the 300th anniversary of the coronation of Christian I, an ancestor of the Oldenburg royal dynasty (he became King of Denmark in 1448).
Here is a miniature replica of the palace.
Amalienborg began to serve as the royal residence after the fire of Christensborg Palace in February 1794.
In general, for Copenhagen XVIII century was not the most fortunate. It brought serious tests in the form of a terrible plague epidemic and two devastating fires. And here I have not yet written about the losses from the bombardment of the city by the English fleet in the early 19th century.
So, for example, the Copenhagen fire in 1728 – the largest fire in the history of the city. It began in the evening of October 20, 1728 and lasted until the morning of October 23. The fire destroyed about 28% of the city, made about 20% of the population homeless, and reconstruction of the city after it lasted until 1737. At least 47% of the part of the city that goes back to the Middle Ages was completely lost.
Together with the destruction caused by the fire of Copenhagen in 1794, it is easy to see why very few traces of the medieval Copenhagen can be found in today’s Copenhagen.
And what cultural losses there were! The university library with its unique books burned down, several private book collections burned down, and the observatory on the Round Tower with its instruments and astronomical observations burned down.
During our time in Copenhagen, we heard this phrase many times: “The original building burned down and a new one was built in its place. “
So, originally this particular mansion, like the entire palace, was not royal. The king gave these plots of land to his four noble courtiers in order for them to build buildings that met the king’s plans. The palaces bear their names to this day. In particular, this mansion bears the name of the administrator of the royal court, Moltke.
It was only after the fire of Christiansborg Palace in 1794 when the royal family was left homeless that King Christian VII acquired the mansion for his own use. At the same time it was renamed.
Inside this palace are several rooms that are considered architectural masterpieces.
This is a collection of statuettes by the famous Danish sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen
After the death of King Christian VII this palace was used as a residence for the courtiers, for other royal families and in 1852-85 even the Ministry of Foreign Affairs was located here. Since 1885, the mansion has been used exclusively for royal guests and presentations.
I read that during World War II an underground tunnel was dug under the two buildings. This was dictated by the desire to avoid the possibility of capturing members of the royal family as hostages.
If we walk from the palace toward the waterfront, right behind it we see Amaliehaven Park, designed by the Belgian architect Jean Delaunay. The park opened to the public in 1983 and was named after the nearby palace complex and harbor.
The view from here is very good, both towards the waterfront and towards the palace.
Behind the waterfront you can clearly see the building of the National Opera House of Denmark.
This is one of the newest and most expensive opera houses in the world. It was opened in 2005, and its construction cost almost half a billion U.S. dollars.
If you look in the direction of the palace complex, you can see the magnificent Marble Church behind it. But we will talk about it separately.
In this park tourists like to rest after walking through Amalienborg.
Yes, and one more significant point about this palace.
It was here where the new dress of the king from the famous fairy tale by Andersen was made and where the naked king started his march.)