Bali island in the Malay Archipelago.

Bali (Indonesia)

Bali (Bali, Ind. ) – an island in the Malay Archipelago, a group of Lesser Sunda Islands, in the province of Indonesia. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean from the south and the Pacific Ocean from the north. It is separated from Java by the Strait of the same name to the west, and from Lombok Strait to the east.

The area of the island is 5,780 km² – one of the smallest islands in the vast Indonesian archipelago, but also one of the most important for tourism. Most Balinese are Indian, whose ancestors lived in the once thriving Indian kingdom that owned Java and the rest of the region. In Muslim Indonesia, which in recent years has been marked by political instability, this island gives the impression of an oasis of peace and quiet.

Every part of the island of Bali can be easily reached in a few hours. But for Balinese, their homeland is the whole world.

Climate

Because of its proximity to the equator, the temperature stays about the same all year round. In the lowland areas, the nighttime minimum is around 24°C, and the average daytime temperature is 32°C in the shade. In the mountains, it can be considerably colder. Bali’s rainy season runs from December through March, though the sun does shine almost every day. June through September is dry, and the weather is variable during the rest of the months. Humidity is high at any time of year.

Lifestyle

In Bali, visitors can stay in the cheap guest houses and rooms that thousands of Balinese families have painstakingly built and perfected over the years. Here you can get a unique opportunity to experience the life of ordinary Balinese with its intricate rituals and customs. The island of Bali also has an impressive number of hotels of all price ranges, most of which are captivating in their architecture, surrounding scenery, music and dance traditions.

Many hotels are reminiscent of Balinese temples or water garden palaces; others resemble thatched villages.

All islanders know how to enjoy and create beauty. Rice farmers perform the ceremonial dances they learned as children, craftsmen make beautiful objects, weavers create ikat patterns of clothing, and the elegant houses that are built here are in harmony with the surrounding nature.

The wave of tourism that has swept the island of Bali has changed the culture of the island, but Balinese traditions are blooming like never before, continuing to amaze and delight the rest of the world.

Why are there so many people with the same name among Balinese?

The fact is that in shudra or haba families, the first-born is commonly called Wayan, Putu or Gede, the second child is Madhe or Nengah, the third is Nyoman or Komang, and the fourth is Ketut. The list is then repeated, so that the fifth child (or, less frequently, the ninth) is again called Wayan, the sixth Madhe, etc. To the male names are added I, and to the female ones Ni.

In the Vesya (merchant caste) boys are called Gusti Ngurah and girls Gusti Ayu.

The Kshatriya (nobility) call their children Kokorda, Deva or Anak Agung (with the addition of Istri after the female name).

In Brahman (priestly) families boys are called Ida Bagus and girls Ida Ayu. If the child is born of a mixed marriage, he is given a double name in which the first name is that of a member of a higher caste; for example, the son of a Vesi and a Hab will be called Gusti Ngurah Gede.

All these names are indicative of a person’s status and complement the name given at birth.

Culture and national way of life

The rich sensual culture of the local population is expressed in their handicrafts. The island is famous for its traditional wooden sculpture, made in the archaic, pagan and Hindu traditions, distinctive decorative features and Balinese painting.

An iconic craft of the Balinese is batik – painting on silk or cotton cloth. You can paint on the fabric in layers with a traditional pattern that has symbolic meaning. Batik is used to make holiday and casual wear.

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One of the most unique spectacle – Balinese dancing with many performers in national costumes. This theatrical performances, the general sense of which is based on the eternal struggle of “good and evil”. The most majestic and popular of them all are the mass kecak ( kecak ) and the barong kris dance.

Sports

Bali is one of the world’s surfing centers thanks to the fact that there are good waves almost all year round. During the summer season (May – September), there are more easterly winds, so the surf spots on the west side of the island are popular.

In winter (November-March), the southwest winds are better suited to the surfing on the southeast side.

Bali often hosts world-class surfing competitions.

Diving

Diving in Bali is a great experience and an unforgettable time. The island is situated in such a way that its shores are washed by two oceans: the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean. This makes Bali a wonderful place to dive and discover its underwater world whether you are an experienced diver or a beginner looking for a new experience.

In Bali, diving centers offer different levels of training and diving programs in the oceans, bays, and gulfs. Here you can see different species of fish and animals in their natural habitat.

Attractions

Pura Besakih Temple

It is the most important temple in Bali.

The temple is located 1000 meters above sea level, in the village of Besakih. The name Besakih comes from Wasuki, which is Sanskrit for “greeting”.

Besakih Pura is located on the south – western slope of the sacred Mount Agung. Mount Agung is a symbol of Mount Meru, the axis of the world and the location of the one god, and the Besakih Pura is a temple for prayers, in close proximity to the gods.

Called the mother of all temples, Pura Besakih is the largest temple complex and worship center of the Hindu religion in Bali.

The Besakih complex consists of over 20 interconnected temples on 6 levels. The history of the Pura Besakih temple complex goes back many centuries.

Interestingly, the stone foundations of one of the main temples of the complex – Pura Penataran Agung (and several other temples) resemble megalithic step pyramids.

The first mention of the Besakih temple complex in documents dates back to 1284. At the time when the Javanese conquerors settled in Bali, the place was already used for worship of the Hindu religion.

In Bali, in every town and village there are three temples: Pura Puseh – the ancestral temple, Pura Desa – the temple of the community, and Pura Dalem – the temple of the dead. This is why Bali is considered an island of 2500 temples, because they are everywhere in Bali (and even in every house there is necessarily a family temple).

Besakih consists of 18 public temples and four subsidiary temples. All the temples are interconnected, have their own name and symbolize a particular deity.

For example, the Pura Gelap or lightning temple, representing the god Ishwara, is in the east and its color is white. Pura Kiduling Kreteg (the temple south of the bridge) is the abode of Brahma, the color red, is in the south. Pura Batu Madeg (temple of the still stone) represents Vishnu, is in the north, its color black.

The central part of the Besakih temple represents the main temple of Panataran Agung, Shiva is worshipped here, his favorite color is white. Three statues decorate the space of this temple, Vishnu, Brahma and Shiva. Therefore, the colors in the temple are not only white, but red and black.

In the first courtyard of the temple is the gamelan music orchestra, which is responsible for the social life. Here music is played, dances may take place, and people “prepare” to meet the divine or already rest after the “service”.

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The central temple of the Besakih Panataran Agung (Shiva’s abode)

Here hundreds of people pray together, and at the end of the ceremony all participants are sprinkled with holy water and blessed with grains of rice.

Pura Kiduling Kreteg (Abode of Brahma)

In the center of the Besakih complex, there is an observation deck where you can admire all around.

Flowers on the slopes of Mount Agung

Git Git Falls

Git Git waterfall is unique, located in the village of the same name. Most waterfalls tend to be in the jungle or in the mountains. Gitgit is located between villages and carnation plantations. The waterfall falls from a height of 40 meters with cool jets of fresh water into a natural pool in which you can bathe. In addition to the sound of the waterfall and the chirping of birds, you can enjoy the rice fields and carnation plantations on the way to it. The waterfall consists of several levels of different heights. The main waterfall is a double (twin). It is about 500 meters from the road. You must go down the stairs to get to the twin waterfalls. There is a local belief that visiting a waterfall with a loved one means separation.

Safari Park – Bali Safari and Marine Park

Located in Bali East the Safari Park is an interesting, large, stylized, and open savannah style zoo. The park spreads over several hectares and provides a natural habitat for hundreds of animals, birds and reptiles of more than 80 species. Rare and endangered species such as the Sumatran tiger, cheetah, albino tiger, Sumatran elephant and orangutan can be seen here. Also this park is famous for its luxurious show programs with professional entertainers, elephants, tigers, horses and other animals. For children, the park has an entertainment area with rides and a water park.

Elephant Safari is an unforgettable ride on Sumatran elephants to visit rhinos, zebras, ostriches and other inhabitants of the African savannah. You can also ride a camel in the park. Jeep safari park ride, a chance to feed animals from the hands, see lions, hippos and other animals close up in close to natural conditions.

Bali Bird Park

It is located near Ubud, in Batubulan village. The park covers an area of 2 hectares with many cages and aviaries where birds sit.

The bird park is divided into districts which recreate the natural habitats of birds, complete with the plant life of the region. Latin America, Africa, Australia and Indonesia are represented here. The park is divided into several geographical areas – Bali, Java, Sumatra, Papua, Borneo, South America, southern Africa.

Most of the birds are in cages-about 70 percent. The remainder can be found freely available, walking in the glades of the park. These are the many colorful parrots with which you can take pictures. There are crowned cranes, peacocks, ducks and turkeys. Pink flamingos and pelicans are on an island that you can’t walk to, but you can observe these birds from afar (without a cage).

Near each bird cage there is a text description with the name of the birds and their features in English and Indonesian.

Eka Kariya Botanical Garden

The botanical garden, located on the slopes of the Mountain of Trees – GunungPohon. Here you can enjoy the contemplation of exotic plants and birds, as well as see huge stone sculptures created based on the Indian epic Ramayana.

The area of the garden – 157.5 hectares, the park is located at an altitude of 1200 – 1400 meters above sea level.

In the Botanical Garden grows about 1200 tropical plants, there are also endangered species. The entire park is divided into zones in which individual species of plants are collected. You can go from the bamboo forest to the kingdom of flowering cacti, then visit the collection of orchids and admire the garden of roses, which amaze with their unusual color: there are black, blue and even gray.

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There is also a picturesque market, where you can buy plants flowers and local spices. In the Botanical Garden has a library and a collection of herbarium. In the Botanical Garden grows a large number of trees from small to unusually tall. Here grows a giant tree Banyan, which locals revere as sacred, watching him, tying up the branches. It is interesting because it grows wide, it is also called “walking”, as it grows new trunks from the main trunk, forming from it and the branches of the long aerial roots.

On the territory of the garden is located amusement park, where everyone can subject themselves to tests in the trees at a height of 2 to 20 meters, exercising dexterity, crossing over drawbridges, trying not to get entangled in spider nets stretching on the branches, as well as a ride on the “bungee cord”.

Tanah Lot Temple and its surroundings

Tanah Lot Temple is located in the coastal area of Beraban, 30 km west of Denpasar. The temple is built on a rock right in the ocean and is only accessible at low tide, as it is only 20 meters from the shore.

You can start the walk from a small beach with black sand, which is located north of the temple.

During high tide, it is impossible to get to the beach, the ocean swallows it whole.

At high tide it is better to be careful – the waves can be gigantic and unpredictable.

This temple has an unusual location, it is on an island that is connected to the mainland with a rock in the form of a stone bridge, and watching the temple from the side you can see the arch through which the powerful waves of the ocean.

Temple Tanah Lot (Pura Tanah Lot) – is one of the most revered Balinese sea temples. The name Tanah Lot translates as “land in the sea”.

According to legend, the temple was built by a Hindu Brahman Nirartha in the 16th century, who saw the divine light coming from a spring in the rock of Tanah Lot. The natives of the island – believe that the water from the spring is considered medicinal, helps to purify the spoil, bring good luck.

Holidays in Bali

Bali

Bali is an island in the Malay Archipelago and the most developed resort in Indonesia. It lies between the islands of Lombok and Java, washed by two oceans – the Indian and Pacific.

People come to the island for beach rest, surfing, visiting volcanoes, walking through tropical forests and banana groves. There are many temples and buildings of colonial architecture which attract fans of sights.

This article contains information about Bali: the best time to go, what to do, what the prices are, where to live, and how to get there.

When to go on vacation

You can vacation in Bali all year round, but there are 2 seasons. The best time to travel to the island is considered the period from May to October. Due to the equatorial monsoon climate during this time there is almost no rainfall, and the air temperature rises to +30 … +31 °C. From November to March is the rainy season. The showers are heavy, but short and at night.

Is it possible to travel to Bali now

At the moment (March 2022) you can travel to Bali from Russia. You can fly to Denpasar (the capital of Bali) or Jakarta (the capital of Indonesia) with connections via Istanbul, Dubai, Abu Dhabi or Doha, and then continue to the island. The cost of tickets depends on the number of connections.

In terms of covid restrictions in Bali there is a quarantine (5 days in a special hotel), PCR test is required, a certificate of vaccination for anyone over 12 years old (“Sputnik V” is accepted).

The visa-free regime in Bali is still suspended. On February 2, 2022, the Indonesian Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced that one cannot apply for a tourist visa on one’s own. Those planning to visit the island need an invitation from a private person or a local Indonesian company. In other words, a “business visa” in electronic format (e-visa) is required. You can find an intermediary who can arrange it in Bali.

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Where to vacation

Kuta resort in Bali

Bali, the resort of Kuta (Photo: Sebastian Puskeiler | License Unsplash)

The island stretches from east to west for 180 km. There are a number of tourist resorts along the coast, each with its own special features.

The resorts of Bali are
  • Amed and Lovina are suitable for relaxation lovers. Here you can relax on the ocean, watch dolphins, swim in the hot springs.
  • Jimbaran and Sanur – the best places for a respectable beach holiday. Sanur has no nightlife, so families with children often come here. Jimbaran attracts tourists with a long sandy beach and numerous fish restaurants.
  • Kuta and Seminyak – popular hangout centers with nightclubs, bars, restaurants, shopping malls. Seminyak is considered a respectable area. Kuta is a more accessible resort for young people and surfers.
  • Nusa-Dua is an elite spot on the Bukit Peninsula with a large number of 5-star hotels and expensive restaurants. The beach in this resort area is considered the best in Bali. It is separated from the ocean by a chain of coral reefs, so it does not have high waves.
  • Ubud is a mountain town in the center of Bali. They come here for the reserve “Monkey Forest”, walks through the jungle and rice paddies, to explore the artistic crafts.
  • Changu and Uluwatu are popular resort areas for surfers. These areas are constantly blowing strong gusty winds and high waves do not always allow swimming and bathing on the beaches.
Bali Islands

Bali Nusa Penida

Nusa Penida (Photo: Alfiano Sutianto | Unsplash license)

In addition to Bali itself, many tourists like to visit the smaller islands located in the neighborhood. Nusa Penida attracts visitors with its rustic way of life and deserted, sandy beaches. Here you can go scuba diving and visit a temple dedicated to the demon Mechaling.

Nusa Lembongan is a great place for water sports enthusiasts. They come here for surfing, diving, and sapboarding. Specially for guests are organized trips to the mangroves, which are held on a motor or rowing boats.

Nusa Ceningan offers miniature beaches hidden between steep cliffs. In the Blue Lagoon of the island is a popular surf spot “Ceningan” with a high and beautiful wave. For the extreme, there are special platforms designed for jumping into the water from a great height.

Beaches

Seminyak Beach Bali

Seminyak Beach (Photo: Travelphotographer | Pixabay license)

The entire coastline of Bali is occupied by picturesque beaches with white or gray volcanic sand. Because of the big waves, strong tides and high tides, not all of them are suitable for swimming, especially in the southern part of the island, washed by the waters of the Indian Ocean. In the east of Bali, the beaches are large and great for diving. The beach areas on the west coast are compact, with rocky shores and pristine natural surroundings.

Popular beaches in Bali
  • Seminyak
  • Batu Bolong in Changu
  • Nusa Dua
  • Dreamland on the Bukit Peninsula
  • Keramas near Sanur
  • Kuta

What to see

Tanah Lot Temple in Bali

Tanah Lot Temple (Photo: Harry Kessell | Unsplash license)

Bali is often referred to as “the island of a thousand temples.” There are many places of worship, including some unique on the water or in caves. You can combine tours of the shrines with water sports, museums, and nature reserves.

Bali Attractions
  • Tanah Lot Temple
  • Pura Besaki Temple Complex
  • Ulun Danu Temple on the island of Beratan
  • Goa Gajsa Cave Temple
  • Tirtha Ganga Water Palace
Bali Entertainment
  • Surfing
  • Diving and snorkeling
  • Turtle Watching on Serangan Island
  • Visit Bali Barat National Park
  • Bali Botanical Garden

Excursions

Bali tours help you immerse yourself in the island’s history, culture and identity. Our guides are experienced and dedicated to making the most of our Bali tours.

Bali: Picturesque Plantations, the Monkey Forest and the Colors of Ubud

Discover Bali from all points of the island, see how the locals grow coffee and rice, experience the energy of the Saraswati temple, and experience the beauty of nature.

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Bali’s Paradise Beaches

On this tour you can spend the day on the pristine beaches with clear water and beautiful landscapes, forget your worries and problems and feel at one with nature.

Order tours online

The cost of the tour depends on the size of the group, usually it is from $ 55 per person. It is convenient to choose and order individual or group tour online.

Rest with children

Because of the big wave, most beaches in Bali are not suitable for family holidays, but the resort is still a few places where you can have a good holiday with children. The best areas for a trip with a child are considered Bukit Peninsula, Amed and Lovina. Here there are family-oriented hotels, and the beaches are closed from the waves by coral reefs.

For entertainment, you can go to the adventure park Bali Treetop, Waterboom water park, an elephant park in Taro or a safari park in the Gianyar area.

Holidays in Bali are affordable for tourists with different budgets. The average cost of a week trip to the resort during high season ranges from 40,000 rubles per person, in the off-season – from 35,000 rubles.

Hotels and hotels

You can stay in Bali in luxury hotels, tourist complexes or villas, as well as in cheap guest houses, lodges and hostels. The most expensive hotels are in Nusa Dua, Seminyak, Sanur, more affordable – in Changu and Kuta.

A week’s rest in a 5-star hotel costs from 37 800 rubles per person in the summer and from 24 600 rubles in the rainy season. Staying in a hostel will cost from 6 700 and 2 400 rubles, respectively.

You can check prices and book a room on Ostrovok.

In order not to overpay – compare prices in the hotel search Avianity. The search has 16,500 accommodation offers in Bali, including hotels with discounts up to 60%.

Apartments and condos

Bali has plenty of options for private rentals. There are comfortable apartments, cheap rooms and luxury villas. The price for a day starts from 900 rubles.

At any Balinese resort, you can find restaurants and cafes of different cuisines of the world. The most popular among holidaymakers enjoy the “Varungi” – the local eateries, which offer a taste of Indonesian cuisine. When visiting them, it is worth ordering kebabs “sate lilit”, noodles “mi goreng”, meatballs in broth “baxo”, pie “martabak”, suckling pig “babi guling”. Dinner at a cafe costs from 400 rubles on average.

Popular cafes and restaurants in Bali
  • Warung Janggar Ulam – a place with delicious food and incredible views. Address: Jl. Raya Teges kangin, Peliatan, Kecamatan Ubud (Google Maps)
  • Warung Bukit Cinta Restaurant and Bar is located in the countryside, with a pleasant natural atmosphere, views of the rice fields and delicious food. Address: Jl. Raya Sebali, Keliki (Google Maps)
  • Wild Air is an Indonesian restaurant, located in a quiet area, view of the jungle. It is very quiet and tasty. Address: Jl. Bisma No.888, Ubud (Google Maps)
  • Massimo Restaurant – Our Italian restaurant serves great pasta, pizza and amazing ice cream. Address: Jl. Danau Tamblingan No.228, Sanur (Google Maps)

How to get there

You can get to Bali by plane, it’s the fastest way to get to Bali.

Plane

Ngurah Rai International Airport (Denpasar) is located on the island of Bali, 13 km from Denpasar, the capital city of Bali.

Airport address: Jalan Raya Gusti Ngurah Rai, Tuban, Kuta, Kabupaten Badung, Bali 80362 (Yandex Maps | Google Maps)

Flight prices to Bali
    from 27 000 rub from 32 000 rub from 24 000 rub from 34 000 rub
    From 34 000 rub From 35 000 rub From 33 000 rub From 35 000 rub
Cheapest air tickets to Bali

The cheapest airline tickets to Bali purchased through Avianiti’s search.

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