Bath (UK) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main sights of Bath with descriptions, travel guides and maps.
City of Bath (UK).
Bath is a city in southwest Britain, the capital of the county of Somerset. Known for its natural thermal waters and a unique historical heritage (ancient thermae and a medieval gothic abbey). Bath is one of the most beautiful cities in the United Kingdom, which has an ancient history, magnificent antique and medieval sites, and remarkable Georgian architecture. Some 500 houses in the historic center are of great historical and architectural value and Bath itself is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
What to do (UK):
£230 per tour.
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Geography and climate
Bath is situated on the rolling plain of the River Avon valley in South West England. The city is located in the beautiful Somerset countryside, 168 kilometers from London. Bath has a temperate maritime climate characterized by cool summers and mild winters. During the colder seasons, southwesterly winds prevail. The greatest amount of precipitation occurs between October and January.
Panorama of the city
Information for tourists
- Population – more than 88 thousand people.
- Area – 29 km 2.
- The language is English.
- Currency – pound sterling.
- Time – UTC 0, UTC +1.
- The United Kingdom is not a member of the Schengen Agreement. Visas can be obtained by personal visits to accredited visa centers which are located in Moscow, Novosibirsk, St. Petersburg, Rostov-on-Don and Yekaterinburg.
- The nearest international airport is in Bristol and has regular flights from many major European cities including Amsterdam, Barcelona, Berlin, Brussels, Copenhagen, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Paris and Prague. The huge Heathrow is a two-hour drive away.
- The train to Bath is easily accessible from London, Bristol, Cardiff, and other major cities.
- Bath is famous for its coffee, pastries and cheese.
Bath was founded in 60 BC when the Romans built the Thermae (baths) and a temple on the site. Already in the Roman period, the city had a reputation as a balneological resort and was called Aquae Sulis. In the 6th century, the settlement was occupied by the Western Saxons. In the 7th century an abbey was founded in Bath, which turned it into an important religious center. In the 12th and 16th centuries, the monastery was substantially rebuilt and enlarged.
Bath’s fame as a resort returned in the 16th century. During this period, the settlement was granted the status of a royal town. The discovery of the thermal springs began to attract the aristocracy. Bath began to grow and build rapidly. Remarkable mansions and buildings in the Georgian style were erected here. In the second half of the 18th century, the ruins of Roman thermae were discovered in Bath. By the 19th century, the town had become one of Britain’s major resorts.
The Georgian architecture of Bath
The historic center of Bath has classical Georgian architecture. Here you can see several hundred remarkable monumental buildings built in golden stone between the 18th and 19th centuries.
The Royal Crescent
The best examples of Georgian architecture can be seen in the northwestern part of the city. One of Bath’s most interesting buildings is the Royal Crescent, a monumental semi-circular row of residential townhouses that look like a single unit.
The Roman baths date back to the 1st century B.C. and were built around the largest of the three hot springs. The Thermae are some of the finest examples of Roman architecture surviving in England.
The Abbey is one of the oldest Christian religious buildings in England, founded in the 7th century. Its most significant building is the magnificent cathedral of the late Middle Ages, which is a masterpiece of English Gothic.
Pulteney Bridge is a magnificent arched bridge, which is one of the symbols of Bath. This structure was built in 1774 and is the starting point for river excursions.
Sally Lunn House
The Sally Lunn House is a museum and historic restaurant located in an old medieval house from the late 15th century. The restaurant is famous for its pastries, which are made according to a traditional secret recipe. The museum contains a fascinating exhibition depicting medieval Bath.
The Theatre Royal is one of the finest examples of Georgian architecture in Bath, built in 1805.
Prior Park is a landscaped garden considered one of the most picturesque places in Somerset County. Located 3 km southeast of Bath, it contains picturesque bridges, mansions, a Gothic temple and a lake.
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Robert Lewis Stevenson’s pictorial notes.
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Roman Baths Theatre Royal Bath Abbey Royal Crescent Cleveland Bridge Bath All Saints Church in Weston Lansdown Crescent building American Museum in Britain
This site contains Bath attractions – photos, descriptions, and travel tips. The list is based on popular travel guides and presented by type, name and rating. Here you’ll find answers to what to see in Bath, where to go, and where the popular and interesting places in Bath are.
The Roman Baths is a complex that includes well-preserved Roman baths for public bathing and several pagan temples. The temple began construction in AD 60-70, the public baths were built over the next 300 years.
The baths were built using sophisticated systems and natural conditions, so that the water temperature in the baths reached 64 to 96 degrees. Over time, the baths fell into disrepair, but were rebuilt in the 18th century. The baths are a popular attraction, attracting more than a million visitors each year. Remains and ruins that are over 2,000 years old can be seen on the bathhouse grounds!
Visitors are given the opportunity to book a spa session or take a bath. It is also possible to visit a cafe with a terrace or a store.
The Theatre Royal, which has existed for over 200 years, is one of the most important theaters in England. It was opened in 1805. It seats an audience of 900 people. The theater offers a year-round program of high quality productions of opera, dance, comedy. Currently, a part of the Theatre Royal is the Egg Theatre for Young Spectators.
The Royal Theater is located near the center of Bath. The building is a striking example of Georgian architecture. Inside the rooms are elaborately decorated with stucco, red with gilt details, majesty and some mystery give it a huge chandeliers and high ceilings auditorium.
During its history, the theater was reconstructed several times, but its original splendor has been carefully preserved to this day. It is adjacent to the Royal Theater and presents a rich program of professional performances and cultural events for children and young people between the ages of 1 and 18.
Coordinates : 51.38210000,-2.36290000
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Bath Abbey is a Gothic church, the last of a series of monastic churches built in the city. The building was built in 1499 and is still in active use today.
In 1539 the church was ruined and began to deteriorate, but it was restored in 1574 and in 1860. The church has 52 windows, which occupy 80 percent of the wall area. The east-facing windows depict 56 scenes from the life of Jesus Christ.
The tour of the church lasts about 45 minutes, during which visitors have the opportunity to see the interior, including the huge organ, which is more than 300 years old, go up and visit the bell tower and walk up the 212 steps leading to the top of the tower, where they can enjoy magnificent views of the surroundings. There is also a museum in the basement with exhibits relating to the history of the abbey.
Coordinates : 51.38140600,-2.35908100
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The Royal Crescent
In the city of Bath, England, there is an entire residential street of 30 unusually shaped houses. It was designed by architect John Wood Jr. in the form of a crescent. Its official name is the “Royal Crescent”. The street was built from 1767 to 1774 in the classic Georgian style and is now listed as a Grade I listed protected building.
The houses on this street for many years served as homes for a number of famous people. The interiors have changed quite often, but the external facades of the buildings have remained unchanged.
The Royal Crescent is now home to quite a few offices and multi-family residences. It also houses a museum and a hotel. The complex used to be called “The Crescent,” and the adjective “royal” was added by Duke Frederick of York, in the late 18th century, when he resided there.
Designed by Wood, the curved facades of the buildings are arranged on a rusticated basement and decorated with Ionic columns. Each owner, when he bought a certain part of the facade, hired his own architect to build the part of the building behind the facade. So while the facade is homogeneous, the back side of the building is very diverse.
Coordinates : 51.38697100,-2.36825400
Cleveland Bridge in Bath
The Cleveland Bridge was built on the site of an ancient ferry in Bath, England. It carries the main A36 road across the River Avon. The bridge is listed as a World Heritage Site in Great Britain. A notable feature of the bridge are the unusual boxes that adorn each corner of it and resemble miniatures of Greek temples.
The bridge was built in 1826 with warm golden Bata stone and elegant cast-iron arched spans. It is one of the finest late-Georgian Revival bridges in the Greek Revival style. At each corner of the bridge four lodges were erected with columned facades resembling small ancient temples. The British census indicates that from 1891 these lodges were occupied by families or small stores were opened in them.
Nowadays, the lodges, a distinctive feature of Cleveland Bridge, are also used as dwellings. Only Cabin 2 houses the gallery and studio of the renowned ceramic artist Peter Hayes, whose sculptures are featured in exhibitions around the world.
All Saints Church in Weston
All Saints Church in the village of Weston on the outskirts of Bath has been standing on a hill for over a thousand years. The Gothic structure, designed by architect John Pinch Senior, was completed in 1832, replacing an older church building.
The local church was first mentioned by Pope Adrian IV in 1156. The name of its first vicar, Jordan, who ruled the service here from the end of the thirteenth century, is known.
A small church building of the XV century was demolished in 1830 – the thermal spa of Bath at this time actively developed, the number of parishioners increased rapidly and there was a need to build a larger church. However, the original tower of the XV century was preserved – the main part, which we see today, was attached to it. The church was solemnly consecrated on June 2, 1832.
In the churchyard and in the temple itself there are burials, the earliest of which date back to the XII century. There are 90 in all, and records show that only a few of those buried had a direct connection with the church and with Weston. Apparently, relatives of the dead wanted their loved ones to rest in the quiet and gracious environment that prevails around All Saints Church.
Coordinates : 51.39551100,-2.38843500
Lansdown Crescent Building
The Lansdown Crescent Building is a very noteworthy eighteenth-century, four-story, crescent-shaped structure consisting of 20 adjacent houses. The property was once owned by the famous British wealthy William Beckford. Now it is considered one of the architectural highlights of the city.
The Lansdown Crescent building is located 10 minutes walk from the center of Bath. It is a prime example of Georgian architecture. It was built in 1793 and was designed by the renowned architect of the time, John Palmer. The windows of the building overlook the central part of the city of Bath.
Currently, most of the house is rented out or used as a hotel quite popular among visiting tourists because of its considerable historical value, large and luxurious rooms and convenient location of the building.
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The American Museum in Britain
The American Museum takes you on a journey through American history, from the time of the early settlers to the twentieth century. The museum presents a remarkable collection of folk and arts and crafts, through which it shows the complex nature of American traditions. The only American museum outside the United States was founded to present American history and culture to the people of Great Britain and throughout Europe.
The American Museum is located in Claverton Manor, near Bath. Here visitors are offered to get acquainted with more than 15 thousand valuable objects of American decorative art, a lot of historical materials about the original inhabitants of the continent – the Indian tribes, and various details of the relationship between the two countries. It includes Native American ornaments and furnishings, historic maps and explorations of the new continent, very rare and typical Native American furniture, the finest collection of gilded and decorative objects in the world and a large collection of paintings.
Coordinates : 51.37535900,-2.31131900
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