Bellagio and its attractions, Italy

Bellagio

Bellagio is a small cozy town in northern Italy with a rich history, at all times it was famous for its mild climate and gathered famous persons of state.

Among all Italian cities, Bellagio stands out noticeably. The northern areas of the country are covered with the smooth surface of numerous lakes, which attract tourists with their wonderful landscapes and rich history. All bodies of water are of glacial origin. The largest is Lake Garda. Segrino and Montorfano are slightly smaller. But most of all stands out Lake Como.

Lake Como is a work of art, the eighth wonder of the world, a paradise. You can call it anything you want. And all this splendor is created by nature. If you look at the map, you can see that it has the shape of the inverted letter “Y”. This is where the small town of Bellagio found its place. It is located on the highest point of the cape, dividing the lake into two halves. Therefore, you can see and appreciate the wonderful landscapes of the city directly from the lake, being on a boat. Bellagio is a very small town, surrounded by the clearest waters of Lake Como, dense with rich vegetation and closed by the mountain range. Near Bellagio there are famous tourist centers such as Milan and Switzerland. This is the contrast between the noisy, big cities and a quiet, comfortable corner of Paradise, to discover its essence during a leisurely stroll through the many narrow streets. This city is not suitable for noisy crowds led by a guide but for tourists who prefer to travel alone or as a family.

There have been excavations in the area of Lake Como. Those monuments of antiquity found by scientists clearly indicated that people lived here back in Paleolithic times, more than 30,000 years ago. In the 7th century BC, a place called Castellum appeared nearby. It was a kind of trade center in the whole north of Italy. Trades were made here, goods were brought from all over the country. Where did the name of the town come from? It is mentioned in the records of Titus Livius. They say that in 520, the territory of the lake was conquered by the Celts, led by the leader Belloveso. In all likelihood, this fact gave Bellagio its name.

Julius Caesar appreciated the fortunate location of the town, but did not commit any military action against it. On the contrary, Bellagio was used for recreation.

Soon the town was conquered by the tribes of the Lombards, who built defensive fortifications around it. Even after the unsuccessful war with the Franks, life in Bellagio did not change in any way. It has spent the last centuries in raids and internecine strife among the ruling classes. This could not pass without a trace, and the 9th century was marked by the division of territory between the nobility. A watchtower was erected in the center of the city.

The fertile lands of Bellagio had always attracted invaders. But the city was so well fortified that the locals gathered at the tower windows to watch the many unsuccessful attempts to take it over. At the end of the 8th century the city became part of the Duchy of Milan, which fought with Como for leadership. In 1533 Bellagio passed to Count Sfondrati. And so for several centuries the history of the city has been closely linked to the family of the count. After the death of the last member of the family, it passes to the Prefecture of Assa.

READ
Vatican City or Country, Photo and Description

In 1796, several ships were stationed in the port, supplying the city with all the necessary food, household goods, and protecting it from unrest. But one day Bellagio’s life changed dramatically. It began with the building of a villa, which Count Francesco Melzi decided to build for his family. The place gathered the nobility, officials and other dignitaries within its walls and became very popular. The roads appeared and the town was well financed. And in 1816 it was visited by the Austrian ruler Francis I. The local counts gave him a proper welcome, falling in love with the Austrian.

In the late 18th and early 19th century, Bellagio began to gain popularity. The rulers of many nations sought solace in the villas at Lake Como. And how many famous people came here to relax… Among them were famous politicians, scientists, artists, composers, musicians, etc. The famous musician Franz Liszt spent his honeymoon here with his wife. After that the popular belief was that the honeymoon in Bellagio gives long life to the family. The first inn opened in 1825, transforming many years later into the Hotel Gennacini. After some time, many other hotels and inns opened. But despite such popularity, the city has remained as cozy and sophisticated.

First of all you should pay attention to the climate of Bellagio. There are no wild high temperatures and sweltering heat in the summer, and mild winters, with no blistering frosts. This is due to the mountain environment, protecting the resort from winds and sudden changes in temperature. Such a climate has a favorable effect on the flora of the area. Around you will find olive trees, fruit trees, cypresses, conifers. About fogs in Bellagio is not even heard. Almost all year round sunshine here, which allows you to admire the endless mountain tops, the blue water surface and piercing – the blue sky. This holiday will please fans of relaxing holidays. People with nervousness medics strongly advise to come here.

Bellagio sights

Bellagio is a very small town. So there is no abundance of attractions. But connoisseurs of the antique is something to interest them. Definitely need to visit the local churches. For example the Basilica of St. James. But it is not the churches that make Bellagio famous, but the villas – living witnesses of aristocratic life of the past centuries.

Villa Melzi

It was built in 1808-1812 for the French Count Francisco Melzi. The villa was created in the strict classical style of the time and is surrounded by a magnificent park. There were created artificial hills and in some places the ground was leveled. In the park of the villa grows rare species of rhododendrons, azaleas. But the admiration is a rare Lebanese cedar. Nowadays the villa is owned by a local count and is open to holidaymakers from spring to fall.

Villa Serbelloni

The building was built in the 16th century by Count Sfondrato and was owned by his family for decades. In 1788, after the death of the descendants of Sfondrato, Duke Serbelloni became the rightful owner of the villa. He decided to change the structure of the villa a little, and he began to take care of the park. He spent 1,000 euros on the transformation. This is taking into account that the worker received 1 cent a day. All the changes made it possible to see the amazingly beautiful park in the 21st century. Here are collected exotic plants from around the world, and the length of the paths in the whole territory is as much as 18 km. Villa Serbelloni can be visited from April to November, but only with a guide.

READ
Penza and the sights of the city.

Bellagio Entertainment

The city has everything you need for tourists: hotels, restaurants, stores, sports complexes. And for those who want to plunge into history, there are numerous excursions in northern Italy.

Bellagio and its attractions.

Bellagio and its attractions

Among the many exceptionally beautiful cities in Italy, Bellagio has a special place. The northern regions of the country are just covered with beautiful lakes, attracting crowds of tourists the beauty of Mediterranean vegetation, magnificent scenery and rich cultural heritage.

Among the many exceptionally beautiful cities in Italy, Bellagio has a special place. The northern regions of the country are just covered with beautiful lakes, attracting crowds of tourists the beauty of Mediterranean vegetation, magnificent scenery and rich cultural heritage.

Location of Bellagio on a map

Each of the picturesque lakes of glacial origin is remarkable in its own way: Lake Garda is the largest on the peninsula, while Lakes Segrino and Montorfano are the smallest (the surface area of each of them is no more than a kilometer). But the most impressive and rich in natural and man-made attractions is undoubtedly Lake Como.

A bird's eye view of Bellagio (aerial photo)

Lake Como is an inverted “Y” shaped paradise with a magnificent turquoise smooth surface, a rugged coastline, a necklace of villas, chic architectural ensembles in a “frame” of natural wonders – this is how Lake Como can be described in a few words. And the most privileged place in this Eden on Earth is the town of Bellagio: it is located at the highest point of the cape, separating the two arms of the lake. You can appreciate its uniqueness directly from the ship: a tiny little town consisting of old colorful houses, almost completely surrounded by a mirror-like surface and protected by a mountain, like a carpet, covered with bright green Mediterranean vegetation … This amazing spectacle is Bellagio. Just next to Milan, Como and Switzerland is a place designed for the individualist tourist. This is not the Colosseum, which can be visited by the crowd with a guide, Bellagio reveals itself only on a quiet and unhurried walk through the winding streets.

Pages of History

Some findings of archeologists testify that people lived on the territory of Bellagio as early as in Paleolithic times (about 30,000 years ago). And in the VII – V centuries BC on the cape there was a place “kastellum”, which subordinated the surrounding villages, where they exchanged goods and worshiped the gods. Titus Livy partly “sheds light” on the origin of the name of the town, stating that the Celts from Gaul led by Belloveso conquered the lake in 520 BC. It is likely that it was to this barbarian leader that Bellagio owed its name.

Although Julius Caesar appreciated the strategic location of Bellagio, in Roman times the area was used more for recreation. The Duke of Bergamo, Gaidulfo, who built defensive structures around it, lost the town after the conquest of the territory by the Lombard tribes. In 744 the King of the Lombards made Bellagio his residence. The defeat of the “longbeards” in the war with the Franks did not significantly change the life of the local Roman and Lombard population. But the last centuries of the first millennium passed in constant raids and internecine strife: even Saracens and Hungarians owned these lands. At the turn of the eighth and ninth centuries, the lands of Bellagio were divided among the feudal lords, and the town itself gained a tower to protect it. The town emerged from Lecco in the tenth century as a gift from Emperor Henry to the bishop of Como, Eberardo. However, historians say that from 1100 Bellagio was only formally subordinate to Como, becoming a free commune.

READ
Nehel, North Sinai: details about the Egyptian city

The strategic location of the town provoked the Comascos to constant raids to capture it in the Middle Ages. But the castle of Bellagio remained a splendid shelter from whose walls the local population watched the futile attempts to capture it. At the end of the thirteenth century, it became part of the Duchy of Milan, which was then at war with Como for supremacy in the region.

In 1533, Bellagio passed into the ownership of Francesco Sfondrati, who bought with him the title of Count of the Coast. For about two centuries, all the town’s events were directly linked to the history of the Sfondrati family. In 1788, the last Count of the Coast, Charles, passed away and the land was given to the city’s prefecture of Asso. So a new chapter appeared in Bellagio’s “book” called “Serbelloni”. To be fair, it must be said that Alessandro Serbelloni received everything in the Sfondrati property except feudal rights.

Napoleon’s reign was marked by the fact that since 1796 several gunboats were stationed in the local port to provide food and to keep order. But the fate of Bellagio was changed completely by an event that, at first sight, was quite insignificant: Count Francesco Melzi decided to build here a country villa for his family. Near the village of Loppia, on the western shore of Lake Como, a magnificent villa was built, attracting the local nobility to stay. And along with the “powers that be”, money and roads “flowed” to Bellagio, which brought Emperor Francis I in 1816. The owners of the villas Melzi, Trotti and Serbelloni gave the monarch such a warm welcome that the Austrian ruler returned to Bellagio in 1825.

At the end of the eighteenth and beginning of the nineteenth century, Bellagio “scored points” with those wishing to vacation in a picturesque place. Virtually the entire European nobility of the time “sought rest” within the walls of the many villas that encircled Lake Como. Historians, politicians, artists and even the heroes of the Risorgimento visited the walls of these luxurious palaces. But the most famous guest of Bellagio was the famous composer Franz Liszt, who chose the town as a place to spend a long honeymoon with the Countess d’ Ago Marie-Catherine de Flavini. The legend of the beautiful love story of the composer and the countess is still alive in people’s memories, and people believe that his honeymoon in Bellagio is a guarantee of subsequent happy family life.

In 1825 the first hotel in Bellagio appeared on the site of Gennazzini’s inn, which later became Hotel Gennazzini. Over time, other Bellagio hotels appeared: the Firenze, the Gran Brittany and the Grand Hotel Bellagio. Nevertheless, the town “managed” to remain one of the few Italian resorts that have not turned into a tourist conveyor belt. And today Bellagio “holds the mark” of an aristocratic but not arrogant resort, simple and refined. Like a true gentleman…

About the resort

Climate of Bellagio

The first thing visitors should pay attention to is the climate. There is no heat in summer and bone-chilling cold in winter. Despite the proximity of the mountains, the thickness of the lake water protects Bellagio from the sudden drop in temperature. The climatic conditions are comparable to the Ligurian coast: the same olive trees mixed with citrus trees, cypresses and palm trees. Fog is as rare in Bellagio as snow in Australia. With more than 200 days of sunshine a year, there’s plenty to enjoy. The vividly green trees and shrubs, the Mediterranean flowers, more in keeping with the south, the high, piercing blue sky, and the calm turquoise of the water surface paint a picture that is truly delightful. And in Bellagio, located in the heart of Lake Como, these beauties take on their full force.

READ
Tobolsk and places of interest

Relaxing vacations in Bellagio

In addition to the beauty of nature, the town of Bellagio will be appreciated by fans of leisure and recreation. It is not by chance that Italian doctors recommend exactly here to go excessively “nervous” compatriots leading very busy lifestyle. In addition, even children and the elderly can go to Bellagio without fear of acclimatization, inherent in a sharp change in climatic conditions when traveling to the mountains or the sea.

Bellagio sights

Given the not too big size of the town itself, the attractions of Bellagio are not as numerous as the lovers of art and antiquity would have liked. However, for the keen tourist eye there is plenty to see and do. The Basilica of St. James and the Church of St. George are worth a visit, as are the churches of St. Martin, St. John and St. Mary in Loppia in the surrounding area.

However, it is not the cathedrals that make Bellagio famous. The villas and gardens of Bellagio are the main witnesses and at the same time the proof of the aristocratic past of the city. It is not for nothing that during the XIX century the town was considered an elite, elegant and aristocratic place, it still preserves the unique atmosphere of the “Golden Age”. The gardens and villas of the town and its surroundings are the most striking examples of the architecture and landscape design of those times, serving as a kind of proof of belonging to the “cream of society”. Almost all of Bellagio’s villas were built in the neoclassical style of Napoleonic times. Gradually the town turned into a large building site, on which the most famous architects and sculptors worked: Giuseppe Balzaretto, Canonica, Albertolli, Villoresi, Andrea Appiani and Giuseppe Bossi.

Villa Melzi

Villa Melzi

The design of the villa, built between 1808 and 1812 for Napoleon’s companion Francis Melzi d’Erill on the shores of Como, was created by Giocondo Albertolli. The austere neoclassical lines of the Melzi villa were surrounded by a wonderful park, which became one of the first examples of English-style landscape design on the lake. All the work on the parkland was carried out by Villoresi and Canonoica between 1811 and 1815. The architects did a tremendous job of artificially erecting hills and leveling the land to enhance perspective. To the uninitiated tourist it seems that all the trees in Villa Melzi grow as they please. In fact, all the plants in the park are planted so as to create the visual illusion of depth and space. Azaleas, rhododendrons and camellias delight visitors to the park, but the famous ancient Lebanese cedar is a particular delight for tourists. And around the small “Japanese” lake of artificial origin grow stone oaks and maples…

READ
Salzburg in Austria, sights and history.

In addition to the rare plants, Villa Melzi’s park is adorned by portals and columns that were transferred here from the ruined 15th century Lazaretti of Milan, Lazzaro Palazzi. The Comolli statue of Dante and Beatrice is nestled just next to the Moorish style pergola called the Caféhaus. It is said that this sculpture inspired Franz Liszt to write his “fantasy sonata after reading Dante”.

Today, Villa Melzi is privately owned by the heir to the family, Count Gallarati Scotti, who opens the park to visitors annually from May to November. You can enjoy the marvelous beauty of the luxurious plants from nine o’clock in the morning until six in the evening.

Villa Serbelloni

Villa Serbelloni (hotel)

Marchesino Stanga was the first owner of the building that later became known as Villa Serbelloni. It (the building) was erected in the XV century, but already in the XVI century the Sfondrati family began to refurbish the villa. The new owner of the house in 1788 was Duke Alessandro Serbelloni. He did not change the architectural design of the villa and devoted himself entirely to the park. For work on the expansion and improvement of the park area duke spent an amount equal to about 1000 euros. This despite the fact that the wage of a day worker in those days was one cent! Located at the highest point of the Bellagio promontory, the park is crisscrossed by more than 18km of paths and boulevards laced with rare species of trees. Exotic plants take their places of honor on the terraces and in the garden, and then descend in green steps to the waters of the lake.

For a time Villa Serbelloni was used as a hotel, but in 1930 it was purchased by Ella Walker. After her death in 1959 the villa was left to the Rockefeller Foundation of New York. And now talented artists from all over the world come here for a month at the Foundation’s invitation. These personal scholarships have given the world more than one work of art.

You can visit Villa Serbelloni Park from April to November, but only with a guide. Twice a day, except on Mondays, groups of sightseers gather in the square near the church of St. Giacomo by the tower. The minimum number of tourists in a group is 6 people, the maximum is 30. The tour lasts an hour and a half. The insurmountable obstacle for a walk in the park of Villa Serbelloni is bad weather, because in this case the excursions are canceled.

Of course, there are other beautiful villas in Bellagio and its surroundings, such as Villa Trotti, Villa Giulia and Villa Trivulzio-Gerli. But they are all privately owned and can therefore only be viewed “from the water” while sailing.

Recreation and entertainment

Despite its “modesty”, Bellagio remains a truly Italian town that has everything for tourists. The numerous sports complexes and playgrounds allow you to practice your favorite sports, from golf and tennis to horseback riding and rock climbing. The short distances from Bellagio to other Italian cities do not prevent guests to make excursions. Restaurants, stores and discos, as indispensable attributes of Italian vacations, are also in abundance here. True, these are not the noisy establishments, working around the clock. The wrought iron fences, manicured parks, and ornate streets of Bellagio are more suited to quiet romantic trysts than rowdy parties. But they’re even more beautiful.

Rating
( No ratings yet )
Like this post? Please share to your friends:
Free Travels And Tours
Leave a Reply

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: