Burkina Faso is a state in West Africa Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso

The anthem of Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso occupies an area of 274,200 km² in the center of West Africa and is landlocked. Most of the country is located in the savannah of the Sudanese zone, which turns into the Sahelian zone in the north, adjacent to the Sahara, and into the Guinean zone in the south. Most of the country is the undulating Mosi Plateau, formed by slates, gneisses and granites, above which rise individual mountains up to 750 m high. The Black Volta, Red Volta, and White Volta rivers and the right tributaries of the Niger originate in the plateau.

The Upper Volta, judging by archaeological finds, was one of the ancient centers of human settlement in West Africa. In the XIII century there was already a strong state here, and the first Europeans appeared only at the beginning of the XIX century. Since 1919 the Upper Volta was a French possession. It became independent in 1960. In 1985 the country was renamed Burkina Faso. The official language is French.

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General Information

The population of the country (about 20.1 million people) is very ethnically diverse. The core of it is the Mosi (their language is becoming national, although the official language is still French), close to them bobos are famous as skilled craftsmen (their woodcarving, ivory, gold, bronze and terracotta figurines have become famous). In the north of the country live nomadic herders Tuaregs. There are few cities in the country, the largest being the capital of Ugadougou and Bobo-Dioulaso; the rest are little more than large villages.

Fighting winds from the Sahara and the Atlantic Ocean determines the peculiarity of the subequatorial climate of Burkina Faso: during the dry season (October to May-June) the north-easterly wind Harmattan dominates, bringing drying heat and clouds of fine sand. The heat in April reaches 41-45 °C, but in May comes the rainy season, brought by the Atlantic monsoon. The amount of precipitation, however, does not exceed 1000 mm, and in the north – 120-200 mm per year. During the rainy season, rivers overflow their banks and dry up almost completely in winter. Lack of water and drought is the main problem of the country.

Vegetation, however, is quite diverse: in the north, it is bushy deserts, which in the south are replaced by the Sudanese savanna with acacias, oil tree caritas, carob, tamarind and baobabs, in the south forming picturesque woodlands, interspersed with gallery evergreen forests in the river valleys. The fauna preserved in the national parks is also diverse. Elephants, lions and panthers abound in the reserves of Arlie, Courtyagou and Double Vé in the east; the savannah forests are home to a variety of antelopes, from small koba to large, long-horned black antelope; the marshy riverbanks of the Dedougou region are a paradise for hippos, crocodiles and water turtles. There are also buffalo, cheetahs, wild cats, hyenas, many monkeys, not to mention birds and reptiles.

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History of Burkina Faso

On the territory of modern Burkina Faso since the 14th century there were states of Ouagadougou, Yatenga, Tencodogo and Fadan-Gourmai, whose chiefs from the Mosi people converted to Islam. From the 14th to the 16th century the state of Yatenga conquered part of the territories of neighboring Mali and Songai. At the end of the 19th century colonization of the land by French colonizers began. In 1895 the army of the Yatenga state was defeated, and in 1897 Fada Gourma recognized the protectorate of France. From 1904 to 1919, Upper Volta was part of the French colony of Upper Senegal – Niger, then separated into a separate colony.

In 1934, the railroad to Abidjan was built. In 1947 the colony of Upper Volta was restored. The “African Democratic Rally” (ADR) was gaining strength, led first by Coulibaly, then by Yameogo. From 1947 to 1958, Upper Volta was an “overseas territory” of France, then self-governed. On August 5, 1960, Yameogo proclaimed the independent state of Upper Volta and became president. In 1966, a national strike broke out which overthrew Yameogo. Power passed to the military, led by Sangule Lamizana. The confrontation between the Prime Minister and the National Assembly escalated, resulting in Lamizana usurping power, and it was not until 1977 that the country transitioned to civilian rule. In November 1980, however, a military regime, led by Colonel Saye Zerbo, reestablished itself.

In 1982, Zerbo was ousted in a new military coup that brought Major Jean-Baptiste Ouedraogo to power. In 1983, the new leader decided to break with the “leftists” in his government, one of the measures being the removal from the cabinet of leftist supporter Captain Thomas Sankar. In another military coup, Sankara became head of state, renamed the country Burkina Faso, and proclaimed a course of social revolution, which he implemented in very unconventional ways. One of the first innovations of the government was to make public the income and accounts of all state officials. The new authorities also deprived the chiefs of all privileges and property, abolished compulsory payments and labor conscription in favor of the chiefs. In the first year of the “revolution” a “solidarity day” was held, when men were told to prepare lunch and go to the market to trade, so that they themselves could experience the delights of a woman’s lot. On New Year’s Day, the administrators were obliged to contribute a month’s wages to social funds. There were other extravagant political moves as well, such as one time half the cabinet was fired and immediately sent to the collective farms to work the land. Sankara is credited with housing programs, vaccination, the “Alpha campaign” to teach literacy in nine local languages, planting trees to counteract the expansion of the Sahara, combating “river blindness” and other local diseases. He was extremely popular in society, not least because of his populist image – he did not use air conditioning in his office “because it is not available to the people”, refused to allow his portraits to be hung in public places and offices on the pretext that “we have seven million people like me in the country”.

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In 1985, a border conflict with Mali broke out over mineral-rich territory along an undemarcated section of the border (the so-called “Agasher War”). The International Court of Justice (ICJ), to which the parties appealed, decided to divide the disputed territory roughly in half.

On October 15, 1987, Sankara was assassinated in a coup by his closest associate, Blase Compaore. On June 11, 1991, a new constitution was adopted. In 1997 the limits on the number of presidential re-elections were lifted, giving Compaore the right to hold the post for virtually life.

Economy of Burkina Faso

An agrarian country. The economy is dominated by French capital. GNP per capita is $230 (1995). Over 90% of the population is engaged in agriculture, which is mostly subsistence. The leading branch of agriculture is farming. Without irrigation, only less than 10% of the land can be cultivated. Burkina Faso is therefore dependent on foreign supplies. Export crops: cotton (80% of production in the west of the country), peanuts, oil palm, oil tree, carite. Distant-pasture cattle breeding is developed (by Fulbe and Tuaregs). The industry is poorly developed, limited to the production of basic consumer goods, such as shoes and bicycles. The largest industries are concentrated mainly in Ouagadougou and Bobo-Dioulaso. Beer production has recently become an important industry and export item. Thanks to the availability of low-salt artesian water reserves, beer brands such as “Brakina” and “SoBra” have become popular not only in West Africa, but also in other parts of the region. Craft and artisanal industries are developed. Many men are forced to migrate and work on farms and factories in neighboring Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire. Extraction of mercury, gold, marble.

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Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso is one of the smallest countries on the African continent, located in central West Africa. It is a former French colony, until August 1984, known as the Upper Volta. The Republic of Burkina Faso is a very hospitable and interesting country, especially for those interested in ethnography. The local population has a large number of different rituals and has its own culture. People still believe in miraculous natural forces and worship animals and objects of everyday life.

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Burkina Faso – “motherland of honest people”.

Contents

Capital

Ouagadougou is the capital of Burkina Faso

The capital of Burkina Faso is the city of Ouagadougou ( Ouagadougou ), which houses the residence of the president of the republic, the parliament and the government. It is the main scientific and cultural center of the country. Ouagadougou is an important transport hub connected by roads to different parts of the country and there is also an international airport in the city. The capital does not look like the usual megalopolises, but is a large village divided into 5 districts, consisting of 17 villages.

Burkina Faso flag

The flag of Burkina Faso is a rectangular cloth with an aspect ratio of 2:3, consisting of two equal horizontal stripes. The upper stripe is red and the lower one is green. In the center of the flag is a yellow five-pointed star. The upper ray of the star and the two upper side rays are on the red stripe of the flag, and the two lower rays are on the green stripe.

The yellow five-pointed star symbolizes the guiding star of the revolution The red color symbolizes the revolution, the blood spilled in the struggle for the independence of the country The green color symbolizes the natural wealth and prosperity

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Burkina Faso coat of arms

The coat of arms of Burkina Faso is a shield made in the colors of the country’s flag, supported by two white horses. At the top of the white ribbon – the name of the country, at the bottom – the motto in French “Unité, Progrès, Justice”, which means “Unity, Progress and Justice”. Also on the coat of arms are two crossed spears and at the bottom is a book. On the left and right sides are ears.

The two stallions are a demonstration of the strength of the people. the shield is patriotism and defense of the nation the spears are a symbol of the determination of the people defending their country from enemies the ears are a striving for food self-sufficiency, prosperity and abundance

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The anthem of Burkina Faso (Une Seule Nuit) is one of the symbols of Burkina Faso statehood, adopted in 1984. The words and music are by the then head of state, Tom Sankara. Read more about the anthem of Burkina Faso…

Currency

The official currency of Burkina Faso is the African franc (CFA CFA franc, or the franc of the African Financial Community, alphabetical code, XOF). The CFA franc was introduced on December 26, 1945 as the single currency of the French territories of West and Central Africa: Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Togo. The CFA 500, 1,000, 2,000, 5,000 and 10,000 franc bills are currently in circulation (the 2003 bill and the 500 franc bill put into circulation in November 2012). Source: ru.exchange-rates.org

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The appearance of banknotes of Burkina Faso

Banknotes of Burkina Faso. Burkina Faso currency

Burkina Faso on the world map

Burkina Faso is a small country in West Africa, bordered by Benin, Togo and Ghana to the southeast, Côte d’Ivoire to the southwest, Mali to the west and north and Niger to the east, and is landlocked. Burkina Faso has an area of 274,200 km2 .

Burkina Faso on the world map

Most of the country is occupied by the Mosi Plateau, with elevations ranging from 200 to 500 meters. The largest rivers are the Black, White and Red Volta, and there are no large lakes in the country. In Burkina Faso, there is a big shortage of drinking water.

What is worth seeing in Burkina Faso?

Here’s a small list of places of interest, which you should pay attention to when planning a tour of Burkina Faso :

Attractions of Burkina Faso

  • Bobo-Dioulasso Grand Mosque
  • The Great Mosque of Ouagadougou
  • The waterfalls of Banfor
  • The waterfalls of Karfiguela
  • The House of Ouagadougou People
  • Martyrs Memorial
  • Manega Museum
  • National Museum of Music of Burkina Faso
  • Deux Bales National Park
  • Ziniari Wildlife Park
  • Lake Tegreakuté
  • Ouagadougou Market
  • Ouagadougou Cathedral
  • Dame de Carfiguela Rock

Largest Cities

  • Ouagadougou, the capital of Burkina Faso
  • Bobo Dioulasso
  • Kudugu
  • Banfora
  • Vakhiguja
  • Garango
  • Pouytenga
  • Kaya
  • Hunde
  • Tenkodogo

Climate

The climate of Burkina Faso is subequatorial. Throughout the year the temperature varies slightly and is within +23 C ° … +25 C ° in the south, to +30 C ° … +34 C ° in the north. The hottest period is from March to June. The average annual rainfall varies from 600 mm in the north and north-east to 1200 mm in the south-west. The dry season in Burkina Faso lasts from November to May, while the relatively wet season is from June to October.

Population

Burkina Faso population

The population of Burkina Faso is 18,956,616 (data as of February 2017). The country’s population is divided into two main ethnic groups, the Voltaic and the Mande, which comprise the following nationalities:

  • voltaic – mossi, grousi, gurma, bobo, lobby, sisala, mbuin, senufo
  • Mande – samo, busa, soninke, hausa, fulbe

The average life expectancy for men is 52 – 53 years, for women 55 – 56 years.

The official language of Burkina Faso is French, which is the main language in administrative, political and educational institutions, public services and the courts. In addition to French there are many local dialects throughout the country, spoken by about 85% of the total population. The most common are Bissa, Dagara, Fulfulde, Gurmanchema, Dioula and More, all of which belong to the Sudanese language family.

Religion

The predominant religion of Burkina Faso is Islam and is practiced by 60% of all believers in the country. Twenty-three percent are Christians (19% are Catholics and 4% are Protestants), and 27% of believers are followers of local faiths.

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Holidays

National holidays of Burkina Faso
  • 1 January – New Year
  • January 3 – Revolution Day
  • 8 March – International Women’s Day
  • March – May Day – Ascension Day
  • 1 May – Labour Day
  • 5 August – Independence Day
  • 15 August – Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary
  • October 15 – Anniversary of the 1987 military coup
  • November 1 – All Saints Day
  • October-December – Muslim New Year
  • November-December – birth anniversary of Prophet Muhammad (Maulid al-Nabi)
  • December 11 – proclamation of the Republic Day
  • December 25 – Christmas

Souvenirs

Burkina Faso souvenirs

Here’s a little list of the most common souvenirs that tourists usually take from Burkina Faso:

  • authentic musical instruments
  • Tableware: plates, vases and trays made of different types of wood, clay or metal.
  • Hunting gear
  • Clothing and accessories of crocodile skin
  • ritual masks
  • ritual weapon
  • talismans and amulets of local tribes
  • jewelry of non-precious materials with unique design
  • Figurines and statuettes of ivory

“No nail, no rod” or customs regulations

Customs regulations in Burkina Faso allow unlimited quantities of currency in and out, and a customs declaration on entry and exit is not required. Antiques, art, gold and precious metals are subject to mandatory customs control.

Duty-free import of things and objects intended for personal use is permitted.

The import and export of weapons, ammunition, narcotic and psychotropic substances is prohibited. The export of food in large quantities, exotic plants, animals and birds, animal skins, ivory and crocodile skin products without permission is prohibited.

Voltage of the electric network

Mains voltage: 220 V, 50 Hz. The socket type: Type C, Type E.

Phone number and domain name

Phone country code: +226 First-level domain name: .Bf

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