Busan sights in South Korea

Busan

Busan is the second largest city in Korea, after Seoul. The country’s largest port, known as the “Sea Capital of the Republic of Korea.” Busan is located on the southeastern tip of the Korean Peninsula on the coast of the Korean Strait. The most densely built-up areas are located in several narrow valleys between the Nakdonggang and Suyonggang rivers, with mountains serving as natural boundaries for some urban areas.

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Highlights

Busan is one of Asia’s most modern cities. The city is known for its many skyscrapers and other architectural landmarks. It is home to the largest department store in the world, Shinsege Centum City, and the tallest building in the Republic of Korea, Doosan Haeundae We’ve the Zenith Tower A. Other mega-buildings are also under construction in the city – the Lotte Super Tower and the Busan International Financial Center skyscrapers. The Lotte Super Tower will have 110 floors and a projected height of 510 meters, making it one of the tallest buildings in the world.

And yet, despite the fact that Busan is recognized as one of the most modern cities in Asia, its history goes back about 15 thousand years. Therefore, a huge number of cultural relics are concentrated here. Also in the city operates a number of higher educational institutions. Since Busan faces the sea in the south and the Nakdong River in the west, it has famous beaches and hot springs. Because of that, the city is recognized as the most popular tourist center.

At the international level, Busan is known not only as the largest city and port of the country. In 2002 the World Soccer Championship was held here, in 2005 the city was the capital of the APEC forum, and it was announced as a candidate to host the Olympics in 2020.

Climate and weather

Busan is located in a humid subtropical climate zone. Very low or too high temperatures are registered here quite seldom. Due to the proximity of the ocean in late spring and summer, the city is always cooler than the inland areas of the peninsula. In late summer and early fall, the weather is often stuffy and quite hot (+23. +29 ° C), and sometimes there are typhoons. July and August are the rainiest months. In winter, Busan is dry and cool, and precipitation in the form of snow hardly ever falls. The thermometer ranges from -6 to +8 °С during this season.

Spring is the most comfortable time to travel to Busan, and the two autumn months – October and November.

Nature

Busan lies in the southeastern part of the country, on the coast of the Korean Strait. It was built along the coastline, so it has an elongated shape. There are two rivers flowing through the city – Suenggang and Nakdonggang, and near the city there is a mountain, the shape of which resembles an axe. Since Busan borders the seashore to the south and the large Naktongan River flows to the west, there are many beaches and hot springs here. There are also many green parks and nature reserves in and around the city, chief among them are Yongdusan Park and the Migratory Bird Sanctuary.

Attractions

Busan’s main attraction is the magnificent Pomosa (“Temple of the Paradise Fish”) temple complex. Founded in the 7th century, the temple has been repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt, but has managed to retain its original ancient atmosphere. The three-tiered stone pagoda, the main temple with the ceremonial hall of Dongjong, the One Hole Gate (if you look at it from a certain angle, it really seems to rest on a single pillar; it symbolizes the only right path to enlightenment), the East and West Pagoda of Wonjoam and the original stone lamp, and the eleven hermit huts of amazing beauty topped with Buddha statues are all worth seeing here.

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Another gem of religious architecture is the Dragon Palace Temple, located right by the shoreline. Among its interesting structures is the incredible Pagoda of Prayers for Road Safety – it happens! The water in the local hot spring is believed to have healing powers. And the Seokbulsa Temple is a hermit hut carved into the rock, around which you can see giant bas-reliefs of Buddhas, also painstakingly carved into the rock.

You can take a walk outdoors in the well-kept Yongdusan Park, which has a lot of cute cafes and restaurants and the 118-meter Busan Tower, the observation deck of which offers spectacular views of the surrounding area (entrance about 2 EUR). Next to the park, the Forty Degrees District is worth seeing – several restored streets that convey the atmosphere of 1960s Korea with its cobblestone alleyways and wooden lanterns.

Nature lovers will appreciate the Nakdong Bird Sanctuary, where more than 150 species of birds nest from October to May, and Busan Aquarium, where you can learn about the rich underwater flora and fauna of the South Sea.

Also recommend a visit to local museums: Busan Museum displays over 25 thousand exhibits of regional and city history, Museum of Modern History tells the story of post-Korean War events, and the Art Museum displays works of ancient and contemporary Korean artists.

Nutrition

Busan is a seaside city, so there is a large number of fish restaurants, which are mainly concentrated in the Chagalchi Market area. In such establishments guests are mostly offered such national dishes as hwae (chopped raw fish), chemul cheonggol (seafood soup), chuotan (loaf soup), phajeon (seafood cakes), and clams in citrus sauce.

There are also many Korean restaurants and barbecues serving other national dishes in addition to seafood. Among the most common dishes are rice with a variety of snacks, kimchi (a spicy vegetable dish), all kinds of soups, pulgogi kebabs, fried kalbi ribs and omelets with various fillings.

The most popular restaurants with traditional Korean (as well as Japanese, Chinese, and European) cuisine are located near Haeundae Beach. You can also grab a bite to eat in one of the city shopping centers, where they offer not only Korean, but also Italian, German, American and Russian cuisines.

There are bars in Busan, most of them are open round the clock. From local hot drinks, the most widespread are rice wine nonju and rice liquor soju. Grape wines are rare, but stronger imported drinks and beer are available everywhere.

Accommodation

Busan attracts not only tourists and vacationers, but also a large number of business people and businessmen. Therefore, there are a lot of various hotels, both first-class and budget ones.

In general, there are five categories of hotels in Busan, as well as the rest of the country: super deluxe, de deluxe, and 1st, 2nd, and 3rd class hotels. The most luxurious and expensive establishments are located near Haeundae Beach and in Seomin and Tonne areas, such as Busan Lotte Hotel or Pullman Ambassador Changwon.

There are also quite small hotels in Busan, egwangs with room rates varying from $26 to $80 per day. At the same time in rooms of such institutions may not have beds. The fact is that originally egvans were originally designed directly for local residents who traditionally sleep not on beds, but on the warm floor.

Beaches of Busan

The beaches of Busan are rightly considered some of the best in South Korea. Despite the close proximity of the port, they are perfectly groomed and clean, wide and have all the necessary infrastructure (and more).

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Haeundae is the most popular beach, and in summer it is always crowded with Koreans coming from all over the country and tourists. In July and August Haeundae is not a very pleasant place for a beach holiday, there is literally nowhere to set foot here, but in winter it is on the contrary, it is very quiet. For about 8 EUR you can rent an umbrella and a beach chair. From entertainment – a lot of bars and beach restaurants, water sports stations. Busan Aquarium with a rich collection of marine life is also located in Haeundae.

Seongjeong Beach stretches in a crescent shape for 1.2 km along the bay. It’s quieter than Haeundae, even during high season, but it does have one drawback: it closes early, between 4:00 and 6:00 pm. A place in the sun will cost the same 8 EUR. In winter, the beach does not work.

Kvanalli beach also resembles a crescent and does not have strong sea waves. At its 1.4 km useful length, you can sit comfortably and in relative privacy. In general, this beach is more democratic and the cafes and restaurants are closer to the masses.

Shopping

Busan is a big port city, which annually imports a lot of various goods from all over the world. Therefore, it is not surprising that it is literally full of all kinds of shopping centers, department stores, boutiques, stores, and markets. The main shopping districts of Busan are Somen and Namphodong, where there are fashionable boutiques, jewelry salons and all kinds of stores. There are also four large duty-free stores in the city offering quality goods at a low price. Special mention should be made of the department store “Cinsege Century City,” which is considered one of the largest in the world. And on its territory there are not only rows of shops, but also an ice rink, a cinema, a spa and a fitness center. Another popular place for shopping is the street in front of Busan University. There are small stores selling youth clothes and the latest fashions in this area. Throughout the city there are many huge stores with a variety of goods, such as the Home Plaza hypermarket and the Loté Department Store.

The city markets are no less remarkable. Of these, the most famous is Chagalci, which is recognized as the largest seafood market in the country. In October, it hosts the Festival of Cultural Tourism. Also markets Kkanthon and Puphen where you can buy absolutely everything from jewelry to a variety of equipment are not less popular.

Transportation

Busan is the most important transportation hub of the country: there is the international airport Gimhae and a major port. Main railroads and highways also pass through the city.

Busan public transportation is represented by subway, buses, water streetcars and cabs. The most convenient way to get around the city is the subway. The names of its stations and crossings are duplicated in English, which is very convenient for foreigners. Buses in Busan run very often, and their network of routes covers the entire city and its suburbs. There are also special sightseeing buses that bypass all the major attractions.

Cabs in the city are very much, and they are relatively cheap, safe and clean. Fares depend on distance and travel time, as well as the type of cab (company cab, luxury cab, or multi-cab).

Communications

Public phone booths are located at all public places and intersections in Busan, so there are no communication problems. All vending machines are divided into three types: “coin-operated,” telephone card-operated, and credit card- and IC Card-operated. For international calls you need to buy a Worldphone Plus Card, which allows you to make a call to any country from any phone.

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Cellular communication is standard CDMA-1800, so usual phones don’t work here. In order to use mobile phones it is recommended to rent a local standard cell phone. You can do this at the airport. You will need a credit card and a passport with a Korean visa.

Wireless Internet access is available in all public areas and hotels in the city.

Security

There is virtually no crime in Pusan, so tourists can feel safe here. Petty theft and pick-pocketing do happen, but they are the exception to the rule. The utmost care must be taken on the roads, because in this country the percentage of deaths in traffic accidents is one of the highest in the world. It is also important to remember that South Korea has very strict criminal laws. Therefore, in the case of violation of the law, a foreign citizen will face the same punishment as a Korean.

Before traveling, it is recommended to obtain medical insurance, because medical services in Busan are very expensive.

Business Climate

The main lever of Busan’s economy is its seaport, which is recognized as one of the largest in the world. The main trading partners of Busan port are the United States, Japan, and even China. Moreover, Shanghai, Miami, Ho Chi Minh City, and Osaka have major trade offices in Busan. The city is also one of the country’s largest industrial centers. Among the leading industrial branches the textile and food-processing industries, as well as shipbuilding, metal working, machine building are the most developed. The city has very developed infrastructure and service industries, and now they are the most promising objects for investment.

Real Estate

Real estate in Pusan is considered one of the most expensive in South Korea. But despite this, it is always in high demand among Koreans and foreigners. The advantages of the real estate market of this city are obvious: a high standard of living, developed infrastructure, excellent system of social benefits and good environment. Investing in the purchase or construction of local real estate subsequently promises substantial benefits, as prices here increase from year to year. Moreover, the process of buying all Korean real estate is considered quite simple and uncomplicated.

Tips for a tourist

In Busan, as well as in the whole of South Korea, official institutions, monuments and museums have summer and winter opening hours (March through October and November through February). For a detailed schedule of any cultural institution, visit one of the many tourist centers.

Busan

Busan

The second city of the country, the maritime capital, the metropolis – and that’s not all there is to say about South Korea’s most modern city, Busan. In this place, tourists can see how flawless and different our world can be.

General Information

Busan is a large city in South Korea and a major port located in the southeast of the country, on the shore of the Korean Straits. The population of Busan is about 4 million people. This city with centuries-old history surprisingly harmoniously combines skyscrapers with ancient temples and incredibly beautiful park complexes. The most populated areas are located in the narrow valleys between the rivers Suyonggang and Nakdonggang, and the boundaries of urban areas serve as the mountains. Take a look at this photo panorama of Seoul, South Korea.

Mountains and Straits of Korea in Busan

Historical Info

Busan dates back to the very beginning of our era when it was called Gochilsanguk. It was first mentioned in a geographical description of the Joseon era, describing a fishing village in southern Dongnae County. For almost 1.5 centuries, the city was the country’s commercial port. Busan was the first city in Korea to begin foreign trade, but until 1883 it was conducted only with Japan. Because of the war with it from 1598 to 1876, their trade relations were terminated. From 1910 the city was under the protectorate of Japan.

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Over time Busan became a major industrial and commercial port. From 1950-1953, it was even temporarily the capital of Korea during the Korean War. It remained a provincial center for a long time after the war and a directly subordinated city thereafter. It was not until January 1995 that Busan acquired the status of a metropolitan city.

Busan Panorama

Busan City is located in the subtropical humid climate zone. The weather is stuffy and hot from late summer to mid-autumn. The most comfortable temperature is from October to November. The winter months are accompanied by strong gusty winds, but compared to other areas of South Korea, winter here is much milder. The maximum temperature reaches +29 ° C, the minimum does not fall below – 6 ° C.

Busan sights in South Korea

The beauties of Pusan are famous all over the world. Tourists have a unique opportunity to touch the ancient culture and appreciate the intertwining of modernity and antiquity. The main and most interesting places in the city:

  1. Busan Temples :
      – A beautiful complex founded as early as the 7th century. It consists of a 3-tiered pagoda with Dongjong Hall. The western and eastern pagodas are decorated with a very unusual lantern lamp;
    • The Temple of the Dragon Palace is a gem of religious architecture located near the shore. It is believed that the water in the spring near the temple has healing powers;
    • The Temple of One Wish Hedon Yengguns. In order to get here, you have to go up 108 steps. As you climb them, you should think of your deepest wish and it will surely come true;
    • Tongdosa is a huge Buddhist temple with 35 halls containing 43 religious treasures.
  2. Busan Museums :
    • Busan City Museum is astonishing in the number of exhibits: there are more than 25,000, all telling the history of the city and the region;
    • Museum of Modern History displays all the facts and events of the Korean War;
    • The Art Museum has a large collection of works by both modern Korean artists and ancient creators;
    • the Bokcheon Museum houses many artifacts, relics, and an entire hall with ancient tombs;
    • Illusion Museum is probably the most popular museum in Busan; tourists love to take pictures and have fun in it.
  3. Busan Parks :
      Incredibly sophisticated and well-kept, there are many restaurants and cafes. Nearby is the famous 118-meter Busan Tower which offers a breathtaking view of the whole city. Also nearby is the Forty Steps neighborhood, which captures the atmosphere of the 1960s in South Korea;
    • Busan Fantasy Park takes you into a world of entertainment and attractions;
    • Taejeongdae, a hilltop covered in dense forest, a stone beach and 150-meter-high cliffs;
    • Nakdong Bird Sanctuary Park, a bird sanctuary that hosts about 150 species of birds from October to May.

Entertainment

Busan city is overflowing with all kinds of entertainment, and above all, these are excursions:

Dongbaek island

  1. A trip to Dongbaek Island in Busan will delight tourists with flowers and conifers. During walks along the rocky shore you can see the whole of Haeundae Beach.
  2. Excursion to Geumjung Fortress Mt. Today from the largest fortress in South Korea over 17 km long only 4 km remain.

Active recreation with a mixture of adrenaline in Pusan you can get in the local water park. Among the attractions here are “Tornado”, “Big Wave”, etc. However, the most visited places for water recreation are:

  1. Haeundae is the most famous beach in Busan. The sand here is very clean, and in the evening you can catch the most romantic sunset in the world. Nearby is the largest oceanarium in Pusan, where you can see the richest underwater world of the South Sea.
  2. Kwanalli Beach gives you a relaxing break and the chance to see Gwangnan Bridge, which is just as beautiful as another bridge in Busan, Daegyo.
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The 1600-meter-long cableway in Busan takes vacationers from one beach to another. A big plus is that of the 86 cabins, 39 have a transparent floor.

Cableway

The city of Busan regularly holds numerous cultural events. The most famous in the sea capital of Korea are festivals:

Busan Hotels.

Most of the hotels are located in the coastal area. They offer a wide variety of services, cozy rooms, and entertainment programs. Rooms range in price from $24 to $600. Hotels in Busan:

  • Lotte Hotel Busan5*;
  • Ibis Budget Ambassador Busan Haeundae4*;
  • Best Louis Hamilton Hotel3*;
  • SC Helsinki Hotel2*;
  • BnB Busan Guesthouse Seomyeon1*”
  • Sky Island Guesthouse1*.

Busan Restaurants

When talking about the culinary traditions of Busan, you need to remember where the city is located. It lies on the shores of the Korean Strait, so it is not surprising that most of the restaurants and cafes offer a variety of seafood dishes. Restaurants with unforgettable and amazing dishes:

Shopping in Busan

For fans of shopping, there are plenty of places to shop. The best markets and stores are waiting for tourists here, and the department stores are comfortable, comfortable and wide, so shopping here will bring a lot of pleasure:

Shinsege Century City Mall

  1. “Lotte” is not only trade, but also entertainment. Restaurants, cafés, spas, galleries and cinemas rival the boutiques here.
  2. “Sincere Century City is the world’s largest department store. It is 18 floors, half of which are occupied by boutiques, and the other half is filled with a variety of entertainment.
  3. “Hyundai has 11 floors filled with stores and boutiques. There are also a cultural and sports center, a cinema, a cafe, a beauty salon, etc.
  4. Outlets “Lotte Premium Outlet” and “Milliore”.

In addition, there are 4 Duty free stores in Busan:

  • “Paradise;
  • “Lotte at the department store;
  • “Lotte” at Busan Airport;
  • “Notk.”

As for Busan markets, the most famous are:

  • “Chagalchi” sells fresh seafood and fish;
  • “Kukche” is located opposite “Chagalchi”, in this place you can buy all household goods from clothes to kitchen utensils.

The city’s transportation network is one of the most developed in South Korea. Learn more about the most popular and convenient forms of public transport in the city:

  1. Busan’s subway has four branches, and the stations are so conveniently located that tourists don’t have to look long for the city’s cultural sites; everything is clearly laid out and indicated on the subway maps. Fares range from $1.14 to $1.32. A 1-day pass costs $3.96 and a weekly pass costs $17.59.
  2. Light rail is convenient for trips from / to Busan Airport.
  3. Buses – a network of routes runs throughout the city and beyond. It costs $1.06 to pay for a trip in cash. All points are marked in English.
  4. Cabs can be stopped on the street, called by phone and found in parking lots. Fare for the first 2 km is $2.46, then every 300 meters will cost $0.09. Night fare is 20% more expensive.
  5. A bicycle is a very popular form of urban transport. If you want to rent a bicycle you can get it for free at Haeundae Beach when you confirm your reservation at the hotel, the hotel only charges a deposit.
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