Cameroon – Republic of Cameroon a state in Central Africa

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Cameroon (Cameroon)

Cameroon, or officially the Republic of Cameroon, a state located in the western part of Central Africa on the Gulf of Guinea. The name of the country comes from the Portuguese Rio dos Camarões, which means “river of shrimp”.

The former French Cameroon and part of British Cameroon were united in 1961 to form the present country. It was not until 1984 that the land acquired its current status, the Republic of Cameroon . The situation in the country was relatively stable, which created favorable conditions for the development of agriculture, construction of roads and railroads, as well as the development of the oil industry.

Cameroon is the “river of shrimp.”

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Capital

The city of Yaounde is the capital of Cameroon

The capital of Cameroon is the city of Yaounde, located on the seven hills of the Cameroon Plateau, surrounded by tropical forest and scenic landscapes, in the southern part of the Republic at an altitude of 730 m above sea level. Cameroon is also the administrative center of the Central Region and the department of Mfundi. Almost the entire territory of the capital is occupied by the areas along the main street – Kennedy Avenue, as well as in the adjacent hills of Yaoundé.

The tourist attraction of Cameroon is the natural riches of the country. National parks and biosphere reserves occupy about 6% of the territory of the Republic. The nature of the country is very diverse and provides an opportunity for travelers to visit several natural areas at once – from the humid equatorial forests on the Atlantic coast, to the typical African savannah and semi-deserts in the north. Beach tourism is well developed on the Atlantic coast. The best resorts are around the villages of Grand Batangi and Kribi. Read more…

Flag of the Republic of Cameroon

The flag of Cameroon is a tri-color rectangular cloth with a 2:3 aspect ratio. The flag consists of equal vertical stripes – the left stripe is green, the middle stripe is red and the right stripe is yellow. In the center of the flag, a gold five-pointed star is depicted on the red stripe.

Symbolism:

  • The color green symbolizes the rich forest vegetation in the south, as well as the hope for a happy future
  • Red is the symbol of Cameroon’s sovereignty and independence
  • Yellow symbolizes the fertile northern land, the hot sun and the savannah.
  • The gold star is the symbol of the unity of the state

History:

The flag of Cameroon was adopted on May 20, 1975 after becoming a unitary state, and independence from France on January 1, 1960.

See all the flags of the world here.

Emblem of the Republic of Cameroon

The coat of arms of Cameroon is a composition, the central element of which is a shield, designed in the style of the national flag of Cameroon . In the center of the shield is a schematic map of the country, with the scales of justice superimposed over it. Behind the shield are two crossed fascias (an axe, the handle of which is made of bundles of elm or birch twigs pulled by a cord). At the bottom of the coat of arms is the inscription with the name of the country: “Republic of Cameroon”. The national motto in the upper part of the coat of arms is: “Paix, Travail, Patrie”, which means “Peace, Work, Fatherland” in Russian.

  • fascias are a symbol of power in Cameroon
  • the scales of justice represent justice
  • The color green symbolizes the rich forest vegetation in the south, as well as the hope for a happy future
  • Red is the symbol of Cameroon’s sovereignty and independence
  • Yellow symbolizes the fertile northern land, the hot sun and the savannah.
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All the coats of arms of the world , see here.

“Song of Unity” (“Chant de Ralliement”) became Cameroon’s official anthem in 1957 after its autonomy within France was recognized, but it had been used as a national song as early as 1948. The music and lyrics were written by the composer René Jam Afame, with the assistance of the writer Samuel Minkyo Bamba and Moïse Nyatte Nkoo. In 1978 the anthem underwent minor changes, changing the arrangement of the music and correcting the words. This anthem has an official version in English and French. Read the text of the anthem of Cameroon…

Currency

Cameroon’s national official currency is the CFA franc BEAC , the Central African franc of financial cooperation, or the Central African franc (international designation XAF). The Central African franc is the monetary unit of the thirteen African countries that make up the French franc currency zone. Coins in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100 and 500 francs and banknotes in denominations of 500, 1000, 2000, 5000 and 10,000 francs are currently in circulation. The letters on the banknotes indicate which country the banknote belongs to:

F for Equatorial Guinea;

M – Central African Republic;

T – Republic of the Congo;

U – Cameroon.

Cameroon coins

Currency of Cameroon - Cameroon coins

banknotes of Cameroon
Currency of Cameroon - Cameroon banknotes

Cameroon on the world map

Cameroon is a state in West Africa, bordered by Nigeria to the northwest, Chad to the north and northeast, the Central African Republic to the east, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea to the south, and washed by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean (Gulf of Guinea) to the west. The total area of Cameroon is 475 440 km².

Cameroon on the map

The country’s relief is characterized by an alternation of mountains, plateaus and plains, with an average altitude of up to 1,000 m. The Cameroon Volcanic Massif is the country’s “calling card”. It serves as a unique beacon for ships approaching the coasts of Cameroon. In this massif there are more than 70 volcanic craters. Mount Fako is the highest point of the country. It is an active volcano, 4,040 m high, and its peak is almost always shrouded in fog and clouds.

The coastal marshy lowlands gradually rise into a plateau covered with rain forests. Then the area rises again, merging with the Adamawa Plateau, where some uplands reach heights of 1,300 meters and higher. To the north of the Benue National Park, the land descends to the savannah plains, which extend to the shores of Lake Chad. The most important rivers in Cameroon are the Jha, the Nyong, and the Sanaga.

What to see in Cameroon

Landmarks of the Republic of Cameroon

Cameroon is not a popular tourist destination, but the region is interesting for tourists who want to learn about traditional culture of African people. Below is a list of the most popular sights in Cameroon :

  • Basilica Marie-Rhine de Apotheter
  • Volcano Cameroon
  • City of Yaoundé
  • Mandara Mountains
  • Royal Palace and Museum Fumban
  • Limbe
  • Waza National Reserve
  • New Freedom Monument
  • Market Saint Artisinel

Biggest cities

Climate

The climate of Cameroon is uneven and depends on the geographical location of the country, in the south – humid equatorial, and in the north – arid subequatorial. The average summer temperature in the south of Cameroon is +25 … +28 ° C, and +22 … 24 ° C in winter. In the northern part it is +31 … +33 ° C in summer, and +25 … 27 ° C in winter. In the center of the country is a little cooler. In the summer the average temperature is +21 … +24 ° C, and in winter – +20 … +22 ° C.

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The humid southwestern equatorial monsoon brings heavy rainfall: 3,000-5,000 mm on the coast and 1,500-1,700 mm on the South Cameroon Plateau. The northern part of the coast is among the wettest places on the globe. The western and southwestern slopes of the Cameroon Massif receive up to 10,000 mm of rainfall per year. It is the wettest place in Africa. As for the Southern Cameroon Plateau, the year here is divided into two “dry” (December-April and June-August) and two “rainy” (September-November and April-June) seasons. Relative humidity is 70-80% all year round. On the northern and eastern margins of the plateau, annual precipitation decreases to 1,400 mm, the number of rainy days per year decreases, and the dry months are clearly distinguished.

The best time to visit Cameroon is from December to March, when the weather is dry and not as hot as in summer.

Population

Cameroonians

The population of Cameroon is 26,324,317 (data as of May 2020). There are about 250 ethnic groups, the largest of which are Fang (22%), Bamileke (20%), Douala (12%), Fulbe (10%), Tikar (7%). The average life expectancy of the female population of Cameroon is 54 – 56 years, and of the male 52 – 54 years.

The official languages of Cameroon are English and French, which were inherited during the colonial period from Great Britain and France from 1916 to 1960. In addition to English and French there are 286 other languages in Cameroon. They include 55 Afro-Asiatic languages, two Nilo-Saharan languages, 4 Ubangyan languages, and 169 Niger-Congolese languages. This last group is divided into one Senegambian language (Fulfulde), 28 Adamawa languages, and 142 Benue-Congolese languages (130 of which are Bantu languages).

The nation strives for bilingualism, but in fact, very few Cameroonians speak both French and English. The government has created several bilingual schools in an attempt to teach both languages more evenly.

Religion

Christianity , Islam and traditionalists are the three main religions in Cameroon . Christian churches and Muslim centers of various denominations operate freely throughout the country, while the traditionalists operate in their sanctuaries and temples. About 70% of Cameroonians are Christian, 19% are Muslim, 10% are local religious faiths, and less than 1% of the population identifies as orthodox. Christians, in turn, are divided into Catholics (32.5%), Protestants (30.5%), and other Christian denominations, including Jehovah’s Witnesses. The vast majority of Muslims are Sunni.

13. Holidays

National and public holidays of the Republic of Cameroon in 2020:

  • January 1 – New Year’s Day.
  • 1 January – Cameroon Independence Day
  • 2 February – World Wetlands Day
  • 11 February – National Youth Day of Cameroon
  • 12 April – Easter Holidays
  • 20 May – National Day of the Republic of Cameroon
  • 15 August – Assumption of Our Lady of the Virgin Mary
  • 1 October – Unification Day
  • October 28 – Mawlid al-Nabi (birth of the Prophet Muhammad)
  • November 19 – “World Toilet Day.
  • December 25 – Christmas

Souvenirs and gifts

Souvenirs and gifts from Cameroon

A list of the most popular and interesting souvenirs that tourists usually bring from Cameroon :

  • wooden masks
  • pottery and pottery
  • wicker baskets
  • stone and leather ornaments
  • ivory
  • unusual embroidery
  • ritual jewelry made of beads
  • calebasse (a vessel made from the fruit of the calebasse tree or pumpkin)
  • pillar figurines
  • ceramics
  • jewelry
  • ivory statuette
  • bright cotton fabrics

“No nail, no rod” or customs regulations

Cameroon’s customs regulations do not restrict the import/export of foreign currency, but an amount over 10,000 USD is subject to mandatory declaration. The amount of local currency imported/exported may not exceed 20,000 CFA per trip.

Allowed:

Persons over 18 years of age may bring into Cameroon duty-free : up to 200 cigarettes, or 50 cigars, or 500 g of tobacco, up to 1 liter of liquor. Perfume, household items, audio, video and photo equipment can be brought in for personal use. A store certificate is required for the export of jewelry.

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Prohibited:

Importation of military firearms, chemical, poisonous, narcotic and explosive substances, uncut gems, pornographic and extremist materials is prohibited. The importation of non-combat firearms is allowed only with documents confirming the right to use them.

It is forbidden to export products made of elephant tusks and skins of rare animals. When exporting pets and birds, you must obtain an export permit and a veterinary certificate.

Voltage in electrical network

Cameroon Electricity supply: 220 volts, 50 Hz. The socket type: Type C , Type F .

Gentle Reader! If you have been to this country or have something interesting to say about Cameroon. WRITE! After all, your lines may be useful and informative for the visitors of our site “Around the world step by step” and for all travel enthusiasts.

Republic of Cameroon.

A fabulous vacation in the Republic of Cameroon: reality or fiction?

Dwarf talapoin monkey, Cameroon

Dwarf talapoin monkey, Cameroon. Photo by Callum Tarner.

The Republic of Cameroon is a multi-ethnic state in Central Africa, populated by representatives of 250 ethnic groups.

The republic owes its name to sailors from Portugal, who in 1480, visited the West African coast, rich in shrimp. Cameroon means a modified word “shrimp.

Until the middle of the twentieth century, Cameroon was a colonial state, which gained independence in the distant 1960. A trip to this republic is best suited for those who want to take a break from the bustle of the city.

The capital city of Cameroon: Yaounde, Cameroon

The capital of Cameroon, Yaounde, Cameroon. Photo by Michael Jeddah.

What is the weather situation?

Climatic conditions in Cameroon can vary greatly. The best time to vacation in Cameroon is from December to March.

Nature

Ancistrochilus orchid, Cameroon

Ancystrohilus orchid, Cameroon. Photo by John Varigos.

The territory of the country is characterized by a variety of landscapes. Here are adjacent to each other:

  • Equatorial forests;
  • savannahs;
  • rivers;
  • lakes;
  • grasslands.

Most of the state is located in upland areas covered with mountain meadows or wet tropical jungles. Only the Atlantic coast is characterized by lowland and marshy terrain. The exception is the coastal active volcano Cameroon, over 4,000 m high.

Along the ocean coast from Kribi to Douala stretches a picturesque resort area with white sand and majestic palm trees, known as the Cameroon Palm Coast. Not far from Kribi, there is a 12-meter waterfall plunging the waters of the Lobe River into the ocean.

Minerals such as bauxite, marble, copper, tungsten, tin and titanium ores, and oil and gas are mined in Cameroon.

Flora and fauna are very diverse. Most of the existing species of tropical trees grow here, with redwoods and ebony trees being the most noteworthy. The ocean coast is covered with mangroves.

The rainforest is home to many species of monkeys, hippos and forest elephants. Antelopes, black rhinos, giraffes, leopards, lions, as well as marabou and ostriches can be found in the savannas.

Mandrill, Cameroon

Mandril, Cameroon. Photo by Martin Wetervird.

Attractions

Most of the cultural attractions are in major Cameroonian cities.

Yaounde

Yaoundé, Cameroon

Yaounde, Cameroon. Photo by bsag.

The following attractions await tourists in the capital of Cameroon:

  • Artisinel Crafts Center. Here you can not only get acquainted with the works of folk craftsmen and artisans, but also buy their works. The distinctive creativity of local artists is famous far beyond the country’s borders.
  • Antangana Palace is the oldest stone building in the city. At the beginning of the last century it was the residence of an influential local chief, after whom it was named. Today it is the National Museum, where you can learn about the history of the state and the people living in it.
  • In the Museum of Arts tourists can get acquainted with everyday life, culture and traditions of the peoples of Cameroon. Here there are rich collections of statuettes and ritual masks, and also weapons, household utensils, crockery.
  • Also it is necessary to visit the Palace of the President, the city district Messa which is remarkable for national cuisine and a zoo.
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Douala

Bonamussadi, Douala, Cameroon

Bonamussadi, Douala, Cameroon. Photo by Harry Sarno.

  • Not only are the works of local artisans – masks, jewelry, utensils, souvenirs – sold in the market of Centre Artisinel, but also various potions prepared by shamans and herbalists.
  • The Maritime Museum has several expositions devoted to the history of navigation. There are also periodic temporary thematic exhibitions unrelated to the museum’s main collection.
  • The city’s colonial buildings, waterfront and sculptural compositions are also of aesthetic and cognitive interest.
Fumban

Palais, Foumban, Cameroon

The Palace, Fumban, Cameroon. Photo by ponyfabi.

The city is considered the cultural center of Cameroon, as it is home to a large number of diverse museums. The most interesting is the Royal Palace with a unique collection of jewelry of the local Bamun people.

The Sultan’s Museum has large collections of national clothing and weapons, and the Museum of Arts has an exposition of local musical instruments in addition to traditional religious items.

What can you eat?

A trip to Cameroon is a succession of beaches, national dances, African nature and local cuisine. For our tourists Cameroon’s cuisine will not be a gimmick. Most of the products and dishes have analogues in our cuisine.

Cuisine of Cameroon is liked by all who come to this country. The geographical location within the continent has brought variety and flavor to the menu. The influence of culinary traditions from France adds complexity and sophistication to Cameroonian dishes. The main dish in Cameroon is fish in many different forms.

Products such as:

  • Manioca;
  • Potatoes;
  • Pulses;
  • Cereals.

Fruit sauces occupy a special place. Our traditional cuisine is somewhat similar to that of Cameroon. In fact, the whole basic set of products is typical for both countries. Fruits are very common, including exotic ones that grow in the area.

Ndole is a stew with the addition of nuts and herbs, belongs to the national cuisine. The main dishes include a variety of salads, cooking meat and vegetables with peanut sauce. From the French, Cameroonians have adopted the habit of spaghetti and French buns.

Ndola, Cameroon

Ndole, Cameroon. Photo by Sergio Berio.

There is a large enough assortment of beer, you can appreciate it in a bar or some club. A popular soft drink is lemonade.

Where to stay for the night

Hotel Mont Phebe, Cameroon

Hotel Mont Phebe, Cameroon. Photo by Norman.

In Cameroon there is no official qualification of hotels and hotels with the assignment of stars. This is done by the owners or travel agents themselves. In the national parks provide camping sites for accommodation. It is possible to note quite high room rates.

The rates in the capital range from $80 to $100 per day. A room for two people in a 5-star hotel costs $200-250. Nice rooms are available in hotels from $ 60. Breakfast almost everywhere must be paid for separately. The exception is a few advanced hotels. Also you can choose from rented apartments or private houses. For information: outlets in Cameroon in euros, with the usual 220V.

How to have fun.

Garoua, Cameroon

Garoua, Cameroon. The author of the photo is Hugo Ferriol.

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The main type of recreation in this country is to visit the amazing sandy beaches. But, go here not only for the views of pristine nature. Of great interest to the traveler is the culture and dance of African tribes.

Dance performances are staged quite often. The main idea of the Cameroonian dance is to convey thoughts and emotions with the plasticity of the body. The traditional costumes and body movements are fascinating.

National festivals are a great opportunity to learn about the culture of Cameroon.

  • On February 11, the Cameroonian youth celebrates their holiday. A festival of ethnic dance styles is held at the same time as the celebration.
  • The Day of the United Republic of Cameroon is celebrated on October 1. In November, there is a cultural week.

Of course, the main interest for tourists in Cameroon are its beaches. Some outstanding places can be noted. The Kribi area is distinguished by its delightful golden and white sand, which stretches for many kilometers.

Kribi, Cameroon

Kribi, Cameroon. The author of the photo is Kims Little Breaux.

There are also deposits of healing salt in the Bafoussam area, so the area claims the status of a balneological resort.

Limbe has the most unusual beach. The coast is strewn with black sand. The beaches are surrounded by palm groves.

Limbe, Cameroon

Limbe, Cameroon. The author of the photo is Sedic Hatib.

The Garoua National Parks are always open for visitors:

  • Land of the Hippos;
  • African Animal Park;
  • Park de Faro.

The nightlife spins in the dancing carnival of Lonji and Ebunja districts. Here, just the hub of Cameroon’s entire entertainment industry! Of course, there are also traditional cafes, nightclubs, and bars. In the big city formations there are modern cinemas.

The favorite sport in the republic is soccer. You can watch a match or even become a member of a team for a while at any stadium.

Is it safe to rest here?

Cameroon DX

Cameroon. Photo by jappean.

Cameroon could claim to be a leading country in Africa in the field of tourism, if it were not for the total corruption in the country and rampant criminal gangs. Visitors are advised to be careful and not to go out at night.

Tourists who are planning to go to Cameroon, it is recommended not to neglect the rules of safety and prevention of diseases such as AIDS, tropical diseases, intestinal infection, because there is a high risk of disease, which is quite usual for African countries. Immediately before the trip you need to be vaccinated against diseases such as yellow fever. International health insurance is required.

You should drink only bottled water, fruits and vegetables should be thoroughly washed and skinned.

Tips tourist, which will definitely be useful:

Lobeke National Park Forest, Cameroon

The forest of Lobeke National Park, Cameroon. Photo by Gregor Dubois.

  • When checking into a hotel, it is necessary to find out in advance whether there is air conditioning in the room;
  • When using a local cab, it is better to agree on the cost of the trip in advance, because cab drivers often overestimate the amount paid for the trip;
  • local “swindlers” are working on the creation of false sites of travel firms – so it is recommended to apply only to reputable companies;
  • When visiting the country’s nature reserves, it is important to remember that most of the animals that live in the reserves are protected by law. Parks in Cameroon are protected by the State Service. If the animals are suddenly harmed, large fines cannot be avoided.

When entering the Republic of Cameroon guests receive a tourist visa, a business visa or a transit visa.

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