Where is Cape Piai the southernmost point of Eurasia
Cape Piai is the southernmost point of mainland Eurasia, located in the extreme south of the Malacca Peninsula in Malaysia.
Cape Piai is the southernmost point of the Eurasian continent, located at the tip of the Malacca Peninsula. The cape is washed by the waters of the Straits of Malacca and Johor. Administratively, the cape is located in Pontian District, Johor, Malaysia. The cape is situated almost on the equator, and its geographical coordinates are 1°N and 103°E. Thirty kilometers southeast of the cape is the neighboring state of Singapore, but since it is on an island, it is Piai that is recognized as the southernmost continental point in Asia. The area of the cape is turned into Tanjung Piai National Park (translated as “Cape Piai”).
How to get to the cape
There is only one road leading to the Piai from Pontian Kechin, which can be reached from Johor Baru, Malaysia’s second-largest city, or Singapore, the neighboring city across the strait. There is no public transportation to the cape itself, so the only way to get there is by cab. Those who wish to do so can choose between two options:
- Take an intercity bus to Pontian Kechin, and from there take a cab to the cape;
- Take a cab directly to Johor Baru.
The trip to the site directly from Johor Baru will cost about 120 MYR and last about an hour and a half. For a fee, it is possible to arrange for a driver to wait for tourists during their tour of the park. The wait is priced at about MYR 20 for one hour of downtime, and it takes no more than 2-3 hours to walk around the park and see the cape.
History of Discovery
For thousands of years, Cape Piai was a place of impenetrable swamps where no man has set foot. Only by the end of XX century, the Malaysian authorities realized that from the southernmost point of the continent can arrange a tourist attraction. They were largely inspired by the popularity of Stenosa Island in neighboring Singapore, which also claimed the title. But since Singapore is an island state, though connected to the continent by bridges, it is Piai – the extremity of Eurasia.
To attract tourists, the Malaysian authorities organized a 926-hectare Tanjung Piai National Park on the Cape. This park is designed to protect the unique biosphere of mangrove forests. Since 2001, the territory of the cape has been improved, memorial signs and sculptures have been installed and laid planking for the passage of tourists. Since then the cape and the surrounding park became one of the main attractions of Johor Province and the entire south of the Malacca Peninsula.
Weather and Climate
Cape Piai is characterized by a hot and humid equatorial climate with minimal temperature variations. The air temperature during the observed period never fell below +20 ° C, at the same time for this area is not characterized by extremely high temperatures – the absolute annual maximum is only +36 ° C. Another important feature of the local climate is high humidity and a significant amount of precipitation. On average, more than 2,300 mm of precipitation fall here per year.
There are no seasons we are accustomed to in the south of the Malacca Peninsula, where the temperature is almost the same throughout the year. The coldest months of the year are December and January with an average temperature of +26.5 °C. The hottest months are May and June with an average temperature of +28.3 ° C. The climate in southern Malacca is conventionally divided into two seasons: the rainy season, which lasts from November to January, and the relatively dry season from June to September. However, even these features that distinguish the seasons are blurred: a rainy December receives 332 mm of rainfall, and in the “dry” June or September – about 150 mm.
The temperature fluctuations in the waters of the Straits of Malacca and Johor throughout the year are also minimal: from +26 ° C in January to +31 ° C in May and June.
When is the best time to go to the Cape
Because of the minimal climatic variations, the tourist season in the south of the Malacca Peninsula lasts all year round. However, it can be noted that during the rainy season, especially in December and January, it is not recommended to go to the south of Malacca for persons suffering from heart and lung diseases. Other tourists can come here throughout the year, but it is preferable to choose the summer months, when the amount of rainfall is minimal for this area.
What to see
The entire area of Cape Piai is turned into Tanjung Piai National Park, which is a dense mangroves with impassable swampy terrain. For tourists’ convenience, wooden planking has been laid on top of the swampy ground, so that visitors’ safety is not threatened. There is a formal fee to enter the park (20 MYR for foreigners), but if you come after hours, you can get in for free just by going around the gate. In front of the entrance is a giant stone sign showing a map of the world, with Piai specifically marked as the southernmost point of the continent.
Like other large mangrove systems, Tanjung Piai Park is protected by the state and the Ramsar Wetlands Convention. There are 22 species of mangroves in the park, and the thickets are the permanent and migratory habitat of rare bird species. In addition to birds, the park is home to a family of long-tailed macaws, which you’re bound to encounter as you head toward the edge of the cape.
The southernmost part of the cape is free of forests and equipped with two concrete piers going into the sea. The longest pier has a viewing platform with benches and a memorial globe marking the southernmost point of the continent. The next pier has a sign showing the distance to the world’s most famous cities. From both piers you can see the skyscrapers of Singapore, to the outskirts of which in a straight line distance of no more than 10 kilometers, and to the city center – 30. Here you can also observe the huge number of ships anchored in the roads. Singapore is the largest port in the world in terms of cargo turnover, so the waters of the Straits of Johor and Malacca are literally swarming with ships.
A few hundred meters south of the cape is a 15-meter lighthouse that flashes every three seconds to prevent ships from colliding with land. It also has a radio beacon that transmits the letter “M” (Malaysia) using Morse code.
Cape Piai and Tanjung Piai National Park have not yet gained enough popularity among tourists, only about 30 thousand people visit them annually. Therefore, there is no choice of transportation when traveling to the attraction. You can only get here by cab. Moving around the park itself is only possible on foot, as any transport will simply get stuck or drown in the local swamp. In addition, the soil of the mangroves is prone to erosion and is protected by the Convention on Wetlands.
Tips for the Tourist
The sun at the latitude of the equator is very active, so get a sunburn new tourists can get even in cloudy weather, when the sun’s rays are scattered as much as possible. Therefore, you should always wear sunscreen on your skin when leaving the room. It is best to go to the park in the morning, when the weather is still relatively cool.
When traveling to Cape Piai, it is a good idea to bring drinking water, insect repellent, a hat to protect you from the sun and comfortable shoes for walking. It is also recommended to bring binoculars so you can get a good view of Singapore’s skyscrapers shining in the distance, ships anchored off the coast, and even the Indonesian island of Sumatra.
On the hike to the southern tip of the cape, hikers will have to move through dense mangroves inhabited by the macaque family. Feeding these primates is not recommended, because otherwise they gather the whole family and begin to extort and even steal food, and even personal belongings of tourists.
Mangroves Tanjung Piai Park is a habitat not only for primates and birds, but also a variety of ichthyofauna. Among the many fish species in the mangrove swamps, the mudskipper, an amphibious fish species, is not to be missed. The mudskipper spends most of its time in the air and, as you can understand from the name, moves by jumping, pushing off with its tail. Despite its characteristics, the mudskipper is a fish, as it breathes with its gills and has fins. Seeing these unusual amphibious fish is considered great luck and visitors to Tanjung Piai Park have the opportunity.
Cape Piai is an increasingly popular attraction in Malaysia. It is the southernmost continental point of Eurasia, located in the middle of dense mangrove forests in Tanjung Piai National Park. It takes a lot of effort to reach this place, but the nature of the park and the stunning views from the cape more than make up for it.
Cape Piai on the map of Eurasia: the whole truth
Cape Piai (Tanjung Piai in Malacca, the southern tip of the Malacca Peninsula, the southernmost point of mainland Eurasia, also the southernmost point of mainland Asia. It is located on the territory of Malaysia. There is a memorial sign on the cape.
Cape Piai is located 30 km west of Singapore.
|Australia||Cape Steep Point||Cape York||Cape Byron||Cape South Point|
|Antarctica||—||Cape Prime Head||—||South Pole|
|Africa||Cape Almady||Cape Blanco||Cape Ras Hafun||Cape Needle|
|Eurasia||Cape Rock||Cape Chelyuskin||Dezhnev Cape||Cape Piai|
|North America||Cape Prince of Wales||Cape Murchison||Cape St. Charles||Cape Mariato|
|South America||Cape Parineas||Cape Galinas||Cape Seixas||Cape Frode|
- Headlands by alphabetical order
- Malacca Peninsula
- Malaysian capes
- Geography of Eurasia
Wikimedia Foundation . 2010 .
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