Central Museum of Tauris in Simferopol
If you want to find out more about Crimea’s past and the traditions of the people who used to live here, you should visit the Central Museum of Tauris in Simferopol. Its collection is considered one of the most interesting in the region. There are over 150 thousand exhibits stored here: numismatics collection, unique samples of 18-19 centuries’ graphics with views of the peninsula, clothes, household goods and art objects of different peoples living on the peninsula.
Tavrida Museum’s exposition is placed on three floors and on the historical building’s patio – architectural monument, Russian peoples’ cultural heritage object.
The Central Museum of Tavrida is the biggest museum of local lore in Crimea. Along with regional history, it tells also about its nature: landscapes, resources, flora and fauna.
Address: 14 Gogolya Street, Simferopol
Coordinates: 44.948652, 34.095341
Working schedule: 9:00-18:00 (Monday, Wed, Fri, Sat, Sunday), Thu. From 11 a.m. to 8 p.m., Tuesday is a day off.
Official website: tavrida-museum.ru
- Tavrida Central Museum was founded by the Museum of Antiquities, which appeared in Simferopol at the end of the 19th century. For almost 100 years the museum had no permanent premises, and the collections were constantly being moved from one place to another. Only in 1988 the Tavrida Museum got its own building, which is still used today.
- There is no other museum on the peninsula that can boast such a comprehensive collection of late Roman pieces as the Taurida Museum has. Recently the collection of Roman glass was added by a rare exhibit – the Bowl of Diatreta of the early 5th century. In total there are about thirty such values in museums around the world, but in the Crimea it is the only one.
The building of the Taurida Museum is an architectural monument and an object of cultural heritage. Photo: Vitaly PARUBOV, “KP”-Krym” The Central Museum of the Tauris is the largest museum of local lore in Crimea. Photo: Anastasia MEDYNTSEVA, “KP”-“Crimea”.
What to see
Probably the most interesting exposition of the Tavrida museum is located on the first floor and has an intriguing name “Golden Pantry”. There are unique pieces of jewelry, clothing details, accessories, coins and cult objects made of precious metals. In 2018, the collection of the “Golden Pantry” was renewed – there is an exhibition of ancient artifacts found in Crimea by “black” archaeologists and seized by the Federal Security Service.
The exposition of the second floor is devoted to the nature of the Crimea, its landscapes and geology. Halls of the third floor tell about the peninsula’s past: ancient and medieval periods, Russian-Turkish and civil wars, times of Taurida Governorate and the Crimean ASSR.
The Central Museum of Tavrida at different times of the year
The exhibitions in the museum are regularly renewed. So there is always something to see, no matter when you decide to come here.
Winter is the best time to visit the museum. You can spend dark and dank winter evenings wandering through the exhibition halls and listening to the guide’s fascinating story (the Taurida Museum offers daily guided tours).
Part of the museum collection is placed in the courtyard. In warm seasons – late spring, summer and early autumn – it is especially pleasant to take a walk here, looking at unique exhibits: stone idols, Scythian tombstones, gravestones with images and inscriptions, fragments of altars and architectural structures.
Where to make a beautiful photo
You can take interesting pictures against the exposition of the Golden Pantry. Photo: Anastasia MEDYNTSEVA, “KP”-“Crimea
You can take interesting pictures against the expositions of the Golden Pantry. Unusual shots are obtained in the Lapidarium – a courtyard with stone exhibits. Be sure to take a picture of the museum building, an architectural and heritage site. After visiting the museum go for a walk in the Seminary park behind it. It’s a romantic place to take pictures under the shade of the trees.
What to see at the Central Museum of Tavrida in Simferopol
The Central Museum of Tauris is the main historical and archeological museum of Crimea, dedicated to preserving the cultural heritage and natural riches of the peninsula.
The Central Museum of Tauris is located in the capital of the Republic of Crimea, Simferopol, at 14 Gogol Street.
How to get to the Central Museum
The museum is located in the central part of the city next to the Seminary Park and close to the K. Trenev Park, the Gogol Theater and the Museum of History of Simferopol. You can get to the Tavrida Museum by several types of public transport:
buses №3, №6, №7, №30, №55, №70, №98 (the stop “Park named after Trenev”);
trolleybuses № 4, № 5, № 7, № 9, № 10, № 15 (the stop – “the Park after Trenev”);
by shuttles # 4 (the stop – “Pushkin Street”), #1, #2, #8, #10, #13, #15, #25, #36, #48, #50, #52, #54, #57, #63, #69, #73, #79, #80, #83, #85, #86, #89, #91, #99, #105, #112, #115, #118 (the stop – “The Park”).
History of the Crimean Museum
The history of the modern museum dates back to two institutions: The Museum of Antiquities (1887) under the administration of the Tauris Scientific Archival Commission and the Zemstvo Natural History Museum (1899). The collection of the Museum of Antiquities was replenished with the donations of Crimean residents; the names of the donors could be found in annual reports, which were published by the TUAC. These were various cultural and historical artifacts: coins, pottery, maps, engravings, manuscripts and other art and life objects of different epochs and peoples, who had lived in Crimea.
The funds of the Natural History Museum were replenished with the help of independent expeditions. The exposition of the museum represented objects of natural origin: minerals, stuffed animals and birds, ancient fossils, prehistoric animal remains, etc. Both museums suffered from lack of space.
Both museums suffered from the lack of space for full exhibitions. The idea of union was born before the Revolution, but it was realized only in 1921, which should be considered the birth year of the Tavrida Museum. The museum was located in two buildings: former maiden shelter of countess Adlerberg and the building of Officers’ Assembly.
After the World War II the museum was renamed the Crimean Local History Museum. During the Perestroika the museum was given a pre-revolutionary building at Gogol Street, 18. It again received its historic name. The Tavrida Museum not only exhibits items in the central building, but also organizes guest exhibitions on the territory of the Crimea and in other regions of Russia. Besides the main building the complex of the Taurida Museum also owns:
- Alushta Museum of History and Local Lore (branch);
- Tavrica fundamental library named after A. Steven;
- Memorial to the victims of the occupation of the Concentration Camp “Red”.
What’s interesting inside
Today the Central Museum of Tavrida has a collection of over 100,000 items, which are related to the material, natural and spiritual history of Crimea, from the Paleolithic Age until the present day. This is the largest collection of objects from all epochs on the peninsula’s territory, gathered during archeological expeditions and with donations from citizens concerned. The museum also keeps personal archives of such famous Crimean explorers as Christian Steven, Alexander Berthier-Delagard and Piotr Koeppen.
Of special value is the library “Tavrika”, which keeps more than 40 thousand volumes on the history and archeology of the region, as well as old books and manuscripts. Among them there are handwritten Pentateuch of XI century, volumes of Elsevier edition (XV century), Russian spiritual books and other works of great historical and cultural value.
All halls of the museum
Altogether there are several permanent exhibitions in the museum:
“Tavrida’s Past” – a collection of archaeological finds from the Paleolithic to the late Middle Ages (products of stone, bone, iron and bronze, the history of ancient peoples who inhabited the Crimea from the ancient era to the Great Migration of Peoples);
“Golden Pantry” – a collection of historical articles of precious metals and stones from the II century BC to the XV century;
“Lapidarium” – a collection of tombstones, steles, slabs of different epochs and peoples, from exhibits of antiquity and Polovtsian stone women to sculptures of the 19th century;
“Crimea during the Russian-Turkish wars” – a collection of military articles of the 16th-18th centuries, including items found on the battlefields (cold steel and firearms, banners, maps, bullets, kernels, body crosses, etc.)
the exhibition “Tauride Province” is dedicated to the history of the peninsula from the end of the 18th century to the Revolution of 1917 when it was a part of the Russian Empire;
“Crimea during the Great Patriotic War” – a collection of items related to the most important battles on the peninsula and the period of occupation.
There are 2 museum expositions, devoted to the natural history of the Crimean peninsula:
“Nature of the Crimea: paleontology, geology, relief” – samples of minerals, minerals and rocks of the peninsula, fossils of plants and animals of the prehistoric era;
“Protected landscapes of Crimea” – collection of flora and fauna exhibits, typical for different landscape zones of the peninsula.
Along with permanent exhibitions there are also temporary thematic exhibitions, devoted to the history of the Crimean peninsula. For instance, there is a virtual one-exhibit “Rarity” hall, in which a single exhibit item is presented in an informal light and changes from time to time.
Contact information and tickets
Address of the museum: Republic of Crimea, Simferopol. Simferopol, Gogolya street, 14.
Opening hours: 09:00 – 18:00, cash desk till 17:30 (weekdays except Thursday, Saturday and Sunday), 09:00 – 20:00, cash desk till 19:30 (Thursday). Tuesday is a day off.
Museum tours: weekdays – 10:00, 12:00, 14:00, 16:00, Thursday – 11:15, 13:00, 15:00, 17:00, Weekends – 10:00, 13:00, 15:30.
Ticket price: 120 RUR for adults, 60 RUR for free. Single tour: 60 RUR for adults, 30 RUR for visitors with discounts. Individual sightseeing tour: 500 RUR.
To order tours and inquiries call (3652) 27-63-47.
The Central Museum of Tauris is one of the main attractions in Simferopol – a relatively young and not very rich in historical monuments. It is this museum that manages to embody the whole history of the Crimea and its natural riches.