China. Travel and vacation to modern and ancient China

China description, history, climate, culture, religion

China has surprisingly been and remains a huge crossroads of trade routes, cultures and religions. Even a short trip to China promises to be a fascinating adventure. What’s behind the Great Wall of China?

History of China

One of the oldest civilizations in the world, which existed during the Neolithic Era (about 5000-2500 BC), developed on the territory of China. In the following centuries the great dynasties ruled: Shang, Han, Tang, the Mongolian Yuan, Ming dynasties, the Manchu Qing dynasties. At that time (17th century) Europeans were already reaching China. In 1757, all ports except Guangzhou were closed to them.

After the defeat in the war with Japan in 1894, China became a semi-colonial state with two spheres of influence: Japanese and British. In 1911 a revolution broke out and a republic was established. Japan took advantage of this and occupied Manchuria in 1931. After its capture of Beijing, the Chinese formed an anti-Japanese front under the command of Mao Zedong. After his death in 1976, the power struggle began again.

China – Climate

China has three climate zones: tropical (the southern coast of China and Hainan Island), subtropical (western, central and eastern China) and temperate (northern and northeastern China). The southeast and east of China are characterized by a monsoon climate, with a rainy season in summer and dry season in winter.

The legend of the first voyage to China

A Chinese legend of the Peach Spring comes to us from ancient times. It tells of a brave fisherman who traveled too far from his village in search of a fishing spot. The winding river carried him into the unknown, until the boat came close to the shore of a marvelous valley. The astonished fisherman saw a beautiful picture: a grove of flowering peach trees covered with a dense carpet of petals. Ahead of them was a blinding light from a crevice in the mountain. As if enchanted, the fisherman went into the light and found himself in a wonderful country inhabited by happy people living far away from the cruelty of the world. This is how people learned about China, this is the legend of the first trip to China.


Culture and people

China is one of the oldest civilizations in the world, known for its customs and culture. Since time immemorial, the Chinese have valued their country, and because of this, these customs have survived to this day. Nowadays, China is famous for the advancement of medicine which can cure chronic diseases, focus on art, harmony in life, prosperity and spiritual values.

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Chinese people are hardworking, peaceful, resourceful and cheerful. Most of them are very hospitable, friendly and humble, but in some respects the Chinese remain conservative — they value centuries-old principles and traditions. We, as Europeans, must remember that the Chinese are very positive towards foreigners and are willing to help and show their best side

Ethnic Composition and Religions

The dominant ethnic group is Chinese (92%). However, there are more than 50 other ethnic minorities besides them. This affects regional differences in culture and customs. The number of religions occurring in China also plays an important role. The type of religion strongly influences the whole culture and way of life of the society.

Most people (20%) practice Chinese folk religions. Taoism and Confucianism play an important role here. The next religious group are Buddhists (9%) and Muslims (1.8%). More than half of the population does not identify with any faith.

Confucianism was very important in shaping the typical characteristics of Chinese society. It emphasized respect for tradition. This is why the Chinese have such a great love for the old ways, a tendency toward conservatism and traditionalism, and a tendency to close themselves off from outside influences.

Confucianism, despite its inclusion in religious systems, is more of a philosophy of life as well as a state doctrine. Confucius presented not only concepts concerning morality, but also education, social order and authority.

Taoism, in turn, refers to the natural world and the harmony of its two opposing forces, yin and yang, complementing each other. These forces are also found in the human being. The spiritual inner development of each person is of great importance.

The language used by more than a billion people and which you will probably want to learn when traveling in China is Chinese, or more precisely, the Mandarin dialect of the Chinese language. It has been the official language in this part of Asia since 1950. Chinese is the most widely used language in the world. The Chinese have been using it for 5,000 years!

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China Ancient and Modern

To us, China hasn’t been an outlandish land for a long time. But what do we really know about this amazing country today when it’s easy to travel to China? The greatest Eastern civilization once flourished here. For the people of Asia, China remained a great power and a powerful neighbor. And for Europeans, the Celestial Empire has always seemed legendary, fabulously rich exotic country with an ancient culture and incomprehensible philosophy.

Our knowledge of China is very stereotypical. Some are afraid of the expansion of the whole world by a horde of millions of Chinese. Someone admires the rapid development of science and technology of this economic giant. Somebody remembers the socialist system of “red” China. And for some, the millennia-old wisdom of the East is concentrated here. Whatever it is, traveling to China remains a cherished dream of many people around the world.

Going to China on a trip, be prepared to discover a completely different country, quite unlike the stories about it.

The many faces of the Celestial Empire.

Today holiday in China is not inferior to rest in many popular resorts around the world. For the first acquaintance with China trip of a week is enough to get impressions for the whole year. This country of contrasts at first glance amazes with its diversity.

Huge ant colony metropolises alternate with small fishing villages, where little has changed over the centuries. Here the high Himalayas neighbor one of the deepest depressions on land, the Turpan Depression. Futuristic technological landscapes are replaced by islands of pure untouched nature.

The western provinces stand against the hustle and bustle of Beijing, Hong Kong and Shanghai, as if mottled by full-flowing rivers. The Great Silk Road has lost its former significance, but it has not lost its greatness. Natural and man-made wonders coexist very harmoniously in the vastness of China. The most striking example is the Great Wall of China.

When you travel to China, it becomes clear that unity reigns here. The unity of peoples, beliefs, traditions. The neighborhood with Asia has brought the Oriental flavor to Chinese culture, and the relationship with Europe – modern trends and a new lifestyle. Maybe a harmonious combination of incompatible – the main reason, which leads the best recreation seekers in China.

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China is a country in the east of Asia. There are exits to three seas, one bay and one strait. The People’s Republic of China is the third largest country in terms of land area. The great power is an honorary member of the UN. At the moment is the world’s industrial leader in various fields.

The state consists of more than 20 provinces, several municipalities, autonomous regions and special administrative districts. The volume of GDP allows China to take the second place in world ranking. Such sectors as energetics, assembly plants of automobile giants (Toyota, Honda, Nissan) and also foreign trade bring big profit to the country.

Population 1,330,044,000 people Area of China 9596960 square kilometers Located on the continent of Asia Capital city of China Beijing Money in China Yuan (CNY) Domain area .cn Country phone code 86


It’s hard to find a more sightseeing country in the world than China. The Buddhist heart of the world – Tibet, the Great Wall of China that absolutely everyone is guaranteed to hear about, the canyons of Xinjiang located on the Great Silk Road, the Shaolin Monasteries wrapped in legends – all this is incredible China.

The Dunhuang Caves, countless natural karst caves, and the great Stone Forest located in Wansheng County are a treasure trove of Buddhist art.

The city of Harbin hosts annual ice sculpture festivals on an incredible scale.

China’s Climate:: Extremely varied. Tropical in the south and subarctic in the north.


The country has a huge number of museums, a variety of subjects. Dalian Museum dedicated to the natural sciences, the Museum of the National Treasure of Silk and Tea, the Drugstore Museum located in Huqingyutan, the Museum of Stone Bas-reliefs located in Suzhou, and the Museum demonstrating the culture of the Han era. Tianjin Museum of Folklore is simply impossible not to visit, because this is where the peculiarities of the country’s culture are fully revealed. There are an enormous number of monastery museums in China where the spirit of history reigns to this day.

Landscape of China: Mainly mountains, high plateau, deserts in the west. Plains, deltas, and hills in the east.

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The city of Sanya, located on Hainan Island, enjoys summer all year round. This makes it especially attractive to tourists. Kunming is called the city of eternal spring, thanks to its favorable climatic conditions. Guilin boasts its wild rivers, mountain environment, and cave systems, and the town of Tingri has a magnificent view of the Himalayas. A variety of tropical flora, combined with stunning views of mountain peaks and lake surface, strikes one of the oldest cities in China – Hangzhou. Due to its unique nature, there are a huge number of resorts in China.

China has resources like: : Coal, iron ore, oil, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, rare earth elements, uranium, hydropower potential (the largest in the world).


For nightlife lovers, China offers plenty of opportunities to have a good time, choosing a club to suit your taste and price policy. In Beijing and Hong Kong there are a large number of such institutions. The same is true of all kinds of restaurants and cafes. Not only national cuisine, but all the cuisine of the world is readily available to anyone who wants it. For lovers of high art, on the territory of the country there is a great variety of all kinds of theaters, which put works based on folklore, world classics and contemporary art. You can also visit various zoos and amusement rides which China has plenty of.

China’s currency: China’s national currency is the yuan. Before the founding of the PRC, different provinces of China had different money, but after the founding of the PRC, so-called “people’s money” was introduced, the unit of which was the Chinese yuan. Since 1959 the Chinese yuan is the unified national currency. Initially the yuan was oriented to the pound sterling, and since 1994 – to the U.S. dollar. Even now renminbi is the official means of payment of the People’s Republic of China, and its change is the Jiao, which is 10 times less than RMB 1.


When it comes to hotels, China offers the widest choice for its guests. In Beijing, you can stay in five-star hotels: “The Opposite House” and “Hilton Beijing Wangfujing,” the domain of the Hilton hotel empire. The best quality-price ratio in Hong Kong is offered by The T Hotel and L’Hotel Elan. Five-star quality in Hangzhou can boast “Dragon Hotel” and “Banyan Tree Hangzhou”, which, in addition to comfortable conditions, have great views outside the window and opportunities for walks. Once in China, any tourist will be able to choose a hotel on their financial condition.

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Public transport of the country: buses, trolley buses, route cabs and subway, due to the large population is constantly overloaded, so it makes more sense to use the services provided everywhere cab. It is not possible to rent a car for self-drive in China, because the driver’s license valid in other countries is revoked in this country. In terms of air travel, China can provide 130 international flight lines and 24 regional lines. A wide variety of choices are also available for railroads.

Standard of Living

It is difficult to calculate the average standard of living in the People’s Republic of China, because of the large territories and different living conditions there. In Shanghai and Beijing, as the more developed cities, the standard of living is quite high, despite overcrowding. As for the cities located in the deltas of the Kuanhe and Yangtze rivers, living conditions there are much lower, almost at the level of poverty. The same can be said about the mountain settlements of Tibet, although it is worth taking into account the specificity of the culture of this region, which is prone to a certain asceticism. Most of the urban population is officially employed. In rural areas the situation is a little worse.


Absolutely every tourist probably dreams to visit China someday, which is not surprising at all, because it is not only one of the oldest civilizations, filled with mysteries and riddles, but also an incredible natural beauty and a lot of attractions.

The heart of China in terms of attractions can be called the city of Henan, where it is logical to start a trip around the country.

Also worth mentioning is Xiamen, otherwise known as the “Venice of China”.

One of the oldest cities in the country is Suzhou.

Fairy-tale atmosphere has Yangshuo and of course we can’t miss mentioning the great Hong Kong.

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