Country Bangladesh

Bangladesh

Bangladesh / Dhaka. Kavra Bazar. Photo: REUTERS/Mohammad Ponir Hossain

Bangladesh

Capital Dhaka
State structure Parliamentary republic
Internal division Unitarian state
Area 144 000 km²
Climate Tropical
Official Language Bengali
Currency Bangladeshi Taka
Population Approx. 170 million
Ethnic composition 98% are Bengali; the remaining 2% are Indian
Religion Islam
Time zone UTC +6 /MSK +3
Phone code +880
National Flag

The green color of the flag is the symbol of Islam, the red circle symbolizes the rising sun. The rising sun speaks of independence.

State coat of arms

The lily in the center of the coat of arms is the national symbol of Bangladesh. The country is agrarian, and the main agricultural crop here, as well as the main food product is rice, the ears of which are also depicted on the coat of arms. Jute, located between the stars, is also an important plant and is used to make yarn. The four stars represent the four principles – nationalism, democracy, Islamic socialism and Islam.

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Embassy

Address: Zemledelcheskiy lane, 6
Phone: +7 (499) 246-78-04
E-mail:
Web http://bangladeshembassy.ru

Business Cooperation Council of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry

Address:
Phone:
E-mail:
Web
Cultural Center
Trade mission
Friendship Society
Visa to Bangladesh

Visiting the country requires a visa. You can get it in two ways – at the airport or through the consular department. In both cases, you need to provide the necessary set of documents. A single entry tourist visa entitles you to stay in the country for up to 90 days.

How to get to Bangladesh from Russia

The most convenient option is by air, although you can get to Bangladesh by air only with the help of transit flights. The best option is to fly to Dhaka via Calcutta (India) or Dubai (UAE). From Calcutta, India, there are regular buses to Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, and to Khulna and Rajshahi.

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Putin met with Japanese Prime Minister Abe during Eastern Economic Forum

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Putin met with Japanese Prime Minister Abe during Eastern Economic Forum

Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a small country in South Asia located in the delta of the Ganges, Meghna and Brahmaputra rivers. The country borders India to the north, west and east and Myanmar to the southeast. Its southern borders are washed by the waters of the Indian Ocean, more specifically, the Bay of Bengal. Most of the territory is occupied by plains and floodplains, formed by the multi-river delta. The soils of Bangladesh are fertile and enriched during floods. During floods, the Ganges, Tista, and Jamuna change channels, often eroding farmland and creating new sand islands. In the northeast of the country lies the Meghna Depression, which stretches from the base of the Shillong Plateau of India. To the northwest and southeast are the ridges of the Lushai Mountains and the Chittagong Mountains, and here is the highest point of the country, Mount Reng-Tlang (957 meters).

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Due to the predominance of the subequatorial monsoon climate and tropical climate, the country has very high humidity and frequent cyclone vortexes. The rainy season lasts from May to mid-October. During this period, 80% of precipitation falls. The average rainfall is 2000-3000 millimeters in the central part and up to 5000 millimeters in the northeast – it is one of the wettest regions on Earth.

The temperature during the year varies slightly, the coldest month is December, when the air temperature reaches +8C, and the hottest is April with temperatures of +30-40C. Tropical cyclones are accompanied by violent storms on the coast and waves that rise up the rivers for tens of kilometers. The best time to visit Bangladesh is the dry, cool season from October to February.

The impenetrable jungle, entangled with mangroves, is home to Bengal tigers, and the Chittagong Hills are home to wild elephants, rhinos, leopards, civets, and jackals. The fields reclaimed from the jungle are used to grow rice and jute. Next door are tea and rubber plantations. The tropical evergreen forests are home to rare species of trees, such as teak and salo. The flower symbol of Bangladesh, the water lily, adorns the country’s reservoirs. There are a lot of fish in them. In recent years, the government has created new protected areas to preserve the unique nature of the country and prevent rare species of plants and animals from disappearing from the face of the earth.

The first settlements on the territory of the state date back to the VII-VI centuries BC. From the seventh to the twelfth centuries, the Bengal state flourished at the mouth of the Ganges River; some scholars even called it paradise on earth. Later Bengal was under the rule of the Muslim conquerors and was part of the English colony. After the partition of British India into two states, Pakistan and the Union of India, the territories of present-day Bangladesh belonged to Pakistan, but due to the active independence movement in 1971 the People’s Republic of Bangladesh was formed.

Formed under the influence of Islam and Buddhism, the traditions of the local population are surprising in their diversity. Touching a person is considered a sign of bad manners, so do not be surprised if even at a business meeting you do not give a hand to greet. Despite the reverent attitude to children, the birth of a girl in Bangladesh is considered undesirable, because giving her in marriage, you need to provide a dowry, which in conditions of widespread poverty is problematic. Like many centuries ago, weddings are arranged by parents. True, according to modern law, the bride and groom must confirm their desire to marry, otherwise it will be invalid.

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Colorful countryside of Bangladesh: cozy houses are built of bamboo or clay, and around lay out gardens and arrange small ponds. If suddenly you are invited to a party, you must praise the hostess and the food she cooked, and as a gift bring sweets – with other gifts you need to be careful: jewelry and clothing for women can only give her husband.

Interesting fact: New Year in Bangladesh is celebrated on April 14 and not on January 1.

The culture of Bangladesh has dozens of trends. Most of all the local population likes music and dancing. During the national holidays classical Indian theatrical dances Bharatanatyam and Kathakali are performed, the obligatory attribute of which is a suit of variegated fabric. Folklore is represented by colorful jatra performances accompanied by dothar, dhol, and flute. Literature based on pan-Bengali and Muslim traditions, painting and film production are actively developing. The distinctive culture is so multifaceted that each area has its own artistic trend characteristic of certain groups of the population.

Interesting fact: Not far from the capital of the state built an exact replica of the Indian Taj Mahal in life size.

An important role in the development of art plays an increasing level of education of the inhabitants of the country. The whole system is divided into several levels – primary, secondary and higher. Children receive ten years of primary and secondary education, after which they pass the national examinations and may go on to university. A bachelor’s degree is awarded after two years of study, and an honorary degree after three years. Higher education studies are not free and are accessible to a small number of citizens, but there are special scholarship programs which allow talented young people to study at the best educational institutions of Bangladesh.

Interesting fact: There are institutes of jute, animal husbandry, tea, forestry, and cholera and malaria among the universities in Bangladesh.

Cricket and soccer are the most popular sports in the country. The national cricket team is called “Tigers”, in honor of the “informal” symbol of the country – the Bengal tiger, and is one of the strongest in the world. The national game kabaddi (a peculiar mixture of wrestling and tag team), which means “holding your breath”, is included in the program of the Asian Games.

Bangladesh is home to Muhammad Yunus, a banker and economics professor. In 2006, he won the Nobel Peace Prize for his social project to promote grassroots entrepreneurship and social development in general.

Interesting fact: Bangladesh is home to three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Bagerhat Historic Mosque City, Vihara in Paharpur, and the Sundarban Mangrove Forest, the largest on our planet.

Foreigners come to Bangladesh to see the stunningly beautiful nature and learn about the country’s rich history. They are offered tours to national parks, visits to historical sites and museums. Very popular is Vihara in Paharpur, a large Hindu monastery founded in the 8th century. The capital of Bangladesh, Dhaka, is home to several of the country’s major architectural monuments – Fort Lalbagh, the Star Mosque and the pink Ahsan Manzil Palace, which houses the National Museum. Most of the monuments date back to the 7th-9th centuries and were built under the influence of Indian culture.

Interesting fact: All bricks made in Bangladesh are marked with the initials of their makers.

For the comfort of tourists in the country, especially in the capital, has built many hotels of different classes. The only seaside resort is located on the border with Myanmar. Cox’s Bazar is 200 kilometers of wide beaches and several islands with a white sandy coastline. Bangladesh is beginning to develop medical resorts, but even now you can take treatments in the spa centers of major hotels.

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When coming to Bangladesh, it is worth remembering that this is where dozens of popular brands make their products. This makes the local shopping very attractive. Locals recommend going to Banga Bazaar because it has everything from homewares made by local artisans to brand name items. Luxurious fabrics and reptile leather goods, an abundance of pink pearl jewelry and souvenirs made from sea shells are most popular with tourists.

There are no bars, discos and amusement rides usual for Europeans in Bangladesh. But there are restaurants where they cook delicious rice-based dishes such as muri, dum-biryani and others. Spices play an important role in the preparation of dishes, curry mix is very popular. Each province has its own distinctive culinary characteristics. In Dhaka, for instance, they prefer unleavened fish with seasoning, and in the Sylhet area they use special fruits and spices which make the dish sour.

Almost all year round the country has festivals and holidays. Most of them have a religious meaning. They are all accompanied by lavish feasts, dances, and colorful processions. On the day of Durga Puja, for example, statues dressed in colorful clothes are made and after the traditional four-day celebration they are lowered into the nearby holy reservoir to the beat of a drum.

Bangladesh

Flag of Bangladesh

Bangladesh or the People’s Republic of Bangladesh is a state in South Asia, located mainly within the delta plains of the Ganges and Brahmaputra. It borders India for 4,000 km in the west, north and east, Myanmar in the southeast (193 km), and the Indian Ocean’s Bay of Bengal in the south.

Bangladesh occupies the eastern part of the ancient region of Bengal. The name of the state means the Country of Bengal.

The country has an area of 144,000 km². The country stretches 820 kilometers from north to south and 600 kilometers from east to west. The coastline is about 580 km long.

The topography of Bangladesh is flat in most of the country. The highest point in the country is Keokradong (1,230 m). In the south-east of Bangladesh stretches the deeply dissected western ranges of the Lushai Mountains and the Chittagong Mountains.

Climate of Bangladesh

The climate in Bangladesh is tropical monsoon.

There are three main seasons – a relatively cool winter (from October to February to March), hot and humid summer (from March to May to June) and warm rainy monsoon period (from June to October). Such division is rather relative, as temperature of air fluctuates rather poorly within a year – in January +18 … +25°С, in April (the hottest month) – +23 … +34°С.

The annual rainfall is 2000-3000 mm, in the north-east of the country – up to 5000 mm (one of the wettest places in the world). About 80% of moisture falls from May to mid-October, when rains over the entire Ganges and Brahmaputra valleys lead to flooding of rivers and vast areas. During tropical cyclones, the country is hit with heavy downpours, accompanied by powerful sea winds that can cause storms and waves up the rivers inland.

The best time to visit Bangladesh is the cool season from October to February, when the weather is relatively dry and comfortable enough for a European. It is not recommended to visit in April-May, when humidity and high temperature make the stay in the country unbearable.

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People of Bangladesh

Bangladesh is one of the poorest overpopulated countries in the world. The population is over 161.4 million (2018). The urban population is 27%.

Life expectancy is 60 years (58 years for men, 63 years for women).

Ethnic composition – Bengali 98%, the rest are natives of Northern India (the so-called “Biharis”), as well as small tribal nationalities: Chakma, Santhal, Marma, Tripura, Garo, Tanchangya, Mrong, etc.

Religions: Islam (state religion) 89.5%, Hinduism 9.6%, and others 0.9%.

The official language is Bengali.

Currency

The taka (BDT) is the currency unit of Bangladesh. One taka is equal to 100 paisas. Bills of 500 duc, 100 duc, 50 duc, 20 duc, 10 duc, 5 duc, 2 duc and 1 taka and coins of 500, 100, 50, 25, 10, 5 and 1 paisa are in circulation.

It is advisable to exchange currency at banks and exchange offices. Exchange fees vary greatly from place to place, so you should always check all conditions beforehand. It is not advisable to change currency on the street, as cases of fraud are not uncommon.

Outside Dhaka and Chittagong it is rather problematic to exchange currency (except US dollars, pounds and Indian rupees), though it is possible to pay with it in small shops. Many upscale hotels accept payment for their services only in convertible currency or traveler’s checks.

Credit cards are accepted on a limited basis in some hotels and restaurants in Dhaka and Chittagong, but in other cases their use is almost impossible. ATMs are not a problem in large cities, but are difficult to find in the provinces.

Traveler’s checks can be cashed at the capital’s airport and at the offices of some major banks. You may also take checks in US dollars or British pounds to avoid extra expenses connected with the exchange rate fluctuations.

Communications

Phone Code: 880

Telephone area codes

Dhaka – 2, Barisal – 431, Khulna – 41

How to call

To call from Russia to Bangladesh dial: 8 – 10 – 880 – city code – subscriber number.

To call from Bangladesh to Russia dial: 00 – 7 – city code – telephone number.

Shopping

Bangladesh is one of the largest manufacturers of ready-to-wear in the world (many famous brands like Nike, Adidas and Levis make their clothes here). Although these products are not supposed to be sold in local markets, they can be found in abundance in many shopping areas of the capital.

Popular souvenirs from Bangladesh include pink pearls, hand-woven fabrics, silk, coconut shell masks, bamboo, leather, wood, cane weaving and original traditional dolls. In Dhamrai there are many workshops where you can choose from a catalog and order an intricate bronze ornament or statuette for delivery to any hotel in Dhaka.

Bargaining is an integral part of the buying and selling process, so you almost always need to bargain, especially in the markets (bargaining is even possible in stores where the products have price tags). With good haggling you can reduce the price by 2 – 3 times.

Stores are usually open from Sunday to Thursday, from 09.00 to 20.00, on Fridays – from 09.00 to 12.30 and from 14.00 to 20.00. The markets are open on weekdays mornings (usually from 6.00), small private shops work according to individual schedules, numerous hawkers work almost all daylight hours.

During the holy month of Ramadan, most stores are closed all day, opening only when the sun goes down.

Sea and Beaches

Cox’s Bazar is the main and only beach resort in Bangladesh. The beaches here are gentle and wide, with golden-silver sand.

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How to get to Bangladesh

There are no direct flights from Russia to Bangladesh.

A number of European, Middle Eastern and Asian airlines offer flights to Dhaka with connection in other countries.

The most convenient way to get to Bangladesh from Russia is by Middle Eastern airlines – Qatar Airways (Doha), Emirates (Dubai) and Etihad Airways (Abu Dhabi).

You can also get to Bangladesh from Russia through Bangkok (Thailand) with Thai Airways .

From Asian countries to Bangladesh fly Dragonair (Hong Kong), AirAsia (Kuala Lumpur), Singapore Airlines (Singapore) and other airlines.

Safety

Despite the poverty of the vast majority of the population of Bangladesh, the security situation is surprisingly calm almost everywhere except in the major cities. Violent crime is rarely reported, petty theft and cheating being the main problem.

For safe travel through the country is enough to take the usual precautions. Do not go out alone after dark, do not carry your passport (carry a photocopy), large sums of money or other valuables.

In the country’s major cities (including the capital), heightened security measures must be taken. Because of the mass migration of people from the provinces to the cities, their peripheral areas have literally become a chaos of slums and unimaginable buildings made of cardboard, bamboo, and roofing iron and controlled by criminal gangs. These neighborhoods are strongly discouraged, even when accompanied by guards. The city center, however, is usually much safer.

The coastal areas of Bangladesh, especially the delta, are subject to the ravages not only of floods, but also of powerful tropical storms. Cyclones and monsoons generate winds of up to 150 kilometers per hour that crash into the Bay of Bengal and the coast, forming waves 6 to 9 meters high.

Tips and tricks

In Bangladesh there are serious fines for carrying and dealing drugs, and carrying large quantities (more than 4 grams) of drug-containing drugs is punishable by death. Therefore, carrying any medication that may fall under the category of drugs should always be accompanied by a notarized doctor’s prescription, which preferably includes a clear translation of the name of the medication in Latin – this will save many questions from the police.

When visiting the interior should carefully choose a guide or guide, and preference should be given to employees of large specialized firms.

Due to the peculiarities of the local climate many synthetic fabrics are totally unsuitable to wear, so you should only choose clothing made of light natural fabrics.

The night life in Bangladesh is almost non-existent, so the night life lovers shouldn’t do here.

As in other Muslim countries the left hand is considered unclean and is used for toilet duties, taking off the shoes, etc. Conclusion: always use your right hand to offer or receive something, as well as during meals.

Humidity and blatant unsanitary conditions are often conspicuous in cities, forcing tourists to intuitively pay extra attention to hygiene:

All water should be regarded as potentially contaminated. Water used for drinking, brushing teeth or making ice should be boiled thoroughly beforehand. Only bottled water is highly recommended.

Any product purchased at the market should be thoroughly processed. Milk and dairy products are not pasteurized and require preheating. Meat and fish must be heat-treated. Vegetables should be thoroughly washed, and fruits and vegetables should be pre-washed, scalded with boiling water and preferably peeled (you should do it yourself, because it is strongly not recommended to buy peeled fruits).

The food in most expensive cafes and restaurants is harmless to health, but many small inexpensive private cafes, to put it mildly, not very carefully observe the hygienic standards.

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