Park “Deer Ruchey
Natural Park “Deer Ruchy” is located in the Sverdlovsk region in Nizhneserginsky municipal district, 100 kilometers southwest of Yekaterinburg. Among the most interesting sights of the park are the karst caves Druzhba, Arakaevskaya and Sportivnaya, rocks Svyashennik, Dyrovaty stone, Drowning, Pisannitsa and Frog. Cave Druzhba – the biggest cave of the Urals, the length of the passages of which is 500 m. There are underground streams, lakes and ice formations, preserved throughout the year, as well as the Marble Gallery – the course, the walls of which consist of snow-white dolomite. Not far from the Druzhba Cave there is a karst sinkhole with a depth of 50 m. In total there are more than 100 caves in the park.
The Dyrovaty rock is located on the bank of the Chusovaya River. Under the influence of wind and rain a lot of passages, grottos and small caves were formed in it.
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- Full name: Deer Creek Nature Park.
- IUCN Category: III (natural park).
- Date of foundation: October 29, 1999.
- Region: Sverdlovsk region, Nizhneserginsky district.
- Area: 12,700 hectares.
- Relief: mountain.
- Climate: moderately continental.
- Official site: http://olen.ur.ru/.
- E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
People lived in the Sergi River valley 14000 years ago, as evidenced by the data of archaeological excavations conducted in the territory of the park.
The impetus for organization of the nature park “Deer streams” was the published in 1973 monograph of Vasily Ivanovich Prokayev “Brief physical and geographical characteristics of the South-West of the Middle Urals and some questions of this territory protection”. The question of organizing a protected area had been raised since 1975, but the final decision was postponed for various reasons. Only in 1999, by decree of the governor of the Sverdlovsk Region, was the nature park “Deer Streams” established.
On September 17, 2005, seven “Angels of the same hope” were established in the “Deer Streams” Nature Park in seven places on Earth: Australia, Canada, Peru, Mali, Vanuatu, Hawaii, as well as in the Urals. According to the idea of the Swedish artist and sculptor Lena Edvall, they must stand guard over the peace and tranquility of the Earth.
“Angel of One Hope” is intended to protect the planet from wars, disasters and catastrophes
The park is the border between two natural zones: forest-steppe and mountain taiga. There are 378 species of higher vascular plants.
The park is distinguished by a unique type of anthropogenic landscape – park larches.
The most common are St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum), serpentine (Bistorta major), angelica (Potentilla egesta), meadowsweet (Filipendula ulmaria), etc.
Anyone who has once tasted tea from St. John’s wort, probably forever remembered the thick rich taste. This plant also has other popular names: hare’s blood, St. John’s wort, red grass, krovrovets, blood, hemlock and others. Known antiseptic and antimicrobial agents of Hypericum. In ancient times, it was called a herb for a hundred diseases.
The name “St. John’s Wort” comes from what is known as the frightening name “St. John’s Wort”? It has been observed that some animals, particularly cattle, became seriously ill and even died after consuming this plant.
The poisonous Lobel’s hellebore (Veratrum lobelianum), as well as the erecting hawthorn (Potentilla erecta) also grow here. Dense thickets of willow (Salix sp.) and alder (Alnus sp.), interspersed with hops, can be found near the water. Common oregano (Origanum vulgare) grows abundantly in dry meadows.
The essential oil of oregano contains a high concentration of carvacrol and is a more potent antibiotic and antihistamine than many drugs, but care should be taken when using it. All medicinal plants are poisonous to one degree or another.
Karst Bridge Rock. This rock has many holes and wide passages, and inside there is a specially equipped ladder that leads to the upper platform. From here you can enjoy a gorgeous view of the “Deer Creek.
The fauna of the park is not fully inventoryed yet. The final species lists are being compiled and clarified. It is known that elk (Alces alces), red deer (Cervus elaphus), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), wild boar (Sus scrofa), wood polecat (Mustela putorius) and other species inhabit here.
River beavers (Castor fiber) are common on the river and tributaries, building their dams here. The peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) nests on the rocks. Here you can see owls (Bubo bubo), common owls (Strix aluco), pygmy owls (Glaucidium passerinum), grouse (Bonasa bonasia), black grouse (Lyrurus tetrix), wood grouse (Tetrao urogallus).
There are three species of woodpeckers in the park: Great Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos major), Grey (Picus canus) and Black (Dryocopus martius). One of the most interesting species is the black woodpecker, or yolk. It differs from its congeners by its large size, pitch-black plumage color and bright red cap on its head.
This is interesting
On the territory of the park there is Mit’kina Mountain, and on it – the remains of Mit’kina mines. This deposit of sedimentary iron ores began to be exploited in the second half of the 19th century. The owner of the mines was a Moscow merchant, Councilor of State Mikhail Gubin. The ore was extracted in the open air in summer, and in winter – in adits. Today these mines are four lakes, arranged as a cascade. Two of them are shallow, and two others are as deep as 19 meters. The name comes from the name of the first clerk of these mines, the German Mitkin. Beavers took a fancy to the upper lake and built their dam there. Mitkin’s lakes are associated with various mysterious phenomena. Sometimes one hears voices here and sees wandering lights. Is it really so? It is worth seeing for yourself.
Great Failure cave, which is an open gap at a depth of 33 meters. The Big Fail is believed to have been formed by the collapse of a huge cave, as its bottom is covered with large blocks of irregular shape.
The park is open to visitors, subject to the requirements of the administration. It is necessary to stick to the routes, the length of which ranges from 6 to 15 km. The most popular route is the Bazhukov Trail. In the far part of the park you can visit the landscape-historical open-air museum “Mitka Mine”.
How to get there
The distance from Yekaterinburg to the Nature Park “Oleniye Ruchey” is 120 km. You can take a train to the station “Druzhinino”, then suburban train Druzhinino – Mikhailovsky Zavod, which runs twice a day – to the stop “Bazhukovo”. Travel time will be about 4 hours. You can go by suburban bus to Mikhailovsk, Arti, Urmikeevo, Tyulgash. The ticket must be taken to the stop “Natural park “Deer Streams”. The trip will take about 2.5 hours. Then there is 2 km – walking route. It is convenient to get there by personal vehicle, especially since there is a parking lot at the entrance to the park.
Where to stay
The park has all conditions for comfortable accommodation. You can stay in the two-room suites of the administrative building, in the cabin “Timber Deer”, in the “Huntsman” and “New cordon” or in the tourist shelter. All detailed information is available on the official website of the park.
Deer Streams Nature Park
Hiking: $372; free for seniors and children under 18. River floating – 100 p.p., children under 18, seniors – free of charge.
The park “Deer Streams”, located in the south-west of the Sverdlovsk region, is open to visitors all year round. Travelers are enticed by the magnificent landscapes of the Serga River valley, karst caves, an abundance of natural and historical sights.
On the territory of 12 000 hectares there are hiking trails of varying difficulty level: from walking, accessible to children, to multi-day hikes, requiring training and physical endurance.
Observation sites are equipped in the most picturesque places. Extreme entertainment – trolling. High-speed flight over the river will provide a burst of adrenaline.
Please note that the forest park area is not treated against ticks so as not to harm the ecosystem, so it is recommended to get vaccinated against tick-borne encephalitis and use repellents in advance.
Prices in the park “Deer Streams”
To use the equipped walking routes for adults – 372 rubles, for schoolchildren under 18, pensioners and families with many children (proving documents required) – free of charge.
Water trails – 100 p. for people of all ages, free of charge for retired people and children under 18.
- “Along the valley of the Serga River” – 3 000 p;
- “Karst bridge” – 3 000 p;
- “Quirks of the Serginsky caves” – 4 000 p;
- “Along the valley of the Arakaev caves” – 3 000 p;
- “Mitka mine” – 4,500 rubles.
You can stay for the night in the camping with the minimum conveniences and in the comfortable rooms.
Overnight accommodation in the cottage with the stove heating at the guardhouse “Yegern” costs 1400 rubles per day, up to 8 people can be accommodated. The kitchen has a fridge, electric stove, kettle, dishes. The toilet is outside. The price includes renting a gazebo with barbecue. Bedding, firewood and charcoal are extra charge.
The guest two-storeyed houses at the cordon “Novy” with bedrooms and dining zones are able to accommodate 12 guests at once, the price starts from 700 rubles per guest, when accommodating up to 6 guests – 4 500 rubles. Banya at the cordons (only for guests) – 2 500 p.p. for 4 hours. Rest and overnight accommodation at the administrative and tourist center at 2,800 RR per day, extra bed at 400 RR. Rental of a gazebo with barbecue area – 250-500 R per hour, firewood and drinking water are provided.
For large groups (up to 25 people), not too picky about the living conditions, the building of the former railway barracks, adapted to the tourist shelter. There are bunk decking in 3 rooms of the heated room, a kitchen for independent cooking and a vestibule for drying clothes and shoes. In the courtyard – a gazebo with a barbecue, campfire ground, summer water supply. Price for the whole cabin – 7,200 rubles on weekdays, 8,000 rubles on weekends.
The small traffic circle is 6 km long and is the most popular itinerary that takes 2-3 hours. The starting point is the monument to 14-year-old boy Dmitry Bazhukov, who was killed by the Czechs in 1917 for helping the Red Guard detachment of Nizhneserginsky. In Soviet times, in memory of the boy, a railway siding and a street in Nizhnie Sergi were named.
The path leads to the karst sinkhole, which appeared as a result of dissolution of limestone by melt water. Moving on, tourists come to a 300-year-old pine tree and a sawed tree, on which you can see the annual rings. The pine forest was barbarously destroyed during the time of the Demidovs. The wood was used to make coal for blast furnaces. Clear-cutting was also practiced in the USSR.
The trail leads to the Drowned Rock on the river bank. The rocky top got its grim name in 1978 after the students who tried to cross the Serga by swimming were killed. The administration of the park came up with another toponym, the rock Svetlaya, which is now used in maps and documents. From the observation deck you can see a panorama of a river bend surrounded by woodland. According to scientists, the river valley exists for about 80 million years. The next step is to go down the metal ramp and walk through the cleft formed by two boulders overgrown with moss – “Kissing Rocks”. In the distant past the riverbed lay 30 meters above its present level, and gradually the water broke through a through hole in the rocks. There is a belief that if lovers kiss under the arches, their union will be eternal.
The main attraction of the park, which appeared in our days, is a concrete sculpture “Angel of One Hope”. There are 7 such art objects in the world: in Canada, Australia, Mali, Vanuatu, Peru and Hawaii. The author of the concept – the Swedish artist Lena Edvall. According to the idea, the figures of guardian angels, placed on all continents of the planet, should protect the Earth from disasters and terrorism.
Continuing along the coast, tourists cross the bridge Mitrofanova Log and find themselves in front of the rock Dyrovatny stone. Part of the road will add to the thrill, because passes on a boardwalk directly over the river along the steep cliff.
The cave of ancient man preserves traces of the presence of Mesolithic, Neolithic, and Bronze Age hunters. Several cultural layers have been uncovered and their study continues to this day. The limestone massif, one end of which runs into the river, is also known as the “Drinking Horse”. The silhouette of the rock resembles a horse’s head, especially when viewed from the water while rafting. On the way back you will come across a patch of larch forest, which is a natural monument of regional importance. At the fork you will need to turn left near the souvenir shop in the form of Baba-Yaga’s hut and return to the village Bazhukovo.
The large route (trail Bazhukov) 15 km long first coincides with the Small circle, but after Dyrovatogo stone continues with a bridge crossing over the brook Svetly . In the grotto under the canopy, paleontologists from the Institute of Ecology of Plants and Animals of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences conducted research. Nearby is a flood meadow. There is a suspension bridge on the left bank of the river. During spring floods the supporting structures are flooded, and then the crossing is closed to tourists for safety reasons. If you continue walking along the right bank, the path will take you to the top of the rock “Gorodische”. where archaeologists found a fortified settlement of promontory type. After climbing over to the left side, after Mitka Creek, you will have to make a steep ascent to the rock “Reliktovaya”.
From the observation deck “Pyramid” Bardymsky ridge is visible. Turning right at the fork, travelers will find themselves at the rock “Pisanitsa” and will see well-preserved samples of rock art. According to scientists, the images are 3-5 thousand years old and were painted by Mansi hunters who lived in these parts. The rock is pierced by the cave “Restaurant” (“Nameless”) with 4 entrances and exits. The next landscape attraction is the rock “Frog” with bizarre grottoes. The remainder of the shape really looks like an amphibian. The steep angle of fall of limestone layers is a visual evidence of tectonic movements of the earth’s crust.
You can get into the cave “Druzhba” through the entrance on the right slope of Fedotov Log (there was a second one, but now it is blocked with stones). Speleologists have inspected some of the intricate passages and found many grottos with stalactites and stalagmites, underground streams and lakes. Those who plan to go inside, should take care in advance about the appropriate equipment: shoes with anti-skid soles, gloves, helmets and clothing, which is not afraid to get dirty: because of the abundance of sticky clay to go clean. Fossilized remains of prehistoric organisms that inhabited the sea 300 – 400 million years ago can be seen under the cave vaults. At 600 meters from here is the Great Fault, which is currently forbidden to visit because of the danger of landslides. Karst cavity with the size 60×25 m and depth of 35 m is considered one of the largest in the Middle Urals.
Mitkin lakes are of anthropogenic origin. The iron ore for Nizhneserginsky factory was extracted by open-cast mining from the second half of the XIX century. Abandoned quarries were filled with groundwater, forming three reservoirs. On the banks there are fragments of technological equipment, including the flywheel of the locomotive (steam engine) made in England.
Another road (7 km) goes from Bazhukovo to the rock “Karst Bridge”. Attracting tourists an unusual configuration, the opportunity to visit the through cave Sokolkin and climb to the top of the ladder. The trail passes by the rock “Inspiration” (“Lebyazhka”) with an observation deck. Along the way there is a place to stop with a shelter, a table and benches. The Chapel of Perun appeared in 2010. The wood-carved figure of the ancient Slavic deity is surrounded by logs, covered with symbols. The path to the right leads to the Morozov’s spring. The ice-cold water of the spring, which has a bluish tint, forms a bay of 350 m long, which is named Morozov’s Zavod (Morozov’s creek).
The valley of the Arakaevskie caves is another interesting hiking route, located in the south of the park “Deer Streams”. On the way from the village of Arakaevo 5-6 km upstream of the Serga you can visit several caves: Arakaevskaya, Malaya Arakaevskaya, Mshistaya and others, as well as the karst spring Sinyukha.
Flora and fauna
People began to exploit the area at least 15 thousand years ago: this is the age of the ancient man settlement discovered during archaeological excavations.
Bones of woolly rhinoceroses, mammoths, birds, fish and mollusks have been found in the shelter of primitive hunters. The emblem of the park is one of the rock paintings – a deer.
The diversity of fauna and flora is due to the location of the park at the junction of the taiga and forest-steppe zones. Dozens of plant species are endemics and relics included in the Red Book. The forest patches with centuries-old larches have survived. To preserve the biosphere, hiking trails are built so that visitors do not trample the grass. Slopes and slopes are reinforced with special anti-erosion structures to prevent transformation and degradation of geosystems. There are 60 species of birds and wild animals: hares, foxes, squirrels, wild boars, roe deer, moose, lynx, martens, and minks. The population of beavers, previously on the verge of extinction, has recovered. Bears can be found in the wilderness near the Bardymsky Ridge. Colonies of bats winter in the Serginsky caves. There are chub, grayling, perch, pike, roach, ide, and ruff in Serga.
How to get there
The distance from Yekaterinburg to the settlement Bazhukovo – about 120 km.
The easiest way to get to the park “Deer Brooks” on personal vehicles. At first the way lies along the Moscow road. After passing the post in Pervomaika, you should turn to Nizhnie Sergi (you don’t need to go into town). After the village Polovinka on the left you will see the sign to “Oleniye Ruchey”. There is a paid parking lot near the barrier at the entrance to the park (from 50 rubles).
The route to “Deer Streams” from Yekaterinburg – Google Maps
You can take any bus to Mikhailovsk, Urmikeevo, Arti, and Tyulgash at Yekaterinburg Bus Station. It is necessary to leave on a stop at a turn on “Deer streams”, then you should walk 2 km. In the summer on days off there are direct buses from Yekaterinburg in the morning to “Deer Streams”, in the evening they go back.
You can get to “Druzhinino” station from railway station by any passing train, including long-distance ones. Upon arrival, you need to take a commuter train to Mikhailovsky Zavod (runs once a day, check the departure time on Yandex Schedule) and go to the stop “Bazhukovo”.
In May 2022 also launched a rail bus “Orlan”, it runs from the railway station in Yekaterinburg on weekends and holidays until October 22. The way on “Eagle” takes 2,5 hours one way, the tour package includes a tour and meals.