Denmark – the most detailed information about the country with photos. Attractions, cities of Denmark, climate, geography, population and culture.
Denmark – the country of Denmark
Denmark – a state in Northern Europe, located mostly on the Jutland Peninsula. It is the southernmost country in Scandinavia, washed by the North Sea and the Baltic Sea and bordered by Germany in the south, separated from Sweden by the Kattegat and Eresund Straits in the north and from Norway by the Skagerrak Strait in the north. Denmark is a member of the commonwealth of the kingdom of the same name, which also includes the Faroe Islands and the island of Greenland. The state is constitutional monarchy and a member of the European Union.
Denmark is one of the leading countries of Northern Europe with interesting history, rich culture and remarkable architecture. It is known for its Viking heritage, gorgeous beaches, beautiful fairy tale castles, dense forests, comfortable temperate climate, and friendly citizens. Denmark is one of the most progressive and developed countries in Europe, home of LEGO, the famous storyteller Hans Christian Andersen and the legislator of many trends in architecture and design. This is one of the cleanest and most beautiful countries in Europe, which is often considered one of the benchmarks of modern civilization.
Flag of Denmark
Useful information about Denmark
- Population – 5.7 million people.
- Language – Danish.
- Area – 43,094 km2 .
- Currency – Danish krona.
- Time – UTC +1, summer +2.
- The country’s visa is Schengen.
- The capital is Copenhagen.
- Tipping in Denmark is included into the bill. Therefore you do not need to leave anything extra.
- Popular shopping: LEGO, glasses and watches, silverware and jewelry, ECCO shoes, Danish cheese and other traditional products.
- On Danish beaches be careful at high tide and stay close to the shore.
- Denmark is one of the most expensive countries in Europe. The average hotel price for two people – about 80 – 100 euros. Dinner for two persons – 50 – 70 euros.
- Traffic is on the right side.
Geography and nature
Denmark is located on the Jutland Peninsula and a number of islands in the Danish archipelago: Funen, Zealand, Falster, Lolland, Bornholm, etc. The Kingdom also includes the Faroe Islands and Greenland Island. Denmark is southwest of the Scandinavian Peninsula and is separated from Sweden and Norway by straits.
North Sea Coast
In terms of relief, Denmark is a country of plains and lowlands. The highest point of the country is the elevation of Iding Skovhoe (173 m). The west of Jutland is occupied by moraine plains and sandy beaches. The northern and eastern part is a hilly plain with small rivers and lakes of glacial origin.
Nature of Denmark
Despite the fact that the nature of Denmark has been heavily influenced by human activity and farmland occupy most of the territory, the Danish landscapes are quite picturesque. Forests occupy only 13% of the area and are represented by broad-leaved wood species with a mixture of pine and spruce. In Denmark’s forests, roe deer and red deer are preserved. On the coast of the North Sea, you can meet Baltic seals and seals.
Climate in Denmark is a moderate maritime climate. Winter is fairly mild with unstable snow cover and light frosts. The average temperature of the coldest month is from 0 ° C to – 1 ° C. Summers are cool, with average temperatures of 15 to 20 °C.
Winter in Copenhagen
Best time to visit
The best time to visit the country is in late spring, summer and early autumn, when it is warm and there is relatively little rain. In the off-season and winter, Denmark is quite cool and windy.
The first human settlements on the territory of modern Denmark date back to the Upper Paleolithic. In the first millennium B.C. the tribes of the Cimburians and Teutons lived here. In the 4th century A.D. the Jutes and Angles tribes came to the Danish lands. During the Great Migration they eventually occupied Great Britain, and they were succeeded by the tribes of the Danes. The first mentions of the Danes date back to the 7th-8th century. In the early Middle Ages they were united in tribal unions headed by konungs.
During the Viking Age, the Danes actively participated in the campaigns against Great Britain and France, established settlements in Greenland, Iceland and even in North America. Danish konungs fought with Charlemagne and even captured Paris. In the 9th and 10th centuries the Christianization of Denmark began. In the early 12th century, the first archbishopric was formed in Scandinavia. By 1028, Cnud the Great had united Denmark, Norway and England under his rule. However, this state fell apart immediately after his death, and until the 12th century the country was plagued by a series of feuds.
The City of Viborg
The period of internecine strife was ended in 1157 by King Valdemar I the Great. He and his descendants greatly expanded the borders of the Danish kingdom, conquering Pomerania, Mecklenburg and Holstein. In the 14th century, dynastic marriages brought almost all of Scandinavia under Danish rule. In the 14th-16th centuries, power in Denmark belonged to the Royal Council (Rigsrod), which elected the king. Since 1468 began to convene the Rigsdag (an assembly of representatives of the different estates), which had little real power.
In 1536 the Reformation was formalized and Denmark became Lutheran. In 1563 the war against Sweden began, which was the first of a series of military conflicts between the two countries. In the 17th century Denmark became an absolute monarchy and one of the leading powers in Europe. In 1788 serfdom was finally abolished. During the Napoleonic Wars Denmark acted on the side of France. In 1813 – 1814 years the Danish army was defeated by Swedish troops. As a result, the country lost Norway and lost its status as a powerful European power. In the 19th century during the wars with Prussia Denmark lost Schleswig and Holstein.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, social and economic changes were made in the country, which greatly improved the lives of the Danes. In foreign policy, Denmark adhered to neutrality. In 1939 the Danish government signed a non-aggression treaty with Germany, but in April 1940 the Germans occupied the country anyway. Denmark was liberated in 1945 by the British. The country has been a member of the EU since 1973.
Denmark is divided into five regions: Hovedstaden, Zealand, Northern Jutland, Central Jutland and Southern Denmark. The regions, in turn, are divided into cities and communes.
The Faroe Islands and Greenland are autonomous regions, although they are part of the Kingdom of Denmark.
Most of the population of Denmark are ethnic Danes. Large diasporas: Germans, Frisians, and Faroese. The official language of the state is Danish, which belongs to the Northern Germanic branch of Indo-European languages. Danish language is rather similar to Norwegian and Swedish, but has excellent pronunciation. Many Danes speak excellent English and German.
The Danes themselves are polite, punctual and modest. Here it is customary to call each other by name immediately after meeting each other, and there is a certain relaxedness of communication. The Danes are also law-abiding, have a high sense of social responsibility and appreciate comfort. At the same time, they do not use polite addresses and often omit “please”, “thank you” and “excuse me”. But that doesn’t mean they don’t respect you.
The largest airport in Denmark and Scandinavia is located in Copenhagen. It is located 8 km from the capital of the state and connected to it by train. The second largest airport in the country is Billund, located in Central Jutland. Other major international airports are located in Aalborg and Aarhus.
Denmark has rail connections to Germany and Sweden (Hamburg, Stockholm, Malmo, Gothenburg). You can easily get here by car on German motorways or from Sweden by the bridge over the Øresund Strait. Also Denmark has a regular ferry connection to some cities in Northern Germany and other Scandinavian countries.
Cities of Denmark and popular destinations
Copenhagen is the capital of Denmark and one of Europe’s most beautiful cities
Popular cities in Denmark:
– The capital of the Danish kingdom and the country’s largest city. Known for its historic center, dotted with church spires, historic buildings, narrow alleyways and great shopping. It was once a small fishing village and is now a modern metropolis with a cozy atmosphere and a rich cultural and nightlife scene. – the largest city on the Jutland peninsula and the second largest city in Denmark, which offers an elegant combination of friendly atmosphere and small-town charm with great pubs, restaurants and romantic spots. – A picturesque city in Northern Jutland. (Elsinore) is a beautiful city in the northeastern part of the island of Zealand with a picturesque historical center. Known primarily for the impressive Cromborg Castle, which is the setting for Shakespeare’s famous Hamlet.
- Esbjerg is a city on the west coast of Jutland, a center of fishing and offshore industry. – Denmark’s oldest city, located in its southwestern part. Known for its well-preserved medieval center.
- Herning is a small town located on the picturesque beaches of the west coast of Jutland. – an ancient city with medieval brick houses, the ruins of two ancient castles and the magnificent Church of the Virgin Mary. – the main city of the island of Funen and the third largest city in Denmark, as well as the birthplace of H.K. Andersen. – The old capital of Denmark, located in the eastern part of Zealand. Here is the largest Christian cathedral in the country and the famous Viking Museum.
- Silkeborg – the main city of the Lake District, which many Danes consider the most beautiful city in the kingdom.
- Skagen – one of the most famous resorts in Scandinavia, known for its yellow houses and special “light”, which attracts many artists.
- Anholt – an island in the Kattegat Strait with one of the largest seal populations in Scandinavia.
- Ertholmene – a group of islands with a bird sanctuary and old defensive structures.
- Fånö – an island in the North Sea with a variety of natural landscapes.
- Bornholm – picturesque Danish island in the Baltic Sea, famous for its fishing, arts and crafts and wonderful provincial atmosphere.
- Samsø is the most “green” island in Denmark, where heat and energy is produced exclusively by renewable sources. It is also known for its annual music festival.
- Picturesque white cliffs of the island of Mön and Cape Stevns.
Attractions in Denmark
The Little Mermaid
The Little Mermaid is a bronze statue that depicts the character of H. K. Andersen’s famous fairy tale. It was unveiled in 1913 and is now a symbol of Copenhagen. The statue was made by Edvard Eriksen by order of the son of the founder of the Carlsberg brewery.
New Harbor (Nyhavn) is one of Copenhagen’s most beautiful places with old colorful houses, restaurants and ships. This charming neighborhood is known for its wonderful atmosphere and is one of the main attractions of the Danish capital.
Tivoli is one of the oldest amusement parks in Europe, established in 1843. It has a huge range of attractions, including roller coasters, merry-go-rounds, puppet theaters, restaurants, cafes, gardens and even a Moorish concert hall. Tivoli is a true symbol of Copenhagen and the inspiration for many other famous theme parks.
Christiansborg is the royal castle and residence of the Danish parliament of Folketinget. It is located in the historic center of Copenhagen on the island of Slotsholmen. In the Middle Ages there was a bishop’s castle, which was destroyed in the 14th century.
Amalienborg is a rococo palace complex in Copenhagen built in the 18th century. Its architecture combines both German and French stylistic elements. It was originally built as a nobleman’s palace, but soon became the winter residence of the Danish royal family.
Frederiksborg is the residence of the Danish kings in Hillerød and is a masterpiece of the Danish Renaissance. The palace was built between the 16th and 17th centuries. Now within its walls is a museum of national history.
Øresund Bridge is one of the most famous engineering structures in Scandinavia. This road bridge is over 10 km long and connects Copenhagen, the island of Zealand and Sweden.
Kronborg is one of Denmark’s most famous landmarks and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This beautiful old castle is known as the setting for William Shakespeare’s tragedy Hamlet and is located in the town of Elsinore. It got its present appearance in 1640.
Egeskov is a fairy-tale castle on the island of Funen, located 30 minutes from Odense. It is one of the best-preserved castles with a moat in Europe. This superb Renaissance structure was built in 1554 and was originally used for defense purposes.
Den Gamle is an open-air museum in Aarhus that is divided into three quarters that illustrate life in Denmark in the Middle Ages, 19th and 20th centuries.
Viking Museum is one of the most interesting museums in Denmark which allows you to get acquainted with the Viking Age. The pearls of the collection are five ancient ships, which have been carefully restored. The museum is located in Roskilde.
Accommodation in Denmark is expensive. The average price for a double room ranges around 800 Danish kroner (107 €). Of course you can always find something cheaper – a bed-and-breakfast, hostel or even camping. By the way, there are about 500 camping sites in Denmark, most of them are well equipped with modern conveniences.
Hotel in Denmark
Danish national cuisine is a combination of Scandinavian and German culinary traditions. The dishes here are simple, nutritious and distinctive.
- Pickled herring.
- Stjerneskud – flounder fillet, shrimp and mayonnaise.
- Røget ål og røræg – scrambled eggs with smoked eel.
- Pariserbøf – beef tenderloin with capers, horseradish, onions.
- Dyrlægens natmad – liver pate, corned beef slices, onion rings.
- Flæskesteg – Slices of roast pork with pickled red cabbage.
- Hakkebøf – fried beef cutlets with onion, egg and pickles.
- Shrimp and other seafood.
- Old cheese.
Avoid touristy places where there are no Danes. The popularity of an establishment among locals is almost always an indication of quality.
The most popular drink is beer, which is mainly represented by lager. The largest brewery Carlsberg (which also owns the brand Tuborg) brews several kinds of beer. Also popular in Denmark are Aquavit (Snaps) and winter Gløgg (hot wine drink).
Denmark is located on the Jutland peninsula and has no less than 400 islands, the largest of which are Zealand, Amager (where the capital Copenhagen is located), Funen (Fjona), Falster, Lloland, Aero and Langeland. Only 80 of its 400 islands are inhabited. Denmark has a land border only with Germany, the rest are bordered by bays and fjords, and the islands that make up this country are heated by the waters of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea. Jutland, Zealand, and Funen are the largest and most populous regions. The most important urban and economic centers of Denmark are Copenhagen, Aarhus, Odense and Aalborg.
Denmark is constantly at the top of the statistics of happiness when it comes to measuring the conditions and quality of life. Tourists in Denmark can also get a taste of this happiness.
Despite its small size, the country’s coastline is very long, over 7,000 kilometers. Even after the Viking Age, Denmark remained a strong sea power. In Denmark, the coast is always close, and is within an hour’s reach. White and fine sandy beaches are often found near the sea.
Culture, cities and Viking history
Denmark is known for its good restaurants, design and world-famous directors such as Lars von Trier, Bille August, Susanne Bier and Thomas Vinterberg.
Many may also be familiar with fairy tales by Hans Christian Andersen, writer Karen Blixen and designer Arne Jacobsen. The most popular tourist destinations in Denmark are the capital city of Copenhagen and Legoland.
Along with Copenhagen and other cities, Denmark offers a combination of beautiful small towns, countryside, Viking stories, historic churches, forts and monuments, and coastal landscapes, from long sandy beaches to beautiful bays and fjords.
Cycling through the Danish islands
Denmark has an excellent network of more than 10,000 kilometers of bicycle trails. The bicycle provides a unique opportunity to explore the country. A bicycle provides quick access to scenic trails. Beautiful hilly terrain with scenery and not very steep, as the highest point of the country is only 170 meters above sea level.
Attractions are nearby, and a reasonable overnight stay is always available within a bike trip, whether you are looking for an open-air campground or a mansion hotel.
If Denmark is the best place in the world to live, you’re bound to find the best sandwiches in the world. Real Danish smørrebrød should be tasted at least once during your trip.
Smørrebred is a light or dark bread that is generously filled with as many fillings as possible. The toppings often contain, for example, herring, eggs, liver pâté, shrimp, and various cuts of meat. Sandwiches are usually ordered with several kinds of bread, and served with Danish beer.
An art form has developed around this national delicacy, and the best sandwich places have become pilgrimage sites for sandwich lovers. Danish restaurant schools offer separate training as a sandwich chef, but specialization takes several years.
Danish design is valued around the world for a variety of reasons, but mainly because of its originality. Danish products almost always stand out from the variety in their design, detail, workmanship and durability. The Danes have a unique way of combining timeless simplicity with practical playfulness.
If you want to bring home Danish design, you should visit, for example, Normann Copenhagen, Georg Jensen, Royal Copenhagen and Hay. These Danish brands guarantee quality gifts to take home.
Denmark has changed dramatically in just 150 years, from an agriculture-based society to a highly industrialized one. At the end of the 19th century, two-thirds of the population lived in villages and farmed. Today, only 15% of the total live in the countryside, and most go to work in the cities. After the “green wave” of the 1980s, many city dwellers moved to the villages. However, people had to return to the city after years of unfulfilled dreams. The long winters, commutes, and lack of entertainment were unpleasant for those accustomed to city life.
The most important component of the capital is the population itself. A city of youth, Copenhagen has the highest per capita income in the world, while maintaining a dignified and honorable sense of community, often bohemian. It is the capital of modern design. Its modern and elegant interiors blend beautifully with the various shades of tile and copper-green roofs of the Renaissance city. The side streets near Strede and Pilestrude are home to many craft shops. Modern symbols now permeate the city, especially in the port area. Designed as temples of art, they also offer open galleries where we find restaurants, bookstores and cafes.
If you want to explore Danish architecture in more detail, you can visit the Danish Architecture Center (DAC), at the water’s edge. Copenhagen, with its innovative urbanism, is designed for modern living. Take a look at the city’s street life and you’ll know that Copenhagen proudly represents Denmark.
The country’s government is housed in the castle built by Christian IV in the seventeenth century in the center of the capital, symbolizing the harmonious relationship between the political environment and the royal family. The royal castle and numerous statues of kings and politicians throughout the city support this symbolic harmony.
Copenhagen is Denmark’s largest population center and a great place to stay in the city, combining Scandinavian-style functionality with the atmosphere of Central Europe’s metropolises.
The green capital is a major destination for many travelers, with plenty to do and see. The Little Mermaid statue is the most famous of the sights.
In Copenhagen you can explore the city’s diverse residential neighborhoods: the lively downtown, the bohemian Nørrebro and the trendy Vesterbro. Enjoy Danish culinary culture in Michelin-starred restaurants or street eateries, sit in atmospheric cafes and watch stylish Danes go by.
If you want to have fun, the best amusement park in Northern Europe, Tivoli, would be a great choice. The amusement park is also open at midnight, and adults can spend the night in the bars and restaurants.
Denmark is a country with a cosmopolitan and modern society whose history dates back to the Vikings, making it an exciting vacation destination in Northern Europe. Denmark, one of the oldest kingdoms in Europe, experienced a boom from the 15th to the 17th century, becoming one of the most civilized countries in the world.
Denmark is a small nation whose cultural unity is weakened by the regional traditions of island communities, rural or urban, based on local dialects, culinary arts and unique history. This situation has in many cases created friction in both the local and the development of national history. Denmark includes historically the former colonies of Greenland and the Faroe Islands.
Historically, the territory of the country has been inhabited since ancient times. The Danes of today are descendants of tribes that came to the area from Scandinavia beginning in the sixth century, but the Danish kingdom was not established until the tenth century (around 940) by King Gorm the Elder. In the early 10th century, the Danes conquered parts of England and then parts of Norway and Germany.
In 1397, under the rule of Danish Queen Margaret I, the “Kalmar Union” was concluded between the kingdoms of Northern Europe: Norway, Sweden, Finland, Iceland and Denmark. The original purpose of this union was to fight against the German Hanseatic League, which dominated the seas. The union operated for several centuries.
During the 30-year war (1618 – 1648) the country lost several territories. In the aftermath there was the First Nordic War, after which Denmark lost territories to Norway.
In 1864, after the war with Prussia and Austria, Denmark also lost territories of northern Germany, and in 1918 recognized the independence of Iceland. In 1933 the Hague Tribunal recognizes the sovereignty over Greenland, and thus Denmark reaches its current territorial configuration. The turbulent history of this country also included invasion and occupation by Hitler’s Germany, ending in May 1945. The country’s long history can be seen in the churches and remnants of Viking settlements that still exist in coastal towns such as Roskilde.
Its landscape is a mosaic of farms, small towns, fishing villages, beautiful places full of greenery and vibrant cities like Copenhagen and Aarhus that offer an elegant lifestyle, restaurants and a lively nightlife.
According to polls, Denmark is often called the happiest country in the world, and it’s easy to see this when you look at the clean streets, efficient public transportation systems and progressive social policies. For tourists, this calm and friendly attitude of the local population is just one aspect of a pleasant vacation.
As for tourist attractions, entertainment, museums, festivals, architecture and shopping, there is plenty of that. The capital, Copenhagen, is a wonderful city with well-preserved medieval streets, famous art galleries and a huge business center. The port city of Aalborg is another important tourist destination, and tourists have a choice of cathedrals, museums, a zoo and a castle. Numerous tourist attractions you will find in the cities of Odense, Silkeborg or Helsingør.
No place in Denmark is more than 50 km from the sea. The sea is where Denmark offers us a true wealth of beaches, unusual for this northern latitude. Picturesque routes, such as the Margarita, allow you to cross the country through many regions and cities that are hundreds of years old. You can visit the islands aboard quaint barges, and for those who enjoy sailing boats, Denmark has ports along the coast of most cities. Here you can find royal castles, historic churches and Viking-era monuments on one side, and modern art museums on the other. For those traveling with children, there is a real world of theme parks, zoos or water parks. Denmark is home to one of the world’s most famous Lego toys. There is no better place in the world to buy Lego than the Legoland theme park in Billund.
It is worth noting that the country gave humanity people such as the great novelist and poet Hans Christian Andersen, composer Carl Nielsen, physicist Niels Bohr, writer Johannes Wilhem Jensen, and William Shakespeare was inspired to write the tragedy Hamlet.
The southernmost Nordic country
Denmark is similar to other Scandinavian countries in terms of climate, but because of its slightly southern location the weather is milder. Temperatures can drop below freezing in the winter. On the other hand, icy sea breezes, rain or wet snow whipping your face, force you to dress in warm and waterproof clothes.
Summer is naturally warmer: the average temperature ranges from +16 to +25 degrees. However, it is not so hot here, as the country as a whole is quite windy.
Tourist should come from April to October. The most popular season is summer, when Copenhagen attractions line up. April-May is often the sunniest and slightly calmer time in Denmark, when the country shows its best qualities.
A variety of hotels are known for their hospitality and immediate atmosphere. There are plenty of options to choose from. As an alternative to regular hotel accommodations, you can experience romance and noble living by staying in one of Denmark’s many castles and mansions.
The price level is quite high, but a traveler on a tight budget can also find a place to stay in one of the many hostels. Hostels are usually clean and comfortable even for a small price.
According to an old proverb, every Dane wants a vacation home in addition to a flagpole. About 40,000 cottages are for rent, and demand is very high. Most cottages are located near water and scenic areas.
Billund, Lego House
Located in Billunn, Legoland is the country’s most popular attraction, with nearly two million visitors each year. The area has many worlds built from Lego, equipped for entertainment and everything the youngest members of the family can’t miss.
The city of Billoon itself is an agglomeration of just over 6,000 people that shines with its novelty. Besides city tours and Lego, there is plenty to do, at least for golfers and cyclists.
Aarhus is Denmark’s second largest city with a population of over 300,000. It is a fast-growing urban center with a youthful atmosphere.
Aarhus is the youngest city in the country in terms of age of residents. Nearly one in five Aarhus residents is a student, and nearly 35,000 students attend the city’s university alone.
The young population is balanced by Aarhus’ long history. The Vikings founded the city more than 1,200 years ago. At the open-air museum in the Old Town, you can immerse yourself in the atmosphere and history.
In addition to the Old Town, the tourist will find several interesting museums in Aarhus, the most famous of which is the Art Museum of Aros, on top of which the tourist can see the city.
Those who love nature can go horseback riding or canoeing, not forgetting, of course, the excellent golfing opportunities.
Roskilde is a town with a population of less than fifty thousand people, located just 30 kilometers from Copenhagen. Like Aarhus, it is one of the oldest cities in Denmark.
History opens up at the foot of the city’s prehistoric monuments. At least Roskilde Cathedral, where most Danish queens and kings are buried, can be considered a must-see.
Today the city is known for its legendary summer music festival. Each year the Roskilde festival attracts more than a hundred thousand music lovers and many world-class stars to the city.
Louisiana Museum of Contemporary Art
In Humlebæk, 40 km north of Copenhagen, is probably the most interesting museum in Denmark. The collection of Louisiana art at the Museum of Modern Art is impressive, and you can admire works by Andy Warhol and Pablo Picasso, among others.
In addition to the collection, there are always changing exhibitions in Louisiana, and the museum also hosts various events throughout the year. The surrounding Louisiana area is especially beautiful in the summer, and you can take a great tour.
Louisiana is easily accessible from Copenhagen by train, bus or car.
Impressive nature on the Isle of Man
Known for its flat terrain, Denmark can surprise tourists with its stunning white cliffs. An hour’s drive from Copenhagen on the east coast of Mön Island, there are vertical shimmering white limestone cliffs reaching 128 meters above sea level, creating an unreal impression, especially in spring and summer.
I am the author of many articles on this site and a travel blogger. In 2011 I quit my corporate job and started traveling. I have been to 36 countries on 6 continents and don’t want to stop anytime soon!