Do I need immunizations (and what kind) to travel to Vietnam?
When deciding to go to an exotic country, which is Vietnam, on vacation or on business trips, you should not take the need for vaccinations too lightly. In fact, this attitude is wrong. Protect yourself by making the necessary vaccinations, and try to keep away from unplanned diseases and infections before such a trip is necessary.
Particularly hard to bear the inhabitants of the middle European latitudes tropical infections, so frequent in Vietnam, and for the natives quite imperceptible.
Fortunately, in Vietnam, the risk of catching a dangerous infectious disease is not too high. Vietnam is not a country where unsanitary conditions flourish, as they do in some parts of India.
The Vietnamese are very careful about the sanitary condition of their public places. Especially the catering (restaurants/cafes/diners) and hotel complexes where tourists often stay. This is the reason why vaccinations are not strictly necessary before traveling to Vietnam, and visas to this country are opened without problems and without documents on vaccinations performed.
Nevertheless, the countryside, the Mekong Delta, and the jungle have a huge number of mosquitoes that carry hard-to-treat malaria, yellow fever, and Dengue fever. The risk of contracting these dangerous diseases is very high among unvaccinated foreigners who come here from European countries with temperate climates. Vietnamese have strong immunity to these serious diseases, which are characteristic of this region.
If you intend to go to Vietnam on business / on a trip should be insured and have all possible and necessary vaccinations. Immunization should be against diseases such as:
- Hepatitis A / B / C. In this case, you’ll be able to protect yourself from contamination by eating poorly washed and cooked food. Especially from the one at the market in a street cafe. Vaccination against any of the hepatitis should be made about 4-5 weeks before the trip. During this time a strong immunity to the disease will develop.
- Strictly 2 weeks before your trip MUST be vaccinated against yellow fever. Local gnats and mosquitoes are vectors of the disease, which cannot be reliably protected except by vaccination. You must understand that even after a bite from a single insect vector of the disease can be fatal or even fatal.
- Vaccination against Japanese encephalitis is recommended for foreigners who choose to visit rural Vietnam. Rice fields (there are many in Vietnam) are home to a huge number of mosquitoes that are carriers of this disease. Get vaccinated against Japanese encephalitis 10 days before the trip, and then no mosquitoes are not afraid.
- Vaccination against rabies should be made to those who travel inland. There are a lot of bats and many wild and abandoned animals.
- Diphtheria and tetanus. Adults should get this vaccination if the previous one was given more than 10 years ago. In Vietnam, as in any other country with a hot climate, the possibility of contracting these diseases is quite high.
- Typhoid. Vietnam is one of the few countries in which this disease is one of the most popular. Especially if the traveler does not like to use the services of travel agencies. Vaccination should be done three weeks before the trip.
- On the eve of a trip would be nice to get a vaccination against dysentery and malaria. Especially since they are special pills that you can take yourself without the help of doctors.
Regardless of the decision to be vaccinated or not, you should behave very carefully in Vietnam. There are a few DO NOTs.
- You should not drink raw tap water.
- You should not buy drinks, especially water, anywhere except large supermarkets.
- You should not walk during insect activity.
With careful preparation for a trip to Vietnam, making immunizations and behaving with the necessary care during the voyage – love the wonderful country and the safety of your holiday is guaranteed. It should also be noted that a good solution in preparation for the trip is the purchase of travel insurance. Prices for a two-week trip to Vietnam start at 1000 rubles. The price is minimal, and the security guarantee increases several times.
Do I need a vaccination for a trip to Vietnam?
While in a tropical country there is a risk of catching some infection. Illness, resulting in a significant deterioration of health, may spoil the impression of a vacation. To avoid this, before leaving for countries such as Vietnam, you should be vaccinated against the most common infectious diseases in this country. So, do tourists need vaccinations before traveling to Vietnam? Let’s find out.
Epidemiological situation in the country
Vietnam is not characterized by epidemics among the local population and mass infections among tourists. The chance of getting infected is quite low in major cities such as Hanoi, Dalat, and at resorts such as Nha Trang, Phu Quoc, Phan Thiet, etc.
The epidemiological situation in rural areas is much worse. Those travelers who prefer to spend their vacations away from civilization should be cautious about such diseases:
- Hepatitis A is an acute infectious disease that affects the liver, transmitted when hygiene is not followed before eating. It is characterized by elevated body temperature, jaundice, and pain in the right subcostal area.
- Typhoid fever is an intestinal infection, which is accompanied by symptoms of intoxication, fever, rashes on the skin, digestive disorders.
- Malaria. The infectious agents enter the human bloodstream through the bite of malarial mosquitoes, which do not differ in appearance from the usual ones. The disease is characterized by a wave-like course with alternating periods of fever and complete well-being.
- Japanese encephalitis . Despite its name, the pathology is more common in Vietnam. The pathogen is carried by mosquitoes that live near rice paddies in large numbers.
- Rotavirus infection . This disease manifests as digestive problems and signs of an acute respiratory infection. People who become ill usually complain of vomiting, nausea, fever, and coughing.
- Dengue fever. The causative agents of this pathology are also carried by mosquitoes. The disease is manifested by an increase in body temperature, chills, joint pain, rashes, and skin itching. Read more about Dengue fever in this article.
- Yellow fever in its clinical manifestations resembles the previous pathology, but the rash in this case has a yellow color.
In addition, while in Vietnam it is possible to catch infections that are common throughout the world. The greatest danger is tetanus and rabies, which can be fatal.
Do I need a vaccination before traveling to Vietnam?
Vaccinations are not required to enter the country, so vaccinations are not necessary. However, those who want to minimize the risk of infections during the trip should get vaccinated. In addition, 1-2 months before departure, it is recommended to visit a doctor and undergo an examination to assess the general state of health.
What Vaccinations You Should Get Before Traveling
Before leaving for Vietnam, it is recommended to get vaccinations against the most common infectious diseases in that country:
- Dengue fever;
- yellow fever;
- measles, mumps and rubella (MMR);
- typhoid fever;
- Japanese encephalitis;
- hepatitis A.
It is also recommended that travelers check when their last tetanus vaccination was given, and revaccinate if necessary. The causative agent of the disease is transmitted by abrasions and other skin injuries. For a few days the infection does not manifest itself, after which the clinical picture rapidly develops, and without proper treatment there is a fatal outcome. Therefore, timely vaccination against tetanus can save a life during travel.
Important! In order to prevent possible costs associated with receiving medical care in Vietnam, it is recommended to conclude a health insurance contract in advance.
What medications should be in the tourist first aid kit
Tourists are not recommended to rely on local pharmacies, because they may not have the necessary medicines. Before leaving for the country, you should assemble a first aid kit with medicines that may be needed during the trip. A list of such medications:
- Antihistamines (suprastin, claritin). It is not uncommon for travelers to develop allergies, the symptoms of which can be relieved with the help of drugs from this group.
- Analgesics and antipyretics (paracetamol) will help relieve the feeling for infectious diseases.
- Drugs for gastrointestinal disorders. This group includes sorbents (activated charcoal, enterosgel), antibiotics (enterofuryl), replenishing fluid loss preparations (regidron). The above remedies will help relieve intestinal infections accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea and general intoxication.
- Antiseptics (iodine solution, miramistine, verdure). During travel, sometimes there are small skin injuries, through which the infection can easily penetrate. To prevent infection, it is recommended to use medicines from this group.
Do not forget about hygiene products: disposable wipes, razors, etc.
What safety rules should be observed in Vietnam
The following recommendations can help reduce the risk of infection while in Vietnam:
- Use repellents. Vietnam’s climate is very favorable for mosquitoes and other insects that can transmit infections when bitten. Of course, the risk of encountering a malarial mosquito is quite low. However, it is better to prevent the bite than to deal with its consequences.
- Wash your hands, fruits and vegetables. Neglecting this rule can cause both common food poisoning and severe intestinal infections.
- Eat only in proven places: preference should be given to restaurants and cafes. It is better to refuse from street catering, because no one can guarantee the observance of hygienic norms during the preparation of food.
- Do not drink tap water – it is better to give preference to bottled water.
- Swim only in bodies of water intended for this purpose.
Despite the fact that the probability of infection while in a major resort town is low, do not neglect preventive measures. Observing safety rules and taking all necessary vaccinations can completely safeguard the trip.
In case of emergencies, the best solution is to buy health insurance. The cost of the insurance policy ranges from 3 to 5 thousand rubles, but believe me, it is worth it to close this headache for yourself during the trip abroad.
In it we have answered the main questions and given advice on choosing the best solution.