Dudhsagar Falls – Indian Milk Ocean. GOA. India

Waterfalls in Goa: Dudhsagar, Arwalem, Wazira and Sakhla

The Dudhsagar waterfall in Goa is one of the largest waterfalls in India. Its water, falling from a height of 310 meters creates a real extravaganza of splashing and sunlight. The evergreen tropical forests surrounding the natural monument are the living scenery of the performances that the Dudhsagar River shows around the clock.

The legend of the waterfall

The name Dudhsagar Falls means “ocean of milk” in Indian. This name was given to the natural monument due to the fact that the water, which flows over the rocks, seems milky white.

According to the legend, a long time ago there was a palace on the place of the river where a beautiful princess used to soak and rule over the neighboring lands. She liked to swim in the nearby lake, and after water procedures to drink milk. One day, the beauty noticed that a man was watching her. To cover her nakedness, she poured milk from a jug over herself. The water, mixed with the milk, spilled over the rock and formed a waterfall.

Dudhsagar Falls on a Map

Dudhsagar waterfall is located 47 kms east of South Goa’s capital Margao and 74 kms southeast of North Goa’s capital Panaji. You can find it on the map by drawing a vertical line to the right from Margao to the border of Goa and Karnataka states.

How to get there?

You can reach the waterfall on your own by:

  • car or motorcycle (taking the NH-4A highway);
  • by bus (from Margao or Panaji);
  • by train.

In any case, you have to get off at the village of Molem or at the Kolem station, near the administration of the Bhwavan Mahavir Nature Reserve, where the nature monument is located. To move around the territory of the reserve itself is possible by cross-country vehicles or on foot. The latter method is not recommended because the national park is inhabited by monkeys and poisonous snakes that can cause a lot of trouble for travelers.

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Excursion to a waterfall

Excursions to the waterfall take all day. They start at 7-8 a.m. and end at 8-10 p.m. Travelers are taken from the hotels on comfortable buses and driven to the village of Molem, where the transfer to the jeeps. The tour program may include a visit to Devil’s Canyon or rafting on the Dudhsagar River.

What to take on a tour to the waterfall?

You should wear loose-fitting clothes and moccasins or sneakers on your excursion to the waterfall. You should take with you:

  • A bottle of drinking water (just in case);
  • Flashlight (Goa regularly turn off electricity, and when you return will need to light the way to the hotel room);
  • camera or camcorder;
  • binoculars to watch rare birds;
  • a small amount of money in Indian rupees to pay for the use of the camera or camcorder, to buy fruit for the monkeys, to have lunch at one of the cafes of Molem.

It is also not unreasonable to bring the original insurance and passport, documents by which medical and any other assistance will be provided in case of need.

There are also a few more, no less beautiful waterfalls in Goa.

Arwalem Falls

Arwalem is a 50 meter high waterfall located 45 kms from Panaji, near Sankwelim and Bikolim villages. This natural monument is a great place for photo shoots and walks. But you should not swim in it for two reasons:

  1. Not to offend the feelings of Hindu believers.
  2. Not to be swept away by the strong current of the Kudnem River.

A nice addition to Arwalem Falls are the caves of the same name and the temple of Sri Rudreshwar.

In the first of the above-mentioned attractions preserved 800-year-old inscriptions in Sanskrit. In the second is an interesting statue of the god Rudreshwar. The best way to see the waterfall is from the stone bridge over the river Kudneem, which is located a few hundred meters from the wonder of nature.

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How to get there

You can get to Arvalem on your own by:

  • a rented motorcycle or car;
  • by bus.

To get to the waterfall you need to move along Route 1 to Sankwelim. The natural monument is located on the southern outskirts of the village. Excursions to it are offered in many settlements of Goa, but you should buy tickets for them only if you want to listen to a short story.

Wazira Sakhla Falls

Wazira Sakhla are two waterfalls that are 60 meters apart. They are most full and beautiful during the rainy season, from May to October. You can watch beautiful sunsets and sunrises near these amazing natural monuments when the sun rolls down from behind the mountains and drops far below the horizon.

How to get there

During the tourist season (November to April), Wazira and Sakhla are not very popular with travelers. Excursions to them are rare. The most convenient way to get to the waterfalls is to rent a car or motorcycle and take Route 4 to the Wildernest Nature Reesort Hotel. From this institution to the monuments of nature there is a path. As you walk along it, you should be guided by the growing noise of water falling from the rocks.

Dudhsagar Falls

I have always dreamed of getting to know more about India’s culture, its origins, and folklore. So the first place I traveled to was Goa.

Among the coconut palms is one of the largest and most beautiful waterfalls in the world – Dudhsagar falls. It is the first place that is recommended to travelers and tourists in Goa. That’s where we went. We were interested in both the waterfall itself and the journey to it. On the way we met colorful Indian villages, rice fields, plantations of pineapples, bananas and spices.

The name, difficult to pronounce, has a romantic translation from the Marathi language, “milky ocean”. Dudhsagar waterfall got its name because of the foamy white puffs of water flowing violently down the rocks. An old Indian legend has it that once there was a beautiful princess who loved to swim in the lake, hidden by the jungle. But one day she noticed a young man peeping at her. Then, blushing, she accidentally knocked over a jug of milk, whitening the clear waters. Since then, Dudhsagar has had a white milky color.

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How to get there

Dudhsagar Falls are located on the border of Karnataka state on the west side of the Ghats mountains. It is about 120 Km away from Arambol and 60 Km from Panaji, the capital of Goa.

So, how to reach Dudsgar:

  1. By cab. We left from Vagator. To Kolem (about 100 km), the trip took about 2 hours, but it depends on the speed of the driver. We paid 33 euros (2500 rupees).
  2. By train. The end point will be the station of Kolem, where you change to jeeps. I will tell you about this below. From South Goa you can go from Vasco and Margao. The ticket price is 0.15 euros (10-15 rupees). Please note, the trains run infrequently. You can see the schedule here.
  3. By bus. You buy tickets at the bus station. You can also buy tickets on the spot at a special ticket office for trains and buses. You will see a sign among the stores and currency exchange offices. Drive from Panaji or Margao (about 50 km) to Molem, where the office of the reserve is located. The fare will cost 1 euro (80 rupees).
  4. You can reach Dudhsagar Falls on your own by moped on NH-4A. But keep in mind that the journey can take 2-4 hours.

Whichever way you choose, your final destination will be Cole train station. It’s a very colorful place. Cows walk among the crowds of travelers and “holy” wandering elders giving blessings.

At Colem you must take a jeep. The way to the waterfall goes through the jungle and quite deep rivers, you can cross them only in such vehicles. Sometimes the water reaches door level! The trip is quite long, about an hour, but interesting and extreme. Keep in mind that in the back seat will be quite shaky. The jeep is rented together with the driver. The price of the trip is about 33 euros (2500 rupees), the number of seats – 6. It is 5,5 Euros (420 rupees) per person.

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After one hour off-road safari there is a fifteen minute stony trail through the jungle to the bottom of the falls.

What to see

Bhagwan Mahavir Reserve

The road to the falls takes you through Goa’s largest wildlife sanctuary, the Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary.

In it you can see the wildlife, but only for this you need to come not on a sightseeing tour, and for a few days (you can stay in Molem). The sanctuary is home to elephants, leopards, deer and Indian bison gauras. It is also a paradise for those who like to watch birds – more than 200 species are found in the territory of Bhagwan Mahavir. Bring binoculars to get a better look at the feathered inhabitants of the reserve. We saw nothing but macaques in the trees :(.

There is a lake at the foot of the waterfall. The water there is cold even in the hottest weather. But to cool off after a long trip is wonderful.

Overhanging over the waterfall is a railway bridge. It reminded me of the scenes from the Westerns, where the Indians seize the train. The bridge is just as old, with sun-blackened concrete and rust-red metalwork. It was built when India was a British colony, and trains still run on it!

If you wish, you can make arrangements with a jeep driver to visit a few other interesting places.

Devil’s Canyon

On the way back, see Devcharacho Canyon.

You will see a small canyon that is 50 meters deep. It is a very beautiful place! The unique rocky banks were formed by the current of the Candepar River. Locals say that it is simply bottomless in the hollows. It is dangerous to swim here because of this.

Mahadeva Temple

Farther inland of the reserve is the Mahadev Temple. It is believed to be the oldest temple in Goa. It was erected during the Yadav dynasty, around 1217. Due to the fact that the temple is hidden in the jungle, it has withstood the invasions of Muslims and colonizers.

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The interior contains images of elephants and flowers made of stone, as well as reliefs of Shiva, Vishnu, Brahma. There is a legend that in the temple hides a guardian – a huge royal cobra.

The temple is dedicated to the god Shiva, and there is also a Shiva lingam, a symbol of divine power. Hindus believe that if you touch the lingam and make a wish, it will come true. Believe it or not, my friend’s deepest wish came true after visiting the temple.

Where to Eat

The nearest cafe will only be in Colem at the jeep stop or in Molem.

So it is better to stock up on sandwiches or chapati to go.

In all its glory

The waterfall becomes most majestic and full-flowing during the rainy season, but getting there during this time is problematic and almost impossible because of the washed-out road and weather conditions. A full-flowing river after heavy rains can simply cut off the road to the waterfall. In the spring, it is unbearably hot and humid. Therefore, it is better to go to Dudhsagar during the tourist season from November to February. We were in January and were pleased with what we saw.

The locals say that by bathing under the waters of Dudhsagar, you can wash away all the sins. So in addition to the beautiful view and a brisk jeep safari, we also got a karmic cleansing.

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