Egypt country

Egypt – let’s go on vacation to the Red Sea

Before you buy a tour we recommend you to read our article about Egypt, what to see there, where in the Red Sea is the best, how to get there, where are the pyramids, why the Red Sea one of the best destinations for a beach holiday, as well as – where to buy tours

Pyramids, mysterious Sphinx, noisy oriental bazaars, sea, Russian speech and all inclusive – these attributes of Egypt immediately come to the mind of a potential tourist. But Egypt is not so simple, despite its popularity. Well TAM will not only tell you about the famous and not so touristy sights of Egypt, but also share useful tips for the traveler. They will help to decorate, and most importantly – not to spoil the trip.

The culture of the most ancient highly developed human civilization on the planet, a huge number of architectural monuments, which represent several historical eras, the warm sea, the legendary service, interesting excursions – that’s all Egypt. This is exactly how the average Russian tourist perceives it – friendly and inexpensive. But if you assess the country in terms of living standards and conditions, climate, infrastructure, few would consciously move to Egypt forever. Why so – will try to tell further Well TAM .

These days one becomes convinced once again that one cannot understand modern Egypt without an excursion to the twenties and thirties, without going down into the mine of the millennia, or without reference to its Nile and its deserts.

Alexei Vasilyev, “Egypt and the Egyptians” Russian Orientalist, Arabist, international journalist

Where to buy tours to Egypt

It’s quite simple, or you go to your nearest store and they choose a tour for you, or you can choose your own tours online, for example on the website Level.Travel or Travelata, according to your parameters, price, hotel star rating, line, etc.

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Here are some travel agent sites

General information about Egypt:

  • Capital: Cairo, the largest regional center in the Middle East and the 3rd largest city in Africa. As of 2021, the population exceeded 8 million (not including the large agglomeration of satellite cities).
  • Population: 100,704,000 as of 2020, almost ¾ are Arabs, another ¼ are indigenous peoples: Nubians, Copts, Berbers, etc. Egyptians consider themselves 99% of the population. The self-name used internally in relation to the country and the people is “Kemet”, in Arabic sounds “Masri”.
  • The country has an area of 1,001,450 km2 and is in the top 30 largest countries in the world.
  • Currency: Egyptian pound (EGP), 100 US dollars is approximately 1500 pounds, 100 Russian rubles is 20 pounds. Egypt lives from the flow of tourists, therefore in many resorts accept euros and dollars, the latter are more in circulation. It is possible to give 1-2 dollars or euros for a tip (12 % of the check on the average), it is better in banknotes, it is easier to exchange them. There are a lot of exchangers and banks, it is not worth exchanging a lot at once at the airport – the exchange rate is more favourable in banks. Friday and Saturday are days off, some branches work in the morning, others in the afternoon. Just in case it is better to exchange rubles for dollars or pounds at home.
  • Form of government: presidential-parliamentary republic.
  • Official language: literary Arabic. It is spoken colloquially in an Egyptian dialect and is simplified in the Latin alphabet. It was formed on the basis of the Upper Egyptian dialect. In business and social circles English, French, German are used. The languages of small nations – Siwi, Domari, Beja – are spoken locally. In the south, the Nubian languages are spoken – Nubin and Kenuzi-Dongola. The historical languages of Egypt are Ancient Egyptian and Coptic. The former has been considered a dead language since the Hellenic conquest; the latter is used exclusively in the liturgical practice of the Coptic Church.
  • Religion: 85-90% of the population profess Sunni Islam, the position of radical Islamic currents is strong, 10-15% are Coptic Christians. The Coptic Church is the oldest Christian church in the world, but the Copts themselves are discriminated against on religious grounds in Egypt.
  • Phone code: +20….
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Important numbers: In case of emergency, you can use the general emergency number 112, or call one of the emergency numbers:

  • Ambulance, Emergency: 123;
  • Police: 122;
  • Fire department: 180;
  • Tourist Police: 126.

Calls to 112 emergency number are not charged. For the other numbers, ask your operator about roaming conditions before departure. The emergency telephone number for the Russian Embassy is +40 (21) 222 3170.

Egypt

The Egyptian anthem

Egypt is a state in North Africa and the Sinai Peninsula in Asia, occupies 1 million square kilometers of land, and its population is mainly concentrated on the banks of the Nile. It is a country of seaside resorts and ancient sights, enjoys a special love among our people despite all the turmoil that occasionally shakes it.

Save money on a trip to Egypt!

Video: Egypt

Highlights

Egypt’s long and glorious history stirs the imagination of the modern world. The ancient empire, which flourished from 3200 B.C. almost until the advent of Christianity, was one of the world’s greatest civilizations. Since the early nineteenth century, after Napoleon sent his officers to explore the coastal territories and received the first drawings of half-sanded statues and columns, the Western world’s interest in Egypt has remained unabated. In 1922, when Howard Carter peered into the dusty tomb of Tutankhamun and, in his words, “saw wonders,” he confirmed the pharaohs’ incalculable wealth, and a few months later, after the sudden death of the excavation sponsor Lord Carnarvon, public opinion was unequivocal: people believed the curse placed on the pharaoh’s mummy was to blame. These days pseudoscientific theories about the origin and purpose of the pyramids fill the shelves of bookstores and documentary TV channels. Interest in Egypt and all things Egyptian seems inexhaustible.

Majestic Monuments

People come to Egypt with an anticipated sense of delight and a set of preconceived notions. But nothing can prepare them for the beauty, grandeur and stunningly well preserved archaeological sites. Colossal statues rise to the sky, the exquisite murals in the tombs are breathtaking, the pyramids seem like miracles of engineering, and the huge temple complexes are titanic in scale.

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One can understand why some archaeologists who come here for one season never leave Egypt: the ruins and artifacts, like the mysterious smile of the Sphinx, offer questions for which there are still no answers.

River of Life

Of course, most visitors are attracted to the mysteries of the ancient world, but archaeological sites are not in a geographical or cultural vacuum. Egypt in the 21st century. – is a country of contrasts, but some things remain the same. Just as in ancient times, Egypt cannot exist without the Nile. The longest river in the world carries its abundant waters from the heart of Africa and irrigates a narrow flowering valley, flowing through the vast Egyptian desert. Its banks are dotted with small villages with modest mud-brick houses surrounded by fields. Ducks paddle through the mud, laden donkeys wander home, and oxen plow the fields.

The Nile River and Cairo in the background

Cultural Mosaic.

The people of Egypt praise the Nile, but they practice Islam and Christianity. Islam takes the lead: 90% of the population is Muslim. The calls of the muezzins resound over the cities and towns, gathering the faithful in prayer five times a day. Egypt also has a Coptic Christian minority with a history that goes back to St. Mark, the author of one of the four Gospels, whose remains were buried in Alexandria until the Venetians stole them in 828. The Copts (the word comes from the Arabic pronunciation – gibt – of the Greek word Aegyptios, meaning Egypt) are well integrated into Egyptian society and have given it leaders in many areas.

People perform namaz in the street

Egypt is rife with contrasts. Egyptians are religious people, but the country is one of the most secular states in the Middle East, with a constitution and judicial system based on democratic Western models rather than Islamic religious Sharia law. More than 90 percent of the land is uninhabited desert, but large cities suffer from overcrowding. Cairo, the capital of Egypt, is the largest city in Africa. More than 19 million people live in this dusty and noisy metropolis lit by neon lights.

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Most of the population lives in cities, but many Egyptians still work the land in the countryside, and Bedouin and Berber tribes live in the desert and oases. The Egyptians are proud of their ancient heritage, and although religious and social orders have changed greatly, some ancient rites are still preserved. The scenes that can be seen in the modern countryside resemble the exquisitely carved images in ancient tombs.

Merchants in the streets of Cairo

Egypt’s diversity is due in part to its location at the crossroads of three cultures – African, European and Middle Eastern. It has long been influenced by them, in varying degrees, and has assimilated their customs and achievements. African gold brought wealth in antiquity, and the dark-skinned Nubians developed trade ties with Egypt. The Nubians, living in the south around Aswan, remain close to their roots and strong musical traditions. The Arabs who invaded from the east brought with them the new Islamic faith as well as the arts and social order that changed the way of life in Egypt forever. European colonization in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries left its mark: the Egyptian khedives borrowed their administrative methods to govern the country, and today many Egyptians speak English and French.

The center of Egypt is now Cairo, not Thebes. It became a leading city in the early Muslim era, and the legacy of that time is preserved in an area of medieval Islamic architecture that has no equal in the world. One of the engines of the modern economy, Cairo is also the headquarters of the Arab Council and the site of diplomatic negotiations for the peace process in the Middle East, which is very important in our turbulent times.

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