Oh Paris! Unforgettable, magical, romantic, the dream of millions of tourists from around the world, a city that delights with its unique flavor. Paris is the epitome of elegance, sophistication, beauty, love, sophistication, the capital of world fashion and style. The city concentrates a huge number of interesting sights. For connoisseurs of art and history open their doors to numerous Parisian museums and art galleries. Lovers of shopping will be delighted by the variety of stores. Disneyland Paris welcomes its young guests. Fans of quiet rest recommended to visit several picturesque city parks and squares. Paris is located in northern France and occupies both coasts of the Seine. The shape of the city resembles a large rounded sphere. Many people come to Paris to spend their honeymoon or to ask for the hand in marriage to their beloved.
The history of Paris dates back to the 3rd century BC. It was in this period of time when the Parisian tribes founded the small settlement of Lutetia. It gradually turned into a small town. Two centuries later, the Romans, led by the great Caesar, came to the land of Lutetia. The city was named Parisia and joined the Roman state. In the 5th century, it was conquered by the Franks, on the territory of the city appeared the royal residence, and Parisia was proclaimed the capital of the Frankish state. The heyday of the city came in the 7th century. A huge number of cultural, educational and political institutions were built on its territory. During its difficult long history Paris has experienced many ordeals – invasions by foreigners, several bloody wars and plague epidemics. The city became the official capital of France in the 16th century. Today Paris is a big financial, industrial, educational, cultural and trading center. It is one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the world.
Attractions in Paris
The Eiffel Tower is the symbol of Paris, its calling card and the most striking landmark of the city. It is a huge metal construction of pyramidal shape, supported by four powerful supports. Its height is 324 meters. Excursion begins with the first tier of the tower. Here is a wonderful restaurant, where you can enjoy dishes of the national French cuisine. Next door is a small souvenir store. Nearby is the Cineiffel center with a cozy movie theater. From documentaries you can learn a lot of interesting about the history of the Eiffel Tower. The youngest guests are welcomed by the cheerful mascot of the tower – Gus. Overcoming several flights of the old spiral staircase, visitors find themselves on the second floor of the tower. It is a spacious observation deck. Here is a charming restaurant “Jules Verne”. Nearby is a souvenir shop. During the winter, there is an ice rink on this floor. The next point of the tour is the third level of the tower. You can get up here by a modern elevator, because not everyone will dare to overcome the path with a length of 1792 steps. From the third floor there is a breathtaking view of the entire city. During its long history the tower was painted yellow and brown. Nowadays the bronze “brown-Eiffel” construction is in front of the visitors. Tourists will be able to buy tickets at the entrance to the tower. Here is situated a few cash desks.
One of the most visited attractions in Paris are the Champs Elysees. Luxurious and fashionable street, which “smells” of wealth and festivity. In its central part rises the beautiful Elysian Palace, since 1873 the presidential residence. Once this magnificent construction belonged to the notorious Madame de Pompadour. Another owner of the palace was the beautiful Josephine, wife of Bonaparte. A wonderful place for walks is the Place de la Concorde. It is decorated by two sparkling fountains. In the center of the composition are fanciful mythical animals. Nearby are eight original sculptures, each of which is the embodiment of a major city. The center of the square is crowned by a stele – a gift to Napoleon from the Egyptian king.
The Arc de Triomphe is another amazing sight of the Champs-Elysées. An ancient architectural structure, which reaches 50 meters in height. It is decorated with six stone bas-reliefs depicting the most significant military battles and victories. Bas-reliefs are complemented by original ornaments and several ancient sculptures.
Champs-Elysées is a place where a lot of events are held every year. In winter – the Christmas Fair, in summer – the famous bike race Tour de France and the Paris Marathon.
Art lovers simply must visit the world-famous Louvre – a huge art museum, a delightful masterpiece of architectural craftsmanship. Within the walls of the Louvre there are about 400 thousand unique exhibits. The exposition is divided into several thematic parts – Ancient Egypt, Eastern antiquities, Ancient Greece, unconquerable Rome, Islamic and Etruscan art, sculptural compositions, paintings, graphics and art objects. Around the museum there is a picturesque park with charming greenhouses, colorful flowerbeds, fountains, manicured lawns and original structures in the form of pyramids. The Louvre building resembles a magical “golden” palace, luxurious, maybe a little pretentious.
The pride of the museum is the incomparable Gioconda by Leonardo da Vinci. Many people come to the Louvre and stand in long lines just to get a glimpse of this miracle of artistic skill. On the third floor there is a gallery with works of later artists – Dürer, Holbein, Hans and Vermeer. Another “miracle” of the Louvre is the sculpture of Venus of Milos. The works of Michelangelo – such as his statue of the “Dying Prisoner” – attract a great deal of attention. In the Egyptian hall you can see real sarcophagi, a collection of jewelry, coins, dishes. The last point of the tour is Napoleon’s chambers. A huge room made in the Empire style, the embodiment of power, wealth, power.
Disneyland Paris is a fairy tale, it’s magic, the dream of millions of children. A huge entertainment “town” equipped with an endless number of attractions of all kinds. On the territory of Disneyland there are several cozy cafes, stores, souvenir shops, restaurants and hotels. There is also a wonderful golf course. At the entrance, the famous Walt Disney characters Mickey Mouse, the Little Mermaid Ariel, the oddball Goofy, Winnie the Pooh and many others are waiting for the young guests.
In the heart of Disneyland rises a beautiful fairy tale castle. Nearby is the palace of Sleeping Beauty.
Disneyland Paris is the best gift for Christmas, and not just for children.
Notre Dame de Paris
Notre Dame de Paris is a beautiful Catholic church located in the city center on the island of Cité.
The famous Notre Dame de Paris, a true masterpiece of architectural art. Millions of tourists from all over the world come to see it every year. The majestic structure is adorned with Gothic sculptures and magnificent stained glass windows.
From the roof, stone gargoyles look out at the visitors. Once inside the cathedral, visitors find themselves in a spacious and light-filled hall with high vaulted ceilings, gilded columns, colorful stained glass, and unique frescoes. Such magnificence takes one’s breath away and makes one dizzy. It gives the impression of airiness and weightlessness. It is known that Notre Dame de Paris houses a priceless sacred relic – the Crown of Thorns of the Savior.
Sorbonne University is one of the most prestigious educational institutions in France. It is a large architectural complex, consisting of 13 separate buildings. Next to the main building of the university stands the Chapel of Saint Ursula, which currently houses the Faculty of Theology. The chapel combines two styles – simple baroque and pompous Ancient Roman. It is known that the tomb of Cardinal Richelieu is situated within its walls. In the 19th century, the complex was supplemented with new Renaissance buildings.
Around the Sorbonne stretches the Latin Quarter of the capital. There is an atmosphere of celebration and merriment. Strolling through the narrow, winding streets of the neighborhood, tourists can admire the original architecture of its buildings. Take a dip in the coolness of its picturesque parks, admire the grandeur of its palaces, go shopping or enjoy fragrant coffee in one of its cozy cafes. The area is home to the Thermae of Cluny, an ancient Roman ruin with thermal springs flowing through it. The Luxembourg Garden and the legendary Pantheon are the jewels of the neighborhood. Part of the area is occupied by apartment buildings, where lives the Parisian bohemia – writers, musicians, artists, scientists.
Montmartre is one of the most beautiful places in Paris, a small historical district, carefully preserving the culture and traditions of the ancestors. On top of the mountain in the Montmartre district rises the Catholic Church – Sacré-Coeur.
This place enchants tourists with its distinctive boulevards and colorful cabarets. The air is full of indescribable freedom and fun.
Leisure and entertainment
Every tourist can find an activity to his or her liking after visiting Paris. Lovers of history and culture should visit one of the many museums of Paris – the Museum of Modern Art, the Museum of Wine, museums d’Orsay and Orangerie, Picasso museum and others. The magnificent parks of the capital are always at the service of visitors. Among the most famous parks are Arterix, Bois de Boulogne, Futuroscope, La Villette Science Center, Parc Floral and many others. Families with children can go to the Tauri Zoo or the water park “CineAqua”. For theaters, theaters open their doors – Grand Opéra, Comédie-Française, Montparnasse.
Paris is a city of festivals, every year a lot of various events are held here. Among the most popular are the Night of Museums, Music Festival, Festival of Theatre, Chinese New Year.
Paris is a city of modern opportunities, developed industry. Transportation is at a high level. The most popular form of public transport is the capital’s metro. Stations are located virtually throughout Paris. There are also electric trains, buses, and internal trains running through the city. Streetcar network includes four lines. Many people use rental cars or cabs. A favorite means of transport for Parisians is the bicycle. Water transport offers walks on river streetcars. There are three major airports within the city limits – Le Bourget, Charles de Gaulle, Beauvais and Orly. They operate several dozen domestic and international flights daily. You can get from the airport by cab, bus or streetcar.
Paris has a huge number of architectural monuments (Photo: lsantilli, licensed by Shutterstock.com)
Paris (fr. Paris) is the capital of France, located on the banks of the Seine River in the historic Ile-de-France region. Together with its suburbs, including the famous Versailles, it forms the urban agglomeration of Greater Paris with a population of more than 10 million people.
The city emerged on the site of an ancient Gallic settlement of the Parisian tribe. After the settlement was conquered by the Romans, the city of Lutetia was founded there. In 212, it received a new name – Paris.
Roman rule in the region ended by the early 6th century, and the Franks took their place. In the 12-13 centuries, under King Philip II Augustus, city walls were built on the banks of the Seine, at the same time on the western outskirts of Paris appeared a new fortress – the Louvre .
Since the 11th century Paris has been one of the main centers of European education, culture and political influence and progressive views. At the end of the 18th century, the capital became the center of the revolution that swept France. The largest transformation of the socio-political system of the country began here – with the capture of the Bastille on July 14, 1789. The second revolution in France began in 1871 at the initiative of the Paris Commune, but it was defeated. Further, until the outbreak of World War I, the development of the city went smoothly.
During World War II, Paris was occupied by Nazi troops, and the occupation ended only in 1944. The major event of the post-war period was the 1968 mass riots, which led to a redistribution of property.
There are many places of interest in Paris. The most famous are the ancient Notre Dame de Paris (known as Notre Dame de Paris) and the modern buildings – the Arc de Triomphe and the Eiffel Tower. The latter was conceived as a temporary structure to adorn the World’s Fair of 1889, but has since become a true symbol of the city.
You can see the maximum number of monuments of architecture, moving from the city center to the west. On the way you will meet the Louvre, which became a museum, the Tuileries Garden and the Champs-Élysées. In the heart of the historic part is the Maison des Invalides, now a military museum, which also serves as the tomb for Napoleon Bonaparte.
Those wishing to see the Statue of Liberty need not cross the ocean – an exact copy of the monument, donated to the United States by the French, is installed in Paris, on Swan Island.
The first restaurants appeared in Paris shortly before the Great French Revolution. In 1786, a decree was issued that allowed chefs to take visitors until 11 p.m. or 24 p.m. Since then, the restaurant business took off. Many working cafes exist since Enlightenment times, as well as a tradition to appoint in such institutions business and romantic meetings – and to have breakfast with the famous Paris croissants.
The cultural life of Paris is rich. In January and February there is the Porte de Versailles fashion show and the Festival de création musicale, a festival of contemporary music. February also celebrates the traditional Valentine’s Day. March sees the launch of the Banlieues Bleues blues and jazz festival and early April sees the Festival du Film de Paris. June 21 Parisians celebrate Music Day and July 14 – the national holiday of the Bastille Day. Autumn is also not short on events: the theater season opens, the grape harvest is celebrated, the Paris Auto Show (every two years) and the Debutante Ball takes place. In December, the capital prepares for Christmas: every tree on the Champs-Élysées is decorated with garlands.
Sports fans can visit the Champs-Elysées Marathon (April), horse racing competitions at the Hautais racetrack (May), the tennis championships (May – early June), and the final stage of the Tour de France bicycle race.
The most recognizable souvenirs from Paris are the Eiffel Tower and the Moulin Rouge cabaret.
For the first time the coat of arms of Paris was officially approved in 1358, by King Charles V. Then it was slightly modified. The modern coat of arms of Paris is a heraldic shield, on which, over a red field, depicts a white ship on the waves. The ship symbolizes the city’s trade and trading companies, which has long been a major component of the city’s prosperity, as two ancient trade routes pass through Paris – a land route, from north to south, and a water route, along the Seine, from east to west, to the Atlantic. The blue field with golden lilies at the top of the shield of arms is the ancient emblem of the French royal dynasty of the Capetians, under whose patronage Paris was. Crowned coat of arms golden crown in the form of a jagged wall with five towers – the form adopted for the emblems of the city in many European countries. Wreath of two green branches – the olive and oak, which are symbols of dignity and glory, encircles the field of arms shield. Under the shield is a silver curved motto band, on which is written in black letters the motto of the city – “Fluctuat nec mergitur”, which in translation from Latin means “Floats, but does not sink”. Attached to the motto ribbon are three orders – in the center, the Order of the Legion of Honor; on the left, the Order of Liberation; on the right, the Military Cross of 1914-1918.
The flag of Paris is a rectangular cloth consisting of two equal vertical stripes: the left (closest to the staff) – blue and the right – red. This banner owes its appearance to the French revolution of 1789. Then, during the Paris uprising, which led to the capture of the Bastille, units of revolutionary “civil militia” (the future National Guard of Paris) sewed blue-red cockades. These colors were chosen because they matched the colors of the city’s coat of arms. After the capture of the Bastille blue and red cockades became popular. Around this period, the city’s flag has its origins.