Greece country

Greece

View of the medieval castle of Lindos, Rhodes

View of the medieval castle of Lindos, Rhodes

Ah, Greece! The dream of my soul! You’re a fairy tale gentle… Sergey Esenin

Greece – a country of amazing beauty, where the bright sun warms the residents almost all year round. Azure sea, golden beaches, white houses, the aroma of strong coffee and pine plants – the unique atmosphere of Greece disposes to an unforgettable and amazing vacation.

General Info

  • Athens is the capital of the country. It is considered the commercial and financial center of the country. Population of the capital including its suburbs is 3.2 million people.
  • Geography: the country is located on the Balkan Peninsula and on islands adjacent to it and Asia Minor. It has borders with Bulgaria, Turkey and Albania. One fifth of the country is islands, of which there are about 2 thousand. The length of its coastline is 4,100 km. The country is washed by the Mediterranean Sea, including the Aegean and the Ionian Seas. The island of Crete is bounded on the south by the Libyan Sea.
  • Official language: Greek is the official language, spoken by virtually the entire population.
  • Time: 1 hour behind Moscow time. (GMT +2).
  • Currency: euro (€ EUR).
  • Religion: the main religion is Orthodox Christianity. As for other religions, in Greece there are 230 000 Muslims, 58 000 Catholics, 40 000 Protestants and 5 000 Jews.
  • The climate is temperate Mediterranean. Because of this, winters are mild and accompanied by high humidity. In summer, on the contrary, the scorching sun heats the air to a mark of 28-32 degrees.
  • The population is 11 million people. The Greeks make up the majority of the population. Officially recognized as Muslims in Thrace, which includes Turks, Roma Muslims, and Bulgarian-speaking Muslims.
  • Phone Code: The international telephone code is +30.

Whenever you mention Greece you immediately think of the omnipotent Olympic Gods with Zeus the Thunderer sitting on his high throne in his palace on Mount Olympus, the heroes of Homer, the philosophers of ancient times, the skilled sculptors of ancient times, the campaign of Alexander the Great and the numerous Greek colonies along the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea, that left their imprint on the cultures of the peoples of Greece during the Hellenization of the East.

Today, however, more and more often people associate Greece with the warm sun, the azure sea, white houses, the aroma of coffee with a glass of cold water and a variety of evening entertainment – in general, with everything that disposes to unhurried, relaxing and resting.

Weather and climate

A temperate Mediterranean climate provides all conditions for an ideal holiday. Winter is mild and humid, while summer is dry and hot. The average temperature in July is +32 ° C. The weather in spring and autumn is constantly changing. This time is better to spend exploring the unique attractions than a beach holiday.

The summer heat is much easier to bear on the coasts and islands of Greece due to the breezes. In large cities during the windless time the heat is much stronger. The ideal time for a beach holiday is September and October. The water gets warm in early June and does not cool down after the summer until October and November. The mildest winter is in Crete and the Aegean islands. The average temperature in January is +10°C.

In any case, this is the country where you can vacation, combining pleasure with pleasure: spending your vacation by the sea, you can simultaneously see all the sights in the resting places and their surroundings. In both cases, the diversity – both in the natural landscape and in the historical strata is striking.

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Interesting facts

Greece, despite its small size, thanks to its geographical length, has an amazing variety of nature, from nature similar to the Hawaiian Islands to high mountain “Swiss” villages and ski resorts with knee-deep snow. And in terms of history you can find monuments ranging from archaeological sites of antiquity to the neoclassical buildings of the XIX century. So, if the city of Athens – is a city of antiquity, the city of Thessaloniki, the northern capital – is a Byzantine city and, interestingly, in the Greek cities history is literally intertwined with modernity: among the modern buildings here and there are archaeological sites of ancient times or the remains of the walls of Byzantine Empire. But most importantly, of course, is the abundance of churches, from early Christian to post-Byzantine and modern structures.

View of Athens Acropolis Byzantine Cathedral of St. Sophia – the Wisdom of God, Thessaloniki

For Orthodox Greeks the church is the spiritual and cultural center of life. If you want to get to the exact address you are looking for, then in addition to the neighborhood, you should also know the nearby church – then you will never go wrong. And this is no accident: not only every city district, but also all the villages and towns in Greece are arranged in this way – the central church and the square around it.

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Back in the 60s, Greece was not as popular among foreign tourists as it is nowadays. At that time it did not meet the demands of refined Europeans who preferred Italy, because a foreigner visiting Greece faced a lot of practical problems. For example, Lawrence Darell, who lived on the island of Kerkyra, once wrote that medicine there was completely unknown. If someone fell ill, they were treated with folk remedies or sent to a bone doctor. The remote parts of the island were reached by passenger fishing boats, but in winter, when the sea was rough, the boats stopped operating. There was no gas, electricity or coal on the island. The hearths were stoked by charcoal, the laundry was ironed with heavy black irons on charcoal, and oil lamps were used for light.

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But both Lawrence and Gerald Darell noted the abundance of fresh produce and fish: “The fruit and vegetables – potatoes, corn, carrots, tomatoes, green peppers and eggplants – were incredibly plentiful, and sold for a purely nominal price. Every day you could buy fresh fish. In his letter to Alan Thompson, Lawrence Durell wrote: “Corfu sells excellent local wine. It tastes and looks most like frozen blood. The wine costs six drachmas a bottle. What more could one want? In England, you can’t even buy a bottle of horse urine for that kind of money. Yesterday we had a royal lunch of red mullet, the food of true epicureans! – and it only cost 20 drachmas.

These virtues, in spite of all the troubles of life, Greece has preserved to this day, perhaps because of its “inner” patriarchy, perhaps because of its rational thinking, or maybe because it is not like anyone else in anything – it has everything in its own way: while the world calls the country Greece and the people Greeks, they themselves, in spite of “international standards”, consider themselves, as in former times, Hellenes, and the country Hellas. Moreover, the Greeks call Istanbul (despite the Greek origin of the toponym) the city of Constantine – Constantinople, Nicea – Nicea, and New York – Nea Yorki (New York). And there are many such examples, all because every Greek feels his continuity in history, understanding cause and effect and not ignoring the past, without which there can be no present and, therefore, no future. This is embedded in the philosophy of the nation – if there is no past, it is impossible to find the way in the present and project the paths of the future, because only an all-knowing history can show the present the paths it has traveled and, accordingly, chart new ones. At the same time, Greeks are forgiving because they believe deeply in God, expressing their humility in the simple phrase “God first.

Holidays in Greece

Nowadays Greece is one of the most popular and safest tourist destinations: in the past 20 years there has been a significant development of tourist infrastructure. Moreover, thanks to modern technology and improved services, life in the villages is virtually no different from city life – except the measured pace. The people here are very hospitable, welcoming and sociable. They are a surprisingly conscientious and peaceful people, though sometimes too emotional; intelligent and deep-thinking. They are genetically predestined to talk and discuss, from ancient times to the present day. Even the great Greek philosopher Socrates said that “truth is born in debate. And it is no accident, the Greek people have the inherent art of debating. Not for nothing is the AGORA inherent in its culture. It is not just a marketplace in the ancient Greek polis, which was the place of general civic assemblies: the word agora comes from the Greek word “agora” – “to speak” (with a speech). Every Greek is a distinct individual, with his own opinion, which he expresses in endless discussions, whether it be on television, in tavernas, in cafeterias, or in friendly company. And good company is perhaps the most important thing for sociable Greeks, because they, for all the importance of their personality, realize that they are an atom of the whole (in Greek “to atomo” means man as a unit).

Greeks in traditional costumes

Greeks in national costumes

Civilization of Greeks has deep roots – any visitor can easily make sure of this, not only looking at historical monuments, but also studying the psychology of the people living, perhaps, on the most blessed land, because it is not for nothing that Greece is considered the country of Gods. And in general, wherever you look, none of the local places is not without the world recognition, expressed in metaphors, for example:

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The mystical Mount Olympus is the highest mountain in Greece, or rather, it is a mountain range, one of the tops of which, Mytikas, is the highest, being 2918 meters above sea level.

Halkidiki is the “Pearl of Greece” due to its harmony of nature, climate and relaxation. Everyone will find the right kind of holiday here. In short, it is a true paradise for vacationers.

Zakynthos is an island of emerald waters, or the island of the Gods, because it was here that the Gods of Olympus rested. According to the legend, when God finished the creation of the world, he left in his hands a handful of the most precious stones, which he threw into the sea… So the islands appeared and one of the brightest emeralds turned into the island of Zakynthos. Not in vain it is called Flordi Levante, or Flower of the Mediterranean East, for its lush vegetation.

And Kerkyra? The island of the river nymph Kerkyra, beloved of Poseidon, the god of the sea, which is called “the island of eternal return”?

The Cyclades, scattered by the blow of Poseidon’s trident across the Aegean Sea…

Mykonos, the island of the winds, the jewel of the Cyclades.

Rhodes, the island of Knights, is a picturesque island with the nearby 16 islands that make up the Dodecanese archipelago.

Chios is one of the ancient centers of literature and art, the birthplace of the great Homer, the island of healing resin “mastic”.

The island of Lesbos is “the mother of Greek passions and the whims of the Latin”, “home of the most languid bonds”.

Crete is the largest island of Greece, the cradle of the Minoan civilization – one of the oldest civilizations on earth, the center of tourism.

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Evia is the second island after Crete, connected to mainland Greece by two bridges. The water in the strait that separates the island from the mainland flows differently at different times of the day – once in one side, then the other.

A beautiful view of the waterfront of Kerkyra Oia. Kerkyra Oia, Santorini

The list goes on and on, because in addition to the mainland, Greece includes more than 2 thousand islands, about 300 of which are inhabited.

Greece – it is all kinds of tourism (from beach tourism to alternative types, including extreme, agricultural, environmental and ski tourism), beautiful beaches, clear sea, blue sky, hot dazzling sun, comfortable hotels, a variety of nature, olive groves, contentment and regularity – “shiga-siga” (slowly), as the Greeks say, cheerful friendly companies and boiling nightlife.

Greek cuisine

What does a meal mean to Greeks? It’s both relaxation, fellowship, and an opportunity to gather as a family to discuss the latest news. The traditional Greek products are olives, feta cheese, seafood and of course – wine. How about a strong, aromatic coffee, traditionally accompanied by a glass of cold water? Ellinikos kafez, also known as Greek coffee, can be ordered in almost every Greek café and restaurant.

Meat, vegetable and fish dishes are very popular in Greece: moussakas, pastitsio, melidzanosalata, zazziki, village salad (choriatiki salata). Unique products of the sea can be tasted here: mussels, octopus, oysters and other delicacies are cooked in fish taverns of Greece incredibly delicious! Meat cooked on coals or on a spit (pork chops, chicken, cutlets, lamb ribs) is served in almost every corner.

The homeland of Dionysus, the god of wine, offers a huge variety of excellent wines. Mavrodaphne from Patra is famous for its tart and sweet taste. Muscat Moschato wine is served with fruit and sweet treats. Retsina has a resin flavor and pairs well with meat and seafood.

Greece

Greece

Greece’s real name is Hellas. This geographic name comes from the Hellenic population of Ancient Greece, who established their own civilization, known as Helada, in the 3rd to 2nd millennium BC.

More often one hears other epithets, such as “Cradle of European Culture and Democracy,” and “Home of the Wonders of the World.”

State and society

Greece (Hellas), the Hellenic Republic (Democratic Hellados) is a state in Southeastern Europe. It covers the southern part of the Balkan Peninsula and has more than 100 islands (19% of the total area).

The largest islands are Crete (Mediterranean), Evia, Lesbos, Chios, Cyclades, Sporades (south and north) (Aegean Sea), Ionian Archipelago (Ionian Sea). It borders Albania, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Turkey to the north, Ionia to the west, the Mediterranean to the south and the Aegean to the east.

It has an area of 132,000 km2 (including islands) and 10 million inhabitants. The official language is Greek. The capital city is Athens.

Religion

  • Orthodoxy: 87.1%;
  • Atheism: approximately 9%;
  • Islam: 1.5%;
  • Catholicism: 0.61%;
  • Protestantism: 0.54%, mostly Pentecostals;
  • Jehovah’s Witnesses: 0.26%;
  • Judaism: 0.05%.
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Armed Forces

The armed forces consist of the ground forces (170,000 men), the air force (25,000 men, 290 combat aircraft), and the navy (19,500 men, 93 warships). At the age of 21, young men enlist. The term of service is 28-32 months.

Education

The first law on compulsory education was adopted in 1834. Beginning in 1929, free 6-year elementary education for 6-12 year olds was introduced. Elementary school – six years of schooling. Secondary school (public and private). There are 2 types: 3-year high school (junior high school) and 3-year lyceum (full high school), where graduates go. There are vocational schools that accept high school graduates. There is the University of Athens (1837), Thessaloniki (1925), Patras (1966), Ioannina (1964) and the Polytechnic Institute of Athens (founded in 1836).

There are 85,000 students in Greek universities. Scientific and humanitarian work in the universities is organized and funded by the Research Foundation.

Politics

The Greek republic is a parliamentary democracy. The legislature (people’s assembly) is located in the capital city of Athens. Laws are made by the president. The parliament elects the president for five years. The country is divided into 3 administrative districts and 51 prefectures.

Nature

The coastline (with islands) is 15,000 km long. The shores are very winding, high, steep. There are many bays (the largest are Corinth, Patras, Thermos and Saron), gulfs, peninsulas (Peloponnese, Halkidiki).

Relief: mountains occupy 70 per cent of the area. Along the Ionian Sea there are the limestone and fleece mountains of Epirus. To the east of them are the higher Pindos Mountains (the highest peak is Zmolik, 2,637 meters). The continuation of the Pindos Mountains is on the Peloponnese Peninsula, Crete and Rhodes. The eastern part was formed through the summit of Mount Hertz with erosion, strongly divided into massifs (Vermion, Osha, Ottri, Parnassus, Ochi).

They consist of Precambrian crystalline schist, gneiss and granite. The average height of 1200-1800 meters, the highest peak – Olympus, 2911 meters (the highest point). Characteristic karstic landforms. The continuation of these mountains in the Cyclades and Euboea. In the northeast are the southern branches of the Rhodopes and Pirin. The plains are mostly on the outskirts. The Thessaly Plain is the largest in Greece.

Climate

The climate is Mediterranean. The average temperature in July is 25°C (north) and 27°C (south). January the average temperature is 4-6°C and 10-12°C respectively (mountains below 0°C). The amount of precipitation decreases from northwest to southeast. Most of it in the western part is 900-1500 mm; in the eastern regions and the Aegean Islands 400-700 mm, in the central hollows 350 mm per year (80% in winter). The highest peak is covered with snow for several months of the year.

When to go to Greece

Spring and autumn are the best times to visit Greece. Especially May, June, September and October are months to consider when planning a trip.

During the winter months most of the tourist infrastructure in Greece “sleeps”, especially on the Greek islands. Some of the smaller islands are completely closed in winter, because the residents who care about the tourist infrastructure move to mainland Greece in winter. Many hotels, cafes and restaurants, which are full of life during the tourist season, stop their activities at the end of November and reopen their doors in early April. The decline of tourist interest in winter vacations leads to a significant reduction in the number of bus and ferry routes.

With the beginning of April, the improving weather allows a new tourist season to begin. Vacationers coming to Greece during early spring give a signal to restart the tourist infrastructure. This is the best time for a fantastic vacation. The weather conditions between early April and mid-June are perfect. The weather is good, not as hot as in the summer months. During this period, the beaches and towns with historical monuments are not overcrowded (compared to the peak season), public transport begins to operate at full capacity, and buses and ferries, stopped for the winter period, resume operation. An important advantage of this period is the freedom to choose where to stay, as well as savings on costs as a result of lower prices during the off-season.

From mid-June to the end of August, there is a significant increase in tourist traffic. The holiday season causes a large influx of vacationers, resulting in crowds at the most popular historic sites, full beaches, and difficulty getting accommodations. In addition, truly summer conditions reign throughout the country during this period, with temperatures in the shade reaching 40 degrees Celsius.

From early September to the end of the holiday season, it’s once again the perfect time for vacationers who want to escape the crowded beaches and tourist attractions. Until the end of October you can take advantage of all the vacation opportunities Greece offers in a more comfortable environment. Again, you can expect significant price reductions compared to the summer period.

From the beginning of November, blue cloudless skies and the ubiquitous hot sun begin to give way to gloomy rain clouds. The rainiest season is from November through February, and it can be surprisingly cold during this time. Snowfall is unsurprising in mainland Greece, with occasional rain in Athens, as well as in the mountains and on Greek islands such as Crete. Nevertheless, there are sunny days with pleasant weather during the Greek winter, which can be appealing to vacationers looking for peace and solitude in Greece.

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Attractions

Greece is a great place not only for relaxing on sunny beaches, but above all for visiting and exploring ancient sites and the history important to this country. What is worth seeing during your stay in Greece?

Athens

Your sightseeing should start with Athens, the capital of the country. It was the birthplace of the first democracy, the Olympics, and idealistic philosophy. Athens now has about 4 million people. The city has a very interesting and peculiar geographical position, because it is surrounded by mountains on one side and the sea on the other. Northern Greece is very different from the southern environment and nature.

In the center of the city, at Hadrian’s Gate, is inscribed the beginning of Athens, the old city of Theseus. At this gate, which is very close to the Acropolis, were the city limits of ancient times. If Athenians today wanted to bring these gates to the outskirts of the city, they would be at least 15 miles from this location.

Tourists find this city very romantic. The sea, the climate, and the mountains are the indispensable backdrop to this white city.

The Acropolis is the former fortress of ancient Athens, a temple and center of social life, towering on a large hill. The word “Acropolis” means high and fortified city. Next to Hadrian’s Gate and the Olympic Stadium, and behind them a rock topped with ancient world structures. This rock is called Lycabet or Wolf’s Hill.

From the top of this hill there is a magnificent view of Athens and the Saronic Arc. The Acropolis Peak with the Pantheon is also nearby. There are many temples and museums near the Acropolis. At the foot of the Acropolis are the ruins of Dionysus and the Theater of Herodotus. In ancient times, the works of Sophocles, Euripides and other playwrights were created here. Behind the ruins of the theater there is the Olympic Stadium and the remains of the temple of Jupiter.

The city of Thessaloniki

Thessaloniki is undoubtedly not only the center of northern Greece, but also the gateway to the Balkans, which has been since the time of Christ. It is one of the oldest cities in Europe, by the way, the second largest city in Greece, surpassed only by Athens, so Thessaloniki is often called the second capital of Greece. Favorable conditions have helped to turn this city into a veritable living museum of Byzantine art, which is included in the preservation program of UNESCO. Thessaloniki is famous for its long and deep history, which is the basis of this city, its beautiful and very diverse and interesting museums.

Greece consists of 10 administrative districts and the monastic republic of Athos. Part of the peninsula of Halkidiki has had the status of a “monastic republic” in Greece since 1920.

In 1926 this part of the peninsula was recognized as an independent state with its own port and its own Julian calendar, which is 10 days behind the rest of the world. There are no paved roads, few cars, and electricity is rare. The community collapsed in the Middle Ages, once a community of 40,000 monks, many of the buildings have become ruins, but the landscape has remained unchanged.

Today it looks almost as it did when the Virgin Mary came here and, fascinated by the peninsula, consecrated the place and called it her garden. She said that no woman could set foot on this land, so only men, including pets, lived here since 1060. It is an Orthodox center. There are 17 monasteries, the first monastery of Achiya Lavra was built in the 10th century at the foot of Mount Athos (2039).

Parthenon

This is one of the most famous buildings of the Acropolis of Athens, which was built in 432 BC (it was the temple of Athena). This monument is an example of the Doric architectural style, and although heavily damaged, it is still impressive for its size and beautiful sculptures (depicting the history of the city).

Port of Piraeus

It is also worth going to the Port of Piraeus to see the Olympic Stadium. The current facility is built on the site of the ancient stadium, and it was here that every four years the celebrations associated with the city’s main holiday, the Panathineia, were held. It should be remembered that here opened the first Olympic Games of the modern world in 1896.

Delphi

Delphi is an ancient city located at the foot of Mount Parnassus. This place is very deeply rooted in many myths of ancient Greece. In the 8th century B.C., Delphi was a place of worship for Apollo, and there was his temple, the ruins of which can be seen today. Delphi was also known for prophecies made by Apollo’s priestess, Pythia.

Meteora

Meteora is a mass of sandstone rocks in central Greece on the Thessalian plain, on top of which is a monastic complex. Twenty-four monasteries were built here, each on a separate rock; only six buildings have survived. It is an unusual place, and it often appears in movies.

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Mycenae

Mycenae is located in the northeast of the Peloponnese, the history of this city goes back to the 2nd millennium BC, when it was the center of Mycenaean culture. The mythical ruler of Mycenae was Agamemnon, whose tomb can be seen in the necropolis belonging to the city. The excavations conducted here by Heinrich Schliemann in the 19th century are a source of knowledge about those times. Here you can see many remnants of the old culture and buildings are the ruins of the acropolis, houses and cyclopean walls that surrounded the city. There are also the ruins of later buildings from the 7th century BC.

Tower of the Winds in Athens

In the Greek capital you can find an octagonal marble structure 12 meters high, which once had an 8-meter wind meter. Each of its walls depicts a single wind god. The tower was built in the 1st or 2nd century BC and is one of Athens’ best preserved monuments.

The rivers are mostly short, rapids, and watery in winter. Small rivers dry up in summer. The largest rivers are the Haliakmon, the Acheloi, and the Pinia. To the northeast flow the Marika, Strimon (Struma), Axia (Vardar), in Greece there are only their lower reaches. In the northern part there are many lakes. The largest ones are Prespa, Volvis, and Vegoritis. The largest in central Greece are the Trichonis and Vivis. The Corinthian Channel (6343 m) connects the Corinthian Gulf with the Aegean Sea.

Soil, vegetation and animals

The coasts and foothills are dark brown and brown, with brown mountain soils above them. Red mountain soils are found in Eastern Thessaly, the Peloponnese Peninsula, and the northern and southern Sporades. Forested areas are 15% in the south, up to 750-900 m in height, growing (macaws, myrtles, junipers) as well as pine and oak groves, broad-leaved (oak, beech, chestnut). In the northern regions maple, ash, chestnut, walnut, and beech.

In the mountains there are jackals, foxes and wolves. Endemic species: mountain goat, gray hamster, seal in coastal waters. Many snakes, turtles and lizards. National Parks: Olympus, Parnassus (Central Greece) and Samaria (Crete).

Music

Folk music is characterized by a variety of genres and forms – has a strong influence on Bulgarian and Turkish music. The rhythm is usually asymmetrical. Musical instruments: flute, bagpipe (brass), mandolin, violin, lute (string). New Greek music began to take shape in the 19th century-it was influenced by Italian and French music.

Agriculture

Greece is an agrarian-industrial capitalist country with a low level of economic development. The economy is characterized by a concentration of capital. Foreign capital (especially U.S., France, Great Britain) is invested in mining, shipbuilding, chemical industry, transport. National income per capita averages $685.

Farms of up to 3 hectares (60% of all farms) account for 20% of arable land. 30% of the country, grasslands and pastures (in the mountains). 855,000 ha of cultivated land is irrigated. Farmers produce 75% of all agricultural products. 130,000 tractors are used.

The most important crops are wheat. They are grown in Macedonia, Thessaly, and Thrace. Rice is sown in northern Greece, in the swampy valleys of the lower Axias (Vardar) and Strimon (Struma). The main technical crops are tobacco (especially high quality in Macedonia and Thrace) and cotton, grown on the plains of Thessaly, Macedonia, Thrace, and Boeotia.

Large quantities of grapes, citrus fruits (especially oranges and lemons) and olive trees are planted in the Peloponnese, on the outskirts of western Greece and on the southern islands. Corinthian Gulf and Crete grow grapes for raisin production. Sugar beets are grown in Macedonia, Thessaly.

Livestock production is extensive. There are 1.2 million cattle, 8.5 million sheep, 4.5 million goats and 1 million pigs. Fish are caught on the coast. The annual catch is 125,000 tons of fish (tuna, sardines, etc.).

Architecture and art

Since the Middle Ages the traditions of metal forging, woodcarving, pottery, embroidery and weaving have been cultivated. The national clothing is varied and richly decorated (about 2,000 variants). The settlements are connected with the environment and are mostly built on terraces. Cubic and other dwellings made of wood or stone with interior galleries dominate. Folk architectural traditions and features of Byzantine style are typical for medieval religious buildings.

Fortresses, large monastic complexes were built in inaccessible mountainous areas (the construction of Aton castle of Chalkidiki began in the 13th century and in Thessaly in the 14th century).

Motifs of folk art and Byzantine elements are typical for medieval church paintings, iconography, graphics. XIII-XV century Gothic religious buildings were built. 16th-17th century – Cult architecture was influenced by the Italian Renaissance. The interiors were decorated with frescoes. The Macedonian (13th-15th centuries) and Cretan (16th-17th centuries) schools were formed in painting. From the 16th century, Greek artists followed the tradition of Italian painting.

Elena Kuravleva.

I am the author of many articles on this site and a travel blogger. In 2011 I quit my corporate job and started traveling. I have been to 36 countries on 6 continents and do not want to stop anytime soon!

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