Grenada – island state occupies the island of Grenada

Grenada

Grenada Anthem

Grenada is a country located on the island of the same name and on the small islands of the Southern Grenadines in the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean. The head of state is the queen of Great Britain, represented by the governor-general. The population is 110 thousand people (almost 90% live on the island of Grenada). The official language is English. The capital is St. George’s.

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Highlights

The islands were discovered by Columbus in 1498. From 1650 to 1762, Grenada was ruled by the French. A trace of their rule is preserved in the existence of the Patois language, a French dialect now spoken only in the villages. In 1762 the English took over the island, and two hundred years later, in 1974, Grenada proclaimed its independence. Today most of the population is black (53%) and mulatto (42%). The white population consists mainly of descendants of the English and the French. There is a small group of Carib Indians.

Grenada is an island of volcanic origin. Its coastal eastern part is low-lying, while the western part is mountainous (volcanic peaks reach a maximum height of 840 m). The climate is tropical, trade winds with a rainy period from May to October. Rainfall is more than 1500 mm a year. Hurricanes are rather frequent, sweeping over the island from July to October. Partially preserved are the humid tropical evergreen forests with valuable sorts of trees. Fertile volcanic soils are Grenada’s main treasure. Grenada is often called “the land of spices” because it is the second largest producer of nutmeg in the world. Cocoa, citrus fruits, clove tree, and vanilla are also cultivated. The capital and main port of St. George’s (40,000 inhabitants) is located on the shores of a picturesque bay. The main tourist area and the largest hotels of the country are located south of the capital, near the bay of Grand Anse.

Attractions

The preserved Creole architecture in many of the country’s major cities draws the attention of thousands of tourists. In the capital St. George’s, which welcomes visitors from the sea with a statue of Christ, there are many buildings built by the French as early as the mid-seventeenth century. Fort Frederick, which was founded in the eighteenth century, is both a monument of architecture and a working fortress still used by the armed forces of Grenada. The same landmark of the capital is Fort George (beginning of XVIII), which has a second name – Royal.

Also of interest are the houses (administrative and residential), built in Gothic and Gregorian style. The small national museum, housed in the old barracks, has a variety of exhibits that tell the tragic history of the island nation, its inhabitants, and the flora and fauna.

In addition, the natural reserves (Grenada Dove, La Sagesse), national parks (Etang Lake Forest Reserve, Antoin, Levera) and coastal waters, which are loved by fans of diving, snorkeling and fishing, are of great interest.

But especially interesting for tourists is the underwater sculpture park. Its creator – a modern sculptor and diver-naturalist Jason D. Kyers Taylor. You can see these works of art while diving or from a boat, where there is a special platform to view the unusual exhibition. The figures of a thinker, a cyclist, a scientist and a writer, and naked women cannot leave anyone indifferent. It is worth seeing!

Cuisine

The proximity of the sea and ocean supplies the table of Grenadians and travelers with seafood and fish, and the rainforest and local farmers with game, meat, vegetables, fruits and spices. Influences from French, African-American, and English traditions have produced a distinctive local cuisine that many tourists will find to their liking.

Breadfruit, sweet potatoes, yams, beans, and manioc are necessarily served with fish or meat dishes, the taste of which is given by different spices and nutmeg. For dessert fruit or candied breadfruit flowers are served. The favorite alcoholic drink of the natives is rum, which is still made according to the grandfather’s recipes.

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Food with Grenadian national flavor can be tasted in restaurants, bars or in the homes of the natives. Hotels also have traditional cuisine from many European countries, but hotel chefs still add something of their own, vernacular to it.

Accommodation

Grenada is an island for tourists. It is at their expense that the state thrives. A network of hotels is built for convenient accommodation of guests.

In the big cities there are hotel complexes, pulling on five full-fledged “stars”, but mostly all hotels are three-star. Typically, coastal bungalows are small and secluded, for honeymooners and lovers of peace, quiet and relaxation – just right. But note that many hotels do not have buffets and three meals a day. You can only count on breakfast and that is not everywhere.

But there is an alternative to hotels in the country – it is renting a private home or apartment. Here the owners will take care of nutrition of the tenants. They feed homemade food, stew made of coconut, pork dishes, fish with spices, breadfruit. Lodging costs between $60 and $70 a day.

Entertainment and Recreation

The main entertainment for travelers is visiting nature reserves, national parks, rum distilleries, and relaxing on the beaches.

Tourists who prefer a drive can enjoy diving, snorkeling, fishing, boating, boat rides, and unbridled fun during regular night parties or the national carnival that takes place in August.

For golfers, Grenada has excellent courses with all the requirements of the sport.

And philosophers, in the tranquility of a nature reserve, can truly enjoy contemplating the blue lagoons and green rainforests around them.

Shopping

Tourists are mostly interested in local handicrafts, textiles and spices. Various wooden figurines of local deities and idols, various masks and leather amulets can be bought in souvenir shops. The influence of African traditions is reflected in all the souvenir products. So tourists, buying a couple of souvenirs, be sure to take home a piece of culture of Grenada.

The stores are open to the public from 8:00 to 16:00, and on Saturday they sell only until 13:00. But craft shops are more democratic, they offer their products without weekends and “vacations”. And during the tourist season, coastal retailers plan their activities based on the availability of cruise ships at the piers. You can also buy something special at the duty-free stores at the ports.

Transport

There is an international airport in Point Salina. Settlements are connected to each other by a quality road network. Comfortable buses run between towns and resort areas. You can travel around the capital by bus, cab or hitchhiking. Between the islands – on boats or motor boats.

Tourists also have the opportunity to rent a car, but it will cost much more than in Europe.

Guests of Grenada should know that trips by licensed cab are paid by meter. However, you must negotiate a price in advance with private taxi drivers. It is worth stipulating the type of currency that will be used as payment. Grenada cab drivers – people are shrewd and loves to “make up” a couple of additional U.S. dollars at the expense of the naivety of tourists, so the local drivers must be extremely careful. And another thing – the cab drivers have a night rate, which exceeds the day by 1.5 times.

Communications

Cellular, wireline and Internet access are available in all cities of the island state. You can buy a local mobile operator’s “sim card” at airports, operators and post offices. But there is one nuance: because of the mountains, cellular coverage is focal. In percentage terms, Grenada (along with the islands) has only 60% coverage.

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Wired telephony functions much better. There are city pay phones that work by card as well as by small coins. From modern machines, you can make long-distance and international calls. The main thing is to have a telephone card. You can buy one at the airport, post office, telephone company, stores, hotels, and tourist offices.

Internet access in Grenada is available in some hotels.

Safety

The island nation is fairly safe to live on, Grenadians are a friendly, fun-loving people. Nevertheless, you should not provoke the locals, you should not flaunt your financial capabilities in front of them. On a trip to the island, it is best not to bring extra money and expensive jewelry. It is safer to leave everything in the hotel safe deposit boxes.

Also, do not show the contents of your purse during shopping. Also things should not be left unattended. Unfortunately, at airports, harbors, carnivals, and parties, pickpockets are active. So it is necessary during a large crowd to always be on the lookout and not trust the helpful helper, who begs for something to bring or show.

As for the environment – the air and water here are safe. And it’s all thanks to the underdevelopment of industry. But still it’s better to drink bottled or boiled water.

Business

Grenada lives from tourism, cultivation of spices, cocoa, nutmeg, and providing the world with offshore financial services. Foreign capital in Grenada is mostly American and English. Russians have not yet mastered this market, although the business climate here is quite mild, but strict in terms of duties and customs fees, as well as money laundering.

Since unemployment is high in the country itself, the government welcomes the establishment of international service and construction companies. The attitude to foreign investment is favorable. If the government is interested in business projects of foreign investors, they are given carte blanche. But here, as in many countries, there is bureaucracy, which can stall the implementation of any project. Nevertheless, the development of private business is welcome, especially in construction and tourism.

Real Estate

The real estate market in Grenada is underdeveloped. But the construction of hotels and bungalows makes it possible for businessmen to buy some hotels as property. Houses and apartments are sold mostly to locals who prefer to live with their relatives compactly. However, if desired, any foreigner can also buy a house or apartment with a view of the sea. The cost of housing ranges from 28 000 € to 12 million € (for some reason, realtors sell real estate on the island for euros, not dollars).

Over the past few years, the interest of investors and real estate market players caused the increased pace of construction in Grenada luxury villas with swimming pools, as well as apartments and modern multi-storey hotels overlooking the Caribbean Sea.

Tips for the tourist

Bringing into the country of alcohol and cigarettes is allowed only in very limited quantities: cigarettes – no more than 200 pieces, alcohol – 1 liter. It is forbidden to bring foodstuffs and plants into the country.

For recreation, it is better to choose places that have already been “tried” by other tourists (the capital, Grand Anse, Morne-Rouge, Granville).

Money in stores and hotels is best paid in local, but you can and in U.S. dollars, although it is not profitable. It is more rational to take U.S. traveler’s checks or other means of payment of world banks on the road. It is worth knowing that another 8% of taxes and 10% of tips are added to hotel and restaurant bills. By the way, 10% tip is customary to leave in any bar or eatery.

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Walking outside the beach in swimsuits, shorts and short tops is prohibited. Also, do not go too openly in hotels, restaurants. For walks on the island, women should wear clothes that cover the knees, but the size of cleavage will not worry anyone. Smoking in public places is also forbidden, especially among women.

Also in Grenada, it is forbidden to pick up coral from the ocean – this must be kept in mind.

Visa Information

Russians do not need to open a visa to Grenada. When entering the country, you only need to show a passport, tourist voucher, hotel reservation confirmation, return airline tickets at the passport control. Sometimes upon entry tourists are asked to prove their financial solvency, so it is advisable to have a bank certificate of the imported funds.

There is no embassy of Russia and other CIS countries in Grenada.

The nearest embassy of the island state is in Slovakia. Address: Reception 82490 Bratislava 2 Slovak Republic Phone: +421 2 5824 6333 Fax: +421 2 5341 5527

Step by Step on the Planet

Grenada.

Grenada is an island nation in the southeastern Caribbean Sea with a fascinating nature and rich history. The island was discovered in 1498 by Christopher Columbus and is named after the Catholic festival of Concepcion. The second (unofficial) name of Grenada is “Spice Island”. A huge quantity of spices such as cloves, cinnamon, ginger, saffron, nutmeg and many others are grown here. The country is the third largest exporter of nutmeg in the world. Grenada is an exotic country with a mountainous landscape, thick evergreen tropical forests, rivers, lakes, waterfalls, coral reefs, comfortable bays, warm sea, and excellent beaches of volcanic sand. All this attracts tourists from different corners of our planet.

Grenada – “island of spices

Article Content:

The capital of

St. George's is the capital city of Grenada.

The capital of Grenada is Saint George’s, a small, beautiful and cozy town located on the southwest coast of the island of Grenada, on the picturesque bay. The town was founded in 1650 and was a small settlement. Later, the French erected a fortress at the harbor of St. George’s to defend the city against invading British forces. And it was not until 1974, after Grenada’s independence, that St. George’s became the capital of Grenada. Today St. George’s is Grenada’s main port as well as its political and economic center, with government offices, Parliament, stores, hotels and restaurants.

Grenada flag

Grenada’s flag is a three-color rectangular cloth with a 3:5 aspect ratio. The flag is diagonally divided into four triangles. The upper and lower triangles are gold and the left and right triangles are green. At the intersection of the triangles is a large gold star in a red circle. In the left green triangle is a nutmeg, the shell of which is gold, and the nut itself is red. The entire composition is surrounded by a red border, with three gold five-pointed stars above and three below.

Symbolism:

  • Yellow – symbolizes the sun and the friendliness of its citizens
  • Green represents agriculture and the fertile land of Grenada
  • Red – symbol of harmony, unity, and courage
  • Nutmeg, a major export product
  • The seven stars represent Grenada’s seven administrative divisions.
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Grenada coat of arms

The coat of arms of Grenada is a composition in the center of which is a shield divided into four parts by a golden cross. In the center of the cross there is a picture of a caravel “Santa Maria”. , owned by sailor Christopher Columbus, who discovered the island of Grenada in 1498. The upper left and lower right sectors of the shield show a British lion on a red background, and the upper right and lower left sectors show a golden crescent with a white lily growing out of it. On top of the shield is a golden crown with a garland of Bougainvillea branches consisting of seven red roses. The shield is held up by two representatives of Grenadian fauna, an armadillo standing in front of a stalk of corn and a Grenadian pigeon standing in front of a banana palm. The base for this entire composition is a beautiful landscape with the famous Etang Lake as the centerpiece. At the base of Grenada’s coat of arms is a ribbon with the national motto “Ever Conscious of God We Aspire, and Advance as One People”. which translates to “Ever Conscious of God We Aspire, Build, and Advance as One People” .

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Symbolism:

  • Yellow – symbolizes the sun and the friendliness of its citizens
  • Green represents agriculture and the fertile land of Grenada
  • Red – symbol of harmony, unity, and courage
  • The armadillo and pigeon of Grenada represent the fauna of Grenada.
  • The landscape shows the natural riches of the country.
  • The caravel “Santa Maria” – story of the discovery of the state
  • seven red roses – seven communities of Grenada

See all the coats of arms of the world here.

“Hail Grenada” (“Hail Grenada”) has been the national anthem of Grenada since independence in 1974. The words were written by Irva Merle Baptiste and the music by Louis Arnold Masanto. It officially replaced the Grenada National Anthem, written and adopted in 1967. Read the text of the Grenada anthem…

Currency

Grenada’s national currency is the Eastern Caribbean dollar (internationally known as the XCD or EC$ ), equal to 100 cents . Currently in circulation are coins in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 25 cents and $1, and bills in denominations of $5, 10, 20, 50 and 100. The coins are not the rounded shape we are accustomed to, but are polygonal in shape. In addition to Grenada, the Eastern Caribbean dollar is also the national currency in Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent, Grenadines, and the islands of Anguilla and Montserrat. U.S. dollars are also widely used and can be used to pay in hotels, restaurants, and stores.

Coins of Grenada

Currency of Grenada - coins

Banknotes of Grenada

Grenada currency - banknotes

Grenada on the world map

Grenada is located in West Indies in the Lesser Antilles, bordering with Venezuela in the south-west, Trinidad and Tobago in the south, Barbados in the north-east, Saint Vincent and Grenadines in the north, washed by the Caribbean Sea in the west and Atlantic Ocean in the east (all boundaries are maritime). The State consists of the eponymous island of Grenada and a small group of South Grenadines (Carriacou Island, Ronde, Sugar Loaf, Green Island, Sandy Island, Petit Martinique, Jenny and others), the total land area is 344 square kilometers.

Grenada on a Map

Most of the islands are of volcanic origin. The coastal areas are low-lying, in the center of the island is a heavily forested mountain range, above which rises Mount St. Catherine (840 m). Numerous streams flow down the mountain slopes, there are many underground springs, but there are few rivers. In the upper part of the massif among the forests are volcanic craters filled with lakes, the largest of which is Lake Antoine.

What is worth seeing in Grenada?

sights in Grenada

Here’s a short list of things to see and do when planning a sightseeing tour of Grenada:

  • Mount Carmel Falls
  • Seven Sisters Falls
  • Mount Kua Kua
  • Mount St. Catherine
  • Grand Ethan Sanctuary
  • Grenada Cove Preserve
  • St. George’s Cathedral
  • Grenada National Museum
  • National Cricket Stadium (Kings Park)
  • Underwater Sculpture Park
  • Fort George
  • Fort Frederick
  • St. George’s Yacht Club

Biggest Cities in Grenada

  • Gouyave
  • St. George’s is the capital of Grenada.
  • Grenville
  • Soter
  • Hillsborough
  • St. David’s
  • Victoria
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Climate

Grenada has a subequatorial maritime climate, which is quite hot and humid. The average air temperature throughout the year ranges from +24°C to +28°C. Precipitation is not evenly distributed throughout the country and varies from 1500 mm per year on the coast to 3500 mm on the mountain slopes. Their maximum number falls in the period from June to November. Hurricanes that sweep over the island from July to October are quite frequent. January to May is the best time to visit Grenada.

Population

People of Grenada

Grenada has a population of 108,250 (data as of October 2018), of which 80% are from the African continent, 12% are mulatto, 5% are European and 3% are descendants of the indigenous Indian population (Arawaks and Caribs). The average life expectancy of the female population of Grenada is 65 to 67 years and that of the male population 62 to 64 years.

English is the official language of Grenada but in everyday communication in the provincial areas, patois (a vernacular dialect based on French with word forms from Spanish, Scottish and various African languages) and Grenadian Creole are common.

Religion

Grenada’s constitution does not have an official religion and guarantees freedom of worship. The Roman Catholic Church has the largest following (52%), Protestants 35%, Anglicans 12%, and Jehovah’s Witnesses 1%.

Holidays

Grenada holidays

  • January 1 – New Year
  • February 7 – Independence Day
  • March through April – Easter and Easter Holidays
  • April 24th-26th – Carriacou Maroon and String Band music festival
  • May 1st – Labor Day
  • May 25 – Spirit Day
  • June – Corpus Christi (Corpus Christi Feast)
  • August 3 – Emancipation Day (abolition of slavery)
  • August 10 – Carnival Monday
  • August 11th – Carnival Tuesday
  • October 15 – October 19 – Spice Word Literary Festival
  • October 25th – Thanksgiving Day
  • December 4 – December 6 – Camerhogne Folk Festival
  • December 25 – Christmas
  • December 26 – Boxing Day

Souvenirs and Gifts

souvenirs from Grenada

Here is a small list of the most common and popular souvenirs and gifts that tourists usually bring from Grenada:

  • leather goods
  • Hand-made soaps with different aromatic herbs and oils
  • natural cosmetics with essential oils
  • shells fakes
  • carved figurines, statuettes, spoons, plates and goblets
  • souvenirs with the image of Grenadian pigeon
  • universal sets of gorgeous spices

“No nail, no rod” or customs regulations

Grenada’s customs regulations do not restrict the import and export of domestic and foreign currency.

Allowed:

Persons 18 years of age or older may import duty-free up to 200 cigarettes, or up to 50 cigars, or 250 grams of leaf tobacco, no more than 1 liter of spirits.

Prohibited:

Importation of firearms, ammunition, drugs, fruits, vegetables, meat and meat products, and plant and soil samples is prohibited. Export of wild animals, birds, fish and coral is prohibited. Importation of hunting weapons requires a special permit, which must be obtained from the police in advance.

The importation of pets is allowed only with a veterinary certificate (Good Health Certificate) issued in the country of residence, as well as a license to import an animal issued by the Veterinary Services of Grenada.

Yellow fever vaccination is required for all passengers arriving from areas where the disease is prevalent. Children under 1 year of age and passengers in transit who do not leave the transit area of the airport are exempt from vaccination.

Voltage in the electrical network

The voltage of the electric grid in Grenada is 240 volts and 50 hertz.

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