History of the Canenburg family castle in the Netherlands

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The Netherlands is a northern flowering land.

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Share 1 2020-05-12 10:50:07

  • Author: rukola614
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I, like many others, am used to calling this country Holland, even though Holland, just part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. So why is this the case? Here’s what wikipedia says.

The Netherlands is often referred to as “Holland” because South and North Holland are only two of the twelve provinces of what is now the Netherlands, having been throughout history the most developed and therefore best known outside of the Netherlands. For this reason, in many other countries Holland was often referred to as the whole country. In Russian this name became widespread after the Great Embassy of Peter. Since the Russian tsar was interested in the most technically advanced places in the Netherlands, which were for the most part located in the province of Holland, it was visited by the Great Embassy; telling homes about the visit to the Netherlands, members of the embassy consistently referred to the country as Holland, without mentioning the name of the state as a whole.

Since January 1, 2020 official institutions, companies, publications and universities of the Netherlands began to refer to their country only under the name “Netherlands”, abandoning the name “Holland” (the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands explained that this was done in order to form a unified national brand).

We visited the Netherlands in April, when the main symbol of this country, the tulip, was in bloom. From 4.04 to 13.04.2019 we drove around the country by rented car. Of course we saw a lot, and of course not everything we wanted to. Here’s what we got.

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4.04 Arrival in Amsterdam. Walking in the city. 2 nights in Amsterdam. 5.04 Also a day devoted to Amsterdam. 6.04 Zaansehense, Volendam, Hoorn, Enkhuizen with overnight stay. 7.04 Enkhuizen, Zuiderzee museum, orchid farm with park, Githorn with overnight stay. 8.04 Zwolle, Castle Rechteren, Apeldoorn with overnight stay. 9.04 Hoge Veluwe, Amersfoort, Utrecht 2 nights. 10.04 Utrecht, Haar Castle, Gouda. 11.04 Rotterdam (museum), Delft, Katwijk 3 nights. 12.04 Kekenkof, flower fields, The Hague (museum). 13.04 Flower parade, Haarlem, car delivery at the airport, flight to Moscow.

https://i.postimg.cc/k5Fczpgc/IMG-5161.jpg

Edited by rukola614 (2020-12-18 17:42:21)

Share 2 2020-05-12 10:54:56

  • Author: Xenia
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Interesting places you visited. I will be looking forward to the orchid farm!

Share 3 2020-05-12 12:37:46

  • Author: Lena GM
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My favorite is Holland. Would love to watch it.

Share 4 2020-05-12 18:28:51

  • Author: rukola614
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For two nights we stayed in an apartment in the eastern part of Amsterdam (Indische buurt) called “Rembrandt’s Elephant” . The owner made a selection of decor related to the history of the elephant that Rembrandt painted. Here’s what wikipedia says about this elephant.

https://i.postimg.cc/cJDJzrC8/Rembrandt-Harmenszoon-van-Rijn-An-Elephant-1637-Google-Art-Project.jpg

Hansken (1630 – November 9, 1655) was an Asian elephant who gained fame in Europe in the early 17th century. She toured many countries demonstrating circus tricks; her drawings were left by Rembrandt and Stefano della Bella.

Hansken was born in what was then Ceylon (present-day Sri Lanka) and was taken to Holland in 1637. Her name is the Dutch diminutive form of the Malayalam word “Aana,” meaning “elephant.” Rembrandt saw her in Amsterdam in 1637, and made four sketches of her with chalk.

Hansken visited fairs in the Netherlands and Germany. She appeared in Hamburg in 1638, Bremen in 1640, Rotterdam in 1641, Frankfurt in 1646 and 1647, and Lüneburg in 1650. It was also probably at Leipzig in 1649 and 1651.

In the seventeenth century elephants were thought to have highly developed intellectual abilities. Following Pliny, it was believed that the elephant was closest to man in intelligence and that elephants could understand speech, take orders and had a concept of religion and conscience. Pliny wrote that an elephant could even learn to write words using the Greek alphabet.

Hansken did not live up to such expectations, but she could wave a flag, shoot a pistol, beat a drum, extend her front legs, pull money out of her pockets, put on a hat, carry buckets of water, and pick up coins from the ground.

In July 1651 Hansken visited Zurich, Solothurn, Bregenz, and St. Gallen, as well as Rome. She visited Florence, where she was painted by the artist Stefano della Bella. He also painted her body after her death on November 9, 1655.

After checking in, we went for a walk. There is a streetcar stop next to us. We go as far as the central station. The weather was overcast, the northern city reluctantly greeted us. The church of St. Nicholas.

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https://i.postimg.cc/6Q190gbr/IMG-5003.jpg

The beautiful train station itself. More than 250,000 people – visitors and residents alike – pass through the beautiful historic building every day. Well, it used to be. In 1889, architect Peter Kuipers and engineer Dolph van Gendt began construction of this building. It is very similar to another famous landmark of the Dutch capital, the Dutch State Museum Rijksmuseum. At first the building, erected on 8687 wooden piles, regularly sagged like many other structures in Amsterdam, but after reconstructions it became a reliable railway station. The facade is lined with red brick, and two clock towers adorn the sides. One of them shows the time, and the other serves as a weathervane indicating the direction of the wind. On the outside of the building are the coats of arms of 14 European countries and of Amsterdam itself.

Kanenburg Family Castle

The Isendoorn family lived at Schloss Canenburg for 300 years until the last of the family closed the gates behind them.

The Geldersch Foundation, which today owns the landmark, ensured that centuries of history remained intact. Today the castle is open to all comers, restored and its original appearance has been meticulously restored.

Kanenburg Castle is located in the northern province of Gelderland, near the town of Wassen. In earlier times, the area was entirely covered with reeds, and the town was called Fasna. The name Canenburg itself comes from the old Dutch word for cane.

Engraving of 1824.

Construction history

The military commander Martin van Rossum (1478-1555) built a castle here in 1543 on the ruins of a ruined castle two centuries earlier. A stone slab at the tower gate near the bridge depicts the founder of Canenburg. The original is preserved today in the castle’s rooms.

Van Rossum never saw his work completed and died in 1555 of the plague. The castle passed into the ownership of Van Rossum’s sister’s son, who is completing the construction. Seven generations of Isendorns were owners of the castle.

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View of castle and new bridge

Architecture

Numerous elements of the castle are of different styles. In some places, old ruins can still be seen. The eastern part of the castle has square corner towers at the same level as the roof, and the main tower, which provides the entrance to the castle, crowns the structure. The Canenburg was not built as a fortress, it was originally conceived as a family home.

Hendrik van Isendoorn paid particular attention to the western part of the castle, and in particular, he built a Catholic chapel in one of the towers, which was unusual for the local population, the majority of Wassen inhabitants professed Protestantism.

In 1750, the castle was rebuilt. On both sides of the castle were erected outbuildings, the gate of the main tower was not suitable for entering the castle. Then it was decided to build a new bridge.

The layout of the rooms had undergone minor changes. The Hunter’s Room was turned into a dining room, where paintings on the ceiling with clouds and birds have been preserved. The hunting room was moved to another part of the castle. Under Elbert van Isendoorn a library was built.

Surviving furniture

Chateau interiors

With the death of Frederick’s widow in 1881, the castle ceased to be the family home of the Isendorns. The heirs did not wish to live there. In 1882 the castle was purchased by Baron Eduard van Linden.

His wife Charlotte accurately described all the property of the castle. Her notes were an invaluable material during the restoration work.

Much of the furniture from Isendorn’s time was lost and sold off. Through numerous auctions and donations the Gelderland Geldersch Foundation managed to buy back a large part of the lost items.

Representatives of the foundation participated in the auctions and with the notes of the Baroness, one can be 100% sure that today visitors can see the authentic castle furniture.

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Only half of the 360 sets of tableware were recovered. These 180 sets were discovered in Belgium, in an antique shop in Liège, and today they can be seen in the Canenbourg sideboard.

The first master’s cup, made of coconut shells in a silver montée, is thought to have been lost.

The castle these days

The last owner of the castle was Frau Cleeve, a German. She left the castle after World War II, when the German property was returned to the jurisdiction of the Dutch government. Her husband had purchased the castle in 1906 and sold it to the Geldersch Trust in 1951 for the symbolic sum of one guilder. Between 1975 and 1981, the castle was restored with funding from the Trust. During the restoration work, the original Italian and French limestone and tuff used in the original construction of the castle were used.

A few years ago, von presented a plan for the restoration of the surrounding castle buildings, park, ponds, streams and canals. The entire complex under the plan will be called Cannenburch Compleet. In the works since 2010, German rather than Italian tuff has been used. The portrait of the founder of the castle, Van Rossum, has also been restored.

Practical information

Maarten van Rossumplein 4 8171 EB Vaassen

From Apeldoorn Castle you can get to Kannenboerch Castle by bus: www.9292.nl

Opening hours (April to October) Tuesday to Sunday from 12 noon to 5 p.m.

Open: Good Friday, Easter, Liberation Day, Ascension Day and Pentecost Closed: King’s Day, 1st and 2nd Christmas Day, New Year and New Year

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