Holidays in Abkhazia, dates and detailed descriptions

Public holidays of Abkhazia

Commemorative days and holidays in Abkhazia – These are officially established commemorative dates, memorial days, holidays, and days of military glory (victory days) in Abkhazia.

Holiday days off

January 1-2 – New Year

They celebrate and celebrate New Year in Abkhazia. According to the Gregorian calendar (Happy New Year!) – “Chaanybziala ashykus chits! That’s how the New Year greeting sounds in Abkhazian. Among the traditional viands in Abkhazia for the New Year table is a chicken seasoned with adjika and boiled meat. The obligatory dish is mamaliga with suluguni cheese and pies (achashv).

The New Year table is rich with a variety of fruits and sweets. Over a glass of fragrant homemade wine the toasts are pronounced, with the wish of health in the New Year. Children, according to custom, on New Year’s Eve, go to the neighbors and “sow” saying the words: “We sow, we sow, we sow, Happy New Year …!”.

For which they receive various gifts and sweets. Adults also visit friends, relatives and neighbors. All through the New Year’s Eve, songs are heard, accompanied by dancing. Bengal lights are lit near the Christmas tree, and shots rattle in the street and fireworks light up the sky. You can hear the explosions of firecrackers and joyful laughter. They never stop congratulating each other on Happy New Year. Everyone wishes changes only for the better on New Year’s Eve.

January 7 – Christmas

Orthodox Christians in Abkhazia celebrate Christmas on January 7 (7). Christmas in the Republic of Abkhazia is a public holiday. It is considered a non-working day.

January 14 – Azhyrkhua (Day of Creation, Renewal)

New Year according to the old calendar, Ajyrnikhua (Day of Creation of the World, Renewal) is celebrated in Abkhazia on January 14. This holiday is traditional and Abkhazians have kept it since their pagan belief. Old New Year (Khechkhuama) is a great holiday, officially recognized as a non-working day. Old New Year (Khechkhuama) according to tradition, goats and roosters are slaughtered.

March 8 – International Women’s Day

International Women’s Day on March 8 (Spring Festival) – celebrated around the world. This holiday is also celebrated in Abkhazia, but with special splendor and a share of bitterness. Heavy burden in the postwar period fell on the gentle shoulders of women’s hard trials, when the entire population of men was thrown out of economic processes. And yet, during the blockade declared by Georgia, women stood and did not let the country perish. March 8 in Abkhazia is a holiday symbolizing the admiration of patience and strength of women of Abkhazia.

May 9 – Victory Day

It is a significant holiday of generations, which united fathers and children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren. According to calculations, from 1941 to 1945 in the Patriotic War participated over 60 thousand people. 17.5 thousand were killed. Over 8.5 thousand residents of Abkhazia were awarded medals “For the Defense of the Caucasus. 22 inhabitants of Abkhazia were awarded the title of the Hero of the Soviet Union. Three residents were awarded – knights of the Order of Glory.

September 30 – Day of Liberation of the Republic of Abkhazia

Independence Day, aka Liberation Day of the Republic of Abkhazia, is the main holiday of the people of Abkhazia. This holiday in Abkhazia, a holiday of joy, through tears in the eyes. The holiday is associated with the anniversary of the liberation of Sukhum, the capital of the Republic of Abkhazia from Georgian troops. Battles for the capital Sukhum, held in September 1993, turned the general course of World War II in Abkhazia. The liberation of the capital from the Georgian forces and the subsequent advance lasted 11 days. There were fierce battles for several days. Later, on September 28th, the forces of the Eastern and Western Fronts united at the bridge over the Kodori River near the border of the Ochamchire and Gulripsh districts. And finally, on September 30, 1993 the entire territory of Abkhazia was liberated from the Georgian troops. On the Independence Day a parade, celebratory festivities and fireworks are held on the quay of Sukhum.

November 26 – Day of Constitution of the Republic of Abkhazia

On November 26th 1994 is the Day of Constitution of the Republic of Abkhazia. The Supreme Council of the Republic of Abkhazia adopted “The Constitution of the sovereign, democratic state – the Republic of Abkhazia”. On the same day the deputies of the Abkhazian legislative body elected the President – Vladislav Ardzinba. Constitution of the Republic of Abkhazia is the main law of the country, the basis of the entire state.

October 26 is Eid al-Adha – a Muslim holiday, a specific date of the holiday is announced annually.

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Kurban Bayram is a Muslim holiday of sacrifice in Abkhazia. It is declared and has a national name – Kurban Burah. The day is a non-working, holiday day. Kurban Nuah holiday embodies the highest spiritual qualities and values possessed by true Muslims. On this holiday people try to give presents, make sacrifices, sing for the deceased. Every year the believing Muslims of Abkhazia slaughter the cattle and give the meat to the needy, give it to orphanages and boarding schools.

Holiday working days

January 19 – (Epiphany) Epiphany

Epiphany (Epiphany) – the main Christian holiday is one of the twelve holidays celebrated by the Orthodox in Abkhazia. It has been celebrated since apostolic times. Believers according to tradition every year they collect Baptismal water and sprinkle things, pets and homes with it. One can take a lot of baptized water and drink it, preferably on an empty stomach. Christians keep it carefully all year long.

October 11 – Day of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Abkhazia

On October 11, 1992 the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Abkhazia Vladislav Ardzinba signed a decree on establishment of the General Headquarters and the Ministry of Defense. The date is considered the official birthday of the Abkhazian army – the Armed Forces of the Republic of Abkhazia. The decree was signed at the peak of the Patriotic War. The Armed Forces of the Republic of Abkhazia had to be created in conditions of a real fierce war for the independence of their republic.

July 23 – Flag Day of Abkhazia

On June 3, 2005 President of the Republic of Abkhazia Sergey Bagapsh signed Law “On Addition and Amendment to the Law of the Republic of Abkhazia “On Memorable Days and Holidays in the Republic of Abkhazia” adopted by the Parliament (National Assembly). And July 23rd was proclaimed the Day of National Flag of the Republic of Abkhazia.

Memorable working days

May 23 – Day of Saint Apostle Simon the Zealot

For Orthodox Abkhazia, the day of St. Simon the Zealot is of great importance. One of the twelve apostles, whose relics are buried in the New Athos church, preached here. In the 9th-10th century on the place of the burial of St. Simon the Zealot, a church was built in his honor. May 23 is a patronal holiday for the New Athos Monastery. He is also the main holiday of the Abkhaz Orthodox Church.

May 31 – Day of Remembrance of victims of the Caucasus War and the forcible eviction of the mountain peoples of the Caucasus

A day which must not be forgotten. It is a tragic day for the Abkhazian people. The consequences of this tragedy are still felt today.

August 14 – Defenders of the Fatherland Day

In all the regions of the Republic and their towns they lay flowers and wreaths to the tombs and monuments of those killed in the 1992-1993 Patriotic War. On August 14, after Georgian troops entered Abkhazia, an armed confrontation escalated into a Georgian-Abkhaz war. It lasted 413 days and ended in defeat for the Georgian armed forces. Twelve thousand people participated in the war. More than 2700 people were killed and about 5 thousand people were wounded.

December 14 – Day of memory of children who died in the Patriotic War in Abkhazia (1992-1993).

December 14 is the day of the victims of the Latvian tragedy. On 14 December 1992, during the war with Georgia, Georgian troops shot down a Russian helicopter, which was carrying out a humanitarian flight from the besieged city of Tkuarchala to Gudauta, over the village of Lata in the Kodori Gorge in the Gulripshi region. This barbaric act took the lives of 84 people, including 35 children and 8 pregnant women. The remains of the victims were buried in Gudauta.

Holidays of Abkhazia

On April, 15th – Easter

The most respected holiday among the Abkhazians is the Holy Resurrection of Christ. Orthodox churches celebrate it on the same day. The holiday is a national holiday and is also celebrated by pagans and Muslims.

In most Christian families, on this bright week, they open clay jars filled with wine. For this holiday, according to Abkhaz-Christian tradition, during the grape harvest, a special jug is filled with young wine and buried in the ground.

After the opening, some of the wine is given to the temple to which the Abkhaz Christian family belongs. The wine is used in the temple during the Divine Liturgy, and the priest prays for the clan or family of those who brought the wine. Some Abkhaz surnames have a jug of wine buried on the temple grounds. Such jugs are uncorked on Easter in the presence of all the men of the family to which the jug of wine belongs. The opening of the jug is accompanied by the slaughtering of the sacrificial animal and a festive meal to which relatives and neighbors are invited.

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April 22 – Women’s Easter

Memorial Day of the Holy Myrrh-bearers – “Women’s Easter.” The first to hear the good news from the angel about the resurrection of Jesus Christ were the myrrh-bearing women. On the day of Women’s Easter, a special festive meal is served and a family prayer “ahapshshcha” is held by a ritual pitcher.

May 1 – Festival of Spring and Labor

Last year for the first time after the war, Abkhazia celebrated May 1 – Feast of Spring and Labor. In the village of Kutol, Ochamchira district in honor of the holiday were equestrian sports competitions, where riders came from all over the republic of Abkhazia, as well as guests – equestrian enthusiasts.

The competition program consisted of horse polo, thoroughbred races at different distances. Beslan Abkhazava, a resident of the village of Kutol, raised 7 purebreds, three of which won the races. Kutol gave an unforgettable holiday to all the residents of Abkhazia. Next year the equestrian baton will be taken by the village. Achandara, Gudauta district, where the races will take place on May 9 – Victory Day in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45. May Day is also celebrated in 142 countries around the world.

June 1 International Children’s Day

International Children’s Day is celebrated on the first day of summer. On this day, the nature gives usually a warm sunny day, which gives joy to our souls. The holiday is also called the International Children’s Day.

In Abkhazia, June 1, the City Committee for Youth and Sports at the Administration of Sukhum organized a colorful, fun, noisy and diverse holiday for children of different ages. Parents with babies who just learned to walk, toddlers and schoolchildren gathered in the park, on a warm summer evening near the Abkhazian Drama Theatre. And at 6 p.m. the festive concert began.

July 12 – Feast of the glorious and vsekvalkhovyh Apostles Peter and Paul

June 12, Abkhaz Church traditionally makes a Christian ritual, it is called in Abkhazian “Atsunyhua” – a special prayer for the rain. The prayer falls in the period (in Abkhazians it is called the summer fast) between the end of the Petrovsky Lent and the beginning of the Assumption Lent. “Atsunyhua” originates from paganism.

From mid-June to mid-July in all the villages, once a year is chosen a day when the whole village, clan or family gathers together. As a sacrifice they cut an ox, cook “abysta” mamaliga, make homemade wine, bake khachapur and cook dumplings with cheese. In the heat of the feast, when everyone is fed and the main toasts have been said, the young people start having fun and pouring water on them. If there is a waterfall or a river nearby, everyone runs there.

August 26 – Day of Abkhazian Independence Recognition

August 26, 2008 entered into history as the day of recognition of independence of the Republic of Abkhazia. On August 26 Russian President Dmitry Medvedev signed a decree recognizing the independence of Abkhazia. Russia was the first state to recognize the independence of Abkhazia.

August 28 – Nanhua (Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary)

One of the main Orthodox holidays in the Abkhazian language is Nanhua. All Orthodox churches in Abkhazia hold services. Abkhaz Christians have a memorial meal at home on this day. Christians in Abkhazia know that there are four divisions of the Mother of God on earth. Abkhazia is one of the four fiefdoms and Abkhazians especially venerate the Mother “Anpsha.”

November 23 – The miracle of St. George the Victorious in Elora Temple

The holy Great Martyr Saint George the Victorious is famous for many miracles. There was also such a miracle: Emperor Diocletian imprisoned St. George. People with ailments, in various ways penetrated into prison, where they received help and healing from Saint George. One day a landowner Glickerius, whose ox had fallen, turned to him in sorrow. St. George with a smile comforted Glickerius and said that God will bring your ox back to life. When he went home and saw the ox come back to life, he praised the Christian God.

In the Elorsk temple of Abkhazia in the XVII century there was an amazing event directly connected with St. George. In November, on St. George’s Memorial Day, where a huge number of people gathered from all over the Caucasus, there was a miraculous appearance of a sacrificial bull. Since that time in the tradition of the Abkhaz Church, entered the fence dedicated animal (bull) in Yelorskoy fence temple in honor of St. George. Immediately after the service pilgrims are treated to meat prepared from the consecrated animal.

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December 4 – Presentation of Our Most Holy Lady in the Temple

Since ancient times the Church has established the feast of the Entrance of the Theotokos into the Temple of Our Lady in Jerusalem. This feast comes from the traditions of the Palestinian Christians, where it is written that the holy queen Helen built the temple in honor of the Presentation of Our Most Holy Lady into the Temple.

December 11 – International Mountain Day

Abkhazia is located on the southern slope of the Western Caucasus, is a mountain-coastal country. The mountains occupy a quarter of the land surface, being home to almost 10% of the population. They are also home to various unique species of animals and plants, as well as a source of water for major rivers of the Earth. Therefore, to improve the sustainable development of mountain regions, this holiday was established by the UN General Assembly in January 2003.

December 11 – The Day of the Hieromartyr Metropolitan Seraphim (Chichagov)

Hieromartyr Seraphim (Leonid Mikhailovich Chichagov) came from a distinguished noble military family. After graduating from the Imperial Corps of Pages he took part in the Balkan War of 1876-77. On his return to Petersburg from the front he became the spiritual child of the righteous John of Kronstadt. In 1891, after retiring from military service, he was ordained a priest by John of Kronstadt in 1893.

December 13 – Day of St. Andrew the Apostle

December 13 – All the Orthodox republics of Abkhazia celebrate the patriarchal feast day of St. Andrew the Apostle in Pitsunda Cathedral. St. Andrew the Apostle is one of the twelve apostles, who, along with the rest of the apostles, served the instructions of the Divine

Master and witnessed his innumerable miracles with his own eyes. He witnessed the sufferings, death, and resurrection of the Savior. After the Ascension of Christ to heaven, having received the gracious gifts of the Holy Spirit, who descended upon the apostles, Andrew went to preach the Gospel, calling upon all “to repent and be baptized.

December 19 Day of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker

On this day in Abkhazia the Orthodox celebrate the holiday of St. Nicholas, Archbishop of Myra in Lycia, one of the most revered saints in the Orthodox world. Saint Nicholas, who lived in the 3rd and 4th centuries, is also popularly called St. Nicholas because he was a great God-pleaser.

St. Nicholas was to all – “the intercessor and protector,” to all the sorrowful – “a comforter,” to all those in distress – “a refuge,” a pillar of piety, to the faithful – “the champion. Christians to this day believe that he performs many miracles to help those who pray to him.

Performing a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, St. Nicholas the Wonderworker, at the request of hopeless travelers, calmed the raging sea through his prayer. St. Nicholas, holding the sword of the executioner, saved from certain death three men, convicted innocently selfish mayor.

Holidays of Abkhazia

Holidays of AbkhaziaFlag of Abkhazia

The Republic of Abkhazia is a partially recognized state in Transcaucasia, which was proclaimed on the territory of Abkhazia during the Georgian-Abkhaz conflict.

The capital of the republic is the city of Sukhum. The state language is Abkhazian; Russian along with Abkhazian is recognized as an official language.

Abkhazia is a hospitable country with fabulously beautiful nature, ancient history and distinctive culture. Nature has bestowed Abkhazia with especially generous gifts: picturesque gorges of mountain rivers, fabulous caves, freshness of relict colchic forests, intoxicating air with aromas of alpine grass, clean warm tender sea, plenty of sun and beautiful parks… Not without reason locals call their homeland Apsny which means “Land of Soul”.

Abkhazians – one of the oldest indigenous ethnic groups of Caucasus, whose language, culture and traditions are closest and related to the North Caucasian peoples: Abaza, Adygeans, Kabardians, Circassians, Ubykhs. Linguistically, they all constitute the Abkhaz-Adyghe group of the North Caucasus family of languages.

Hospitality in Abkhazia, according to centuries-old Abkhazian folk concepts, is a sacred law, obligatory for everyone. From ancient times traditions and customs have been regulators of relations between Abkhazians even under extreme circumstances, which served as a kind of test of fortitude and positive value of traditions. Even such a harsh law of custom as blood feud was not an exemption from the obligation to respect the person.

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The first mention of Abkhazia is found in Assyrian sources of the 12th century BC (the inscription of Tiglathpalasar I) under the name of “Abeshla”.

The first king of the Kingdom of Abkhazia was Leon II, the son of the daughter of the powerful Khazar Kagan. The Abkhaz kingdom reached its greatest power by the 10th century under George II, annexing the lands of western Georgia to its territory. The formation of a new state – “the kingdom of the Abkhaz and the Kartvels”, which for some time continued to be called “Abkhazian” – began with Bagrat III.

As a result of the invasion of the Mongol-Tatars, then Tamerlane, and even later – the fall of Byzantium, the united Abkhaz kingdom was fragmented and ruled by its own ruling princes, who waged internecine war. In the 13-15th centuries Abkhazia was in the sphere of political and economic influence of Genoa, which had founded a number of trade factories on the Black Sea coast of Crimea and the Caucasus.

In 1810 the Principality of Abkhazia became part of the Russian Empire. One of the distinctive features of the Principality of Abkhazia is that it did not lose its full statehood with its incorporation into Russia. From 1810 to 1864 Abkhazia was an autonomous principality within Russia and lasted longer than any other in the Caucasus.

After the collapse of the Russian Empire, Abkhazia joined the Union of United Mountain Peoples of the Caucasus and the South-Eastern Union. May 11, 1918 was proclaimed Mountain Republic, which included Abkhazia, along with Dagestan, Chechen-Ingushetia, Ossetia, Kabarda, Adygea, Karachaevo-Balkaria. In June 1918 troops of the Democratic Republic of Georgia, with the support of Germany occupied Abkhazia.

In 1931 Abkhazia became an autonomous republic within the Georgian SSR. In the early 1990s, the Republic declared its independence – after the war with Georgia (1992-1993) and is now a partially recognized state – the Republic of Abkhazia.

There are a total of 26 holidays in this section. Green indicates festivals, anniversaries, etc., which are important for the country, but are not holidays in the literal sense of the word. State holidays are marked in red.

On January 1 all Abkhazia celebrates New Year Holiday and Abkhazia is a great place to spend New Year vacations. Exotic land of luxurious nature: the magnificent Black Sea embankment with palm trees and cypresses, snow-covered mountain lake.

On January 7, in Abkhazia, as in the rest of the Orthodox world, the holiday of Christmas is celebrated. Orthodox Christmas is a state holiday and a non-working day in Abkhazia, and the majority of the country’s population are Orthodox Christians.

The official name of the Old New Year in Abkhazia is Azhyryrukhua, the Day of Creation, Renewal. This day in Abkhazia is a holiday and a non-working day.Khechkhuama (translated from Abkhazian – Old New Year) is a pagan holiday. According to tradition on this day.

On January 19 Orthodox believers of Abkhazia celebrate one of the twelve major Christian holidays – Epiphany, or Epiphany. Christians began to celebrate it since apostolic times. The testimony of St. Clement of Alexandria was preserved.

One of the most beautiful spring holidays – March 8 is celebrated around the world. In Abkhazia this holiday is marked with much pomp, as well as with a certain amount of bitterness for having put too heavy a burden on fragile women’s shoulders.

In Abkhazia Easter is celebrated on the same day as all the Orthodox churches. It is the most revered holiday of the Abkhazians. It is a national holiday, celebrated by Muslims and pagans alike.It is a bright week in many Christian families.

On the first Sunday after Easter in Abkhazia instead of Antipascha and St. Thomas the memory of the holy myrrh-bearing women or, as it is called with the Abkhazians, “Women’s Easter” is celebrated. The holy myrrh-bearing women were the first to hear the good news of the angel.

Victory Day in Abkhazia is a holiday of several generations, uniting fathers, children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren.About sixty thousand residents of Abkhazia fought on the fronts of the Great Patriotic War from 1941 to 1945. Seventeen and a half t.

May 21 in Abkhazia celebrates the Day of Remembrance of the victims of the Caucasian War and the forcible eviction of the mountain peoples of the Caucasus. The choice of the date is related to the fact that on May 21, 1864, Russian General P. Grabbe held a military parade in the tract Kbaada (Krasnaya Polyana) in H.

On May 23, Orthodox Christians in Abkhazia celebrate the Day of the Holy Apostle Simon the Zealot. This day is very important not only for Orthodox Abkhazia, but also for the whole Christian world as one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ.

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Every year on the first day of summer girls and boys all over Abkhazia, as well as their parents celebrate the International Children’s Day which was established in 1949 at the Moscow session of the Council of the International Democratic Federation of Women according to the .

The Muslim holiday of sacrifice – Kurban Bairam in Abkhazia has its national name – Kurban-aua. This day is a holiday and a non-working day in the Republic.Kurban Bua, the holiday of sacrifice, dates back to a famous story from K.

In the period between the end of Peter’s Lent (in Abkhazia it is called summer Lent) and the beginning of the Assumption Lent it is traditional for the Abkhaz Church to make a special prayer for the rain to come down. This Christian rite is called “Atsunyhua”.

On June 3rd 2005 the President of Abkhazia Sergey Bagapsh signed a law “On Adding and Amending the Law of the Republic of Abkhazia “On Memorable Days and Holidays in the Republic of Abkhazia” passed by the Peoples Assembly-Parliament. Since then on July 23 o.

August 14 is celebrated in Abkhazia as the Day of memory of defenders of the Fatherland. On August 14, 1992 troops of the State Council of Georgia entered Abkhazia. According to the official version of Tbilisi, the troops were introduced ostensibly to protect the railroad on the Psou-Ingur section.

August 26, Abkhazia celebrates an important holiday – the Day of International Recognition of the Independence of the Republic. The date of August 26, 2008 entered the contemporary world history as the day when the Republic of Abkhazia gained its long-awaited independence.

On August 28 all the Orthodox churches in Abkhazia are holding services in honor of one of the major Orthodox holiday – the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary. In Abkhazian this day is called Nankhua. On this day, Abkhaz-Christians cover their homes with pom.

Independence Day (Liberation Day) of the Republic of Abkhazia, which is celebrated annually in the country on September 30 on the anniversary of the victory in the 1993 Georgian-Abkhazian war, is the main holiday of all the people of Abkhazia.The Republic has almost no c.

On October 11th 1992 the chairman of the presidium of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Abkhazia Vladislav Ardzinba signed a decree on the establishment of the Ministry of Defense and the General Staff. This date is officially considered the day of establishment of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Abkhazia.

Among the miracles for which St. George the Victorious is famous, there was one: when Emperor Diocletian imprisoned him, people burdened with illnesses, in different ways began to penetrate into the prison and there received healing from St. George.

On November 26 Constitution Day is celebrated in Abkhazia. It is a holiday and a day off in the country to which various cultural and educational events are timed.November 26, 1994 the Supreme Soviet is self-proclaimed.

The introduction of the Blessed Virgin Mary into the Temple was, according to the accounts preserved by tradition, as follows. The parents of the Virgin Mary, the righteous Joachim and Anna, praying for the resolution of infertility, made a vow, if a child was born, to dedicate it to the service of God.

December 11 is International Mountain Day (International Mountain Day), established by a decision of the 57th UN General Assembly in January 2003. Abkhazia is a typical mountain-coastal country located on the southern slope of the Western Caucasus, in .

The Orthodox of Abkhazia celebrate Memorial Day of the Apostle Andrew. St. Andrew the Apostle is one of the twelve Apostles.The feast day of the Pitsunda Patriarchal Cathedral.The son of Jonah, a fisherman from Lake Galilee, he along with .

Today, Abkhazia celebrates Memorial Day for the victims of the Latvian tragedy – the citizens who died in the Patriotic War of the people of Abkhazia 1992-1993. On December 14, 1992 during the Georgian-Abkhazian war in the Kodori Gorge over the village of Lata (Gulripshi district.

On December 19, Orthodox Abkhazians celebrate a holiday in honor of St. Nicholas, Archbishop of Myra, a miracle worker – one of the most revered saints in the entire Orthodox world. Saint Nicholas was born in the 3rd century in the city of Patara, a region of Lycia .

Help in creating this section: Mikhail Khoroshev

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