Dangers in India and how to deal with them.
1. The sun. It’s much brighter than in Russia. It’s overwhelming. The light and the heat feels physically like pressure on your skin, even through your clothes. And if you’re coming from overcast weather in the fall, or winter, sunglasses are what will help you adapt without too much shock. And be sure to cover your face with wide margins and visors, shoulders with clothes, everything else that sticks out in the sun, smear it with protective cream. Otherwise you will burn severely.
2. Water. Indian water has bacteria just like any water anywhere else. You are immune to your domestic bacteria. You are not immune to Indian bacteria. So when you come to India, or any other country, drink bottled water. This will help you avoid unnecessary digestive troubles. By the way, Indians who come to us, or to Europe, also have to drink from bottles.
Infections. They are here, and where aren’t they? Among dangerous infections, leprosy, fever (malaria), cholera, dysentery, hepatitis. In our country we have the whole set, except for leprosy and fever.
Fever is carried by mosquitoes. You don’t get it from humans. Only from a mosquito bite. The Indians say that only daytime mosquitoes can infect. They fight it by spraying the bushes around the hotels, there are anti-mosquito devices in the rooms. Everything is under control. Unless, of course, you decide to hike through the jungle and swamps.
Leprosy is a fossil-like infection in the ground. It’s only present in areas of India where foreigners aren’t allowed. There are cordons and they let in their own people with passes. In India in general, serious anti-epidemic measures are taken. It is difficult to catch this infection in clean areas. Unless you go and cuddle with the local bums. Well, then you can catch anything. By the way, leprosy is also present in soil in Europe, and was in the USSR. They found its pathogens in Tashkent during the construction of the subway. So it’s not new to us.
Venereal diseases are the same as in Europe. The means of infection are the same. If you don’t go to the local brothels, the chances of getting it are quite small.
Banal infections: staphylococci, streptococci, fungi, warts, papillomas. All of these things are there, just like we have. However, the local varieties of these infections are somewhat different from ours. I would say that ours are meaner. Bred on our chemistry, hardened in chlorine. We are dangerous to Indians, in that sense. On a side note, let me tell you how I got immune to the local water and microflora. I rode in the car with my driver. I had my own bottle of water. And the Hindu driver had his own bottle of local regular water. The bottles looked exactly the same. So I got mixed up. And I drank from the driver’s bottle. Oh, no big deal, three days of diarrhea and I was fine. But the driver also drank from his bottle after me. That’s where the real trouble happened. The poor guy lay there for a month with a rash and a temperature of 38. Our staphylococci rule, the local ones are no match for them. So be careful, gentlemen, diarrhea is not pleasant, but staying in India without a driver is a big problem.
4. The roads and the traffic on them. Yes, Indian roads are not much different from Russian ones. The same potholes, potholes, potholes interspersed with puddles, unpaved areas, gravel, and sometimes, as a mock a few miles of decent highway. But there are some nuances. Quite often the parts of the decent road sharply end with one and a half meter steps, abrupt as such a precipice. You can speed up and get really knocked over.
There’s another interesting difference. There are toll roads in India, regardless of their quality, there are toll booths every 60-70 kilometers. It is 10 – 20 rupees, but if you drive far, it is noticeable pressure on the pocket and on the nerves. It slows down your progress. And most interestingly, there are flowerbeds at Indian intersections. They can be simply fenced round plots planted with flowers and shrubs monuments, structures of unclear purpose, small temples, or fountains. Traffic in India is the English way, left-handed. If a driver from a country with right-hand traffic arrives in India, he drives poorly to the nearest flowerbed. When he enters the crossroads, he will be spinning around this flowerbed, not being able to leave the crossroads. Such travelers are rescued from these traps by the traffic police.
Traffic in India deserves a separate discussion. There must be some rules of the road. There are markings, traffic lights, signs, and policemen with sticks. Everything seems to be in place for normal driving, except the discipline. Everybody goes where they want. No rules are observed. Only if there’s a policeman at the traffic lights, then they stop. They can easily drive on the oncoming traffic, across the road, obliquely and zigzagging. In addition, camel and horse-drawn carts, rickshaws, bicyclists, motorcyclists, elephants, sometimes free Indian cows, and pedestrians are all on the move. All this motleyness runs and drives completely haphazardly, ignoring signs and markings. Everyone is honking and waving their arms. Our Russian driver is not very disciplined, but what we see here is a special kind of anarchy. Any European who gets behind the wheel in India can get a nervous breakdown. Do not drive in India.
5 Food . Indians are vegetarians, almost all of them. Therefore, their cuisine is vegetarian. It is not customary to eat yesterday’s food flatbreads and everything else is prepared daily, fresh. It is difficult to get poisoned. But there is a danger, because they add a lot of spices, especially pepper. That is what our not accustomed body is not easy to endure. Therefore, ask the restaurant to minimize the spices. Pepper is myrch, spices are masala. Say the phrase in English and add these words enough to understand. But be prepared that there will be very little salt in the food, because they consider it a spice. Salt it later. If the taste of the dish is still spicy add lime juice, it is served with the meal and drink everything with water, in small sips. It is customary to serve a mixture of coarse sugar and anise seeds, or other similar mixtures, after the meal. Don’t say no, these mixtures will calm your mouth fire, and normalize digestion. People with digestive problems need to be careful. And, for the rest of us, this food is healthy, speeds up our metabolism, expels parasites, helps cleanse of toxins, and reduces weight. Ayurvedic cuisine, as it were, in any diner here they cook according to the canons of Ayurveda.
Indian fruit Setaple. Delicious and healthy. I’m stuffed. I’d advise everyone to do the same.
6 Heat . During the hot season of May to June, the temperature can rise to 45 degrees Celsius. The rest of the time it is 35 to 37 degrees Celsius during the day. During the cold season it is 19 – 25 degrees Celsius during the day. Our good summers. Nights from 15 and up to 0 on rare occasions. To survive the Indian heat, you should stay in the shade, drink enough water if possible, often and in small portions, wear loose cotton, or silk clothing, cover your head, take water procedures (shower, pool) if possible. And don’t give up Indian masala tea. It’s a strong tea in small cups, brewed with buffalo milk, spices, ginger and sugar. The drink is hot, sweet, and spicy. But, in the heat it is good to remove excess water from the body, saves from swelling. Eat local fruits, they all allow the body to adapt to the local climate. Particularly good in India are the berries of the Jamun clove tree, and local oranges with green peels. And listen to the Indians, they know how to survive the heat. That’s where they’re experts.
7 – Insects .
Mosquitoes – see under infections.
Wasps are different from ours, they bite rarely, but can cause severe allergies. So I do not advise to eat something outdoors, touch them with your hands, and do not climb on bushes. There can be hornets’ nests. If you don’t touch them, there is no danger.
Spiders, butterflies within populated areas are not dangerous, in the jungle too. Do not molest them.
Ants – do not bite, but they can burn with formic acid. They are ubiquitous, if you leave crumbs or sugar scattered open, then prepare for an invasion, no matter where. They will come for their prey. I don’t recommend eating in bed.
Flies – bite year-round, don’t carry infections, turn on a fan indoors, it blows them away.
8 – Animals . Pets in India live in cities near people, but are not pets. They are dogs, cats, cows, piglets. They are not afraid of people, except cats. They are not aggressive. Dogs can bark. Cows, in general, are complete phlegm. Pigs live exclusively in Muslim neighborhoods for some reason. In other places did not meet. You should not be afraid of them. These animals still remember their domesticated state. Cats are answering to kitty-kitty, dogs remember how to paw, cows in general are often eager to come into the house to people. It seems that people once went crazy and kicked all their animals out of the house. Indians themselves are afraid of cats and dogs. More than once I have observed. The break with pets was very recent, a couple of centuries at most. Otherwise, the animals would have become more feral. The reasons for this are not clear. We need research.
Well, scratch his tummy, people!
Monkeys live in cities, they don’t approach people, they dislike each other. They’re naughty, they snatch everything they can eat. All the windows are barred because of them. If close contact, they can bite. They have teeth like an average dog. Don’t touch, close windows and doors when you leave. In parks and temples where there are monkeys, keep bags and cameras strapped on, they may throw up. Stock up on monkey food.
Reptiles. Snakes – there are venomous ones, can be in dense grass and thickets. If stepped on, or bitten, they bite. If anything, go straight to the doctor. A vaccine will help. And, so, do not walk in the bushes without boots. Do not touch anything in the grass that resembles a garden hose.
Geckos – live near humans, change color, eat flies. Harmless. They run on the ceiling may fall, do not be frightened, do not chase. They protect you from annoying flies and other insects.
Crocodiles – are found in rivers, now rare. If the guide says there is a crocodile in the river, don’t go swimming.
Large mammals. Tigers – there are in nature reserves. There is no chance that you will be attacked.
Elephants are usually peaceful, and the only danger is large piles of manure. But sometimes they get angry. Then it’s bad for everyone, especially because of the elephant’s discontent. So don’t make elephants angry. They don’t like pungent chemical smells, annoying people. Just stay two to three meters away. The exception is when you are being ridden on an elephant. It’s safe with an Indian elephant driver.
Camels are calm, but if you get in his sight, he may spit at the irritant. That’s a lot of sticky and extremely smelly foam. I don’t recommend approaching from the muzzle side.
10 – Medicine . Official Medicine. There are of course modern and equipped hospitals in the capital and big cities, but it is not cheap and in the HUNDREDS. All other medical institutions operate on the principle of a field hospital from World War I. Huge rooms with dozens of beds, bandages and other procedures are crowded. Visitors are not limited by time or quantity. Reminds me of the subway at rush hour in terms of traffic. Sanitation is zero. Level of care can be different. Depends on the skills of the doctor. It is better not to go there at all. There are small medical facilities where they will dress a wound and give an injection if necessary. These are treatment rooms. They are usually clean and tidy. There are private doctor’s offices, and small private clinics for the rich. As luck would have it. Medical insurance usually does not protect you from Indian medicine, as well as from any other medicine.
Ayurvedic medicine is an ancient healing system. More like a way of life. It includes herbal medicine, massage, gymnastics, reflexology, yoga, diet. And general recommendations on physiology and hygiene. It is very effective if you follow all the canons and your whole life. If you stop living according to this system, old problems can return. The danger is that inept or partial application of these methods can ruin your health.
11 – Police . It is, of course, meant to protect and all that. Sometimes they even do that. But it can also do other things. Corruption. Make copies of your passport. And show it to the police if necessary. This is normal in India. The original passport can be kept and returned later for a fee. I haven’t come across it myself. But people told me.
12 – Crime. There is, where there isn’t. They can steal and rob. Pickpockets happen in crowded places. Things left unattended can be taken away. Theft in hotels also happens, but rarely. The staff is afraid, the bosses do not understand then, the staff will skin the staff. Close the door so that the guests are not curious.
So that’s a little Don Corleone.But there are peculiarities. These are the tribes. There are social groups, or tribes, in India that exist according to their own internal customs. You could probably call them savage. So these people are still at war with whites. Apparently, they’ve been jammed up since the English occupation. Now, if you come into the territory of such a tribe without a Hindu guide, they will consider you their lawful prey. They will rob you for sure, they may even rape you. If you make them angry, they may kill you. It does not happen often, but it does happen. These are usually remote villages. Tourists are savages, they risk meeting real savages, really. And you can not talk to them in English, and they do not speak Hindi. They have their own exotic dialect. This is why you have to travel through the countryside with a professional guide. Especially if it’s a trip on bicycles, or motorcycles.
Sexual harassment, or violence. Yes and this is not excluded, although it is rare. If a woman behaves, by Indian standards, provocatively, dressed seductively, it is seen as an invitation. Cover your shoulders and ankles and you will look decent in Indian society. Don’t give hands to Indian men, don’t kiss anyone on the cheek. Do not stay alone in a room with an Indian man you do not know well, behind a closed door. Open the door wide, the climate allows. You won’t have a problem with molestation. If you do get into an undesirable situation, don’t be embarrassed, a loud Russian mate helps a lot. And back it up with a couple of hefty slaps to the suitor. Then open the door. Calm down.
That’s how you dress. You’ll be fine.
I reread the text. India is a dangerous country, just like any other place on our merry little globe. No better or worse than any other country.
However, there is one serious danger. You run a great risk of falling in love with this country and not wanting to go back. There are many such cases. This is what happens when India takes you in, gets to your heart. Well, where else can you see a goat in a sweater and an apron?
The dangers awaiting the tourist in India
India is a very colorful and unusual country, which can surprise the inexperienced tourist with its identity. Hindus, quite different from the Europeans. They have their own mentality, which dictates their rules of conduct and attitude towards life in general. It is also worth noting that India is not the richest country. Much of its population is on the verge of poverty. And it is impossible not to notice.
The tourist, intending to visit such a special country, should know a few important rules that are sure to help in difficult situations, and maybe even help to survive.
Crime in India is quite developed, quite, strong. This is largely due to low social status of most people in this poor country. Theft, robbery and fraud are especially common here.
Sexual harassment is also widespread. This mostly happens to inexperienced female tourists. Many do not realize that they are in a country where people have a different mentality and have a completely different attitude to the usual, at first glance, concepts. Often this misunderstanding leads to dire consequences. A woman on the streets of India must be properly dressed. The important condition is the closed clothes, which carefully cover the shoulders and ankles. It is also not customary in India to kiss a man on the cheek or be with him behind a closed door. Such actions may be perceived as an invitation to a more intimate relationship.
Unlawful acts by police officers.
Of course, law enforcement agencies are supposed to protect the public, but there is an element of illegality, such as corruption. It is, quite, common among Indian police officers. The main way to cheat the police is to take a passport and return it for a reward. In order to avoid such deception it is necessary to carry a copy of the passport with you. Thus it will be possible to be completely safe from the dishonest police officers who cheat tourists.
It cannot be said that India is a country where various infectious diseases are more prevalent than others. To date, in this country carried out a variety of epidemiological measures that allow to fence off the action of dangerous diseases, as locals and visiting tourists. To do this, hotels use a variety of ways to protect their guests.
It is believed that the most dangerous Indian diseases are such dangerous infections as leprosy and malaria.
Malaria can be contracted exclusively by mosquito bite. Hotels protect their residents from this disease by spraying bushes with a special solution. There are also sensors that repel all kinds of insects.
Leprosy is a disease that is in the ground. It represents a kind of fossil. This dangerous disease is present only in those areas of India where the passage for the tourist is closed. So, in this matter there is nothing to worry about.
Indian rules of the road, which is not really there.
Indian roads deserve special attention. The tourist should not drive in India, because he may be shocked by the driving habits of local drivers. There are probably some rules of the road in this country, but no one seems to have heard of them. After all, everyone drives the way they have to. They can drive in a zigzag, in the oncoming lane. Also on the roadway you can meet cows, rickshaws, various wagons with loads and more. Such behavior on the road can be life-threatening.
The quality of Indian roads is not better than Russian ones. Here, too, a huge number of potholes and cracks, which make periodically bounce. Perfectly smooth roads are almost impossible to find.
Most hospitals in India are simply in a terrible state of attention. They are huge rooms in which all procedures are done in public and do not conform to existing standards of hygiene. Such medical treatment can be dangerous to your health. That is why it is recommended to go to private clinics for any problems. There the conditions for receiving patients are the most acceptable.
Traditional Ayurvedic medicine is also very popular in India. It consists of such methods of treatment as herbal medicine, massages, the use of yoga and various diets. The main condition for this approach is consistency. A person must adhere to the rules of Ayurveda all his life. If this is not done, diseases can come back with even more force. If the Ayurvedic treatment is not properly approached, serious health problems can occur.
Dangerous insects and animals.
Particularly dangerous Indian insects are wasps, mosquitoes, and ants. Wasps can bite hard and cause terrible allergic reactions. In order to protect yourself from the effects of wasps, it is important not to step into dense bushes. After all, wasp nests can be found there. Also, you should not eat anything on the street. This is especially true for a variety of sweets. After all, they are most attract wasps.
Mosquitoes, as mentioned above, are carriers of malaria. With them also need to be careful.
Ants are also very common in India. They are truly ubiquitous. These insects can come to the place where there is sprinkled sugar or some small crumbs. They are not dangerous on their own. But these insects can burn with formic acid.
Of wildlife the greatest danger to the tourist are monkeys, snakes, elephants and camels.
Monkeys are quite intrusive animals. They can steal something and zazevavshegosya travelers and even bite. After all primates have pretty, large and sharp teeth. With monkeys should be careful and watchful.
In thickets of grass can be poisonous snakes. Also, some of them often crawl into various buildings. But, as a rule, hotels are carefully monitored. Of course, from the bite of even a poisonous snake there is salvation, but still, you should behave as carefully as possible.
Elephant is a peaceful animal. They are quite calm and slow. In spite of this, it happens that this animal is driven to aggression. To avoid such situations, it is important to keep a certain distance from the elephant. Also these nice animals do not like too intrusive tourists and intrusive smells.
Camels are a calm and unperturbed animal that treats humans in a good-natured way. But this animal can also be very angry. If it is accidentally done, the camel can spit. His spit is a sticky and terribly smelly foam. This is why it is not advisable to approach such an animal from the muzzle.
The stiflingly hot and sunny climate.
India is famous for its “nuclear” sun. Its rays, with a negligent attitude to his health can be truly devastating. A beginner traveler should be careful with the sun’s rays. Because it is possible to get very badly burnt. Before going out in the sun the tourist must carefully cover all parts of the body. In particular, it is important to protect the face and shoulders. If you do not, you can get terrible burns, which will undoubtedly make you suffer and will heal for a long time. If some places are left uncovered, they need to be smeared with a protective cream. Another remedy is sunglasses. They will help reduce the stress level of the body from such a stuffy and even “hot” weather.
The sun in India is special. It radiates rays that are sort of pressed against the skin. Hindus were born and live in this country. They have long been accustomed to the sweltering heat. As for the newcomers, for them such a hot climate can cause stress to the body.
In India in general there is never a severe cold. Even in winter in this country, the temperature does not drop below 0 degrees. The hottest season is considered such months as May-June. During this period the temperature can rise to 45 degrees. It is important for the tourist to remember that it is not recommended to go out in the afternoon. After all, at this time the sun can reach its peak. This is very dangerous for a person who is used to the climate of the middle zone.
In order to adapt to the harsh heat of the Indian climate, you need to drink plenty of water, stay in the shade, be sure to cover your head from the sunlight. Also when you arrive in India must pay attention to popular local drinks and fruits. They are the best help in the hot season.
In hot weather, a great option would be the famous Indian tea, called masala. It is brewed in small cups and add to this interesting drink ingredients such as ginger, sugar, buffalo milk and various spices. The drink is very spicy, sweet, and hot. It removes excess moisture from the body and gets rid of edema. The most popular fruit is Indian green tangerines. Also, you must try the berries of the clove tree Jamun.
In order to get used to the hot Indian climate is recommended to listen to the advice of local residents. After all, they know better than anyone else how to survive the exhausting hot weather.
As written above, the main option to survive in the hot Indian climate is access to water. It is simply necessary when the thermometer goes over 45 degrees. But in this matter there are small nuances.
Indian water is rich in various microorganisms. Many of them can have a devastating effect on the body of the tourist. What can not be said about the locals. For them, the microflora of Indian water is familiar, because they drink it all their lives. The visitor will have to use bottled water. This is the only way to avoid poisoning.
It is worth noting that residents of India who want to visit Europe will also have to use bottled water. This is due to the fact that their immune system is not adapted to the European water. This discrepancy may be due to the fact that Indians and Europeans have very different lifestyles. The first got used to everything simple and more natural, and the latter are more meticulous and finicky about cleanliness.
It is worth noting that almost all the inhabitants of India are vegetarians. They do not accept the eating of any meat. It is understandable, in this heat it is difficult to eat a huge fat piece of steak.
A distinctive feature of the local cuisine is the huge amount of spices that are added to the food. This is a kind of Indian tradition. After all, spices can be called a preventive measure against various kinds of infections, which in this heat can be especially aggressive. Thus, when ordering food in a restaurant, it is important to say that the food has a minimum amount of spices. In this case, the dish may be brought a little undercooked. After all, in India salt is equated with spices. In this case, you can add salt to your own taste. Also, to take the heat from the spices, you can drink a little water.
After a meal in India it is customary to serve various mixtures, the purpose of which is to normalize digestion. As a rule, they are a combination of ingredients such as coarse sugar and anise seeds. Such a supplement should not be rejected. After all, it helps to calm the fire that the spices of India cause.
In conclusion, it can be said that India is a vibrant country with a full range of different surprises that can await the traveler at every corner. Every tourist must be prepared for certain dangers of India that can ruin a vacation.