India: 50 interesting facts
Interesting facts about India that you might not know. We tell you about the country, which some people fall in love with at the first visit, while others would never go even in their nightmares.
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1. India is the most multilingual country in the world. There are more than 400 languages and dialects.
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The official name of India in many Indian languages is Bharat (भारत) .
3. many people call the people of India Hindus, which is not true. A Hindu is a person whose religion is Hinduism. And since India is also home to a significant number of Muslims, Christians, and other religions who are not Hindus, it is correct to use the term “Indian” .
4. About a third of India’s population is pure vegetarian and excludes even eggs from their diet. Hence the popularity of pure vegetarian restaurants that serve only vegetarian food.
5. Goa is the smallest and most visited state of India. Until 1961 Goa belonged to Portugal and was annexed by India in a military operation. To visit India, Russians need a visa. You can arrange it yourself.
6. Cows are sacred animals in India. Therefore they walk freely in the streets of Indian cities.
7. It has been officially proven that new forms of viruses are emerging in India. This country is the leader in the emergence of new diseases. That’s why it’s very important to have a good medical insurance before the trip. Allianz with the assistance of Mondial will do.
8. In India, there are no traffic rules as such . Cars, motorcycles, pedestrians, carts and cows mix on the roads into one mass. At first sight, to a foreigner, this may seem utter chaos. However, there is a certain unspoken understanding between all the participants of the road, which prevents traffic jams.
9. If you decide to take a city bus in India be prepared that your bus may not stop at the bus stop or in the middle of the road, or 100 meters further than the bus stop. You will also often have to jump on and off buses as you go. City buses here have their own rules of the road, understandable only to Indians.
10. The most popular transport in India are motorcycles and mopeds. They are ideal for traveling on congested Indian roads. They are very easy to buy and sell, even to a foreigner, and you will almost never be asked for a driver’s license.
11. The most comfortable and inexpensive way to travel in India is by train. It’s a great way to see all the beauty of the country. The cheapest classes of Indian trains may sell tickets without a seat. As a result, these carriages can be filled with as many people as they are physically unable to accommodate. In the most extreme cases, people may dangle out of the car doors or even ride on the roof. Any tourist can also experience this “attraction” by buying a ticket to the appropriate class.
12. In India they love spicy food and sometimes you may be served something extremely spicy and seasoned with a couple of chillies. Indians themselves can easily eat this stuff because they have been eating this kind of food since childhood and their taste buds are blunted to spice. Read more about Indian cuisine.
13. India is the most populous democracy in the world: 1 billion, 200 million people.
14. Indians are very fond of foreigners. They will often try to get to know you and take your photo in the streets.
15. The history of yoga in Indian culture goes back more than 5 thousand years.
16. Indian streets can be very dirty because Indians care little about their cleanliness. In spite of this, they are very clean about their own homes. An Indian’s home is always clean and tidy.
17. India is the most multiethnic country. There are more than 400 ethnic groups.
18. In India hotels are very cheap, especially in tourist areas, where there is a lot of competition between them. In some cities you can rent a nice room with all conveniences for only 500 rupees ($8).
19. 19. In India the prices for many tourist attractions can vary by a factor of 10-15 between tourists and locals. The record of this difference is the famous Taj Mahal (entrance costs 10 rupees for locals, 750 for foreigners).
20. India produces more than 1,000 films every year.
21. Indians are very fond of singing and dancing. That is why it is so reflected in their cinema. There is hardly any Indian film without song and dance.
22. There are 6 seasons in the Indian calendar: spring, summer, rainy season, autumn, winter, early spring.
23. Mumbai is the richest and yet the poorest city in India. Nowhere else in the country you’ll find such a contrast of gleaming skyscrapers and entire neighborhoods of slums.
24. Sometimes some Indians may shake their heads from side to side as a “yes” gesture which can be confusing to foreigners who mistake it for denial.
25. Shampoo was first invented in India. But not as a commercial product, but as a hair care product. The word “shampoo” comes from the Sanskrit “champu,” which means to massage.
26. India is the second most English-speaking country in the world (after the United States).
27. Alcohol in India is sold only in specially designated stores. Just like cigarettes.
28. The most popular cab in India are rickshaws, or as the locals call them – tuk-tuk. They are ideal for navigating the narrow, crowded streets of India and can be caught absolutely anywhere.
29. There are more than 300,000 active mosques in India . That is more than in any other country, even an Islamic country.
30. The numbers we use now were invented in India . Also the concept of zero was invented in India .
31. There is no division of time zones in India. The whole country lives on the same time.
32. The symbol of the swastika, which in the modern world is strongly associated with the Nazi regime, has been used in India since ancient times as a symbol of life, happiness and prosperity. Even nowadays the swastika can be seen everywhere on the streets of Indian cities.
32. It is forbidden by law to take out of India national currency in the amount exceeding 5000 rupees.
33. In East Bengal, by law, every cow must have a photo ID .
34. 70% of all spices in the world are exported from India .
35. India has a larger population than North and South America combined .
36. The Indian airline GoAir hires only female staff for its planes because they are lighter than men, which saves over half a million dollars a year on fuel.
37. India is expected to become the largest population by 2050, surpassing China.
38. Indian women hold 11% of the world’s gold reserves, which is more than the gold reserves of the United States, Switzerland and Germany combined.
39. 70% of young Indians prefer arranged marriages rather than choosing their mate of choice.
40. The term “India” is derived from the name of the Indus River. The ancient Greeks called the Indians Indoi (people of the Indus).
41. Chess was invented in India in the 5th or 6th centuries AD.
42. Before the British invasion in the 17th century, India was one of the richest countries in the world .
43. India exports software to more than 90 countries. The intellectual center of the country is Bangalore.
44. 100 million years ago, India was an island , which then collided with the Eurasian mainland to form the Himalayan Mountains .
45. India has the third largest army in the world (after the USA and China) .
46. The holy city of Varanasi is one of the oldest cities in the world. It is believed to be more than 3,000 years old.
47. India has a huge income stratification of society . About one million millionaires live there, while 35% of the population lives on less than $2 a day.
48. The President of India performs only representative functions and does not take part in the government, while the Prime Minister is in fact the head of state.
49. In India you often see men walking hand in hand . This is only a sign of close friendship and has no sexual connotations.
50. The most popular beach cafes in India are called shekas. Indians can erect them in two to three days. And in the same amount of time to take them apart before the next season.
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20 interesting facts about India, which may surprise you
India – one of the most amazing countries in the world. There are many facts about India that few people know about.
This country boasts a great variety of places and culture, strange phenomena and unusual traditions.
Here, some of the most interesting facts about India that would be curious to know about.
1. India has more than 32 UNESCO World Heritage Sites
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The Taj Mahal is one of the most famous places in the world, but there are 31 other UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India .
This includes the forts in Rajasthan, the mountain railroads in Shimla, Darjeeling and Nilgiri, the Western Ghats mountain range in the southwest, the Ajanta and Ellora caves in Maharashtra state, the Sundarban National Park in Bengal and many other national parks and reserves. And this is just a small part of the amazing places and sites of India.
India: interesting facts about country.
2. All the major world religions are represented in India
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Although 80 percent of Indians are followers of Hinduism, the country is home to a large number of major communities and all world religions. Christian communities and churches can be found in Kerala and Goa. Judaism in India is represented at Kochi Fort in Kerala.
Also followers of Jainism, Buddhism, Sikhism and other religions are neighboring in different areas of India.
3. India has the largest number of vegetarians in the world
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Although not all Hindus are vegetarians, and not all Indians are Hindus, vegetarianism is an important part of traditional Hindu beliefs and attitudes. Approximately 20-40% of Indians are vegetarians, making India the largest vegetarian country in the world.
4. Strange and unusual post offices can be found here
India has the biggest postal system in the world and you can find post offices in some of the most surprising and unusual places. In the city of Haikki in Himachal Pradesh, for example, there is the highest post office at 4,440 meters. A floating post office can be found on Lake Dal in Kashmir, and in the 1970s some towns were supplied with a mobile camel post office.
5. Varanasi is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world
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The holy city of Varanasi was first inhabited more than 3,000 years ago, and Hindus themselves believe that the city is even older and was created more than 5,000 years ago by the deity Shiva. Varanasi is located on the holy points of the Ganges River. Many Hindus choose to die in this place, as they believe it frees a person from the cycle of birth, death and rebirth.
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6. India is the second largest English-speaking country in the world
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The number of people who speak English is slightly lower here than in the United States. English is one of India’s 22 official languages and is a subsidiary official language of the government, along with Hindi. Only 10% of Indians know English, and a small minority know it as their first language, but in a country with such a large population you can almost always find someone to communicate in it.
7. The Asian lion lives only in western India
The Asian lion, also known as the Persian lion, once lived in the Middle East and India. It is now an endangered species and can only be found in Gujarat in the Gir Reserve.
8. The Indian state of Uttar Pradesh could become the fifth most populous country in the world
Uttar Pradesh has a population of over 200 million, more people than Japan, Mexico and even Russia. This northern state is home to the Taj Mahal and the city of Varanasi, as well as many other places of interest, including the “dead city” of Fatehpur Sikri, nature reserves, the Bara Imambara structure in Lucknow, and others.
Sightseeing in India
9. Kumbha Mela is the largest gathering of people in the world
The Kumbha Mela is a Hindu pilgrimage rite that grows larger every year. It is held every three years in one of the cities of Allahabad, Haridwar, Nashik, and Ujjain, but the gathering in Allahabad, held every 12 years, is the largest and most sacred. In 2013, the festival drew about 100 million people.
10. India has been a center of fashion since ancient times
Since ancient times, Indian fabrics have been sold all over the world, and the country has long been known as the producer of the best cotton and silk. One of the consequences of British colonialism was the impoverishment of Indian textile producers.
Today, the Indian fashion industry is thriving again, and fashion weeks are regularly held in Delhi, Mumbai, and Bangalore. Also, many traditions, such as hand weaving and hand stuffing, have survived in India.
11. Step wells can be found all over the desert
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In the dry climate of northern and western India, water is not always publicly available and often has to be extracted from underground. Many step wells in Delhi, Rajasthan and Gujarat have been carved and decorated like temples with zigzag steps with many tunnels and balconies that lead to water .
Some of the most beautiful stepped wells are Chand Baori near Jaipur and Ajalaj outside Ahmedabad.
12. meghalaya is the rainiest inhabited place in the world
Although the arid deserts of Rajasthan in the west are better known, the northwestern state of Meghalaya is the rainiest populated place in the world. The village of Mausinram, for example, receives 11,871 millimeters of rain annually.
13. Here you can see bridges made of living trees
In the state of Meghalaya you can find amazing bridges that were created by nature for over 500 years. These bridges made from roots and climbing stems are much stronger than wooden bridges, which would quickly rot in Meghalaya’s humid climate.
14. Padmanabhaswamy Temple is the richest temple in the world
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The Padmanabhaswamy Temple in Trivandrum, Kerala, is not only the richest Hindu temple in the world, but also the richest place of worship. In 2011, the temple’s cellars were opened for the first time in 130 years and a treasure trove of gold, silver and precious metals estimated to be worth hundreds of millions of dollars was discovered inside.
India: Interesting things about the country
15. India is the largest sundial in the world
© Andrey Khrobostov
Jantar Mantar Observatory complex in Jaipur and Delhi, built in the 18th century, was once a place where they prepared astronomical tables and predicted the movements of the Sun, Moon and planets with the naked eye.
Jantar Mantar in Jaipur is the largest, and is equipped with 19 architectural astronomical instruments, including the largest sundial in the world. The observatory in Delhi is smaller, but not as crowded, and you can even climb some structures.
16. There are more than 140 kinds of traditional Indian desserts
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Every region of India has its own distinctive desserts: petha, a dessert made from boiled pumpkin from Agra, daulat ki chaat, made from milk foam, which is only sold in Delhi in winter, rasagolla, milk-based Bengali balls in syrup, gajar ki halwa made from grated carrots and popular in the north, rice pudding kheer or jalebi, curls of dough drenched in syrup.
Indian desserts are very sweet, made with lots of ghee and flavored with cardamom, cinnamon, saffron, coconut, rose water, or nuts.
17. Khari Baoli in Delhi is the largest spice market in the world
© Alexander Yakovlev
The market has been around for almost four centuries and sells all kinds of spices, dried fruits, nuts, herbs, teas and ingredients for desserts.
18. Bandra-Worley Sea Bridge – the longest overhead bridge in the world
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The bridge’s steel wires are as long as the Earth’s circumference at the equator, and it weighs as much as 50,000 African elephants.
19. The largest family in the world
Zion Chana is the head of the largest family in the world. He has 39 wives, 94 children, and 39 grandchildren. They live in a 4-story, 100-room house in Baktwang village in Mizoram state.
20. There are 6 seasons in India
© Andrey Khrobostov
According to the Hindu calendar in India there are 6 seasons: summer, autumn, winter, spring, monsoon season and the pre-winter season.