Iput river in Smolensk and Bryansk regions

Where the Iput River flows into and has its source

The Iput is a large river flowing in the border areas of Belarus and Russia, one of the main rivers in the Bryansk Oblast of the Russian Federation.

The Iput is a river that flows through the territory of two states at once: the source of the river is in the Mogilev region of Belarus, then it flows through the territory of the Smolensk and Bryansk regions of Russia, and in the Gomel region of Belarus it flows into the Sozh River. The river originates near the village of Stary Stan in the Mogilev region and flows into the Sozh near the city of Gomel.

The total length of the Iput is 476 km, the area of the basin is almost 11 thousand km2 . The Iput, the largest tributary of the Sozh, belongs to the Dnieper basin and carries its waters to the Black Sea. The river is characterized by hilly terrain in the upper reaches and a flat landscape in the middle reaches and at the mouth.

There are many rural settlements and several cities along the river:

How to get there

To reach the river from Moscow, located in the Russian-Belarusian border region, you need to move in a southwesterly direction. To reach the upper reaches of the Iputi, you need to leave via the A130 Moscow-Belarusian border highway (along the Old Kaluga highway). To reach the river in its middle and lower reaches, it is better to leave Moscow by the M3 “Ukraine” freeway; near Bryansk you should turn to the Orel-Smolensk freeway to get to the middle reaches. To get to the most “fishy” places of the Iput it is necessary to turn to the highway A240 Bryansk – Krasny Kamen near Bryansk that leads to Novozybkovsky and Zlynkovsky districts. After crossing the border with Belarus, this highway turns into M-10 highway that leads to Gomel.

If you want, you can get to the river from Moscow by train. The daily train 075B Moscow – Gomel departs from the Belorussky railway station at 15:24. On the way the train makes stops at the stations, located on the banks of the Iput:

  • in Vyshkov (Zlynka station);
  • in Dobrush;
  • Gomel.
  • 1300 RUR in the reserved carriage, 2600 RUR in the coupe to Zlynka;
  • 2600 RUR in the coach, 5500 RUR in the compartment to Gomel.

Weather and climate

The river is located in the zone of moderate continental climate, with warm summers and relatively cold winters. The basin of the river is located in a zone with moderate moisture – the average annual precipitation is 500 – 600 mm per year, precipitation is evenly distributed throughout the year, but the greatest number falls with summer showers.

The source and mouth of the Iput, located in Belarus, are characterized by higher average annual temperatures than the middle course of the river, lying in the Russian Federation. In the Mogilev region the average annual temperature is +6 °C, for Gomel +7.4 °C, while in the Smolensk region of the Russian Federation it is only +5.4 °C and in the Bryansk region from +5.5 to +6 °C.

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Winter in the basin comes in mid-November, by the end of the month the first ice cover is formed on the Iputi. Winter lasts about 155 days, the coldest month of the year – January, with an average monthly temperature of -8 ° C in the middle reaches to -4.5 ° C in Gomel. By the end of winter the thickness of the ice cover reaches 40 centimeters.

Spring in the river basin comes by mid-April, when the average daily temperature reaches +5 °C. The ice in the lower reaches of the river begins to clear in late March, in the middle reaches – in the first decade of April. By the middle of the month the ice cover melts completely, and then begins the spring flood, which accounts for up to 70% of the annual streamflow. During the high water the water level in the Iputi rises by 3-4 meters.

Summer in the basin begins in the third decade of May, when the average daily temperature is above +15 ° C. The hottest month of the year is July. July is the hottest month of the year, with average daily temperatures ranging from +18 ° C in Smolensk region to +19.9 ° C in Gomel. Climatic autumn in the Iputi Basin occurs at the same time as the calendar autumn in early September. In this month there is usually clear, sunny weather, but towards the end of September the first frosts occur. Then until the winter (until mid-November), the weather is overcast with lingering rain.

When to go

The best time to go on vacation on the Iput River is from May to late September, when the summer in the basin of the river or the golden autumn. The second period (for winter fishing) is from December to mid-March, when the river forms a solid ice cover. The worst months for visiting the river can be considered the end of November – beginning of December when the ice is not yet firm, as well as the period of the spring high water.

River tributaries

In total, the Iputi has several dozens of tributaries. The left tributaries are more numerous and full-flowing than the right ones. The largest of them are:

  • Unecha (105 km);
  • Nadva (96 km);
  • Voronusa (92 km);
  • Voronitsa (74 km);
  • Horoput (45 km).

Nature

Flora and fauna of the Iputi is rich and diverse. The river basin is 27% in the area of forests, especially in the northern part of the Bryansk region. In the Kletnyansky District of the Bryansk region between the tributaries Voronus and Nadva there is the Kletnyansky reserve, part of which are floodplain oak groves and sparse woodland. In addition to the oaks, on the banks of the Iput River one may find pine, spruce and mixed forests.

Floodplain forests and bogs of the Iput and its tributaries are home to rare species of fauna. Among mammals, there are representatives of the rodent family: the beaver family (beaver), the nutria family and the mouse family. Among other mammal species are marten, mink, otter and other species. The lynx, brown bear, badger, elk, wild boar, and ermine are among the rare species inhabiting the Iputi basin. The pride of the Iputi basin is the Russian white-coat, a rare endemic species, which is on the verge of extinction.

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Even more diverse in the basin are representatives of the bird class. Here live grouse, wood grouse, hazel grouse, storks, cranes, eagles, woodpeckers and other species.

The ichthyofauna of the Iputi is also rich and varied, although generally typical of the reservoirs of the European part of Russia. Among the numerous species of fish living here are: ide, roach, bleak, bream, burbot, silver carp and others.

Fishing on the river

The river Iput is one of the best places for fishing in the Bryansk region and neighboring regions of Belarus. The best place for fishing is considered the lower reaches of the river, especially areas near the village of Vyshkov Zlynkovsky district, in Novozybkovsky and Gordeevsky districts of the Bryansk region, as well as in the territory of Belarus in Dobrushsky district.

Ipute is convenient for fishing both using a boat and for shore fishing. Both float rods and feeders are used. In the summertime there is usually a feeding, in the autumn months on the Iput it is possible to fish without feeding, as the bite is sufficient without it.

In general anglers choose to fish with big white fish of the carp family: roach, ide, bream, bream, silver carp, redfin. Among predatory species of fish the object of fishing is a pike, biting well on live bait – young specimens of roach, crucian carp, rudd. Optimal size of live bait – no more than 10 cm. Among the interesting features of pike behavior, noted by local fishermen, is the fact that a large fish prefers to bite on small bait and vice versa. This behavior is typical not only for the summer and fall, but also for winter, and for all fish species.

Sightseeing and interesting places

The Iput is one of the centers of ecological tourism in the Bryansk region. In addition to the above mentioned Kletnyansky reserve, the ornithological territory “Priiputskie Heights” in Klintsovsky district of the region is a nesting place for rare bird species, such as the black stork, the white heron and the snake-eagle.

A large part of the Iputi basin lies within the Starodubshchina, a historical region with a complex history located in the west of the Bryansk region. Along with Russians, Belarusians and Ukrainians, numerous Old Believers have inhabited Starodubshchina since the 17th century. They founded many villages, slobodas and towns in the region. One such settlement is Zlynka, which lies a few kilometers from the course of the Iput, near the village Vyshkov. Old believers brought here the tradition of wooden architecture typical of the Russian north and central Russia. A special development was woodcarving decorating the facades of houses. In Zlynka almost the entire housing stock is represented by wooden houses, so walking through the streets of the city, you can meet many mansions and houses, worthy of the best examples of wooden architecture in Murom, Semyonov and Gorodets.

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Novozybkov is the main city in the western part of the Bryansk region with the largest number of attractions. Like Zlynka, it was founded by Old Believers and later became the center of the Novozybkovo Consent – the church organization of Old Believers-popovtsy. In this town there are a lot of monuments of architecture associated with Old Believers, including several stone and wooden temples of the XVIII-XIX centuries. The town itself lies less than 10 kilometers from the course of the Iputi, so it is convenient to stop there when traveling to the river.

In the basin of the Iput River meet the borders of three countries – Russia, Belarus and Ukraine. Located on the banks of the Iput River, the Belarusian district center of Dobrush is famous for its Monument of Friendship – a monument symbolizing the unbreakable ties of the three kindred peoples.

Gomel, the largest city, lying on the Iputi, also has considerable tourist potential. The main attraction is the palace of the Rumyantsevs-Paskeviches, a fine example of Russian classicism, which was created by several architects during the XIX century.

Tips for the Tourist

The Iput is a quiet quiet river with fairly clear water and shallow depths, so it is suitable not only for fishing, but also for river swimming. The best beaches on the Iput are located in Novozybkovsky district near the village Perevoz and near the village Muravinka, as well as near the village Vyshkov and the village Dobrodeyevka in Zlynkovsky district.

The Iput is often used by lovers of active entertainment for rafting on kayaks and catamarans. Every year a youth festival “On the waves of the Iputi” is held in the Bryansk region. It takes place in several stages on the territory of Surazhsky, Gordeevsky, Klintsovsky and Novozybkovsky districts. On the opening day of the festival everyone who wishes may ride free on the catamaran provided by the administration of the festival.

The Iput is a river located in the border areas of Russia and Belarus. It is one of the main rivers in the region, loved by fishermen for its good catch and by ordinary tourists for its quiet character and almost untouched nature of its banks.

Iput

Iput (Belarus)

Iput – river in the Mogilev region of Belarus, Smolensk and Bryansk regions of Russia, Gomel region of Belarus, left tributary of the Sozh River (flows near Gomel). The river is navigable in its lower reaches.

Contents

Hydrology

The Iput is the longest and most full-flowing tributary of the Sozh River.

The length of the river is 437 km, the area of the watershed – 10,900 km². The banks are for the most part low lands. The slope is 0.2 m/km. The stream has a plain character.

It is fed mainly by snow. The river freezes in late November and opens up in late March or early April [1].

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The river valley is trapezoidal, the width at the head 1-1.5 km, below 2.5-3.5 km, on the stretch from the town of Surazh to the mouth 4-8 km.

The river channel is slightly branched, in some places very winding. The banks are steep and precipitous. The left bank is generally more gentle and low.

The floodplain is double-sided, in some places alternating along the banks, width in the upper reaches is from 1.5 to 12 m, on the rest of the length it is 20-50 m. During the floods the average excess of the water level over the low-water level is 3-4 m.

On the valley slopes the first terrace above the floodplain is 5-10 m high and the second terrace is 16-22 m high. There are peat bogs on the surface areas of the floodplain and both terraces.

The river basin is located on the western slope of the Srednerusskaya Upland and in the northern part of the Pridneprovskaya lowland, and borders in the east and south on the Desna River basin (a tributary of the Dnieper), and in the west on the Besed River basin. In the upper reaches of the landscape is hilly, the rest of the area is a rugged flat plain, 27% under forest.

In the towns of Surazh and Dobrush on the Iputi, hydraulic structures (dams) are built.

Average annual water discharge:

  • In the village of Ershichi – 4,7 m³/s;
  • Near the village of Novye Bobovichi (109 km from the mouth) – 83.4 m³/s;
  • At the mouth – 55.6 m³/s.

Settlements on the river

The largest populated area in the upper reaches of the river is the village Ershichi – center of Ershichsky district, Smolensk region. In the middle course of the Iputa is the town of Surazh. Other district centers of the Bryansk region are located here on the tributaries of the river: the towns of Klintsy, Novozybkov, Unecha, Mglin, Zlynka, urban-type settlement Kletnya and Gordeevka village. In the lower reaches of the Iputi on the territory of Belarus are the towns of Dobrush, the center of Dobrush district, and Gomel, the center of Gomel region.

Tributaries

The left tributaries of the Iput are more numerous and, in general, longer and fuller than the right tributaries. This is due to the narrowness of the watershed between the Iput and the Besed, which flows westward in the opposite direction. The longest tributaries of the Iput are: Unecha – 105 km, Nadva – 96 km, Voronusa – 92 km, Voronitsa – 74 km.

Left (from the source to the mouth)

  • Mogilenya
  • Savenka
  • Borovitsa
  • Gostinka
  • Vyazovka
  • Kolpita (Kolpica)
  • Čelkna
  • Budnevka
  • Borovicka (Kluchevaya Borovicka)
  • Goldobov’s ditch
  • Pryshchanka
  • Nadva
  • Bolotnyanka
  • Lukavitsa
  • Tezna
  • Lopazenka
  • Radius
  • Kozka
  • Turosna
  • Veprinka
  • Siniavka [2]
  • Korna or Karna
  • Demenka
  • Kamianka
  • Zlynka
  • Horoput

The right ones (from the source to the mouth)

  • Khaterschina
  • Lyadeshnya
  • Rig
  • Khvoshnya
  • Baranivka
  • Lomenka
  • Welding
  • Black
  • Nivlyanka
  • Slishchanka
  • Ramonka
  • Vyzherebka
  • Belitsa
  • Kavpita
  • Pokonka
  • Viholka
  • Buldynka
  • Ochesa

On the tributaries of the Iputi on the territory of the Novozybkovsky district, see [3]. [3]

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Notes

  1. ↑ Iput – article from the Great Soviet Encyclopaedia
  2. ↑ Sinyavka River on the site “Novozybkov – Part of the Common House Earth”.
  3. ↑ Ecological project “Clean water bodies or sewage ditches” – Ecological Association “Blue Planet” (Leader: Shashuro Olga Ivanovna). Secondary General Education School # 6 of the city of Novozybkov, Bryansk Oblast

Literature

  • “Waters of the Iputi.” The newspaper “Mayak” 23.07.98.
  • “Where did the name of the river Iput come from”. Newspaper “Mayak” 30.07.98.
  • Sokolov. “Grey Bryansk antiquity”. In the newspaper “Debryansk”. 2000 г.

Sources

  • Iput – article from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia
  • Alphabetically arranged rivers
  • The rivers of the Gomel region
  • The rivers of the Smolensk region
  • Rivers of the Bryansk region
  • Tributaries of the Sozh

Wikimedia Foundation . 2010 .

Useful

See what is “Iput” in other dictionaries:

IPUT is a river in eastern Europe, a left tributary of the Sozh River. It flows through the territory of Belarus and the Russian Federation. It is 437 km long, the basin area is 10.9 thou sq. km2 . The average discharge in the lower reaches is about 83 m³/sec. It is navigable. The towns of Surazh and Dobrush are situated on the Iput’… Great Encyclopaedic Dictionary

IPUT, a river in Eastern Europe, left tributary of the Sozh River. It flows through Belorussia and Russia. It is 437 km long, the basin area is 10,900 km2 . The average flow rate in the lower stream is about 83 m3/sec. It is navigable. There is the town of Surazh on the Iput. Source: Encyclopedia… … Russian history

Iput – noun, number of synonyms: 1 – river (2073) Dictionary of synonyms ASIS. V. N. Trishin. 2013 … Dictionary of Synonyms

Iput – river in Eastern Europe, left tributary of the Sozh River. It flows through the territory of Belarus and Russia. It is 437 km long, the basin area is 10.9 thousand km2. The average flow of the river in its lower reaches is about 83 m3/sec. It is navigable. The towns of Surazh and Dobrush on the Iput are situated there. * * * * The Uput The Uput,… Encyclopedic Dictionary

Iput – Sp Ìputė Ap Iput/Iput’ rusiškai Ap Iput/Iputs’ baltarusiškai (gudiškai) L u. RF Briansko sr. ir Baltarusijoje … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

Iput (meaning) – Iput: Iput river in Belarus and Russia, left tributary of the Sozh River. Iput railway station on Unecha Krichev line of Moscow railway, located on Iput river in Lesnoe village. Iput stopping point of the Gomel branch of the Belarusian Railway … Wikipedia

Iput (river) – The Iput flows through the territory of the Mogilev region of Belarus, the Smolensk and Bryansk regions of Russia, and the Gomel region of Belarus Mouth of the Sozh near the city of Gomel Length 437 km … Wikipedia

Iput (platform) – There are other meanings for this term, see Iput (meaning). Coordinates: 52°24′14.6″ N. 31°05′23″ E. / 52.404056° N. 31.089722° E. &#16 … Wikipedia

Iput (Gordeevsky district) – There are other meanings for this term, see Iput (meaning). Iput village Country RussiaRussia … Wikipedia

Iput (Gomel District) – The village Iput, BelorussiaBelorussiaBelorussia Country … Wikipedia

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