Jama Masjid Mosque in Delhi, detailed description

Jama Masjid Mosque.

Millions of tourists from all over the world come to the mosque every year. Jama Masjid is considered a national and religious treasure of all Indian people.

Jama Masjid is one of the very first Indian mosques. Externally it is a large rectangular structure with 4 tall towers, three main gates and two minarets. It is possible to get inside through several arched gates. The walls of the mosque are completely covered with red sandstone and light marble, which is laid out on a special principle in the form of vertical bands. Climbing up one of the minarets you can see the whole city. It costs 20 rupees for such a sightseeing tour. In the courtyard is a well, designed for washing hands and feet.

Jama masjid has a large area with a capacity of more than 25 thousand people. Surprisingly, representatives of different religious teachings can come to it. For non-Muslims the entrance is closed only during prayers. Before entering, one has to take off shoes at the entrance and dress according to the rules.

Anyone can climb the towers by paying 20 rupees. Women are allowed in only if accompanied by a guide. The gate of the mosque is open to visitors every day except weekends from 8:30 am.

History of Jama Masjid

The construction of the mosque began during the reign of Shah Jahan, and did not end until 1656, when his son Jahan Aurangzeb was in power. The architect who built Jama Masjid is also known for designing the Taj Mahal. His other works include the Port of Delhi and numerous magnificent mosques scattered all over India. 5,000 builders were involved in the construction of the majestic structure. But when all the construction work was finished, Governor William Horonbey ordered the building to be destroyed. This was due to the law stating that no structure was to be built within 600 yards around the Fort.

The mosque you can see now was erected in the late 18th century. Construction lasted 27 years.

And for many years to the present day Jama Masjid pleases many tourists with its pristine architecture. The structure is kept in perfect condition only due to the funds collected by tourists and other visitors. Every day more than 200 thousand Muslims visit the mosque for prayers.

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For all Indian Muslims, the mosque has great cultural and religious significance. This place has become home to important sacred relics, such as the shoe of Prophet Muhammad or his footprint in stone. There are many such sacred objects in the temple. All visitors sincerely believe that by coming here they can purify their soul and pray for their deceased relatives.

When you come to the Jama Masjid mosque, it is impossible not to feel the powerful energy that lurks in every corner of the sacred structure. Many tourists noted that they came to the mosque as if under pressure, there was a feeling of a certain magnetism.

It was built in 1565 and almost immediately demolished by order of the governor. The modern building was erected in 1775. Today, the mosque is preserved in almost perfect condition, all thanks to numerous restorations carried out at the expense of visitors. All tourists are attracted here by the unusual architecture created from sandstone combined with white marble. And understandably, there are always a lot of visitors.

This magnificent building is located near the street Chandni Chowk. There is no point in giving the orientation, because the snow-white domes of Jama Masjid are visible from almost anywhere in the city. Once you arrive at the gate, you have to cross 36 steps on your way to the work of architectural art. After a tour inside the structure, you can visit the Kalan Masjid Mosque. It got its name from the black colored stones from which the mosque was built. “Kalan” is Indian for “black”. Also next to Jama Masjid is the tomb of Sultan Razia, who ruled in 1236. This woman in her 4 years of rule did a lot for Delhi. Razia is the only woman ever to sit on the sultan’s throne. There are many legends associated with her in India, praising the beauty and sharp mind of the great Sultaness.

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Getting to the mosque is quite easy. You can walk from Main Bazaar. The walk will take no more than 30 minutes, but this time will pass unnoticed, as around you will see many old houses and other attractions. Many tourists are brought to the mosque on a tour bus with a guide who during the walk tells about the formation of Jama Masjid. Once you get to the observation deck of the tower, you will see a magnificent view of the city. Before you go to the mosque, don’t forget the rules. You can wear only clothes that completely cover the skin and special slippers that are issued at the entrance.

It is desirable to come here early in the morning, when it is not so hot and there are almost few people. If you go in the morning, take a hat and some water, as you’ll have to walk for a long time, and you’ll be in the open air the whole time. For the entire visit will have to pay 60 rupees. Despite all the nuances, a visit to the mosque will bring a lot of impressions and emotions.

Jama Masjid Mosque

Having decided to visit this extraordinary mosque at the beginning of our trip to India, my lover Stephan and I returned to it mentally several times afterwards, and even saw it in our dreams.

The full name of this mosque is Masjid-i Jahan-Numa, which means “Reflecting the World” in Persian. Some say it is the largest mosque in India, others say it is one of the largest, but one thing is certain – it is an impressive, huge and beautiful structure.

History of Jama Masjid Mosque

The mosque was built in 1656 by Shah Jahan, the same one who created the Taj Mahal and the Red Fort. While he dedicated the Taj Mahal to his deceased wife, the Jama Masjid was built in honor of their mutual daughter, Jahanara Begum.

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Besides the creation of these architectural monuments and the financially unsuccessful wars with the Persians, this ruler with a loud name that translates as “lord of peace” is remembered for moving the capital of his empire to Delhi. It took eight years and the strength of 5,000 workers to build Delhi’s main mosque.

In 1857, after suppressing a major rebellion, the British confiscated the mosque to house their soldiers and even wanted to destroy it as punishment to the people of the city, but stopped in the face of strong protest.

Now the mosque is briefly called Jama Masjid, literally “Friday Prayer. In Islam, it is customary to gather for general midday prayers on Friday, so the main mosque of the city got such a name.

Mosque Arrangement

Jama Masjid is surrounded by a high red wall with four corner towers. One can get inside from one of the three sides by climbing a staircase and passing through a grandiose gate.

Inside is a spacious square, a beautiful arched gallery around the perimeter, a pool for ablution and the mosque itself with three domes and two minarets 40 meters high each.

On religious holidays the square accommodates up to 25 thousand people, but on a weekday evening we saw there a few people praying, children playing, families having a rest, mostly Indian tourists and a lot of pigeons.

How to dress, what to look at and what to pay for

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