Jerusalem and attractions, photos and descriptions
The Garden of Gethsemane is just one part of the area, which is located under the western slope of the Mount of Olives, near the Old City, and is called Gethsemane. Gethsemane is home to several extremely important landmarks in Jerusalem, including the Church of All Nations.
Mount Zion – today more like a hill – has become a symbol of the Promised Land for all the Jews of the world. After the Temple of Jerusalem was destroyed and the Jewish people were dispersed all over the world, no longer having a country of their own, the name of this mountain became a household name.
City of David in Jerusalem
David’s Castle is one of the most monumental landmarks of the Golden City. This is where Jerusalem began. The old city was inhabited later, and the first Jewish state founded by the second Jewish King David.
The Way of Mourning
Another important Christian shrine in Jerusalem is the Via Dolorosa (aka the Way of the Cross and the Road of Sorrow). It is believed that this is the way Jesus walked from the place where the sentence was pronounced to the place of execution.
The Golden Gate in Jerusalem
The center of old Jerusalim is surrounded by a fortress wall with a gate. Once they really ensured the safety of the citizens, carefully guarded, but now they have become a tourist attraction of the ancient city.
Tours to Israel – immersion in human history.
Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock mosque.
Crowds of people who want to touch the Wailing Wall constantly intersect with pilgrims rushing to the main Muslim shrines of Jerusalem. These are the Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock Mosque.
The Wailing Wall
Wailing Wall in Jerusalem – the main holy place in Judaism and one of the most famous religious sites in Israel, which can be seen not only by believers but by anyone. The main thing is not to forget that the Wailing Wall is a place of prayer.
Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem
Today the Church of the Holy Sepulcher is located in the heart of the Christian Quarter and includes, in addition to the place of Christ’s crucifixion, also the tomb where the Son of God was buried and later resurrected. The tomb is the main altar of the temple and a place of pilgrimage for Christians.
The second name of Akeldama is “Land of Blood.” According to the Gospel legend, this plot of land was bought with blood money – the same 30 pieces of silver received by Judas for his betrayal. As we know, Iscariot did not use his reward, and the pieces of silver were used to purchase a piece of land.
Rockefeller Museum of Archaeology in Jerusalem
The Rockefeller Museum, formerly known as the Palestinian Archaeological Museum, is located on the east side of Jerusalem. It contains a large collection of artifacts discovered during excavations at the Palestinian Mandar in the 1920s and 1930s.
Davidson Center Archaeological Park
Many peoples have left their mark on the land of Israel: Jews, Romans, Arabs, Byzantines, and descendants of Medieval Europe. The capital of the state is an important religious center, preserving the shrines of the three world religions. This city can be considered as one big architectural monument.
Tower of David in Jerusalem
The Citadel, also known as the Tower of David in Jerusalem, is a mighty fortress at the Jaffa Gate, built, according to legend, by the great king of Israel and his son Solomon about 3,000 years ago. Archaeologists have indeed found items from that era during excavations, but nothing remains of the walls.
The Great Synagogue of Jerusalem
In spite of its resounding name, this synagogue is not one of the city’s ancient sites. It was built by the Wolfson family in the second half of the 20th century.
In the 16th century the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem were renovated by order of Sultan Suleiman I, a small gate was left in one of the towers and later bricked up. Three centuries later the city grew, and the inhabitants of the Muslim Quarter needed a passage to the new streets behind the wall.
Geichal (or Heikal) Shlomo is the name of the Jewish heritage center located near the Great Choral Synagogue in Jerusalem. More precisely, the name of the building. It used to be the seat of the Supreme Rabbinical Court and of the Chief Rabbinate itself (they vacated the building in 1992).
The Ghorna Convent in Ein Karem
The Gornyi or Gornyi Convent is a convent in Ein Karem, on the outskirts of Jerusalem, which means “spring in the grapes” in Arabic. It is believed that this is where Our Lady came to visit one of her relatives.
Damascus Gate in Jerusalem
The Damascus Gate is considered the main landmark of Jerusalem’s western city wall. It is a mighty and monumental structure richly decorated with ornaments and is the main entrance to the Arab quarter of Jerusalem.
The Valley of Fire
In all Abrahamic religions there is a special place where sinners end up after death and pay for their sins with eternal suffering: roasting on red-hot pans, burning in flames, suffocating from acrid and poisonous fumes, in short, undergoing unbelievable torments.
The House of Tycho
The tranquil and peaceful Ticho House is a great place to experience the atmosphere of Old Jerusalem as you explore the work of Israel’s favorite artist, Anna Ticho. The museum occupies the former home of the artist and her husband, Dr. Abraham Ticho.
Mount of Olives
Even in Jerusalem, which is overflowing with historical sites, the Mount of Olives, aka the Mount of Olives, stands out for the abundance of biblical lore associated with it. Thousands of years of olive trees on its slopes heard the people who determined the path of modern civilization.
Jerusalem is not just the historical center of ancient Judea. Having long lost its administrative significance (the capital of modern Israel is known to be in Tel Aviv), Jerusalem has nevertheless retained its status as a spiritual center, both for Jews and for Christians and Muslims. It is clear that pilgrims from all over the world do not go to “Jerusalem in general,” but to visit specific sites associated with one or another faith. As a rule, special religious tours with a dense program of excursions are organized for this purpose. Those who come to Jerusalem for educational purposes, however, often choose just a leisurely stroll through the Old City.
Not only the Old City is an open-air monument: by law all buildings in Jerusalem must be at least partially lined with Jerusalem stone. This creates a special architectural character of the city and an inexplicable but attractive atmosphere.
Top 15 Sights of Jerusalem
Israel, or the Promised Land, is home to three cultures and three religions. Colorful, multilingual streets, religious shrines, historical and architectural sights are found practically at every step, but millions of tourists annually come to the capital. Of course, tourists are attracted not only by the sights, Jerusalem is located near the natural monuments – the Judean Mountains, the Dead Sea and the Negev Desert. In this article you will learn what to see in Jerusalem on your own.
Jerusalem sights – guide, description, photos
First of all it should be noted that there are so many places of interest and tourist attractions in the capital of Israel that you can’t do without the map of Jerusalem in Russian with the sights. Start preparing for your trip in advance, make a list of places you would like to visit.
Important! You can always use the help of a guide who will tell you what to see in Jerusalem, as well as make a personal route.
Yad Vashem Holocaust Memorial in Israel
This landmark appeared in Jerusalem with one purpose – to commemorate the victims of the Holocaust and to preserve forever in the memory of people the heroism of soldiers who died in World War II.
The project of the memorial was ready in 1942, an area of 18 hectares on the hillside of Mount Herzl was chosen for its construction. The complex combines several objects, some of them are located indoors, and some in the open air.
Interesting fact! Yad Vashem has the largest collection of documents related to the Holocaust and World War II. There is still work being done here to perpetuate the memory of people who were victims of the Holocaust in Israel.
- The site can be visited every day except Saturdays from 8-30 to 17-00, on Thursdays, the museums, synagogue and exhibitions in the memorial complex are open until 20-00;
- admission is free;
- Official website: https://www.yadvashem.org/ru.html.
Museum of Israel
The museum was founded in 1965 and is located near Givat Ram. The museum exhibition includes 500 thousand different exhibits, including archaeological finds and works of art. The total area of the site is 50 thousand square meters.
The archaeology wing is dedicated to the history of Israel, and the exposition is divided into seven historical periods. The most valuable exhibits: the baths of King Herod and the stele of Heliodorus.
In the Temple of the Book offers to see the most ancient manuscript. Nearby is another site where you can see the architecture of the city before the invasion of the Romans (66 AD). Here is a recreation of Herod’s Temple, which occupies 20 acres. The Fine Arts Wing contains art spanning a period of tens of centuries – painting, architecture, photography. You can also visit the Junior Wing and the Art Garden.
- Address: 11, Ruppin Boulevard, Hakyria;
- Opening hours: Monday, Wednesday, Thursday, weekends – 10 am to 5 pm, Tuesday from 4 pm to 9 pm, Friday from 10 am to 2 pm;
- cost – full ticket 54 ILS, student ticket – 39 ILS, for children under 17 years old – 27 ILS, children under 5 years old admission is free;
- Official website: imj.org.il
The Wailing Wall
Map of Israel with Jerusalem sights with photos and descriptions of the Wailing Wall – the main holy place of Judaism. Millions of pilgrims come here every year. The age of the site is more than 2 thousand years, it is located near the Temple Mount. This is the surviving part of the Second Temple of Jerusalem, which was destroyed in 70 AD (the era of King Herod).
Interesting fact! The blocks from which the wall is built are not fastened in any way, just tightly put together and superimposed on each other.
Before you visit the site, be sure to study how to write a note, as well as a set of rules and recommendations for tourists.
The Mount of Olives or Mount of Olives
The landmark is located to the west of the Old City of Jerusalem. The mountain has three peaks where are:
- Hebrew University;
- Church of the Ascension;
- Lutheran Center.
At the foot of it there is an ancient cemetery. Here are: the Church of All Nations, built on the place where Jesus came to pray, the Church of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, the Orthodox Church of Mary and Magdalene.
Church of the Holy Sepulchre
All tourist itineraries with photos and descriptions in Jerusalem necessarily marked this shrine – the place where Jesus Christ carried his cross. Besides Golgotha, there is a tomb where the Son of God was buried and then resurrected.
Good to know! One of the wonders of the world that thousands of pilgrims come every year to see is the descent of the Holy Fire.
- Admission is free;
- modest clothing is a must;
- Opening hours: from April to September from 5-00 to 20-00, from October to March from 4-30 to 19-00;
- The best time to visit is from 4 p.m. to 5 p.m;
- Address: Old Town, 1 St. Helena St.
The Tunnel of Hezekiah and the Pool of Siloam
The tunnel is 533 meters long and its origin (early 7th century BC) is associated with the reign of Hezekiah of Judah and is part of the waterworks. According to one version of the scientists, the tunnel was dug by two groups from opposite ends, the workers met in the center. At the entrance of the tunnel there is a plaque with a commemorative inscription telling the history of the creation of the landmark.
Today, tourists walk through the tunnel accompanied by a guide, having to walk knee-deep in water and illuminate the way with a flashlight.
There is a theory that Hezekiah’s tunnel is an additional aqueduct whose main purpose is to keep the entire volume of water inside the city and prevent enemy troops from accessing it. Water from the tunnel flowed into the Pool of Siloam or the Pool of Siloam, where Christ advised the blind man to wash, after which the man gained his sight. According to one legend, every pilgrim going to Jerusalem had to perform ablutions.
Good to know! The Siloam baptismal font in Israel is the only structure that survived since the time of Jesus Christ.
- Address: Shiloach village;
- Opening hours: Sunday to Thursday 8:00 am to 7:00 pm in summer, 9:00 am to 4:00 pm on Friday, Sunday to Thursday 8:00 am to 5:00 pm in winter, 9:00 am to 2:00 pm on Friday.
The site is located near the Old City, near the western slope of the Mount of Olives. In the distant past, the garden occupied a much larger area, today it is 2,300 square meters.
It is a site revered by pilgrims and Christians as it was the place Jesus Christ came to pray on the last night before his arrest and crucifixion. You can always see the olive trees in the photos of the site in Jerusalem. Some historians claim that they may well have witnessed Jesus praying.
Churches were built on the grounds of the garden, which were later destroyed. At the end of the 17th century, the garden was taken over by Franciscan monks who built a wall of stone around the site. Other places to see in Gethsemane are:
- Temple of All Nations;
- Temple of Mary Magdalene;
- The grotto of Gethsemane.
The Kidron Valley, also located here, is shrouded in a dusky glory, for according to legend, it is here that the trumpet that will raise the dead will sound. For this reason, the territory here is entirely covered with graves.
- Daily schedule: from 8-00 to 12-00 and from 14-00 to 18-00;
- free admission;
- Take a bus to the Lion’s Gate, then walk about 500 m in the direction of the Church of All Nations.
The site is located north of the Old City of Jerusalem near Damascus Gate. In the 19th century the Protestant Church venerated this cave tomb as the true tomb of Jesus. General Charles Gordon was the first to make such a suggestion. However, some historians refute this version because the shape of the cave indicates that it appeared in the 9th century BC. Consequently, at the time of the crucifixion of Christ, this tomb was not new, and the Gospels indicate that Christ was buried in a “new tomb.
The area is beautifully landscaped, come here to see the amazing park with flower beds, alleys, relax on the benches. In addition, there are ancient artifacts – an oil press, a watershed, a mountain, the shape of which resembles a skull. In the garden with special attention is equipped with places where a person can retreat and pray to God.
Important: It is better to visit the attraction on a weekday, when there are few tourists. On weekends there can be a huge number of pilgrims.
David’s Tower Museum
The landmark is a fortress located between Old Jerusalem and the modern city. It was built to protect the settlement and today there is a museum inside, where cultural events are also held.
The fortress was built in the 2nd century BC, and then the structure was destroyed many times, but each ruler restored and completed the defense of the city. When the Romans settled in Jerusalem, there were barracks in the citadel. Later, a moat was dug around the fortress to protect pilgrims on their way to Jerusalem. The fortress received the status of a peaceful attraction in 1967.
Today you can see in the museum: archaeological park, exhibition area, light and music shows. The minaret, mosque and cannons defending the main entrance are reminders of the reign of the Oman Empire.
- Address: Jaffa Gate, Jerusalem;
- Opening hours: Sunday to Thursday, 9 am to 4 pm, Friday 2 pm, in the summer months the museum is open until 5 pm;
- the audio guide can be downloaded from the website: https://www.tod.org.il/en/
- Ticket prices depend on the number of sites the tourist plans to visit.
City of David
It is from this site that Jerusalem began, it was the origin of the state founded by King David, located on an elevated site to the east of Old Jerusalem.
The ancient settlement has been studied by archaeologists very carefully. The area is divided into sections, each with unique buildings and utilities. The most interesting and famous section G, where the houses have been preserved.
As a tourist attraction, Grad David is represented by two parts:
- Archaeological, the oldest part of Jerusalem;
- the Warren Well, which was part of the city’s water supply system, which was organized so that the inhabitants of the city remained with water during periods of siege.
As part of a standard tour of 2.5-3 hours you can see the watchtower, the archaeological site, David’s palace and tour the city’s water supply system.
- The entrance to David’s Castle is through the Garbage Gate;
- Opening hours: Sunday to Thursday from 8 am to 7 pm in the summer months and until 5 pm in winter; on Fridays the entrance is open until 4 pm in summer and until 2 pm in winter;
- Ticket prices: adult – 62 ILS, reduced price – 42 ILS.
The attraction is located in the Old City of Jerusalem, namely in the southeastern part. Its second name is Mount Moriah, where, according to legend, Abraham sacrificed his son Isaac. It is noteworthy that you have to go up from the right side of the mountain and down from the left.
On the Temple Mount offer to see the buildings of different purposes – temples, arches, mosques, fountains, pavilions. Here you can see the entire Old Jerusalem from above.
- Sight available to visitors five days a week, weekends Friday and Saturday.
- Non-Muslims are allowed to enter through a special checkpoint established at the foot of the mountain (Garbage Gate).
- It is forbidden to smoke, walk with shoes on, take pictures and videos.
- Cost: 30 ILS, single ticket for the Dome of the Rock Mosque, Museum of Islamic Art and the Al Aqsa Mosque.
- Schedule: 7:30 to 11:00 a.m. and 1:30 to 2:30 p.m.
This area of Old Jerusalem is located between the Temple Mount and the Zion Gates. This area used to be a lively place, but today it is a museum that recounts the history of its inhabitants. During the Arab-Israeli war a lot of people were killed here, it was thought that the Jews would never live in this part of Jerusalem again. In the future, the authorities decided to restore the quarter and perpetuate the memory of the dead Jews. As noted by tourists, there is a lively atmosphere of Old Jerusalem, there are old synagogues, the streets are narrow and winding, the houses as if overhanging them. There are museums for tourists to visit, and a park to the south of the neighborhood.
Mahane Yehuda Market
A colorful, grocery market, where you can buy and try many different delicacies. It offers national dishes and a wide variety of delicacies to suit every taste. Haggling here is reluctant, so the price is unlikely to get down, but leave hungry and without shopping.
The locals say that if you don’t go to Mahei Yehuda, you won’t see the real Jerusalem. It is noteworthy that the market is more of a night market, with bars, restaurants, and pubs open late in the evening. Vendors prefer cash, cards are not accepted. Do not rush to buy the first item you see, walk around, look, probably find cheaper. Be sure to try seasonal fruits, they are presented in abundance here.
Good to know! Friday afternoons are the most crowded time at the market and parking spaces are hard to come by.
Temple of All Nations
Landmark of Jerusalem in Israel was built by Franciscan monks. Funds for the construction were collected from all over the world, money was sent by the Catholic communities. The author of the project was the Italian architect Antonio Barluzzi. It is noteworthy that the temple on this site appeared much earlier, in the 4th century. The second name of the church is the Temple of Agony, the interior decoration corresponds to the gloomy name. For the construction was used stone, purple glass, and the ceiling is painted a rich blue color, which imitates the night sky.
The temple is active and Catholic, Christian services are held here. Above the altar there is a mosaic picture of Jesus Christ praying in the Garden of Gethsemane. The vaulted dome, on which are the coats of arms of the states from which the Catholic communities transferred money, attracts attention.
The temple works from 8-30 to 11-30, from 14-30 to 16-00. Admission is free.
First station Jerusalem.
The attraction is located near Old Jerusalem and the Amin Moshe neighborhood. Station was built in 1892. Today it hosts cultural events – sports, culinary and musical events. In the gallery presents exhibitions, and in numerous kiosks you can buy clothes, food, small souvenirs. Tourists can take part in a zumba, yoga or Pilates workout or rent a bike. After a walk and activity, you can have a delicious and nourishing meal in one of the restaurants or bars.
Useful information! The guest center offers a large selection of hiking trails.
The sights of Jerusalem are, first of all, several thousand years of history, a mixture of cultures and religions. Many call this city a spiritual center, because here everyone feels a particularly strong connection with God.
All attractions of Jerusalem described in the article are marked on the map in Russian.
Tours of the main attractions of Jerusalem with a guide:
Author: Julia Matyukhina
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