Jordan – The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

Jordan (Arabic الأردن , Al-Urdun ), the official name of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (Arabic المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية ) is an Arab country in the Middle East. It borders Syria to the north, Iraq to the northeast, Saudi Arabia to the east and south, and Israel and the Palestinian Authority to the west. Jordan shares the coastlines of the Dead Sea with Israel and the Palestinian Authority, and the Gulf of Aqaba with Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt.

The full name is the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. About 90% is desert and semi-desert. Visitors to Jordan can visit the beaches and coral reefs of the Gulf of Aqaba, where the underwater world can be seen almost from scratch, the beauty of the Dead Sea and ancient monuments, but most tourists are attracted to one of the new Seven Wonders of the World – Petra.

Synopsis of


The population of Jordan is 5.9 million and 95% of the population is Arab. Jordanian Arabs constitute 35% of the population and 55% are natives of Palestine,[1] who migrated to Transjordan and were granted citizenship after the Arab-Israeli wars in 1948 and 1967. Other nationalities are Adyghe (“Circassians”), Chechens, Armenians, and Kurds. There are also many Jordanians of European origin.

Part of the population is registered as Palestinian refugees. Since 2003 after the Iraqi war many refugees from Iraq settled in Jordan. It is estimated that there are between 150,000 and 300,000 of them in Jordan,[2] mostly in Amman and Zarqa [3]

The number of Lebanese migrants after the 2006 Israeli-Lebanese conflict has not been estimated. According to the Ministry of Labor, the number of foreign workers is about 300,000, most of them Egyptian Arabs (227,000), the rest are mostly from Bangladesh, China, the Philippines, Sri Lanka and India. After the war in Iraq, many Christians from Iraq (Assyrians and Chaldeans) settled (permanently or temporarily) on Jordanian territory.


The majority of the population is Muslim. Christians account for 6% of Jordan’s permanent population and occupy 20% of the seats in Parliament. Most Jordanian Christians belong to the Orthodox Church (the Jerusalem Patriarchate), the rest belong to the Roman Catholic Church, the Greek Catholic Church, and various Protestant societies. Christians in Jordan include people of various nationalities (for example, Catholic Masses are held in Arabic, English, French, Italian, Spanish, Tagalog, Sinhalese, and Iraqi dialects of Arabic), but the bulk of them are Christian Arabs. Some Jordanians belong to religious minorities – Druze and supporters of the Bahai faith.

Arabic is the official language, and English is widely spoken in business, government and among the educated. Arabic and English are compulsory in schools. French is taught in a number of schools, but it is not compulsory. Despite this, a French-speaking stratum has formed in modern Jordan. Radio Jordan broadcasts in Arabic, English, and French.

State structure

Jordan is a constitutional monarchy, which is enshrined in the Constitution adopted on January 8, 1952. Exclusive power is concentrated in the hands of the king and his council of ministers. The King signs all laws, his veto power can be overridden by a two-thirds vote of both houses of the National Assembly. He appoints all judges by decree, approves constitutional changes, declares war, and commands the armed forces. The Council of Ministers, headed by the Prime Minister, is appointed by the king, who may remove individual ministers at the request of the Prime Minister.

The constitution provides for three types of courts: civil, religious, and special. Administratively, Jordan is divided into 12 governorates, whose governors are appointed by the king. They are the sole heads of all departments of government and development projects in the territories entrusted to them.

The Royal Armed Forces are also under the control of the king.

Administrative divisions and local authorities

Jordan is administratively divided into 12 governorates (provinces). The governorates are headed by governors appointed by the King and are subordinate to the Ministry of Interior. The governorates are divided into 52 districts.

Governorate Governorate. Center Area, sq. km. Population (2004), people
Ajlun Ajlun Ajlun 412 118 496
Aqaba Aqaba Aqaba 6 583 101 736
Amman Amman Amman 8 231 1 939 405
Jarash Jerash Jarash 402 153 650
Irbid Irbid Irbid 1 621 925 736
Ma’an Ma’an Ma’an 33 163 92 672
Madaba Madaba Madaba 2 008 129 792
Ez-Zarqa Zarqa Ez-Zarqa 4 080 774 569
El-Balka Balqa Al-Salt 1 076 344 985
El Karak Kerak El Karak 3 217 204 135
El Mafraq Mafraq El Mafraq 26 435 240 515
El Tafilah Tafilah El Tafilah 2 114 75 290


The country is located in the Middle East and borders Syria to the north, Iraq to the northeast, Saudi Arabia to the east and south and Israel and the West Bank to the west. The land border with the aforementioned countries is 1,619 km long. There are also borders delineated by the Gulf of Aqaba and the Dead Sea (the coastline is 26 km).

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The mainland (90%) of Jordan is occupied by desert plateaux, while there are hills and mountains in the west. The Jordan River separates Jordan from Israel. The highest point is Jabal Ram (1,734 m) and the lowest is the Dead Sea (-486 m).

Major cities are the capital Amman in the north-west and Irbid and Al-Zarqa in the north.

The climate in Jordan is dry and warm during most of the year, due to the fact that most of the country is covered by deserts. The average annual rainfall ranges from 25-50 to 200 mm. In the northwestern part of the country, due to its orography and proximity to the Mediterranean Sea, the average annual rainfall ranges from 300 to 800 mm. The main amount of precipitation falls during the cold period (November to March).

The number of sunshine hours is 6-7 hours in winter and 12-13 hours in summer. [4]


Advantages : a large volume of phosphate exports. The availability of labor. Port of Aqaba is a special economic zone.

Weaknesses : dependence on energy imports. Imports exceed exports. Unemployment (in 2004, 15%), reinforced by the influx of refugees from Kuwait during the war in the Persian Gulf. Inability to develop agriculture. Political instability in the region hurts tourism.

National Income



There are no major energy mineral resources. Gas is imported from Egypt.Oil is imported from Libya.In the future construction of solar power plants.




Agriculture is a traditional sector, but it does not meet the country’s food needs. The main crops are cereals, sesame, and beans.

Mining and processing of minerals

Manufacturing industry

Foreign economic relations

The volume of Jordan’s trade with Russia is not high, but it tends to grow: in 2002, it was about $32.7 million; in 2003 – $50 million; in 2006 – $140 million.

Currency and banking system

The Jordanian dinar (JOD, unofficially JD) is the monetary unit of Jordan.

One dinar consists of 100 piastres.

Coins and bills depict the royal dynasty. Coins and bills are signed in Arabic and English.

Exchange rate against the euro (October 2007) approximately JD:EUR 1:1

Prior to 1949, Jordan used the Palestinian pound as its unit of account. The dinar replaced this currency.


Way of Life


Sunni Islam is the state religion of Jordan, which is practiced by 92% of the population. 6% are Christians.

Social welfare



10 years – compulsory education. In the 10th year you choose where you want to go – to a technical school or to a higher education institution. Those who have chosen higher education have to repeat 2 years at school, after which they take their final examinations, according to the results of which they enter – either on a budgetary basis, or on a paid basis due to insufficient points. There are more than 40 state and commercial universities in the country. The best university is located in Amman, the capital of Jordan. The current monarch himself studied in the United States. The monarch’s sons, including his eldest son (the heir to the monarchy), Abn Hussein, are studying in the US.

Museums and Libraries



Ancient times.

Remains of Homo erectus, Neanderthals, and ancient Homo sapiens have been found in the Jordan Valley, Azraq, and southern modern Jordan.

During the Neolithic period (8,500-4,500 BC), agriculture began to develop. Gypsum statuettes have been found in the settlement of Ain Ghazal, north of Amman.

During the Chalcolithic period (4,500-3,200 BC) copper began to be smelted in Feinan. Frescoes from this period have been found in the village of Tellat Al-Ghasul.

The Bronze Age (3,200-1,200 BC) saw a rapid development of settlements and the development of architecture, tools, art and trade. During the Late Bronze Age the territory of Jordan falls under the influence of Egypt.

During the Iron Age (1,200-332 BC) the territory of Jordan is divided between the Ammonite, Moabite, and Edomite kingdoms. Most of the events of the Old Testament belong to this period. Highly developed agriculture existed in the south of Jordan. A large number of settlements in Amman, Deiban, Madaba, Mount Nebo, Busser and Karakah date to this period.

The Ancient Period

In the ancient period Jordan is the site of clashes between the Nabataean civilization, with its capital at Petra (about 400 BC – 106 AD), first with the Greek (after the conquests of Alexander the Great, 332-63 BC) and then with Ancient Rome (63 BC – 323 AD). In 106 AD most of the territory of modern Jordan became part of the Roman Empire. At this time the cities of Philadelphia (Amman), Gerasa (Jarash), Gadara (Um Qais), Pella, Dion (location uncertain), Arabella (Irbid) reached their peak.

During the Byzantine period (324-634) trade and agriculture continued to develop. Christian churches were built, many of them decorated with mosaics.

Middle Ages

By 635 most of the Middle East was under the control of the Arab Caliphate. Islam spread rapidly.

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During the Crusader invasion (1099-1268) many fortresses are built on the territory of Jordan. The Lordship of Transjordan, one of the most important vassals of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, is established.

Since 1263 the territory of modern Jordan falls under the control of the Mamelukes. The Mamelukes rebuilt and fortified their fortresses. In 1400, the Mamelukes stop the invasion led by Tamerlane. However, over time, the Mameluk empire weakened, and in 1516 the control passes to the Ottoman Empire.

Ottoman Period (1517-1918)

British Mandate (1918-1946)

Independence (since 1946)

East and West Bank during the reign of King Hussein
Jordanian-Palestinian relations after the June war

Jordan in the 1990s.

Has diplomatic relations with the Russian Federation (established with the USSR in August 1963).


  1. ↑
  2. ↑ Doors closing on fleeing Iraqis
  3. ↑ The New Iraqi Diaspora, Hii Dunia, January 2007.
  4. ↑ [1]


  • Gusterin V. P. Cities of the Arab East. – Moscow: Vostok-Zapad, 2007. – 352 с. – (Encyclopedic Handbook). – 2,000 copies. – ISBN 978-5-478-00729-4
    In The Motherland of Christianity // Asia and Africa Today. 2006, № 5.


Emblem – Flag – Anthem – State System – Constitution – Parliament – Administrative Division – Geography – Cities – Capital City – Population – History – Economy – Currency – Culture – Religion – Literature – Music – Holidays – Sports – Education – Science – Transportation – Post – Internet – Armed Forces – Foreign Policy Portal “Jordan”

Members: Morocco | Egypt | Tunisia | Jordan

Algeria | Bahrain | Djibouti | Egypt | Jordan | Iraq | Yemen | Qatar | Comoros | Kuwait | Lebanon | Libya | Mauritania | Morocco | UAE | Oman | Palestine State | Saudi Arabia | Syria | Somalia | Sudan | Tunisia

1 Mostly in Africa; 2 Partly in Europe; 3 Recognized by about 100 UN member states; 4 Recognized by 2 UN member states

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See what is “Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan” in other dictionaries:

Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan – Coordinates: 31°01′00″ N. 36°37′00″ E. / 31.016667° N. 36.616667°E. …Wikipedia

Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan – Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan … Russian Spelling Dictionary

Jordan, Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan – State system Legal system General characteristics Civil and related branches of law Criminal law and procedure Judicial system. Control Bodies Literature State in the Middle East, Western Asia. The Area of 91,8 thou… Legal Systems of the World. Encyclopaedic Guide

Kingdom – (in the official names of modern states), e.g.: United Kingdom, Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, Kingdom of Belgium … Spelling Dictionary of the Russian Language

Jordania is a kingdom in Southwest Asia, located in the far northwest of the Arabian Peninsula, bordering Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Israel. The full official name of the state is the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. The name Hashemite … … Collier’s Encyclopedia

Jordan – The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية (al Mamlaka al Urduniya al Hashimiya) … Wikipedia

Jordan – The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (Al Mamlyaka Al Urduniya Al Hashimiya), a state in West Asia. It is bordered on the N. by Syria, on the E. and S. E. with Iraq, on the S. and S. E. with Saudi Arabia, on the W. and N. W. with Israel. On the S. W. is washed by… … The Great Soviet Encyclopedia

Jordan – The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, a state in West Asia. The official name of the state indicates that the kingdom is named for its location on the banks of the Jordan River, and its king belongs to the Hashemite dynasty … Toponymic Dictionary

JORDANIA – (The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan) is a state in the Middle East, in the western part of Asia. The state declared independence on May 25, 1946. Part of the territory was occupied by Israel in June 1967. Administrative division 1.0 provinces……..

JORDANIA – THE HORDIAN KHASHIMIT KINGDOM A state in Southwest Asia. It borders on Syria in the north, Iraq and Saudi Arabia in the east, Israel and the West Bank in the west (the territory of Jordan occupied by… … Cities and Countries

About Jordan

About Jordan

About Jordan Territory . . . . . . . . 92,300 square kilometers Population . . . . . . . 5.7 million people . Currency … … … … … … … … Jordanian dinar (JD) Capital … … … … … Amman Time … … … … … … … -1 hour from Moscow time Phone number … … … … … +962

The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan or Jordan is an Arab state in the Middle East. It borders Syria to the north, Iraq to the northeast, Saudi Arabia to the east and south, and Israel and the Palestinian Authority to the west. Jordan shares the coastlines of the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba with Israel and the Palestinian Authority with Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt. About 90% is occupied by deserts and semi-deserts. About Jordan Constitutional monarchy, as enshrined in the Constitution. About Jordan Exclusive power is concentrated in the hands of the king and his council of ministers. King Abdullah II currently reigns over the country.

Jordan Flag

The Coat of Arms of Jordan.

The flag of Jordan The flag of Jordan is based on the flag of the Arab resistance against the Ottoman Empire during World War I. Above the stripes on the left edge is a red triangle with a white seven-pointed star. The horizontal colors of the Jordanian flag represent the Abbasid, Umayyad and Fatimid caliphates. The red triangle represents the ruling Hashemite dynasty as well as the Arab resistance. The seven-pointed star has a double meaning: it symbolizes the first sura of the Koran, as well as the unity of the Arab clans.

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Coat of Arms of Jordan The Coat of Arms of Jordan was adopted on February 21, 1982. It is framed on the outside in red, on the inside in white with a gold border and a gold crown. In the middle stands Saladin’s eagle on a blue ball with a round gold shield. Behind the eagle various weapons are presented in pairs, symmetrically: 2 spears with silver tips, 2 gold curved swords (sabers) and bows and 2 flags of the Arab Revolution. Below the eagle, 3 golden ears of wheat (right) and a palm leaf (left) are held by a ribbon on which hangs a golden, diamond-studded Jordanian sacred Renaissance award (Wisam al-Nahda) of the First Degree. The inscription on the scroll reads: “Abdallah bin al-Hussein (left), King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (middle), who looks forward to Help and Success thanks to God (right). About Jordan

Weather in Jordan

The climate is subtropical, Mediterranean and sharply continental, very dry. The average temperature in January is +11 ° C, July – +27 ° C. The best time to visit Jordan is spring and autumn. In the north, it rains from November to March. The Dead Sea and Aqaba are usually warm and you can swim all year round. The water temperature of the Red Sea and the Dead Sea does not drop below +21° C all year round. The summer nights are very warm in these areas. At the same time in most central parts of the country at night is quite cool, especially in the mountains and deserts. Tourists should bring warm clothes to travel through this region. During the day is usually warm, but do not forget that the feeling at the same thermometer readings in Russia and Jordan are different – at +25 ° C in Amman may be quite cool, and at local +35 ° C is much more comfortable than Moscow +25 ° C. About Jordan

Visa Policy A tourist visa can be obtained directly on arrival at the airport of arrival, payment of the visa is made in local currency. The cost of a visa is 40 dinars. The exchange rate at the airport exchange offices is good, you can safely change money there. If a child is entered into the parents’ passport, the visa is free. The visa is valid for 3 months. Please note that the passport must be valid for at least 6 months at the time of entry. About Jordan


Customs regulations The importation of foreign and local currency is not limited (a declaration is obligatory). There is no limit on the export of foreign currency and no limit on the export of national currency – no more than 300 dinars. Importation of weapons and drugs is forbidden. Jordan There are restrictions on the import of alcohol and cigarettes. When bringing out antiques it is advisable to have a receipt issued by the seller. About Jordan

Safety Although Jordan is an Arab country and borders Syria, Iraq, and Egypt, it is a quiet and very peaceful country. Crime is almost non-existent in the country, you may come across police patrols in the streets, but because of the strong influence of tribal traditions Jordanians themselves are quite successful in maintaining order in their localities, so safety issues for those who come from abroad usually do not arise. It is safe to walk the streets at any time of the day or night. About Jordan

Telephone In order to call Russia from Jordan you have to dial 007. To call from one city to another from Jordan dial 0 (the equivalent of an eight) + the area code (for example, Amman – 06, Aqaba and Petra – 03). The 079, 078 and 077 numbers are cell phones. You pay as you would for a long distance call. Some hotels charge you as if you are calling abroad. In addition, most hotels charge at least 3 minutes for the call, which can be inconvenient if you need less time to talk or if, for example, the caller has an answering machine. About Jordan

103001 Moscow, Mamonovsky per. 3. Phone: (095) 299-1242, -4344, -2845, -3430, -9564. Fax: (095) 299-4354.

There are three major cellular operators in Jordan -ZEIN (code 079), ORANGE (code 077) and Umniah (code 078), so we advise cell phone owners to buy a SIM card for 10 dinars. A minute of calls to Moscow will cost you 0.7 dinars, which is much cheaper than using roaming. And local calls cost about 0.1 dinar. Incoming calls are free. Useful phone numbers: Wonders Travel and Tourism – 03 201 3994. About Jordan Ambulance Service – 199. About Jordan Police – 191. About Jordan

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Currency Currency is the Jordanian dinar (1 dinar = US$1.5). The dinar consists of 1,000 fills. Due to inflation, the fills are no longer considered in calculations, although coins are in circulation and some sellers out of old habit indicate the price of their goods in four digits. The more common part of the dinar is the “qirsh” (1 dinar = 100 qirsh). It is not uncommon for a coin of 10 fils to be called “1 qirsh”. Money can be exchanged at the airport, hotels and exchange offices. Payment for goods and services is usually made in dinars. About Jordan

Banks are open from 08.30 to 12.30 and from 15.30 to 17.30 from Saturday to Thursday (usually the bank closes at 12.30). During Ramadan, most banks are open only from 08.30 to 14.00, although some large banks are open in the afternoon. About Jordan

TRANSPORT: Airports Queen Alia International Airport Conveniently located 30 minutes from downtown Amman, Queen Alia International Airport (QAIA) is considered the main air gateway to Jordan. Many international airlines fly here. Cabs are easily available at the terminals. Shuttle buses connect QAIA with the Abdali bus station in Amman. They run every half hour from 6 a.m. to 11 p.m. and every hour from 11 p.m. to 6 a.m. About Jordan

Marka Airport (Amman) Marka Airport is also located in Amman. It serves mainly local flights and flights to nearby foreign countries. Royal Wings, Jordan Aviation and Arab Wings are based at this airport. Marka Airport is open 24 hours a day. About Jordan

King Hussein International Airport The air gateway to Aqaba, Jordan’s Red Sea region, is King Hussein International Airport (KHIA) located about 45 minutes flight time from both Amman airports. Both domestic and foreign airlines fly into this airport. It is fast becoming a regional transit hub for tourists and businessmen. About Jordan

Cabs Inexpensive and often the most convenient way to get around Jordan, even when it comes to considerable distances, such as a trip from Amman to Aqaba. White-painted cabs follow a set route and are designed to carry multiple passengers. Private cabs are yellow in Amman and green in Aqaba. They can be found in the parking lots of major hotels or stopped on the street. Cabs are equipped with meters, but at night they are usually turned off. So it is always better to negotiate the cost of travel in advance. The same should be done if you’re going somewhere far away. Cab drivers are friendly people, they know the city well and, as a rule, speak English. It is always better for a woman to sit in the back seat. Tipping in a cab is not obligatory, but it is customary to add about 200 fils to the meter. About Jordan

Car rental Jordan is famous for its excellent quality and extensive road network, so it is good to rent a car to see the country. Russian driver’s license will also be considered valid in Jordan, only if you received it more than a year ago. The traffic is right-handed. Road signs are in Arabic and English. Brown road signs indicate tourist attractions.

There are many gas stations in Amman and other Jordanian cities, as well as along major highways (except on the Dead Sea-Aqaba Highway). Before a long journey, however, it is best to fill the tank to the maximum. There are plenty of rental car firms. Many hotels also offer car rentals. About Jordan

Jeeps - Wadi Rum Wonders T.&T. is constantly monitoring the travel and transportation market to bring you the latest and greatest offers. Wonders will offer you all available services for all means of transportation. Book a tour with Wonders T. & T. and be in style! About Jordan

Distance table between cities in Jordan (km): Click here !

Tea in Wadi Rum

Public Holidays January 1 – New Year; January 30 – Birthday of King Abdullah the Second; May 1 – Labor Day; May 25 – Independence Day; November 14 – Birthday of King Hussein; December 25 – Christmas; About Jordan Some public holidays in Jordan do not have a fixed date. The list of such holidays includes Easter (which is celebrated annually in spring). The following Muslim holidays, like Easter, are based on the lunar calendar, and therefore are also celebrated on different dates: Eid al-Fitr, a four- or five-day celebration at the end of Ramadan; Eid al-Adha, celebrations after the Hajj, the month-long pilgrimage to Mecca; the first of the month of Muharam, the Islamic New Year; Eid al-Isra wal M’raj, celebrations of the ascension of the Prophet Mohammad to heaven; the birthday of the Prophet Mohammad; Eid al-Jordan.

Ramadan in Jordan

Ramadan is the holy month of fasting, the date of which varies from year to year according to the lunar calendar. It is a month of renunciation from worldly affairs, inner contemplation and prayer for Muslims around the world. During this period, it is forbidden to smoke, eat or drink, even water, in public places throughout the country for a whole day until sunset. During Ramadan, the sale of alcohol is prohibited throughout the country, and only foreigners who are not Muslims are sold alcoholic beverages in large hotels. Most stores, banks, institutions and offices open at 09.00 and close at 14.00. About Jordan

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Working days and weekends, working week The offices of most companies are open from 08.30 to 18.30 with a break from 13.00 to 15.30. Government offices work from 08.00 to 15.00. Stores do not have a uniform opening hours. Some work from 09.30 to 18.00 and are closed for lunch from 13.30 to 15.30. Major supermarkets and department stores are open from 08.00 to 20.00 without interruption. During Ramadan most stores close earlier than usual. As in all Muslim countries, Friday is a day off in Jordan. Banks, government offices and most businesses are closed on Saturday as well. And the offices of many companies, including travel agencies, airlines and some stores are closed as early as Thursday afternoon. Only department stores and supermarkets remain open through the evening. Some businesses and stores, mostly in the Christian neighborhoods of the cities, are also closed Sunday morning and afternoon. About Jordan

Jordanian Culture

CULTURAL TRADITIES Appearance Jordan is an Islamic country, although freedom of religion is protected by law. Muslim women’s clothing covers their legs, arms, and hair. Western women are not required to follow these customs, but too revealing outfits are never allowed. In Old Amman and the countryside, both women and men should adhere to a conservative style of dress. Shorts are hardly ever worn here. In the center of Amman, they will be especially inappropriate for both sexes. Sunbathing without a swimsuit top is forbidden. Sheer bathing suits are preferable, but separate ones can be worn for swimming in the hotel pool. About Jordan

Tea - Jordan

Smoking There are many smokers in Jordan, but only the larger hotels have rooms for them. We recommend trying to smoke narjile (hookah), it is an interesting experience.

Tipping Tips are a must, they will always be received with gratitude. In hotels and restaurants, you can add 10% or less to the bill. It is customary to tip the doormen and porters in hotels 500 Phils, 1 dinar or $2; cab drivers 200 Phils over the counter.

Stores in Jordan

Shopping In Jordan especially come for shopping, because it is possible to buy both modern goods and traditional handicrafts. A stroll through the bazaars and stores of Jordan is not only great fun, but also a great way to socialize with the locals. For example, in the small shops you may be offered a cup of tea or coffee before moving on to the bargain. The souq (bazaar) is one of the places where the tradition of haggling is preserved. Although the main merit of the Jordanian market is the handicrafts, there are also many modern stores offering the latest fashions and high-tech products. Store hours vary. Some are open from 9:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. and from 3:30 to 6 p.m. Others may be open longer, from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Many stores are closed on Fridays, but Souk is open on that day.

Aqaba Special Economic Zone. In 2000, the Jordanian government passed a law (No. 32) establishing the Special Economic Zone of Aqaba (SEZA), which officially began operating on February 15, 2001.

Aqaba is a shopper’s paradise with its 100-hectare duty-free zone. Here you can buy excellent quality goods in fashionable boutiques and wonderful local handicrafts, including handmade fabrics, carpets, wall hangings, jewelry, ceramics and glassware. The large Aqaba Gateway shopping and entertainment center is also worth a visit.


Gold and Silver Jordan is famous for its elaborate hand-crafted jewelry. Most are made of 24-karat gold, and are sold by weight at prices much lower than in other countries. Store around the bazaar in the center of Aqaba and pick a piece at the most attractive price. You may also enjoy shopping in silver and amber. About Jordan

Export of Goods There are no export restrictions on most items, but it is prohibited to export antiques out of the country. About Jordan

HEALTHY Water in Jordan is a precious resource, and tourists are asked to treat it with care. Hotels with three stars and above have their own filter systems and the water is considered drinkable. Everywhere else you can always buy bottled drinking water. Medical Care The cities provide excellent medical care, with most doctors speaking Arabic and English. Large hotels have their own doctors. If necessary, the embassy can recommend a suitable clinic. Any hotel receptionist or cab driver will tell you how to get to the hospital. About Jordan Pharmacies Pharmacies sell medicines for minor ailments. Many are open 24 hours. However, tourists are advised to bring their own frequently used medication, as you may not find it readily available in Jordan. About Jordan

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