Where the Kalaus River flows on the map of Stavropol Krai
The Kalaus is one of the main rivers of Stavropol Territory and the main place of fishing for local residents and visiting fishermen.
The Calaus is a river in the Stavropol Territory of Russia, the right tributary of the Western Manych, belongs to the basin of the Sea of Azov. It has its source in the Sultansky heights on the slope of Bryk Mountain in the Andropovsky district. It then flows through the territory of the Stavropol Upland to the north and then to the east. On the border of the Krai and the Republic of Kalmykia, the Kalaus flows into the Zapadny Manych River. The total length of the river is 436 km.
There are many settlements on the river, but the vast majority of them are villages. Relatively large cities only two – Svetlograd and Ipatovo.
How to get to the river
To get to the middle and lower reaches of the river Kalaus from Stavropol you need to leave the city in a northeasterly direction along the federal highway R216 Stavropol – Elista – Astrakhan. Near Svetlograd the route converges with the river and then goes along the Kalaus to its confluence with the Manich. To get to the headwaters of the Kalaus, you need to leave Stavropol in a southeasterly direction along the regional highway Stavropol – Prokhladny – Mozdok – Kizlyar – Kraynovka, near the village Sergievskoye the highway crosses the river. To get to the source of the river, you need to go on R262, near the village of Alexandrovskoye turn right on the highway Alexandrovskoye – Kursavka. After crossing of the Big Stavropolsky channel near Krymgireevsky village the freeway leads to the farm Verhniy Kalaus which is situated at the source of the river.
Weather and Climate
The head and the mouth of the Calaus are more than 150 kilometers apart; besides, the head and the mouth are located on highlands and the mouth is in the steppes, so the climate along the river varies slightly. In general, the area surrounding the river is characterized by a temperate continental climate with little precipitation, short winters and hot summers. Climatic and calendar seasons do not coincide.
The lower reaches of the river are in a zone of arid climate with more pronounced continental features: winter temperatures are lower here, summer temperatures are higher, and a small amount of precipitation is typical for the whole year. The upper reaches of the Calaus, located in the foothills, are in a climate zone with more precipitation, with lower summer temperatures and higher winter temperatures.
The coldest month of the year is January, the average temperature in this month ranges from -3.4 °C in Svetlograd to -4.1 °C in the village of Divnoe at the mouth of the river. The river usually freezes over in January, the ice melts in March. The snow cover is formed in December and January, but because of the small amount of precipitation (20-25 mm in January) and regular thaws, the snow lies no longer than 10 days, and sometimes there are winters without permanent snow cover.
Climatic spring in the region occurs in April. A month later, in the first decade of May, summer lasts about 140-150 days. The maximum temperature is observed in July: on average the thermometer in this month shows +23.6 ° C in Svetlograd, +23.9 ° C in Ipatovo, and in the lower reaches +24.4 ° C. The largest amount of precipitation is observed in June, then it decreases to 30-40 mm per month. Autumn in the region is long and warm, with positive average monthly temperatures in November and a mild winter in late December.
When is the best time to go to the river
The fall and winter months are considered the best times to go fishing on the Calaus. In winter, it is best to go fishing in January and February, when the ice on the river. In early January, its thickness does not exceed 5 cm, by the end of February it increases to 35 cm. The spring season is not recommended for a trip to the Calaus, as during the high water rises to 3-7 meters and becomes particularly turbid, so that the fish just do not see the bait.
Summer is a period of extremely high temperatures, especially in the lower reaches of the river. During the day the thermometer is always above +30 ° C, so the fish and fishermen are literally exhausted by heat. Autumn is characterized by mild comfortable temperatures and good enough fish bite.
Tributaries of the river
There are a total of 81 tributaries to the Calaus, from rivers to small streams. The total length of Kalaus tributaries is twice the length of the river itself. Most tributaries are located in the middle and lower reaches of the river. The largest rivers feeding the Calaus include:
- Aigurka River (137 km);
- Balka Kislichanskaya River (25 km);
- Barkhanchak (27 km);
- Bolshoy Yankul River (78 km);
- Grachevka (48 km);
- Karamyk (14 km);
- Kuberla (19 km);
- Kugutka (22 km);
- Chechera (19 km).
Fishing on the Calaus
Because of its shallow depth Kalaus is considered one of the best places for fishing in the south of Russia, and for the dry Stavropol Territory, it has become a kind of fishing “mecca”. The maximum depth of the Kalaus does not exceed 2 meters, and it is quite narrow for a longer distance, so there are no big fish here. However, in the middle and lower reaches of the river, in some places it forms wide floods, where in the well-heated shallow water there are many fry and, consequently, large predators. The main commercial fish species in the Calaus spills are pike, catfish, perch, pikeperch, roach, and carp.
One can fish on the Kalaus with the same success in the transitional summer-autumn season and in winter, the best place for fishing is considered Apanasenkovsky area, where in the lower course of the river before flowing into the Manich, the Kalaus forms many spills. Also good places for fishing are considered Ipatovsky district and Petrovsky urban district.
Attractions and interesting places
The settlements located on the banks of the Kalaus River cannot boast ancient history or special sights. Like the whole region, this area of late development, which was fully developed only in the XIX century. The Kalaus River area can be fully called a hinterland, even by the standards of the Stavropol Territory. Towns and villages here are not distinguished by cultural or historical heritage, so the most interesting places of the Kalaus valley are associated with natural sites.
There are several lakes near Svetlograd not far from the Kalaus riverbed that have a high salt content in their water. The nameless salt lakes are located to the south of Svetlograd near the farmsteads of Solenoye Ozero and Donskaya Balka. By its quality, the water, mud and brine from the salty lakes of this area has healing properties, which prompted the regional authorities to create a sanatorium here.
Not without interest are the peaks of the Kalaus valley in the upper and middle course of the river: Bryk (688 m) and Main (675 m) at the source of the river, Morgun (402 m) and Kutsay (302 m) in Petrovsky urban district near Svetlograd. The peaks of the Kalaus valley are the mountain remnants of the Prikalausky heights, separated from the Stavropol uplands by the Kalaus channel. Of particular interest is Mount Kutsai, where stone quarries and soil erosion resulted in the formation of a small sandy desert with migrating barchans. The fact is that during stone mining a sedimentary layer was removed from the upper layer of the mountain, and as a result fine sand of the ancient Sarmatian Sea, which existed here 10 million years ago, appeared on the surface. Due to the summer dry winds the sand moved and formed a small and movable desert. In this ancient sand you can find the remains of animals that died many millions of years ago: rhinos, dolphins, and various fish.
Tips for the Tourist
Serious fishing with the prospect of a good catch on the Calaus will definitely require the use of a boat. On the banks of the river floods are usually thick thickets of reeds, so that even to approach the water’s edge can be difficult.
In the middle and lower reaches of the river, water from the Calaus is considered unfit for use. The fact is that the Kalaus is the muddiest river in Stavropol Territory. 1 m3 of water contains up to 8 kilograms of suspended particles, so that the river even has an unofficial nickname, “the champion of carrying weights. Therefore, you should under no circumstances drink the river water, even swimming in it is undesirable.
The Kalaus is one of the most important rivers of the arid Stavropol Territory. Despite the fact that this river is not impressive either for its width or depth, it is the Kalaus floodplains that are considered the best place for fishing in the entire Stavropol Territory.
The Kalaus is a Russian river in the North Caucasus in Stavropol Territory.
The name of the river is Turkic in origin, “kala” translates as “city” or “land of fortresses”. Along the river was the Misimian Way of the Great Silk Road. Also on the right side of the river was the border of the Tatar settlements of the Golden Horde.
In Kabardian-Circassian language, the Kalaus was called Bavuko, “a fertile, rich valley.”
- Ternovaya gully
- Bitter Gully (Small Bitter Gully)
- Orlov gully
- Untitled, 3.3 km from the farm Grevtsova (Prosyanka village).
- Kislichanskaya gully – Svetlograd;
- Karamyk – the town of Svetlograd;
- untitled 2 km north-west of the village of Shvedino
- Untitled, 2.5 km north-west of the village of Shvedino.
- р. Aigurka.
- Bolshoy Yankul
- Red Yar gully
- untitled at the town of Svetlograd
- р. Grachevka;
- Streets in Svetlograd and Ipatovo (Kalauskaya St.) are named after the river.
Red bridge over the Kalaus river in the town of Svetlograd (winter 2011)
The riverbed within the boundaries of Svetlograd and Ipatovo is heavily polluted with garbage and household waste and is often used as a free dumping ground by residents of adjacent houses.Environmental state of the region.http://www.stavregion.ru/o_stavropolskom_krae/klimat/ecology/ There is also siltation and reduction of the flow capacity of its riverbed, which leads to flooding of adjacent territories. This reduces the area under crops and threatens to flood the village of Vozdvizhensky. In the near future, the regional government plans to allocate funds to clear the riverbed. The Kalaus has become dangerous. http://www.stapravda.ru/20081030/Kalaus_stal_opasen_33877.html
There are the following settlements on the Kalaus River, two major cities, Svetlograd and Ipatovo, and many villages such as Verkhny Kalaus, Vozdvizhenskoye, and Sergievskoye.
The Kalaus River originates at the Sultansky heights, from the slope of mountain Bryk, flows on the Stavropol Upland, is the left tributary of the Western ManychBazeljuk Alexander Anatolievich, “”, Abstract of thesis for the degree of candidate of geographical sciences. Rostov-on-Don, 2007. The total length of the Kalaus river is 436 km, the distance from the mouth to the confluence with the Western Manych is 141 km, the average slope is 0,0015, the channel width reaches 40-50 m, the depth is up to 1,5 m, the stream velocity is 1-2 m/s. The Calaus has 81 tributaries with a total length of 936 km. The catchment area is 9,700 km². The feeding of the river is mixed: spring, snow, rain. The height of the spring high water over the low-water reaches from 2.5 to 2.6 m. The width of the valley varies from 50 to 100 m. The banks are steep, abrupt, here and there the height reaches 15 m. This is the muddiest river in the region and the third turbidest river in Russia, in one cubic meter there are up to 8 kg of solid particles. During its existence, it formed in the Stavropol Uplands the Prikalausskiye Heights.
The flow of water in different places
Annual flow of the Calaus River at Svetlograd before flooding
At the source of the Kalaus are Maykop clays, so the water is quite salty and not suitable for drinking, although before the opening of waterworks in Petrovsky village, the peasants still used it.
Before the construction of the BSC and the launch of the Kuban water in 1967, in the summer often dried up, and up to 10 cm in width. In the past, the Kalaus river, reaching the Talveg of the Kumo-Manych depression, branched off, as did another tributary of the Manych – Big Yegorlyk. The channel, going from this point () to the north and further to the west, to lake Manych-Gudilo, became the beginning of the Western Manych; the channel, going to the south and further to the east, became the beginning of the Eastern Manych. Subsequently, the Kalaus dam was built at that location, preventing the Kalaus water from flowing into the Eastern Manych; thus, the Kalaus became only a tributary of the Western Manych.