Kok Kol Lake in Kazakhstan, photo and description

Lake Kok-Kol

Lake Kok-Kol – from ancient times people have seen incredible phenomena on this lake, which could not give an explanation. The lake has a system of karst underwater caves.

Kokkol Lake in Kazakhstan is shrouded in curious legends, in which, quite probably, there is some truth. There are a lot of legends on Earth. What is true and what is fiction, it is difficult to decide.

The lake is located in the Karakistay valley in the Jambul region of Kazakhstan.

The lake is remarkable for its strange phenomena. The thing is that the local residents say that the lake is inhabited by Aidakhare, as they call a water spirit. According to legends, the spirit living in the lake sometimes rises to the surface. At such moments, a huge monster animal appears above the water surface.

Some eyewitnesses claim to have seen the monster with their own eyes, and there have even been cases where the monster has dragged birds and animals under the water.

No matter how unbelievable the stories of witnesses of the abnormal phenomenon, but they are grounded. The fact is that indeed, on the water mirror of the lake, from time to time, you can see a kind of ripples and waves. The movement of the water clearly resembles something like a snake moving in the depths. Of course, this is not the only reason for the fantastic stories.

In addition, the lake emits various kinds of sounds. Eyewitnesses assure that they have heard screams, groans, loud splashes, crackles, wheezes and whistles. The wonders do not end there. Periodically, on the calm and smooth surface of the reservoir, large funnels suddenly begin to swirl. One remarkable fact is that after such “vagaries”, the water in the lake acquires useful properties. Local inhabitants have long been aware of the healing qualities of water. After “bubbling” lake water, they try to make reserves of useful liquid.

These facts couldn’t help but interest scientists. The lake was studied more than once. Some curious points have emerged. In particular, it has been found out that the water really gets some healing properties.

When the surface of the lake calms down after the whirlpools, the water becomes mineralized but remains so for a short time.

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People living near the lake assure that the body of water has no bottom. Researchers have checked the assertion of the locals. It turned out that there is some truth in the legend. In some places, the depth of the lake could not be established reliably, in fact, the bottom did not exist. Another remarkable fact is that the lake is not fed by any river, as well as the reservoir does not give its liquid to any stream.

The water body is absolutely not flowing, but the water remains clean and clear. “Blue Lake”, this is how the name of the lake Kok-Kol is translated into Russian. The curious thing is that the level of the reservoir never changes, despite precipitation or dry weather.

Scientists explain the phenomenon of the lake by the presence of voids and the whole system of channels under the reservoir.

There was one case that can serve as confirmation of the geologists’ version. A group of divers was exploring the reservoir. At some point, a sinkhole formed and swallowed one of the divers. Unable to do anything to save their colleague, the group had only to witness the tragic event.

However, the story had a unique ending. The scuba diver, alive and unharmed, was found on the bank of a nearby river. It turned out that the stream of water, which dragged the researcher to the bottom, carried him through a tunnel and pushed its victim to the river bank.

The scientific version sounds logical and even found confirmation in the case of the scuba diver. In spite of this, there are still a number of things that do not fit into the coherent theory. The phenomenon of the lake is probably not fully explainable from the scientific point of view, at least for the time being.

Water Spirit of Kok-Kol Lake

There are many different lakes in Kazakhstan, and each one can be called special, but one of them, Kok-Kol, located in the valley of Karakistan, is famous for its anomalous phenomena.

It is said that a certain relict monster, unknown to science, very similar to the Loch Ness monster, lives there. The locals call it the water spirit Aydahar. Maybe that’s why animals and people often go missing on the lake.

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The water in Lake Kok-Kol is unusually clear and has a bluish hue. That is why it was called Kok-Kol, which means “blue lake” in Kazakh.

Another surprising peculiarity of the lake is that it is not fed by any river or stream from outside. Even in the hot summer, the water level in the lake remains constant, as it is replenished by underground springs.

Locals believe that Kok-Kol has no bottom. By the way, the hydrologists, who studied the lake, in many places really didn’t find the bottom, but found a lot of channels and ducts. Based on these studies, it was assumed that there are underwater caves at great depths under Kok-Kol. Ufologists believe that ichthyosaurs may well have survived in them. Maybe it is no coincidence that Kok-Kol and Loch Ness have in common – both lakes are of glacial origin.

Kok-Kol got another name, the lake of life, thanks to its ability to clean itself. It happens in the following way: even on a clear windless day in the water surface there appear funnels, sucking in various garbage, got into the lake.

A few moments and the water is clean and calm again. The local population considers this water to be healing. People use it without any treatment. And it is in the places where the sinkholes occur that water becomes saturated with useful minerals, and the locals hurry to collect it before it spreads over the lake.

According to one legend, the creature, called Aidahar, resembles a giant snake more than 15 meters long.


At night, strange sounds like wheezing or moaning are heard from the lake, and powerful splashes of water can be heard, as if a huge creature splashes in it. According to one legend, the creature, called Aidakhar, looks like a giant snake more than 15 m long, and according to another – a one-humped camel.

But whenever Aidakhar appears, its whistling and hissing can be heard over the lake, turning into a long roar. It is said that the monster takes away birds and animals that venture near the body of water. Few people have been able to see it, but many have heard it. People try not to go near the lake unnecessarily.

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The Kazakhs have a legend about Aidakhar, a snake that feeds on the blood of living beings. He once ruled the world. The mosquito was his assistant. The mosquito had to go to all ends of the earth and taste different blood, and then tell the lord whose blood tasted better.

And one day, on his way back from another journey, the mosquito met a swallow. Apparently, he liked the bird and shared his observations with it, saying that the sweetest blood is human blood. For a long time the swallow persuaded the mosquito not to tell Aidakhar about his discovery, but the loyal subject did not want to give in.

Then the bird followed the mosquito and, when he began his report, flew up to him and snatched away his tongue with her sharp beak. Since then, the mosquito lost the power of speech and could only itch. Aydakhar got angry and attacked the swallow, but it managed to dodge. The serpent managed only to grasp its tail with its teeth and to pull some feathers out of its middle. He did not calculate his strength and collapsed on the ground. Since then the tail of the swallow is shaped like a fork.

The legend is a legend, but it is said that Aidakhar still lives in Kok-Kol and makes sure the water in the lake is fresh and clean.

There is an equally interesting legend about the origin of the lake itself. It tells that one day, having been defeated in battle, Genghis Khan ascended to heaven with his army. It is true that one of the warriors angered the Khan and he threw his spear at him, but the Mongol dodged it, and the spear flew past him and forcefully struck the ground. In that place, the ground broke and filled with water. So Lake Kok-Kol came into being.


Whether Aidakhar is to blame or not, people and animals on the lake are disappearing. People say that once a local shepherd was tending sheep not far from Kok-Kol and saw two young men decide to go for a swim. He watched them go into the water, and almost immediately the man heard their screams. But when the frightened shepherd ran to the lake, the men were gone, and the restless water was rushing about.

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Interested in the mysterious events taking place at the lake, a Kazakh local historian, A. Pechersky, went there with his son. When they reached the lake they began to observe waterfowl foraging in the water.

Suddenly all the birds took off sharply and with an alarming cry began circling over some part of the lake. Meanwhile the lake surface was silent and calm. Pechersky was puzzled by the behavior of the birds. Not five minutes later the water in the lake began to ripple and then appeared zigzags as if a huge serpentine body moved under the water. A local historian told that he had a feeling that the monster was at least 15 meters long. And this huge creature wriggled his whole body, only the head and the tail remained motionless.

I must say that Pechersky was skeptical about stories about Aydahar, but when he saw it with his own eyes, he immediately remembered the deaths of young people. And of course, he rushed away from the lake. Climbing to the hillside, he watched what was happening.

The curves of the serpent grew more and more relief, and small waves raised by the wind crashed against them. Holding his breath, the researcher waited that now the kite would raise its head from the water. But his expectations were not met; the lake monster began to dive. In a minute the lake became calm, transparent and clear.

Under Kok-Kol there are underwater caves at great depths. Ufologists believe that ichthyosaurs may well have survived in them.


Some light on the mysteries of Lake Kok-Kol was shed by an incident that happened to an expedition from Irkutsk in the 1970s. To study the bottom of the reservoir, the group included experienced divers, who, incidentally, also failed to discover this very bottom. During the dive, an emergency occurred – a sinkhole formed in the lake, which swallowed one of the divers in front of his stunned colleagues. Everything happened so fast that nobody had time to help him. The search for the body yielded nothing.

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Because of the unpredictability of Kok-Kol and the danger that the lake posed to human life, it was decided to abandon the rescue operation and the research. But then came the unexpected news that the missing diver was alive. He was found in the Vitim River valley. The man was saved by the fact that he was wearing a diving suit. The lake swallowed the man, dragged him along its depths and pushed him upward together with the stream of water to the shore of Vitim. It turns out that the lake is a loop through and communicates with the river via some underground channels!

The next expedition, which visited the lake in 1976, made new suggestions on the basis of their studies. The group managed to establish that Lake Kok-Kol is of glacial origin and is located in a crater composed of moraine sediments. Scouring in such sediments often occurs. This is probably what happened to Kok-Kol. Channels, most likely of the siphon type, were formed at its bottom. The researchers were lucky to find one such channel.

According to scientists, water is sucked into these channels. If the portions of water are small, then there are small funnels and ripples on the lake, resembling a huge kite. And if there is a large and powerful intake of water, air enters there as well, then the lake begins to make sounds.

It is at such moments that people and animals disappear into the whirlpools. And it is these whirlpools that raise water from the depths, saturated with minerals, gases and salts. As for the healing properties of the lake water, it is likely to be so, since in the dry summer you can see salt deposits on the shore of the reservoir.

It seems that all explanations are sound and logical, but they remain at the level of assumptions and hypotheses. After all, no one has ever seen the bottom of the Kok-Kol or been in its mysterious underwater caves. And it is human nature to look for real reasons of anomalous phenomena.

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