Why Libya was destroyed (just start reading, very interesting)
Jamahiriya is a term introduced by the leader of the Libyan people, Muammar al-Qaddafi, in his major work, The Green Book. It means “people’s republic,” “power of the masses,” or “the rule of the people. In 1969, under Captain Gaddafi’s leadership, the king was overthrown and a socialist regime was established. In 1977, Libya was proclaimed a jamahiriya, a long time truly popular and democratic. The entire adult population of the country, organized in people’s committees, took part in the government. In order to keep power from the people, the parliament – the General People’s Congress – could only discuss matters brought before it by these committees. Officially, Gaddafi was only the leader of the revolution, but he did not hold public office. However, his influence on political decision-making was decisive. It should be noted that he remained at the rank of colonel until the end of his life, but in principle he did not promote himself.
In 1970, Gaddafi expelled the British and Americans from the military bases in Libya, followed by the agents of Western influence. The orientation of the Jamahiriya toward the USSR and pan-Arabism – the idea of the unity of all Arabs – became obvious. Of course, this could not but cause the imperialists to retaliate. In 1979, for supporting revolutionary and national liberation movements, the US included Libya in the list of countries sponsoring terrorism and in 1986 it attacked the Jamahiriya, but it did not succeed, imposing sanctions out of impotence. In 2002, the resourceful Americans included Libya in the “axis of evil. Gaddafi himself was assassinated in seven attempts on his life and twice he was wounded.
Gaddafi took over the helm of a resource-rich, especially oil-rich, but terribly poor and backward country that had been plundered for years by Western colonizers. Seventy-three percent of the population was illiterate. Over the years of his rule, the leader of the Jamahiriya has almost overcome this phenomenon. In 2009, 87% of the population could read and write. Deserts were transformed into blooming gardens with the help of the colossal irrigation system “The Great Man-Made River”, the problem of fresh water shortage was solved. Alcoholic beverages and gambling were banned in the country. An interesting fact shows how seriously Gaddafi took the safety of his citizens. During the perestroika period many Libyans studied at the Kharkov Medical Institute at the expense of the Jamahiriya. When they got a taste of the free life, rich foreigners went to all sorts of trouble, including drunkenness and debauchery. They naturally stopped studying and made up for the big gaps in their knowledge with equally big bribes. Gaddafi initiated a control of their knowledge, following the results of which the “bad students” were recalled to Libya, it was clearly explained to them that a doctor who does not master his profession is a murderer, and nobody is going to throw away the people’s money. The amateurs were lined up and every fifth one was shot. After that, the Libyan students became an example of academic excellence, even for Soviet students. Libya, on the other hand, had a model healthcare system, where many doctors, including those from the young Ukraine, flocked to work. Hundreds of thousands of foreigners, desperate to find work in their homeland, worked for high-paying jobs in Libya.
Libya entered the Guinness Book of Records as the country with the lowest inflation, and ranked first among African countries in GDP per capita. Under Gaddafi, first-class highways were built. There was even a time when gasoline was free and then steadily cheaper than water (14 cents a liter). For each family member the state spent $1,000 in subsidies annually, the unemployment benefit was $730, and the salary of the lowest qualified nurse was $1,000. Newly married couples were given $64,000 from the budget, without delay, to buy their own homes, completely free of charge. Loans for the purchase of an apartment and a car were interest-free, with the state paying 50% of the car purchase price. There were no rent or electricity bills at all. At the birth of each child the state provided assistance in the amount of $7,300. For families with many children, of which there were many in Libya because of Gaddafi’s policy, there was a network of stores with symbolic prices. The state also supported private business, providing start-up capital of $20,000. Education, including overseas education, and medicine, including even the most expensive medicines, were free. Counterfeiting drugs was punishable by death. All this prosperity came at the expense of a fair distribution of resources, which in other countries end up in the pockets of big capitalists. This was also the misfortune of Libya. The middle class in the big cities, influenced by American agents, saw the benefits provided as insufficient and Gaddafi as an obstacle. The revolutionary spirit was all but lost, and bourgeois values and consumer culture began to prevail. These people became the basis for a shake-up of the situation. Nevertheless, most Libyans supported Gadhafi even at the beginning of the rebellion.
In 2011, protests prepared by Western countries began in the city of Benghazi. The bloodiest events of the Arab Spring unfolded there. The protesters demanded the release of lawyer Fathi Tarbel and a hundred Islamists from prison. When their demand was met, protesters attacked state security forces, ransacked police stations and stole weapons. Within days, a series of betrayals brought the eastern part of the country under the control of the rebels. Their next step was to demand Qaddafi’s resignation. Western handlers evidently neglected their duties, not knowing that the leader of the Libyan revolution did not hold public office.
The UN Security Council imposed sanctions on Libya, prohibiting the supply of arms and military material. Without hard evidence of any crimes. However, Western countries, in particular France, parachuted weapons to the rebels, including anti-personnel mines dangerous to civilians, which did not qualify as “self-defense” in any way. Then, in view of the apparent success of Libyan aviation, they banned flights at the rebels’ request, which is not provided for in the UN Charter because it violates the sovereignty of a member state. The armed rebels, recognized as “civilians,” claimed that otherwise “disaster would result. The U.S. understood the UN resolution in its own way and bombed Libya as part of Operation Odyssey Down, which forced the Libyan army to retreat. Subsequently, the human rights organization Amnesty International conducted an investigation that found that the crimes for which Gaddafi was accused were fabricated. Despite this, the so-called International Criminal Court in The Hague, whose jurisdiction does not extend to Libya, decided to arrest Gaddafi. At the same time, the crimes of the rebels and the killing of civilians as a result of the NATO bombing of Libya are recorded in the report of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Libya, no one is going to arrest them yet. For example, militants used mustard gas in the city of Ben-Waleed, while NATO used banned cluster bombs, white phosphorus bombs and depleted uranium bombs. Soon, with NATO air support, the rebels seized the capital, but Gaddafi continued his resistance in besieged Sirte, preferring to die at the hands of Libyans rather than face trial in The Hague. He was badly wounded when NATO planes hit Qaddafi’s convoy and after a tip-off from American special forces, the rebels captured him and brutally murdered him after brutal torture.
The Algerian news agency Algeria-ISP gave details about the murder of Colonel Gaddafi. According to a witness, at first the rebels brutally beat and humiliated him, then they started to mock him. One of the insurgents took out a knife and, while the others held the prisoner, stabbed him from behind. The other bandits then proceeded to beat the elderly resistance leader. They poured sand into his wounds and did other monstrous things. The mockery went on for about three hours. Then the still-living colonel was dragged by the legs through the streets of his native Sirte, screaming with joy. But that was not all. The mutilated corpse was on public display in an industrial refrigerator in Misrata. U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, upon receiving the news of the murder, laughed gleefully and declared it “good news. For her, the news is indeed great news. Later, Clinton would be offering oil stolen from the Libyan people to buyers on the cheap.
In his last moments of life, the colonel urged the bandits to come to their senses. In similar circumstances, the “democratic forces” killed his son and many leaders of the Libyan revolution, who posed any kind of danger to the United States and its henchmen. Only two of Gaddafi’s seven sons are still alive, and only one, Saadi, is still free and still fighting.
The coup and assassination of Gaddafi in 2011 transformed Libya from a prosperous state into an unstable entity, effectively destroying the country and leading to its disintegration. Power nominally passed into the hands of the pseudo-democrats, the National Transitional Council. In reality, it’s the warring tribes and factions that rule on the ground. They are waging a real war without interruptions or weekends. There is no longer a united Libyan nation as such. Oil-rich Cyrenaica has de facto seceded. The social safety net is completely destroyed, although the revenues from oil exports are still there. They are now received by the USA, France, England, Italy and … the Islamic State (ISIS). The damage from Western bombing was $14 billion, which exceeds the combined losses of all European countries from the Nazi bombing. According to the IMF, GDP per capita dropped threefold from $1,4192 to $4,754. Since the start of the conflict, Western banks have frozen $150 billion worth of Libyan funds. In fact, this enormous money has been stolen, and no one is going to return it. But the country now owes it for training and treating rebels. The debt to Greece alone is $150 million. There are thousands of political prisoners in Libyan prisons, deprived of legal protection. They are tortured and abused. It is proved that 24 people died of torture. How many are actually tortured is unknown. The influence of radical Islamists, in particular ISIS, has grown enormously in the region. They have set up bases, control large areas, and execute people. Oil revenues are used by the Islamists to train fighters from around the world. Terrorism and banditry have flourished in the country itself, with attacks occurring daily. This was impossible under Gadhafi. Even CIA personnel were stationed in the “Green Zone” near Tripoli’s airport, where they could easily escape if necessary.
One important fact: before his death, Gaddafi warned that after the collapse of the jamahiriya, hordes of refugees would flood into Europe. His words proved prophetic. People who were either insecure in their homeland or simply unable to find decent work there flocked by the hundreds of thousands to Europe, creating an unprecedented migration crisis. Earlier, such migrants found work in Libya. Having participated in creating hotbeds of instability, Europeans are now paying the price.
Gadhafi sincerely believed in what he had chosen in the Libyan revolution, fanatically loved his land and his people, who killed him equally fanatically because they considered the benefits the former leader gave them insufficient. American promises, bribery and propaganda seemed more convincing to them. We see the result to this day. Not long ago, Africa’s richest and most prosperous country rolled back a century. The worst part is that the conflict has not stopped, and the country has not recovered and continues its downward spiral. However, the heroic colonel, who did not give up, gained the halo of a martyr through his resistance. In his will, the colonel wrote: “I call upon my supporters to continue their resistance and to fight any foreign aggressor in Libya, today, tomorrow and always. Libyans lost everything, gaining only a national hero. The aggressors, on the other hand, not only covered their expenses, but also received billions from oil production and from seized accounts.
(Bayanometer complained about the picture, but the main thing here is the text, the picture is just for illustration).
Large hotels in the country are common only in its capital, Tripoli, in other cities accommodation is limited to modest boarding houses or private hotels. Hotels in the capital are suitable only for business trips. The most comfortable hotels are Al-Mahary Radisson Blue Hotel, Al-Kendi Hotel and Awal Hotel.
Libya has been associated with Ancient Greece, Ancient Egypt, Carthage, Phoenicia, Ancient Rome and Byzantium since the Ancient World and Early Middle Ages so there are many remains of the presence of these civilizations.
For example, the ruins of the ancient city of Cyrene, the greatest architectural monument of those times. A thriving city, it was destroyed by the Arabs in 643. Excavations of these places are actively conducted in our time as well. A legacy of the Greek era is a necropolis.
The ruins of Leptis Magna are a fine example of Roman overseas territory. Unofficially it was called “Rome in Africa” because it was the main trading city between the two continents. And in its status it was on a par with the Egyptian Alexandria. The ruins of the amphitheater, forum, Roman thermae, marketplace, and basilica have survived.
The Green Square is the main attraction of Tripoli. It separates the small neighborhoods from the wide streets. It was built under Italian rule in the first half of the 20th century.
The museum at the Red Castle is the main historical museum of the country. It was founded in 1919. The museum collection focuses on prehistoric and ancient times of Libya, Islamic art and architecture, and the time of Italian colonial rule over the country. Separate halls tell about the history of agriculture and handicrafts on the territory of the country. The museum building is no less historical value than the contents of the permanent collection. It is a defensive fortification, built in the XV century.
Leptis Magna Museum is devoted to the archaeological excavations of the Roman city of the same name. The highlight of the exhibition is a large collection of Roman coins, ceramics and bronze sculptures, statues of Apollo, Mars and Jupiter, jewelry, sarcophagi.
Climate of Libya:: Mediterranean along the coast. Dry, near the desert.
Libya is the largest country in the Mediterranean. But because of the unstable internal political situation, the difficulty in obtaining visas, high prices, there are almost no resorts.
Within the Tripoli city limits there are a few paid landscaped beaches, but here the locals rest. The rest of the coastal area is notorious for littering, making it impossible to have a good time there.
Especially do not come here: if you are interested in Arab culture and art, and you want to swim in the sea, it is better to visit neighboring Tunisia or Morocco. A visit to a museum, a cafe, an archaeological park, a local market will brighten up the free time of a business trip.
Libya’s terrain:: Mostly dry, flat and hilly plains, plateaus.
Automobiles and buses are the main transportation of the country, and there are good roads. There used to be a railroad, but it was closed and dismantled in the mid-20th century. Work is now underway to restore it. Air travel is the main public transport between the cities. There are now more than 40 airports in the country.
Standard of living
The country is rich in oil, gas, and minerals. Most citizens are employed in agriculture and industry. It is quite difficult to assess the current standard of living of the country because of conflicting facts and an unstable internal political situation.
Libya has resources like: : Oil, natural gas, gypsum.
Cities in Libya
The capital is Tripoli, located on the Mediterranean coast. One of the oldest cities in the world, founded before Christ. The largest cities are Benghazi and Misrata.