Martinique is a region and department of France


Martinique is an overseas territory of France. The tourist sector is well developed, the choice of hotels (level of service, infrastructure, comfort of living – everything is on par). Hotels are modern (or well renovated), food is delicious and varied, a lot of entertainment for guests and qualified personnel. Most hotels have their own beaches, parks and places for walks. Martinique is the most hotel-saturated country in the Caribbean.


Martinique is a green island surrounded on all sides by a golden strip of beaches. Christopher Columbus said after visiting it that it is the most beautiful place in the world. The local nature is the main decoration of the country and the island. Untouched rainforests, secluded bays, wild mountain rivers and waterfalls. Well-maintained towns with a well-preserved colonial look coupled with marvelous scenery make this island a popular tourist destination.

The Cascade of Waterfalls on the Alma River is the most beautiful place on the island. There are many romantic legends connected with this place, the sight of crystal clear falling water is breathtaking. The water in the rivers is so pure that trout are raised in it.

Park La Savage is a favorite vacation spot for residents and guests of Fort-de-France. It is full of greenery, fountains and palm alleys. Tall, centuries-old trees provide sprawling shade, a necessity in hot weather. At the northern end of the park is a statue of Josephine, who conquered Napoleon’s heart.

Tourists love to walk along Fort Desa. This is one of the four fortifications built to protect the capital in the 18th century. Originally the fort was an irregular pentagon. During World War II, half of France’s gold bullion stockpile was stored here.


The Museum of Archaeology in Fort de France is famous for its large collection of ancient artifacts found on the island. Weapons, ritual objects, engravings and sculptures of Indians, everyday objects of the colonization era, statues made of stone and much more.

Martinique is the birthplace of the French empress Josephine Bogarne. The house where she was born is now a museum opened in her honor. The most valuable exhibit is the marriage contract with Napoleon. In the villa, where Paul Gauguin used to live, there is a museum in his honor. However, the walls of the exhibition halls decorate the originals of his paintings. There are no originals here.

Climate of Martinique:: no data


The whole island is one big resort. It is surrounded on all sides by beautiful beaches with easy access to the water. The town of Grand Rivière is the center of beach vacation. Once it was a tiny fishing village, but over time the place has grown into a prestigious and expensive tourist center. Adds a special flavor to this place is a cozy fisherman’s market, where in the old way you can buy a variety of seafood, fresh fruit and souvenirs. From the local shores you can see the distant shore of the Dominican. The city of Saint Marie is located in the northeastern part of the island, the “rum” capital of the country. The peninsula of Presquil Caravel is a place of solitude.

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Leisure activities

Martinique is an ideal place for beach vacations and accompanying holidays. The local nature is perfect for ecotourism. The coastline is good for snorkeling and scuba diving. Local restaurants have been dubbed by numerous critics as the best gourmet spot in the entire Caribbean. It’s a blend of French and Creole cuisines seasoned with local exotics.

Local area of Martinique:: no data


The roads on the island are good. Between towns you can travel by bus or rental car. Rental rules are standard, as in France: have a credit card, an international driver’s license and be older than 21 years.

Standard of living

The basis of the economy of the country – the tourism sector and material aid to France. Local residents are engaged in agriculture or work in the service sector.

At present, the standard of living of the residents of Martinique is higher than in other Caribbean countries. Curiously, more than half of the local population prefers to live in France.

Martinique has resources like. no data

Cities in Martinique

Fort de France is the capital of the country. A pleasant, well-kept city with good infrastructure and the charm of colonial architecture. The largest (83,000 people live here) and cosmopolitan city with shopping malls, high-rise buildings and unobtrusive development.


The island of Martinique is the central part of the Lesser Antilles, an archipelago in the Caribbean Sea. Administratively, it is a region and an overseas department (département d’outre-mer, or DOM) of France. It is administered by a prefect and has a General Council. Martinique elects 4 members of the French National Assembly and 2 French Senators. The capital is Fort de France. Area: 1,128 km². According to 1999 census 381,427 inhabitants (mostly black and mulatto).



The island was discovered in 1502 by the 4th expedition of Christopher Columbus. At that time Martinique was inhabited by Carib Indians. The Spanish found no gold on the island and therefore did not begin to develop it.

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In 1635, the colonization of Martinique by the French began. The first 90 settlers founded Fort St. Pierre. At first the island belonged to a private company, but in 1664 it was bought and became a crown colony of France.

The Indians on Martinique, who tried to exterminate the French settlers, were fairly quickly (by 1660) exterminated or died out from European diseases, and for work on the plantations created by the French began to be imported en masse of negro slaves from Africa. Originally the island grew mainly cotton and tobacco, and from the end of the XVII century – sugar cane and coffee.

In the XVIII-XIX centuries Martinique was repeatedly seized by the British.

The French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars

The French Revolution of 1789 had a series of tumultuous events in Martinique. When in March 1792 the French Legislative Assembly issued a decree equalizing the rights of free mulattoes and Negroes with those of whites, the royalists on the island rebelled and tried to prevent the landing of a new governor. The suppressed royalist rebellion erupted again in 1793. The rebels called on the British, who occupied Martinique until the Peace of Amiens (1802). England reoccupied the island in 1809 (until 1815).


In 1822 there was a rebellion of Negroes in Martinique, successfully suppressed by the French. In 1824, a plot by Negroes to exterminate whites in Martinique was timely uncovered and thwarted.

In February 1848, following the revolution, abdication, and flight of Louis-Philippe I, a republican form of government was proclaimed in France. Two months later, on April 27, a decree of the provisional government abolished slavery in the colonies.

In 1870 the inhabitants of Martinique were granted voting rights and representation in the French parliament.

The twentieth century

In 1902, the eruption of the volcano Mont Pélé almost completely destroyed the largest city of Martinique, Saint-Pierre. All 30 thousand residents were killed. Miraculously, only one man survived, sitting in an underground prison. He received severe burns and spent the rest of his life showing their traces in a traveling circus in America [ source not cited 449 days ] .

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In 1946 Martinique received the status of an overseas department of France.

Natural conditions

The island is mountainous and composed primarily of volcanic rocks. The shores of Martinique are highly indented, with most bays blocked by reefs. The most navigable harbors are on the west coast, in the bay of Fort-de-France.

The hilly plain divides Martinique into two parts: a low southern part (up to 500 meters) and the northern, mostly occupied by old volcanic massifs, among which stands out the active and the highest volcano Mon Pele (“bald mountain”), a height of 1397 meters. This volcano became widely known in the world after a catastrophic eruption in 1902, which killed the population of the town of Saint-Pierre (about 30,000 people).

Martinique is poor in minerals. They are mainly represented by raw materials for the production of building materials. Small deposits of manganese ore have been found.

The island has a tropical, trade wind climate. The average monthly temperature ranges from 24 to 27°C, with an annual rainfall of 1500 to 2000 mm. The rainy season lasts from July to November. In general, climatic conditions are favorable for agriculture and tourism, except for the rather frequent hurricanes.

Martinique has many rivers, but they are all small in size, although there are waterfalls in the northern part of the island.

In the past, the island was covered by dense tropical forests. Now they have survived only here and there on the slopes of the mountains.

Martinique’s fauna is poor and consists mostly of birds and small rodents, as well as snakes, which, according to local legends, were brought to the island by planters during slavery to expel runaway Negro slaves from the forests.

The sea around Martinique is rich in fish, crustaceans and mollusks.

Administrative division


Population: Approximately 400,000 (January 2007 estimate).

Ethno-racial composition: blacks and mulattoes – about 90%, Indians – about 5%, as well as whites, Chinese, Arabs, etc.

Languages: French (official), Patois – a spoken language based on French and African languages with loanwords from English, Spanish and Portuguese.

Religions: Catholics – 95%, Hinduism and Paganism – 5% (nominally according to 2010 statistics). Jehovah’s Witnesses in 2011 – 2.77% of the population.


Martinique’s economy is based on agriculture and service to tourists.

Exports are bananas, sugar, rum, and pineapples. Food, manufactured goods, fuel, and other imports.

The euro has been in circulation since January 1, 2002.

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Martinique is the birthplace of Josephine Beauharnais, the French empress, first wife of Napoleon I. In the house where she spent her childhood, there is now her museum, where, among other exhibits, you can see the marriage contract of Napoleon and Josephine with the signatures of the newlyweds.

The painter Gauguin lived in Martinique for a while. There’s a museum there now. There are no originals in the museum.


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Coat of Arms – Flag – Anthem – State System – Constitution – Parliament – Administrative Division – Geography – Cities – Capital City – Population – Languages – History – Economics – Currency – Culture – Religion – Cinema – Literature – Music – Holidays – Sports – Education – Science – Transportation – Tourism – Post (history and stamps) – Internet – Armed Forces – Foreign Policy Portal Martinique

Countries near the Caribbean Sea
North America Belize – Guatemala – Honduras – Costa Rica – Mexico – Nicaragua – Panama
South America Venezuela – Colombia
Greater Antilles Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico
Lesser Antilles American Virgin Islands – Aruba – Anguilla – Antigua and Barbuda – Barbados – Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (Caribbean Netherlands) – British Virgin Islands – Guadeloupe – Dominica – Grenada – Curacao – Martinique – Montserrat – Saint BarthÉlemy – Saint Vincent and the Grenadines – Saint Kitts and Nevis – Saint Lucia – Sint Maarten Trinidad and Tobago
Regions of France
Regions: Aquitaine – Brittany – Burgundy – Upper Normandy – Ile de France – Corsica – Languedoc – Roussillon – Limousin – Lorraine – Lower Normandy – Nord – Pas de Calais – Auvergne – Picardy – Provence – Alpes – Côte d’Azur – Poitou – Charentes – Rhone – Alpes – Loire Lands –
Overseas regions: Guadeloupe – Mayotte – Martinique – Reunion – French Guiana
  • Countries near the Caribbean Sea
  • Martinique

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See what “Martinique” is in other dictionaries:

Martinique is an island in the Lesser Antilles group, Atlantic Ocean; a possession of France. The island was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1502 and, according to a widespread version, was named after St. Martin in a somewhat unusual form of the Latin adjective Martinique (Martinique)…. … Geographic Encyclopedia

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Martinique – Martinique. Map. Martinique (French Martinique, Carib. Madinina), a possession (so-called “overseas department”) of France, located on an island of the same name in the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean Sea. The area is 1100 km2. The population … ….

Martinique – noun, number of synonyms: 1 – island (218) Dictionary of Synonyms ASIS. V.N. Trishin. 2013 … Dictionary of Synonyms

Martinique, Island, together with Guadeloupe, is a French colony in the group of the Lesser Antilles (see Antilles Islands). The area of the Little Antilles is about 960 sq. ver. and the surface is mountainous, volcanic in shape. The shores are rugged with bays with a lot of … Encyclopedia Military

Martinique – Area of 1.1 thousand sq. km, population 350 thous. It is an agrarian country. Mainly tropical crops are grown. Cattle breeding is poorly developed. There are about 20 thousand sheep of Creole breed.

Martinique, an island in the group of the Navigable Islands, West India. Territory of France (from 1946 – “overseas department”). 1.1 thousand km2. Population: 394,000 (1996), mainly mulattoes and Negroes. The official language is French. Most… Encyclopaedic Dictionary

Martinique is a country on the island of Martinique in the Caribbean Sea, in the group of Lesser Antilles (the Naval Islands), in the West Indies. It is owned by France; officially since 1946 it is an “overseas department” of France. The area is 1.1 thousand km2. Population 0.34 million…. … The Great Soviet Encyclopedia

Martinique is an island in the Lesser Antilles, Atlantic Ocean; a possession of France. The island was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1502, and, according to a widespread version, was named after St. Martin in a somewhat unusual form of the Latin adjective Martinique (Martinique)…. … Toponymic Dictionary

Martinique – (Martinique) 1. French Revolutionary Wars In 1794 this island was recaptured from the French by a combined naval and army force under Admiral John Jervis and General Sir George Gray. The victors lost six officers and 37 enlisted men……..Encyclopedia of World History Battles

MARTINICA – (Martinique) General The official name is Martinique, an overseas department of France. It is situated on the island of the same name in the group of Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean Sea. Area 1.1 thousand sq. km (2002)…. … Encyclopedia of World …

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