25 Main Rivers of Khabarovsk Region
The Khabarovsk region is one of the leaders in the country in terms of water availability. There are more than 100,000 rivers. Most of the rivers belong to the category of small rivers. Many rivers have their headwaters in the mountains and flow in narrow valleys, so they flow quickly in the upper reaches. When they go down to the plains, the current is calm and the valleys become wider. The banks of many rivers are sparsely populated and have virgin wildlife.
Some rivers pass through the territories of wildlife sanctuaries and nature reserves. Water tourists traveling along the rivers of the region will see unique fauna and flora. Among the inhabitants of the forests there are animals listed in the Red Book. The forests themselves are diverse – there are both deciduous and coniferous trees on the river banks. The special value of the Krai’s rivers is the abundance of commercial fish of salmon species. The pride of Khabarovsk Krai is the Amur River, which runs along the border with China.
The longest rivers of Khabarovsk Krai
A list of the largest rivers flowing on the territory of the region.
It is the tenth largest river in the world in terms of the area of the basin. The ichthyofauna of the Amur is the most diverse in Russian rivers – it is home to 108 species of fish. Thousands of tourists come to the river because of the fishing opportunities and beautiful scenery. It flows in Khabarovsk and Trans-Baikal Territory, Amur and Jewish Autonomous Regions, as well as through Heilongjiang Province in the PRC and in Mongolia.
The total length of the river is 2,824 km.
A tributary of the Aldan, into which it flows against the current. A beautiful river whose winding course runs through scenic areas surrounded by mountains and ridges. Its inaccessibility makes its tourist development difficult, but it is popular with rafters and anglers. Throughout the channel, there are pebble rifts and channels. It flows through Khabarovsk Territory and the Republic of Yakutia.
The total length of the river is 1,053 km.
It begins on the slopes of Mount Snezhaya. Basically, the river is flat, with branches and islands, but in the upper reaches, it is a typical mountain river. The river is under ice from November to April. The river is home to a large variety of fish, more than 20 species. Partially navigable, it is used by tourists and athletes for rafting. Along much of the river there is the Russian-Chinese border. It flows through Khabarovsk and Primorsky Krais.
The total length of the river is 897 km.
The river bed goes through the mountainous terrain among the deserted and wilderness areas. There are only rare hunters’ lodges. Bears, moose and reindeer can be found on its banks. Berries and mushrooms grow here. In the clear water there are taimen, burbot, grayling, sturgeon. The river current is fast. It usually takes 3-4 days to float down the river. It flows through the Republic of Yakutia and Khabarovsk Territory.
The total length of the river is 812 km.
A tributary of the Maya River. Its source is on the Suntar-Khayatkha ridge. In the upper reaches of the river, the banks are steep and abrupt and the current is fast. It has many rapids, shallows and underwater rocks. In the middle part of the river valley, there are many lakes of different sizes. During floods, the river floods the valley at the mouth. It is navigable at a site of 200 km. It flows through the territory of the Republic of Yakutia and Khabarovsk Krai.
The total length of the river is 765 km.
A tributary of the Amur. It flows through areas of permafrost and wetlands. A large number of salmon fishes of the Amur basin come to the Amgun for spawning. Migratory birds pass through the river valley. In addition to cranes and ducks, here you can see birds listed in the Red Book – swan goose and mandarin duck. On the banks of the river, hunting and fishing are popular, as well as viewing the rock islands and waterfalls.
The length of the river is 723 km.
A tributary of the Amur, it flows through the Amur Region and Khabarovsk Territory. In the upper reaches, it is a mountain river, then it is a lowland one. The name in the language of the Albazin Cossacks means “pushy, insolent”. It is not recommended for unprepared people to go rafting on its dangerous course. In the Bureya basin, gold is mined, there are deposits of coal and iron ore, and a powerful Bureya hydropower plant has been built. Reserves and wildlife sanctuaries have been organized.
The total length of the river is 623 km.
It flows through Yakutia and Khabarovsk Krai. There are gold placers in the basin of the river. The picturesque river is of interest for water tourists – the river bed is wide, there are easy rapids. The rafting route is from 205 km to 355 km. Weak currents can be an obstacle at the riverside. The river banks are covered with mixed forest, there are open and rocky areas, in the lower reaches – marshy area.
The total length of the river is 586 km.
It flows in Khabarovsk and Primorsky Krais. The banks of the river are inhabited by the indigenous people of the Far East – the Udege people. The nature around the river valley is diverse – peat bogs, an array of virgin broadleaf and cedar forest. It is home to rare animals, such as the Amur tiger, and birds, and grows unique plants. In 2018, UNESCO took the Bikin River Valley under its protection.
The total length of the river is 560 km.
It flows through the Jewish Autonomous District and Khabarovsk Krai. At 260 km section, it is suitable for rafting. The most interesting rafting is in the upper reaches of the river, where it flows in a mountainous area, there are few rapids and other difficult areas. The lower part of the river is located among the larch forests. The Urmi is of interest for fishermen because it is inhabited by grayling, chum, lenok, crucian carp, ide. In the basin of the river there are more than 1000 lakes.
The total length of the river is 458 km.
The river basin is difficult to access and sparsely populated. The mouth of the river is near the village of Chumikan, its inhabitants live by crafts – reindeer herding, fishing, hunting. Representatives of salmon fish come into the river for spawning. There are plenty of taimen, grayling and pike in the river. This attracts fishing enthusiasts to the banks of the Uda. The river is badly suited for rafting – it is impassable in low water and dangerous in high water. The current is fast.
The length of the river – 457 km.
One of the most accessible rivers of the region – you can almost reach the very source in the mountains. Travelers go there to get acquainted with the amazing nature of the Far East, to admire the picturesque places, to relax away from civilization. The fauna of these places is diverse. You can meet urs and roe deer. Flocks of wild ducks often pass near the fishermen’s boats. The water of the river is clear, there are large pebble spits.
The length of the river is 453 km.
The mountain river, its source is located on the Bajal ridge. Tourists should be careful – the river banks are inhabited by wild animals – roe deer, bears, otters, hares. Nature landscapes are fascinating, the river water is abundant with fish. It is inhabited by grayling, lenok. Sports fishing enthusiasts can catch taimen. The fast mountain stream of the river becomes calm in the flat area. Mixed forests alternate with meadows.
The length of the river is 434 km.
It begins on the slope of a mountain range and throughout its length has the features of a mountain river. Only in its lower reaches the width of 150 meters. In Evenki “alga” means “blessing”. It freezes in October and is covered by ice until May. The river is used by tourists and athletes for rafting. There are about 1,500 lakes in the basin of the river, the most beautiful of them – Big Toko, located on the border of Khabarovsk Territory and Yakutia. It is called the Far Eastern Baikal. The river flows through Yakutia and Khabarovsk Territory.
The total length of the river is 426 km.
It flows in a valley between mountain ranges to the north. In the past, the river was inhabited by Evenks and the gold miners worked on the river. In the forests on the river banks live bears, moose, and sables. Salmon and taimen live in the river. Tourism is developed on Maimakan. Fishermen, water tourists, lovers of recreation in the wilderness come here. The harsh nature of the river banks is incredibly picturesque.
The length of the river is 421 km.
The source of the river is in the mountains, the Ulbeya falls into the Sea of Okhotsk. It is formed by the confluence of the keys of Granitny and Goriya. Salmons come to the river for spawning, wild animals live along its banks. Tours for hunters and fishermen are organized in the river valley, mainly in the summer. The river banks are covered with larch and cedar forests. The river has many of its own tributaries of varying length.
The length of the river is 399 km.
Anyuy (a tributary of the Amur)
A beautiful river that flows through the territory of Anyuy National Park. In the upper reaches of the river has a mountainous character, in the lower reaches on a flat area, the flow is calm. The river valley is wide, low banks are partially marshy. The natural landscape is diverse – mixed forest, mountain tundra, rocks, relief coastal cliffs, natural monuments, waterfalls. The river banks are sparsely populated.
The length of the river – 393 km.
It flows among mountain ranges and flows into the Sea of Okhotsk. The banks of the river are covered with forest almost along its entire length. Lumbermen use the river for timber floating, and the lower reaches of the river are navigable. Valuable fish species spawn in the waters of the river. Okhotsk, the first settlement in the Far East, is situated at the mouth of the river. The Okhota has more than 300 km of large tributaries.
The length of the river – 393 km.
Also known by the names Goryn, Goryun, Garyn. On the territory of the lower reaches of the river is the Komsomolsk State Reserve. Because of its picturesque location, the Gorin River is called one of the most beautiful rivers in the region. Ash, Korean cedar, elm, and fir grow in the reserve. Sable, roe deer and wild boar live here. In ancient times, this area was inhabited by an ethnic group of Gorin Nanai Samagirs.
The length of the river is 390 km.
The river has its source in the Suntar-Khayakhta Range, near the border with Yakutia. It flows into the Sea of Okhotsk. The banks are covered by forest almost the whole length of the river. In the basin of the river, the ornithological preserve “Ozerny” is situated. The waters of the river are transparent, it is inhabited by a large number of different species of fish. The silver salmon come to spawn in its waters. The Kukhtui is a navigable river and is used for timber ferrying.
The river is 384 km long.
It flows in the permafrost zone through the territories of the Magadan Region and Khabarovsk Territory. In the summertime, Kulu is popular with water tourists. The river banks with wildlife are incredibly picturesque. The depth of the river reaches 4 meters in the rivers and not more than 0.7 meters on the rifts. In the winter, winter roads are laid on the frozen river bed. It flows into the Kolyma River.
The total length of the river is 384 km
It flows through the Magadan Oblast and Khabarovsk Krai in places with a harsh climate and cold storm winds. In winter the temperature reaches -45°C, in summer the average temperature is +12°C. The river flows into one of the bays of the Sea of Okhotsk. The river has more than 50 tributaries 3 km to 300 km long. The grayling, the salmon, the smelt, the coho salmon, the silver salmon enter the river for spawning in its clear transparent water.
The total length of the river is 378 km.
The river has a mountain character almost all through its length. In its lower reaches it forms several backwaters and branches, the stream is quiet. On its banks grows mixed forest and light coniferous taiga. On the left bank of the river is located Tumninskiy reserve – the nature there is picturesque and unique. It is home to a large number of animals, including rare species such as white-tailed eagle, peregrine falcon, Amur tiger, black crane.
The length of the river is 364 km.
It flows through Khabarovsk Krai and Amur Oblast. The river takes its beginning on the Izop Ridge – the upper course of the river is rapid and impetuous, in several places rapids rise above the water. Along the river banks, along its entire length, grow larch trees – aspen, birch, poplar. Fish typical of the Amur basin live – grayling, taimen, pike. In the tributaries of the river it is developed gold mines.
The total length of the river is 353 km.
Gur (a tributary of the Amur)
The source is on the slopes of the volcanic field of Sikhote Alin. In the upper reaches, the river is slightly winding, with rare islands. In its lower reaches, the Gur flows through lowlands and its banks are swampy. The river has a great fishery value, where chum, salmon and pink salmon spawn. Rafting on the river belongs to the category of easy and popular with beginners water tourists. The difficulty is caused by the fast current.
Maya River on the map of Khabarovsk Territory
Maya is a significant river in Yakutia, attracting tourists with a unique world of flora and fauna, with its tributaries is an ideal place for fishing and recreation in nature.
The Maya River is one of the largest waterways of Yakutia. It is the right tributary of the Aldan River, whose basin includes the northwestern part of Khabarovsk Territory.
The name of the river in Yakut sounds exactly as “maaya”. This word is of Turkic origin and consists of two parts: “ma” (“soil, land”) and “ya” (“river”).
Geography of the Maya River
The area of the Maya basin is just over 170,000 km2 and the length of the river exceeds 1,050 km. For almost its entire length it flows through the territory of the Yudomo-Maya Plateau. The channel of the water artery is formed by the joining of two smaller rivers, the names of which are almost identical: Left and Right Maya. Here is the source of the Maya, and its mouth is the Aldan. The approximate flow rate of water per second reaches almost 1200 m 3 .
In its upper and middle reaches, the Maya flows through a wide valley, where heavily marshy soils predominate. Toward the lower reaches of the river, the valley narrows considerably. Researchers of the Maya note that it is fed by a mixed type: from rain, snow, melting ice and groundwater. A large contribution to the feeding is made by tributaries, which sometimes depart from the river fairway for 2-3 km. These include:
- right tributaries: Yudoma (length about 180 km), Ingili (length about 350 km), Lyaki (length about 400 km);
- The left tributaries: the Mati (length about 900 km), the Ayim (length about 270 km), the Nudymi (length about 820 km), the Northern Uy (length about 570 km), the Batomga (length about 520 km), the Maimakan (length about 480 km).
The flooding period lasts from late spring to early autumn, usually from May to September. Ice drift on the water artery begins in May, and in the second half of October the water surface is covered with a layer of ice.
The riverbed of the Mai is winding, which explains the formation of a large number of old lakes, shoals covered with pebbles, rifts and channels along the course of the river. It is partially navigable: ships can reach only the mouth of the Northern Uya (the distance is just over 570 km from the source). Only a few captains risk to sail above the mouth of the Yudoma, where there are about a hundred small islands, significantly complicating navigation.
After the river merges with its main tributary Yudoma, its width increases significantly (up to 200-600 m). The water volume and flow velocity also increase: the latter reaches 1-1.3 m/sec. during the flooding period.
In the second half of the 17th century, one of the main trade routes of the region ran along the territory of the river valley. It connected Yakutsk with the shores of the Sea of Okhotsk, where goods for export and import arrived and were sent.
Most of the expeditions exploring Eastern Siberia were connected with Maia. Back in the first half of the 17th century, Ivan Moskvitin and his men went upstream to the mouth of its tributary Nudymi, after which they crossed the mountain range and found themselves on the shores of the Sea of Okhotsk. Here, the explorers established the Ulsk winter quarters, the first strongpoint of the Russian Empire on the Pacific coast. After that, on the way of Moskvitin’s detachment several more settlements were founded in the Mai basin. Among them are Nelkan, Tsipanda, and Aim, which still exist today.
Nature of Mai.
The descent to the river is quite convenient at any point of flow, as the river is characterized by flat, gentle banks, overgrown with forests. Of the representatives of the flora here are most often found:
- dense tallow;
- coniferous trees;
- berry bushes;
- stolan pines.
Wandering through the forest thickets along the riverbed of Mai, travelers can meet wild hares, frightened squirrels and representatives of the sable family, reindeer, musk deer, and majestic elks. A real master of the taiga, the bear, also lives here. Numerous waterfowl nest near the river, and in its waters swim Siberian trout, pike, perch, grayling, representatives of the family salmon (whitefish, taimen), sarogs, gobies, burbot.
Excursions along the river
The May has long attracted lovers of a rich catch with unique opportunities for fishing. Sports enthusiasts can go on a trip in kayaks, but it is worth remembering that in the upper reaches of the current is quite fast. Of the attractions on the banks of the river worth noting the caves of karst type Namskaya, Onne and Abagy-Dzhe and a number of rocks, their shape resembling giant stone figures and pillars. Attention of tourists also deserves the temple of the Annunciation of the Mother of God, which was built in 1915.
Many travel agencies organize tours for fishermen on the river lasting 7 days or more. Their cost usually starts from 17,000 rubles along with accommodation in comfortable cottages, meals and boat rent. Recommended time for such excursions is from the end of May to the first half of June and from the second half of August to the end of September.
How to get to the Maya River
Journey to the mysterious Maya consists of several stages:
- Arrival in Khabarovsk and a trip by car or bus to Komsomolsk-on-Amur (about 5 hours);
- transfer from Komsomolsk to Briakan settlement by land transport (about 5-6 hours);
- transportation by helicopter to the upper reaches of Maya.
The Maya River is a wonderful opportunity to get acquainted closer with the unique world of Far East nature.