Mysterious Megaliths of Siberia: Wrecks of Prehistoric Civilizations or Mockery of Nature?
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In different places in Siberia you can meet these strange stone structures, which are commonly called megaliths. They resemble the ruins of some ancient buildings – it looks very much like walls of blocks. About the origin of these strange objects are ongoing unceasing disputes. What is it? May be the remnants of ancient civilizations? By the way, some researchers take this version absolutely seriously.
Megaliths of Koy Belogorie
In the Koysky Belogorye (region of the Eastern Sayan), between the rivers Mana and Kan, several megalithic objects were found simultaneously, the origin of which has been disputed by scientists in recent years. The whole appearance of these structures suggests that these are man-made structures, as the structure of the stone resembles brick masonry or a block structure.
There are even legends connected with some of these objects. For example, according to the local residents, in the middle part of the megalithic rock, which is called “ship”, every time at sunset a figure of a man (probably, a saint) allegedly appears. According to the old residents, the narrow rock with a stepped “cap”, which is also very reminiscent of a block structure, also has mystical properties.
Not far from these objects you can see a rock, the name of which can be guessed at a glance: it looks like a mammoth sculpture, and there are many supporters of the version that it really is a figure of prehistoric animal made by our ancestors.
The Three Brothers complex is no less famous – some researchers also consider it man-made. Moreover, here you can see a stone wall of height about 15 meters, which seems to be specially lined with flat masonry of narrow rectangular stones, as if it were a part of some destroyed building.
Three Brothers. One of the most famous natural (or man-made?) attractions in Siberia. /Photo:rg.ru
No less striking are the megaliths of Kuturcha Belogorie, located relatively close by.
Megaliths of Gornaya Shoria
The writer, ethnographer and historian Georgy Sidorov paid particular attention to the giant objects of Shoria (Kemerovo region), taking as a basis the research of archaeologist Leonid Kyzlasov, who worked in Khakassia. The granite megaliths of Gornaya Shoria are incredibly huge, Sidorov sees traces of melting at the highest temperatures and he is sure that they are nothing but very ancient building blocks.
If we assume that these ancient blocks of stone are walls made by people in some incredible way, then it turns out that they were built in prehistoric times, and in size and age they are competitors of the Egyptian pyramids.
Sidorov suggests that Siberia may be the ancestral home of man, and megaliths found in Shoria are the remains of ancient giant structures, destroyed either by an explosion of incredible power, or the fall of a space object.
Giant buildings or freaks of nature?
At the turn of the XX-XXI centuries, scientists increasingly began to suggest that there were highly developed civilizations on the territory of modern Siberia many thousands of years ago – there are so many artifacts found in these places by archaeologists.
Participants of excavations claim that on the territory of Siberia were found settlements and times of the Trojan War, and times of ancient Egypt. In local history museums you can find a lot of things that confirm this hypothesis. It seems that the inhabitants of this area in ancient times were known to many types of crafts, including work with metals.
Ceramic vessel X-VIII centuries BC (Chekist settlement) and Bronze plaque with the image of four goats VII-VI centuries BC (cemetery Anikin Stone). /Photo: museum-seversk.ru
Only 11 centuries ago Arabian travelers and scientists who visited Siberia described some “City Land” or “Wasted Land”: they had no doubt that huge boulders with smooth edges and corners seen on the Siberian land – obviously not freaks of nature, but ruins of ancient giant structures. In the ancient descriptions of this foreign land, the eastern travelers mention that the ruined cities were told to them by the locals, who, in turn, heard about them from their parents.
Some modern scholars suggest that it was during the existence of the “Land of Cities” in Siberia that the ancient temple complex of Sintashta, which was discovered by domestic archaeologists and consisted of mounds of different sizes, functioned. Back in the Soviet years, archaeologists attributed it to an earlier period than the Arkaim findings. Presumably, the ancient city appeared on the territory 4 thousand years ago and existed for at least 300 years. The area of Sintashta settlement is twice as big as Arkaim. And there were many such ancient cities in Siberia, judging by the results of archaeological excavations. However, multi-ton megaliths are constructions of even more ancient origin.
According to one version, these megaliths are a defense complex, created by an unknown highly developed civilization that once existed here.
Supporters of another, but no less interesting version claim that they are the ruins of the walls and fortifications of ancient cities. The adherents of this hypothesis see the traces of formwork on the megaliths, as well as the overhanging elements and canopies, created, in their opinion, by the ancestors of modern man.
Well, the fact that in these parts is very harsh climate and it is unclear how in such conditions could deploy such a large-scale construction, supporters of the two hypotheses explain simply: the fact that the climate on the territory of modern Siberia many millennia ago was much milder.
Skeptics also reassure: all these megaliths are the usual boulders “built” by nature. And such bizarre structure of these objects is not a man-made masonry, but just the result of tectonic processes.
For example, Pavel Selivanov, a geologist and engineer of the Russian Geological Research Institute of non-ferrous and precious metals (TsNIGRI) draws attention to the fact that the “bricks” or “blocks” of structures have different sizes (which is strange, if we assume that ancient civilizations used high stone processing technologies) and are laid not overlapping, as is usually done in construction, but for some reason in parallel.
If the wall was built by representatives of a highly advanced civilization, then why are the bricks or blocks of different size and stacked so strangely?
Well, according to Selivanov, the “building blocks” are ordinary and well-known to geologists “separations” (so-called parallelepipedal and mattress-shaped), which are characteristic of the structure of rocks formed from magma frozen under the ground.
As the geologist explains, granite is divided into such separate parts by artificial or natural splitting, which can be found not only in Siberia, but also in other parts of Russia.
Megaliths in Russia
Megaliths in Russia are not the most studied places on the planet, are in hard-to-reach parts of Russia and hide many mysteries.
Giant stone structures, unique natural boulders, which are called megaliths, are found quite often in our country. They are certainly not as famous as the Peruvian Ollantaytambo and the English Stonehenge, but no less picturesque. What megalithic structures adorn Russia read in our review.
One of the most picturesque megaliths is located in Karelia. Vottovaara Mountain, better known as the highest point of the Western Karelian Uplands is situated more than 400 meters above the sea level. Experts say that the area of the building is about 6,000 square meters.
Once here, tourists have a lot of rethinking. You can find a lot of artifacts, which suggest how advanced in ancient times was the stone processing.
The blocks are scattered throughout the area. It is interesting to observe how nature “cut” them at an angle of 90 degrees.
According to geologists, the cracks and fractures we can admire today were formed about 9,000 years ago.
They might have been caused by an earthquake.
And the right angles at which the stones are dissected have an explanation.
The stones are quartzite, whose structure allows them to cleave at such right angles.
When you look at the individual blocks in detail, they look as if they have been cut by a laser. The sawn blocks fit together so perfectly.
If you look at them from a certain angle, the walls of many of the blocks will seem perfectly flat.
Looking at some samples, one may think that their appearance is the result of filigree work of stone masters. Or is it a game of nature?
Another Russian attraction is Mount Pidan. From a distance, it is an inconspicuous pile of boulders, formed as a result of rock breakage. But if you stand a few meters away from them, it is obvious that you are looking at a megalithic masonry.
The best preserved part of the stones is the one that was less exposed to natural phenomena.
Between the blocks you can find flat facets, resembling those made by hand.
At the joints you can clearly see a perfect cut. You can see how the blocks are stacked.
Number 3 on our list is the so-called Stone City (Perm region). Scientists claim that this area is the mouth of a river that flowed into the Perm Sea millions of years ago.
There is simply no other explanation for the perfectly flat boulders, dissected at angles of 90 degrees and stacked to each other.
Looking at them one can also think about the great power of nature and its abilities – parts of megaliths are perfectly even, as if masters worked on them for many days.
Again we look inside the masonry. The picture opens up the same amazing – an even cut strikes the eye.
The fourth stone landmark of Russia is situated on the Kola Peninsula. A peculiar pool, located inside the rock, will never be forgotten by those who at least once see it live.
Fifth on the list are the megaliths of Western Siberia, where the village of Kameshki is located, known for its geologists. V. Pochetkin, P. Bespalov and other scientists devoted their lives to the study of the surrounding area. It was they who at one time found megalithic plates, the appearance of which they themselves found difficult to explain.
Huge walls, as if specially created from huge stones. They also found vertical structures with unusual obelisks. An entire expedition was assembled to study the area.
Pieces of the lower part were of red granite, with gray granite in the middle and blocks of red and gray granite on top of them.
Individual pieces were melted by ultra-high temperatures and the granite flowed. It is interesting to consider the vertical walls created from blocks of different colors polygonal masonry. There is a version that these megalithic structures are created by human hands more than 100 thousand years ago. If this version is correct, the scale of the work is simply amazing.
According to geologist G. Sidorov, the find could be the remains of an ancient power plant. He believes that seismic energy could be converted to other types here.
It is enough to look between the stones to see perfectly flat edges where the impact of the elements was minimal. The blocks fit together tightly, the handiwork seems obvious.
Giant stones. Earlier, at the State University of Tomsk, the pictures were shown on a large screen, discussing the stonework, as well as the locks that interlock the huge boulders. During the discussion none of the scientists even once suggested that all of this was a miracle created by nature.
It is amazing how ancient man could lift such blocks to a height of over a thousand meters to place them there on a platform.
These same pictures were later studied by geologists, and with them geographers. They also suggested that the artifacts are the result of man-made work.
Sklyarov also gave his comments on the find. He has a completely different point of view. The geologist believes that what he has seen is the result of breaking the rock at right angles.
A natural mystery, but no more than that. Looking at megaliths from different parts of Russia one might think that they have the same author.
Nature or man? There is no unequivocal answer to this question.
Polygonal masonry of nature.
Well, this certainly was made by nature.
The upper megalith in Baalbek, the lower megalith in the Shoria Mountains, is the master alone?
There are also megalithic finds in Khabarovsk Territory, near the village of Nizhnetambovskoye. We are talking about Mount Shaman, where an ancient megalithic masonry was also found. We look between the blocks and see the same straight lines, talking about man-made.
Here you can find huge blocks placed on small stones.
This makes the structures earthquake resistant.
Again, a kind of nature.
You can also find a lot of interesting things in Kabardino-Balkaria. Here, in the Baksan Gorge, there is a cave.
You can get into it through a hole of about 120×40 cm, and then have to go down through a rope into the mine.
The shaft is formed by two plates.
In less than 10 m there will be a “knee” and the manhole will go sideways, after which there will be a precipice downwards.
Even at this depth in the cave of absolute silence, you can not hear anything from the outside.
More courageous descending deeper at about 20 meters will see the next “knee”.
To the bottom of the cave about 80 meters, even experienced travelers spend on this path about an hour.
And after overcoming it, they find themselves in the “room”, popularly called the “flask”.
Here are the walls of granite, tuff. The uniqueness is that they are perfectly matched to each other and created from identical megaliths.
In some places, the blocks split apart, but mostly the masonry is almost perfectly even, and the plates fit together. How such huge blocks of stone were processed is a mystery.
It is interesting to know the opinion of Vera Davidenko, the head of the Kabardino-Balkarian Geological Prospecting Expedition, on this matter. She believes that everything described above is the result of “work” of nature, which can do a lot. According to her version, tuff is an accumulation of elements of a volcanic eruption (lava, ash, etc.).
During the eruption, the elements were hot, and during solidification, cracks appeared. Thus, the block split into pieces.