Mount Aconcagua in Argentina, Andes

Aconcagua

Aconcagua (South America)

Aconcagua is a mountain in Argentina, the highest batholith in the world. Its height is 6,962 m. It is the highest point of the American continent, South America, the western and southern hemispheres [2] [3].

The origin of the mountain’s name is not precisely known, but it is believed to be derived from the Araucan language (“the other side of the Aconcagua River”) or from Ackon Cahuak, which means “stone guardian” in Quechua.

The mountain arose when the Nazca and South American tectonic plates collided.

Contents

Location

Located in the central part of the Andes (Main Cordillera) in Argentina. It is bounded by the Valle de las Vacas mountain ranges to the north and east and Valle de los Orcones Inferior to the south and west. The mountain is located in the Aconcagua National Park. The mountain has many glaciers, the largest of which are the northeastern (Polish Glacier) and the eastern.

Routes

In mountaineering, Aconcagua is considered technically an easy mountain to climb if you climb the north face. When climbing, the impact of altitude is palpable, the atmospheric pressure at the summit is about 40% of that at sea level. However, the use of oxygen cylinders when climbing is not required. The minimum time of the route – 5 hours 45 minutes, recorded in 1991.

The second route – through the Polish glacier. Approaching the mountain goes through the valley Vakas, then – climbing to the base of the Polish Glacier, then – crossing with the first route to climb the top of the mountain.

The routes through the South and Southwest mountain ranges are considered very difficult to climb.

The first known attempt to climb the mountain in history was made in 1897 by an expedition of Englishman Edward Fitzgerald. On January 14 the peak was reached by the Swiss Matthias Zurbriggen, a few days later by two other members of the expedition.

Currently, climbers must buy a pass from the local authorities of Aconcagua Provincial Park in Mendoza before climbing the mountain. Prices vary depending on the season.

Climbing the mountain by the simplest route is done through the following intermediate points (elevation data are approximate):

    (Puente Del Inca) – 2,719 m.
  • Confluencia (Confluencia) – 3500 m.
  • Plaza de Mulas (Plaza de Mulas) – 4,370 m.
  • Plaza Canada (Plaza Canada) 24 – 4,910 m.
  • Nido de Cóndores (Nido de Cóndores) – 5380 m.
  • Berlin (Berlín) – 5780 m. (The camp is closed due to littering)
  • Holera – 5900 meters.
  • Cumbre (top) – 6962 m.
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Notes

  1. ↑ Peakbagger.com
  2. ↑ Kravchuk P. A. – Geographic Kaleidoscope (Ukr.) Russ. – Kiev: Radyans’ka shkola, 1988. ISBN 5-330-00384-9.
  3. ↑ Kravchuk P. A. (Ukr.) Russk. – Records of Nature. – Lubeshov: Erudite, 1993. – 216 с. ISBN 5-7707-2044-1.

References

Notes

  1. ↑ Peakbagger.com
  2. ↑ Kravchuk P. A. – Geographic Kaleidoscope (Ukr.) Russ. – Kiev: Radyans’ka shkola, 1988. ISBN 5-330-00384-9.
  3. ↑ Kravchuk P. A. (Ukr.) Russk. – Records of Nature. – Lubeshov: Erudite, 1993. – 216 с. ISBN 5-7707-2044-1.
  • Mountain peaks by alphabetical order.
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Useful

See what “Aconcagua” is in other dictionaries:

Aconcagua – Location: Mendoza, Argentina, South America Coordinates: 32°39′20″S, 70°00′57″W … Tourist Encyclopedia

Aconcagua is a peak, elev. 6960 m; Argentina. The highest mountain peak in the Andes, Aconcagua, is apparently named after the Aconcagua River, at the head of which it is located. In the hydronym the element cagua may be distinguished, having in the N. of the continent the meaning of water … Geographical Encyclopedia

aconcagua – noun, number of synonyms: 5 – peak (213) – volcano (118) – park (29) – … Dictionary of Synonyms

Aconcagua – peak, elev. 6960 m; Argentina. The highest mountain peak in the Andes, Aconcagua, is apparently named after the Aconcagua River, at the head of which it is located. The hydronym may include the element cagua, which in the N. mainland means water … Toponymic Dictionary

Aconcagua – Mount Aconcagua in the Central Andes. Argentina. Aconcagua, the highest peak of the Andes in South America, Argentina, near the border with Chile. Height is 6,960 m (the highest in western hemisphere). It is composed of sedimentary rocks overlain by thrust… ….The Encyclopedic Guide to Latin America

Aconcagua, the highest peak of the Andes and all of South America, in Argentina. 6960 м. Glaciers up to 6 km long. * Aconcagua, the highest peak of the Andes and all of South America, in Argentina. It is located near the border with Chile…. … Encyclopedic Dictionary

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Aconcagua – (Aconcagua)Aconcagua, 1)a mountain with a snow-capped peak reaching a height of 6,960 m. An active volcano in the Andes of South America, on the border between Chile and Argentina. It is the highest mountain in the Western Hemisphere. First reached its summit in 1897…. … Countries of the World. Dictionary

Aconcagua, a province in northern central Chile. The area is 9.8 thousand km2. A population of 182,000 (1972). Administrative center is San Felipe. Other cities are Los Andes, La Ligua. In the east and the north-east of the province are… Encyclopedic Guide to Latin America

Aconcagua (values) – Aconcagua is the world’s highest extinct volcano. Aconcagua (national park) Aconcagua (river) river in Chile. List of meanings of the word or phrase with references … Wikipedia

ACONCAGUA (Aconcagua) is the highest peak of the Andes and all of South America, in Argentina. 6960 м. Glaciers up to 6 km long … Great Encyclopedic Dictionary

Mount Aconcagua

Aconcagua in Argentina An inactive volcano and the main attraction of Aconcagua National Park, the second highest mountain on the list of Seven Summits after Jomolungma.

The existing list of “Seven Summits” gives the second place after the highest point of the planet Asian Jomolungma to Mount Aconcagua, the geographical coordinates of which are 32°39’11” south latitude and 70°00’44” west longitude. The mountain, under the jurisdiction of the state of Argentina, in the center of the Andean Cordilleras, has an absolute height of 6,962 meters (22,841 feet).

Climbing Aconcagua

As the main attraction of Argentina’s national park of the same name, the long-dormant Aconcagua volcano attracts climbers, athletes from all over the world. And 75% of tourists are foreigners, with Americans, Germans, and the British being the leaders. Residents of Argentina make up 25% of all travelers reaching this altitude.

Interesting fact. The idea to conquer the highest mountains of all continents, including the summit of Aconcagua, led to the creation of the “Seven Peaks Club”. Statistics of the conquerors show a large age range of lovers of heights. The youngest who climbed Aconcagua was ten-year-old American Matthew Moniz (2008). His compatriot Scott Lewis (2007), 87, was the oldest. The first woman who has reached this height was the representative of France Adrienne Banse (1940).

Most climbers follow the classic route called the Normal Route or the Polish Glacier Route. On the route of the classical ascent are the following stations:

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Height (meter) Stop name
2 719 Puente Del Inca
3 500 Confluencia
4 370 Plaza de Mulas
4 910 Plaza Canada
5 380 Nido de Condores
5 900 Holera
5 950 Berlin
6 962 Cumbre.

Interesting fact. The base of the “Plaza de Mulas” provides travelers with an art gallery with an exhibition of creations of the Argentine artist and sculptor Miguel Daura, located above all the galleries of world importance.

In terms of technical features, the ascent to the top is not considered difficult. But it requires special attention to take into account the climatic differences in altitude and careful attention to the well-being. To overcome some conditions, the climber must have equipment that helps to prevent injuries, diseases:

  • The inner clothing should have 2 main characteristics, namely to help keep the body warm and be breathable, evacuating excess moisture.
  • The top layer should be waterproof, windproof, breathable. It is important to remember that the body loses 30% of its heat from the head surface, so you need to have a good warm hat, balaclava. Jacket or overalls at very low temperatures should be filled with down or special fiber.
  • Footwear should fit the purpose of use: stable on mountain climbs and warm.
  • A preventive measure, rather than aesthetic, is the presence of sunscreen with a high factor, lip balm, glasses, as solar radiation and low temperatures can cause serious damage to the skin, eyes.

There are 21 airlines connecting flights from Moscow to Buenos Aires. The most economical options are listed below.

The airline Round trip price Return price (RUR)
Turkish Airlines 42325 RUR 57099 RUR
Quatar Airways 42419 RUR 79154 RUR
Emirates 47010 RUR 79795 RUR
Iberia 49248 RUR 43367 RUR

From Buenos Aires Pistarini International Airport, travelers must then transfer to Jorge Newberry Domestic Airport in about half an hour. It takes about 2 hours to reach the city of Mendoza by plane.

The airline Cost
Aerolineas Argentinas 11712 RUR
LatAm Chile 11807 RUR
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From the bus terminal in Mendoza (Terminal del Sol Mendoza), located 183 kilometers from the National Park, there are three daily departures of BUTTINI bus line 7. The time is 4 hours. The fare is 2 USD.

Days of the week Departure Arrival
Monday – Friday 6:00 10:15 15:30 11:40 16:35 20:00
Saturday, Sunday, holidays 7:00 10:15 15:30 11:40 16:35 20:00

Travel agencies offer a transfer service at a cost of about 280 USD for one-way transportation with luggage. In this case, the vehicle takes directly to the luggage room, where the unnecessary items are handed over during the lift. By agreement with the tour operator equipment is transported by mules.

To climb Aconcagua, you must obtain an official personal permit (permit), which is issued by the Mendoza City Department. The visitor center is located at 1143 San Martin, 1st floor. Hours of operation:

  • Monday – Friday – 8:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m,
  • weekends and holidays – 8:00-3:00 p.m,
  • Outside the official season – 8:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m.

To avoid standing in line, it is better to use the official site of Aconcagua National Park in advance, register and fill out a form to pay for the permit. Payment can only be made in Argentina in cash (peso). After presenting the passport and payment receipt, the tourist fills out documents stipulating all the risks associated with climbing the frozen volcano of Aconcagua. The climber is warned of responsibility for failure to comply with the rules of ascent.

Tourists are accommodated in the Mendoza or Penitence/Punta del Inca hotels while the permit is being processed. The cost of a double room for 1 night is 30 USD per person.

After receiving the permit, it is necessary to show it several times in the three basic points: Confluencia, Plaza de Molas, Nido de Condores. The permit form also makes a note of the medical examination in these camps.

Advice for travelers. Although the medical examination is voluntary, it is recommended that it be compulsory. In the case of health problems above the Plaza de Molas, the person will be transported by helicopter free of charge if the medical examination is marked. In the absence of the fact of examination – at the expense of the tourist.

Duration of the expedition (duration of the permit) – up to 21 days, on average, participants are delayed on the route for 15 days. The cost of climbing depends on the season and the availability of escorts. The table provides information from travel agencies authorized by the Government of Mendoza.

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Season Time frame Cost with accompaniment Unaccompanied cost
Low November 15 – November 30; February 21 – March 15 726 USD 582 USD
Medium December 1 – December 14; February 1 – February 20 726 USD 582 USD
High December 15 – January 31 944 USD 800 USD
Winter Special 16 March – 30 April 944 USD

Plaza de Molas is a small town with a modern infrastructure, convenient to athletes who like to visit local cafes. Here, the tourist receives a numbered red-colored bag for natural needs, which is also handed in at the exit. This is necessary because above this level there are no public toilets. Most climbers linger at this point for acclimatization.

Nutrition

To understand what country Aconcagua is in, you must try the local cuisine. Cafes in urban communities offer authentic Argentine steaks and rich red Malbec wine. Dinner or lunch at a place costs 20 USD – 30 USD.

If you order meals from locals, the cost of “breakfast-lunch-dinner” will be 100 USD – 120 USD.

Organized groups during the ascent to the summit carry out the process of cooking under the supervision of a guide. Food and water are purchased in advance. The amount of food for a certain number of days is calculated. Preference is given to the following meals:

  • Of drinks drink tea, coffee, mate. A person should consume 3-5 liters of fluid daily to ease acclimatization. Low-calorie juices, carbonated drinks should be avoided. Alcoholic drinks are forbidden.
  • Water reserve is required. Lake Horkonese, the last place with clean water, is available at the beginning of the route.
  • Crackers, candy, bread, cereals must be well sealed.
  • Canned tuna or sardines, ham, dinner dishes: noodles, potatoes, instant rice.
  • Dried fruit, sweets, cereal bars are stocked to replenish energy.

Once they reach Cumbre (the top of the mountain), the climbers look out on the world from one of the most important peaks on the world map.

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