Mud Volcanoes of Azerbaijan, photo and description

Mud Volcanoes of Azerbaijan (Gobustan) How to reach? 5 TIPS

Azerbaijan is one of the former republics of the USSR, familiar to us thanks to the Soviet films made here, the stamps representing the culture, life and history of the Azerbaijani people, the outstanding personalities of the world-famous (Muslim Magomayev, Lutfi Zadeh, Fikret Amirov and others) and also thanks to its natural resources. The Country of Fires can truly be considered one of the most extraordinary countries in the world: the first oil rig was drilled in the settlement Bibi-Heybat (1848), one of the nine pink lakes of the world is located in the vicinity of Baku (Masazir), the eternally burning Yanardag mountain in Absheron and the famous mud volcanoes of Gobustan, which is devoted to this article.

Mud volcanoes of Azerbaijan are in fact unique, both in number and in origin. When we hear or see the word “volcano” our imagination fails us in that it is limited to the image of erupting lava from the mouth of a volcano. We should refresh our memories with the definition of the term “volcano”: a volcano is a geological formation, originating above channels and crevices in the Earth’s crust, through which molten rock (lava), ash, hot gases, water vapor and rock debris are ejected to the surface.

There are mud volcanoes in 25 countries all over the world: in Romania (Berca, Buzau, Piklelele Marie, Piklele Mici), Russia (Tizdar, Gefest, Akhtanizovka, Jau-Tepe), Japan (Honshu and Hokkaido islands), Iran (within the Gorgan Plain) and other countries. But the absolute champion among all countries is Azerbaijan – there are 357 mud volcanoes, while the total number of mud volcanoes on the planet is 800 ! As a result of simple mathematical calculations, we can conclude that this is equal to 44.6% . Truly, an impressive figure!

* Most often go on this tour in the warm season – between spring and autumn, when the weather allows to enjoy a cluster of swirling “skyscrapers”. Each year, mud volcanoes of Azerbaijan is visited by more than a hundred thousand tourists, and the most “ardent fans” are guests from the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Britain, Germany, China, USA and many others.

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These figures are growing every year and confirm the status and importance of Azerbaijan in the field of tourism and recreation: in 2019 Azerbaijan became the winner in the category “Best sightseeing holiday” ahead of Italy, Britain, Portugal, Belgium and Israel.

The above facts, talking about the countless visits to the mud volcanoes of Gobustan, have a logical explanation. Arriving in Baku, guests of the largest city of the whole Caucasus after a few days of its exploration go to the surrounding area. Gobustan is the solution in 70% of cases. This city is located 60 km south of Baku, which allows travelers to easily visit and explore its wonders in one day. Tourists choose it for a reason: Martian views mesmerize everyone whose foot steps on the ground, teeming with gurgling gray horns.

Gobustan volcanoes are located on the oil and gas fields (Apsheronsky Peninsula): that is, the mud rushing out, along with water, oil and natural gases . The length of the craters of volcanoes varies from 1 to 9 meters, and the vents themselves can reach the bowels of the earth and stretch deep and deep. Mud volcanoes operate on a simple system of earthquakes, which are accompanied by underground, tectonic tremors of plate movements. Azerbaijan, Iran and Turkey share the Eurasian tectonic plate, and when earthquakes occur somewhere in Iran, the tremors hit Absheron. Absheron is a hot seismic point. According to the seismological organization of Azerbaijan, every day On the territory of the peninsula one-magnitude tremors occur every day.

Salsa Gobustan, of course, less than the original volcanoes, but not inferior to them, and even in some ways superior: on mud volcanoes seismologists and geologists can determine the processes taking place in the bowels of the earth, and thus make new and new discoveries in the field of geology and seismology. And in 1998 the Lokbatan Mud Volcano was included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

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If you go to the mud volcanoes, you can see foreigners basking in natural mud baths under the scorching sun. Naturally, two questions arise in your mind when you see this picture: Is it dangerous to be in a volcano crater and is the mud therapeutic?

In fact the idea of bathing in the crater though mud, but still a volcano, itself already sounds quite alarming and therefore is action dangerous and undesirable. After all, the rocks bursting out are of oil and gas origin and are bursting out with natural gases, the content of which is dominated by methane. Methane reacts with oxygen to form a fire – in chemistry, this “mix” of methane and oxygen is called a rattlesnake mixture.

TIP #1: On the basis of the previously mentioned, swimming in the crater of the mud volcano is not strongly recommended: because it can end very unpleasantly.

The mud itself, as shown by laboratory studies, balneological properties. This suggests that the chemical composition of the mud is very rich in essential elements and minerals such as sulfur, boron, magnesium, iodine, fluorine, bromine. Balneological mud is used for the treatment of skin diseases (this mud has a rejuvenating effect).

TIP #2: Bring a container to set this therapeutic mud, so that then use it for cosmetic purposes.

It’s no secret that a place where everything around is boiling with mud (literally) will “delight” visitors with unexpected bursts of their temperament. So what to wear when going to Gobustan Salsa?

TIP #3: In order not to miscalculate with clothes and enjoy the unforgettable views of the mud volcanoes, you should wear the most comfortable clothes: comfortable shoes with non-slip soles (the terrain will sometimes remind you of an ice rink) and combinations not restricting movements.

*Do not forget that the weather is a few degrees lower than in Baku, and the steady wind makes it feel like all 10. Do not forget to bring a hat and sunglasses!

Climate of Khabarovsk region: weather by months

As noted above, the terrain resembles the surface of the Red Planet: in this regard on social networks you can often find pictures of tourists on the background of the “Martian landscape”.

TIP #4: Be sure to take a device with which you can take original photos and dilute your Instagram feed or take a Polaroid to put them among other pictures taken on unforgettable dates.

One of the most important questions for tourists wishing to visit the Gobustan Mud Volcanoes is how to reach your destination: there are no hiking trails or special vehicles on the salsas.

TIP #5: If you want to spend your holidays in a useful and profitable way and if you do not get lost in the independent search of routes and return home with good impressions about Azerbaijan, we recommend you to apply only to certified and registered travel companies.

We will be glad to be your loyal friend in solving this problem and offer high-quality services of qualified employees! By following this link you will be able to give yourself the opportunity to travel to the famous mud volcanoes of Azerbaijan!


After seeing enough of the petroglyphs of Gobustan we move on. We are waiting for another stunning place, which, as it turned out, even claimed a place in the list of the new wonders of the world. This is the Valley of Mud Volcanoes, and it is beautiful.

According to various calculations there are from 700 to 1000 mud volcanoes in the world and approximately 300-400 of them are in Azerbaijan.

In fact, this is logical, since mud volcanoes by origin are associated with oil and gas fields, and Azerbaijan is known to be rich in oil.

The most famous mud volcanoes are located near the town of Gobustan, which we drove past last time when we went to the National Park –

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This is where we will go.

Volcanoes, like the petroglyphs of Gobustan, have been of interest to scientists for a long time. Back in 1982 some of them – Beyuk Kenizdag, Airanteken and Dashgil – were given the status of natural monuments.

In 2007, Azerbaijan established the State Natural Reserve of the group of mud volcanoes of Baku and the Absheron Peninsula, which in the same year gave 52 mud volcanoes the status of a state reserve.

Non-status status – the volcanoes are not protected in any way

And, unfortunately, not much visited.

Maybe this is due to their remoteness and relative inaccessibility, maybe because Azerbaijan is not yet the most touristy country – I do not know.

Something similar we have observed in Gobustan National Park, where there are unique rock paintings, and there are almost no tourists.

But if there was any movement there, there was no one here except us.

And I want to ask the same question again – maybe just multicolored rocks or mud volcanoes do not interest anyone?

And in 2009, the mud volcanoes of Azerbaijan claimed to be one of the wonders of the world in the selection of new wonders of the world, and even made the list of finalists!

Along with such bison as the Moher Cliffs in Ireland –, the Galapagos Islands, the Grand Canyon,

Kilimanjaro, Angel Falls, our beautiful Dead Sea –, and many other wonders.

Well, the list of new seven (natural) wonders of the world eventually included Iguazu Falls, the Amazon, Halong Bay, Jeju Island

Komodo National Park, the Puerto Princesa Underground River, and Table Mountain.

I, alas, haven’t seen any of them yet(

And I don’t even have a list of natural wonders.

I’m going pretty good there, ten out of 21)

Maybe when I visit some of the natural wonders of the world, I’ll make myself a vishlist-list.

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One, by the way, is looming, but let’s not get too far ahead of ourselves.

In the meantime, back to our volcanoes.

I don’t know why people don’t come here, or why they don’t like this amazing natural phenomenon

But I can look at volcanoes forever.

Here it starts bubbling up a little bit.

And then it explodes.

And there’s another one that’s bubbling up.

You get the idea.)

Also I learned that to see the mud volcanoes, you do not need to fly to the edge of the world in New Zealand.)

And while I really enjoyed the largest mud pool on earth in Wai-o-Tapu –

The Valley of Volcanoes in Azerbaijan doesn’t fall flat, and maybe in some places it’s cooler than the country claiming to be the most beautiful nature on earth

Let’s take a little more walking

And take a look around.

The mountains around here are pretty nice, too.

If I understand correctly, this one is called Toragay.

And it is as colorful and colorful as many other mountains in the world.

By the way, the largest mud volcano in the world, which is listed in the Guinness Book of Records, is located here.

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