Musée des Beaux-Arts, Ghent, Belgium

Ghent Museum of Fine Arts.

The Ghent Museum of Fine Arts stands among the top art museums in Belgium for the richness and variety of its collections. The foundations of its collections were laid at the end of the 18th century, when the secularization of the church estates resulted in many first-class works of art becoming property of the municipal authorities. The property of the Jesuit order, banned by a decree in 1773, was particularly rich. At the same time, by order of the Austrian authorities, a considerable number of paintings and sculptures were purchased and sent to Vienna. In 1783 Joseph II ordered the closure of another thirteen religious institutions in Ghent (Belgium was then part of the Habsburg estate) and the confiscation of their valuables. Their works of art were sold at auction. Upon entering Ghent on November 12, 1792, the French occupation authorities ordered the dispatch to Paris of many of the treasures held by Ghent. Thus, parts of the Ghent altarpiece, works by Rubens, van Dyck and others were taken to the Louvre. The remaining two hundred and fifty works were collected in the church of St. Peter, which as a museum was opened to the public on November 22, 1802. But already in 1805 the collections were transferred to the Academy of Fine Arts, founded in the former Augustinian monastery, where they remained for a hundred years. In 1818, of all the art treasures of Ghent seized by the French, only sixty paintings were returned.

At a banquet in 1896, the mayor of Ghent, Baron Braun, promised the city a new museum building. The city’s architect Charles van Rijselberghe was entrusted with the development of the plan. The museum opened in 1902 with Prince Charles van Rijselberghe. Albert and Princess Elisabeth on the occasion of their solemn entry into Ghent. A fully equipped museum was opened by King Leopold II on May 9, 1904. During the First World War the museum experienced many difficulties. Ghent was occupied by German troops. The museum was closed because it housed a German unit and was only opened to visitors in May 1921. After the beginning of the Second World War some of the collections were evacuated to Po, others were hidden in the crypt of the Cathedral of St. Bavon, in the town hall and in the university library. Some of the works disappeared without a trace. The museum building was again occupied by German troops. It took about ten post-war years to restore it to its former appearance. A great role in enlarging the museum collections was played by the society “Friends of the Museum” set up on December 5, 1897, the mastermind of which was the great Belgian philanthropist Fernand Scribe. To avoid errors in assessing the quality of works and the intrigues that could arise when purchasing works by contemporary masters, the society had established rules under which it could purchase paintings by artists who had died at least thirty years earlier, and always two works per year. Money could be donated not only by members of the society, but also by any citizens who wished to join in the purchase of works. It is difficult to overestimate the importance of the activities of the Friends of the Museum society during the entire period of its existence up to the present day. It was they who purchased the masterpieces that make up the fame of the Museum in Ghent: two works by J. Bosch, Rubens’ sketch of the Scourging of Christ, a study of two heads by Jordanes, portraits by Paurbus, Jan de Bry, Jupiter and Antipope by van Dyck, etc. Gifts and bequests were the usual way of replenishing the Ghent museum. Among the donors Fernand Scribe should be named in the first place, who bequeathed to the museum in 1913 his collection consisting of portraits by Tintoretto, Ravestein, Therborch, Géricault’s “Portrait of a Madman”, still-lifes by Heda and Feuillet, landscapes by Corot and Daubigny.

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The museum presents works of European art schools of different eras, but perhaps most of all there are modern Belgian paintings. Besides paintings, there is a big section of graphs and a large collection of drawings (more than four hundred) of the famous Belgian sculptor Georges Minne. An entire room is devoted to his works. A separate room is devoted to the graphic works of the remarkable Belgian artist of the XX century Jules de Breuker.

The great hall of the museum is decorated with magnificent tapestries, five of which come from the castle of the Counts of Flanders and were made in 1717 by the Brussels master Urban Liniers.

Their subjects are taken from ancient mythology and represent Orpheus and the Muses, the triumph of Venus, Diana, Athena Pallada and Mars. Other tapestries depicting episodes from the life of King Darius of Persia were previously in Saint Peter’s Abbey by P. van den Hekke, who lived in Brussels at the end of the 17th century.

The address is

MSK Museum voor schone kunsten Gent

Opening Hours

Monday – Sunday from 10:00 to 18:00

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Museum of Fine Arts (Ghent)

The Museum of Fine Arts in Ghent (Netherlands Museum voor Schone Kunsten , MSK for short) is a famous art museum in Belgium. It is located in the eastern part of the Ghent Citadel Park. The museum was founded in 1798 and is one of the oldest museums in Belgium, famous for the variety of paintings collection, covering the period from the Middle Ages to the beginning of XX century. The museum has a conference room, library, children’s workshop and cafe.

The most famous exhibits of the museum:

    Hieronymus BoschHieronymus Bosch
  • “Portrait of Giovanni Paolo Cornaro. 1561 Tintoretto
  • “Portrait of a Kleptomaniac” 1820. Theodora Géricault
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References

    There are media files on Wikimedia Commons about the Ghent Museum of Fine Arts

Gallery

  • Museums by alphabetical order
  • Opened in 1798
  • Fine art museums in Belgium
  • Ghent museums
  • Paintings from the collections of the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Ghent

Wikimedia Foundation . 2010 .

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See what is “Museum of Fine Arts (Ghent)” in other dictionaries:

Museum of Fine Arts (Ghent) – The Museum of Fine Arts in Ghent (Museum voor Schone Kunsten, MSK for short) is a well-known art museum in Belgium. Located in the eastern part of the citadel park. The most famous exhibits of the museum: “St. Jerome at Prayer” by Hieronymus Bosch… …Wikipedia

Museum of Fine Arts – The following museums of fine (fine) arts exist in the world: Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow National Museum of Fine Arts (Buenos Aires) Museum of Fine Arts (Minsk) Museum … … Wikipedia

Museum of Fine Arts – The following museums of fine arts (fine arts) exist in the world: Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow National Museum of Fine Arts (Buenos Aires) Museum of Fine Arts (Minsk) Museum of… … Wikipedia

Museums of Fine Arts – The following museums of fine (fine) arts exist in the world: Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow National Museum of Fine Arts (Buenos Aires) Museum of Fine Arts (Minsk) Museum … … Wikipedia

Ghent – Gan (Flam. Gent, French Gand), city in Belgium, port on the Scheldt River and the Ghent Ostend Canal, administrative center of the province of East Flanders. 222,000 (1995). Transport unit (port cargo turnover is over 25 mln.t. a year). Ghent is an ancient city (from 11th century).

Ghent (Flam. Gent, French. Gand), a city in Belgium, in the province of East Flanders, on the Scheldt River. Connected by canals with the ports of Ostend and Ternesen on the North Sea. It was first mentioned in the 7th century. In the Middle Ages it was a large crafts and art center.

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GENT – (Gan) (fl. Gent french Gand), a city and port on the Scheldt River and the Gent Ostend Canal in Belgium, the administrative center of the prov. Gand is the administrative center of the eastern part of Flanders. 230.2 thousand residents (1992). It is a transport node (port cargo turnover is over 25 mln t a year). The ancient center of … Great Encyclopedic Dictionary

The term has other meanings, see Ghent. City of Ghent Dutch Gent Flag Emblem … Wikipedia

Carrying the cross (Bosch painting, Ghent) – There are other meanings to this term, see Carrying the cross (painting) … Wikipedia

Museums of Fine Arts – The following museums of fine (fine) arts exist in the world: Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow Museum of Fine Arts (Boston) Museum of Fine Arts (Budapest) National Museum … Wikipedia

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