Museum of mammoth in Yakutsk them. P.A. Lazarev Museum

Mammoth Museum in Yakutsk

Mammoth Museum, located in Yakutsk, is unique in its focus on the study of unique paleontological exhibits.

This museum was opened in 1991, becoming a scientific and cultural center, whose activities are aimed at the study of mammoths and the conditions of their habitat. Its founder was Peter Alekseevich Lazarev, the first Yakut mammothologist. Initially, the institution was called the “World Mammoth Museum”, but later it was changed several times. In 1995 the place was called the “Mammoth Museum” after it had joined the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) with the purpose to improve the scientific activity.

In 1998 in the process of reorganization the institution received the status of a structural subdivision of the Institute of Applied Ecology of the North of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). Even later, in 2011, the museum, being a part of the IPES, was attached to the Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University. M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University. In 2012, an important milestone in the history of the organization was its renaming in honor of the museum’s founder – Honored Scientist of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) Petr Alekseevich Lazarev.

Archaeological excavations in Yakutia allowed scientists to discover many remains of extinct animals – in addition to mammoths, they also include, for example, cave lions, musk oxen, bison, woolly rhinoceroses. Interestingly, before the foundation of this museum, most of these finds were sent to institutes located in major cities of the state (Moscow, St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk). But after the opening of this institution in Yakutia, it became possible to carry out scientific research on this subject and leave these things for storage to create subsequent exhibitions at itself, not sending them to other localities.

The osteological collection of the museum includes more than 1,450 items. Among the unique exhibits of this institution can be noted, for example, an incomplete carcass of a Verkhoyan horse (its absolute age is about 4450 years), a carcass of a moose from the Buor-Khaya Peninsula (absolute age – about 9000 years), a mummy of a baby bison from a place near Batagaya settlement (absolute age – about 8200 years). Also from the local exhibits is perhaps most noteworthy a copy of the famous Dima mammoth, whose remains were found in the headwaters of the Kolyma River in 1977. Today the real remains of this animal are located in St. Petersburg.

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It is interesting that, in addition to the opportunity to see unique exhibits that give an idea of the animals of antiquity, this museum has also found a place for interactive activities, where visitors can test their abilities. So, within the framework of this institution it is possible to take part in a master class of mammoth bone carving art. In about ten minutes, the master demonstrates how to carve a small mammoth replica with tusks and proboscis from bone. There are also finished products made of the material for sale, including a variety of knickknacks and, for example, very effective chess pieces.

The museum, in accordance with the specific nature of its activities, cooperates with specialists in the field of paleontology from different countries – Great Britain, France, Germany and Japan. Joint projects allow scientists to find new unique items concerning mammoth fauna. These findings add to human understanding of life during the Ice Age. Taking this into account, it is not surprising that the unique museum exhibits, being the most important prehistoric relics, were recognized as the national heritage of Yakutia.

An important area of the museum’s activity, apart from scientific research, is also educational work. This institution is a member of the International Council of Museums (ICOM) at UNESCO and closely cooperates with museums from other countries. Exhibitions of museum exhibits held in Japan, France, Germany and the Republic of Korea have aroused great interest among local residents. Also noteworthy is the branch of the museum’s activities related to the development of ecological tourism in the area. Those who are interested in it, have a chance to visit the Arctic regions of Yakutia, which were once inhabited by mammoths.

Museum address: 48, Kulakovskogo St., Yakutsk Tel: +7 (4112) 36-16-47

The unique and the only museum of mammoth in the world in Yakutsk (6+)

The Museum of mammoth (6+) is the only museum in the world that is devoted to mammoth fauna. It was founded in 1991 by the initiative of the first Yakutsk mammothologist Petr Alekseyevich Lazarev. Mammoths in Yakutia are as exclusive wealth as gold and diamonds. If you are a guest of the republic’s capital, be sure to visit this unique museum. For more details see the article of YakutiaMedia news agency.

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Museum was founded as a scientific and cultural center for the study of mammoth fauna, its habitat and propaganda of scientific knowledge. In 1995 for the purpose of strengthening of scientific work, the Museum passed in structure of Academy of sciences of RS(Ya) and began to refer to as the Mammoth Museum. In July, 1998 by way of reorganisation by the Decision of Presidium of the Academy of Sciences of the RS(Ya) it was attached to the Institute of Applied Ecology of the North of the Academy of Sciences of the RS(Ya) as a structural division. In 2011. The mammoth museum as part of the IPES became part of the new M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University

The P. A. Lazarev Laboratory Mammoth Museum today is a specialized scientific and cultural institution engaged exclusively in the study of the mammoth, mammoth fauna, the natural environment of its habitat in the Ice Age and the dissemination of scientific knowledge to the public.

Before the creation of the Mammoth Museum, practically all finds of fossil animals found in Yakutia were exported to central institutes (Moscow, St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk). With the creation of the Mammoth Museum it became possible to carry out full-fledged complex researches and to leave them for display and storage in Yakutsk.

The museum is one of the ten places of interest in Russia according to the British newspaper The Daily Telegraph. It has one of the largest collections of skeletons of mammoths, woolly rhinoceroses, bison, horses and dogs of the Ice Age.

Weekend itinerary: Mammoth Museum. Photo: Anastasia Osipova; IA YakutiaMedia

Weekend itinerary: Mammoth Museum. Photo: Anastasia Osipova; IA YakutiaMedia

Weekend itinerary: Mammoth Museum. Photo: Anastasia Osipova; IA YakutiaMedia

Weekend itinerary: Mammoth Museum. Photo: Anastasia Osipova; IA YakutiaMedia

Weekend itinerary: Mammoth Museum. Photo: Anastasia Osipova; IA YakutiaMedia

The museum is also engaged in research work, carries out international and federal scientific projects on unique finds, and organizes field work. Employees of a museum for last 20 years have studied practically all large finds of animals of mammoth fauna found in territory of Yakutia: the Maxunuokhsky and Yukagirsky mammoths, Oymyakonsky and Khromsky mammoths, the Kolyma woolly rhinoceros and many others.

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Weekend itinerary: Mammoth Museum. Photo: Anastasia Osipova; IA YakutiaMedia

Weekend itinerary: Mammoth Museum. Photo: Anastasia Osipova; IA YakutiaMedia

Weekend itinerary: Mammoth Museum. Photo: Anastasia Osipova; IA YakutiaMedia

Weekend itinerary: Mammoth Museum. Photo: Anastasia Osipova; IA YakutiaMedia

Weekend itinerary: Mammoth Museum. Photo: Anastasia Osipova; IA YakutiaMedia

Yakutia has found 75% of all burials of mammoths and other representatives of mammoth fauna with preserved soft tissues in the depths of the world.

Weekend itinerary: Mammoth Museum. Photo: Anastasia Osipova; IA YakutiaMedia

Weekend itinerary: Mammoth Museum. Photo: Anastasia Osipova; IA YakutiaMedia

Weekend itinerary: Mammoth Museum. Photo: Anastasia Osipova; IA YakutiaMedia

Currently, the collection of the Mammoth Museum numbers more than 2 thousand bone remains of fossil animals of mammoth fauna, and 17 thematic showcases with collection materials and photographs are decorated. It should be noted that the first mammoth remains were found in Yakutia back in 1799.

Weekend itinerary: Mammoth Museum. Photo: Anastasia Osipova; IA YakutiaMedia

Weekend itinerary: Mammoth Museum. Photo: Anastasia Osipova; IA YakutiaMedia

Weekend itinerary: Mammoth Museum. Photo: Anastasia Osipova; IA YakutiaMedia

Weekend itinerary: Mammoth Museum. Photo: Anastasia Osipova; IA YakutiaMedia

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