Nature in Bulgaria, detailed information

Nature in Bulgaria

We will tell you about the natural world of Bulgaria: the unique flora and fauna, national parks and lakes and much more.

Tourists come to Bulgaria not only for the sea and new experiences, but also to see the rich world of flora and fauna. A vacation would not be enough to visit all the beautiful reserves, inhabited by rare birds and animals. In this article we will take you closer to the riches of Bulgaria – its nature.

The riches of Bulgaria’s inland waters


The river flowing into the Black Sea. Here tourists and fishermen love to spend time . The places on the river are very beautiful – a lot of greenery, trees . River water is cold and very clean. The place where the river meets the sea has long been fond of children who love to play there.

Ropotamo .

The reservoir attracts with the presence of turtles . There are also pelicans and herons . Ropotamo reserve is situated near the river. The fish in the river are incredibly abundant, as it is forbidden to catch them.

The river is not very popular among tourists and in vain. On her everyone can take a boat ride . The river banks are covered with rich vegetation. Water Kamchia opaque, but it has a lot of fish and even turtles. The latter are on the verge of extinction. The waters of the river flow into the sea.

Aerial view of the Aheloy sea pier, Bulgaria


There are many lakes in Bulgaria, most of them are hidden from human eyes high in the mountains. But there are two picturesque lakes, which are located in the resort towns.


Famous for its healing properties far beyond the country. Tourists come here from all over the world for the unique mud, which cures many diseases.

Burgas Lake

Its area is the biggest of all the lakes in the country. It is located on the territory of protected area. It is the home for many species of flora and fauna, which are included in the Red Book.


In the country there are about 300 waterfalls, different in height, length and number of steps. A large number of waterfalls are mountainous. They are situated in the protected zones:

National Natural Parks “Vitosha”, “Rila”, “Central Balkan”)

Botanical Gardens (Balchik).

Krushuna waterfalls

National parks – a unique natural treasure

Bulgaria is rich in national parks, thanks to its vast natural stock and the rare fauna species which can be found there. The history of the national parks dates back to 1934. Today, there are more than ten of them.

We advise to see the following natural places in Bulgaria:

Sights of Krasnaya Polyana in 2018

. Here are seven Rila Lakes and are home to wild boars, deer, eagles.

“Pirin . It is beloved by a large number of animals and plants. There are unique edelweiss and Pirin poppies, silver spruce and fir, Macedonian pine, and many Bosnian pines. Also in the park you can admire the waterfalls, caves and lakes.

Vitosha . Here you can meet: wolf, wild cat, bear, as well as deer and badger. In the park there are rare species of butterflies and there is Duhlatu – the longest cave in Bulgaria.

“Strandja” or Rusensky National Park. On their territory you will see turtles, snakes, lizards. The park is home to rare birds and bats, as well as wild animals like the wolf and jackal.

Landscape in Strandja National Park, Mladejko village

Vegetation in Bulgaria

The country is rich in its diverse flora. It grows here:

Palms . Several species are represented, many growing in large pots.

Lilacs . In Bulgaria there is a different, unfamiliar to us, but very beautiful variety.

Ivy . Beautifully wraps around the trunks of trees.

Fruit trees. Figs, persimmons, peaches, pomegranates, plums, apples, pears, different varieties of grapes and even kiwi trees grow here.

The Valley of Roses. This flower has been decorating the Bulgarian nature for more than three centuries. They are cherished and fostered, and the petals are used to extract oil of the highest quality.

A woodland. It occupies almost a third of the territory of the country. The locals take great care and preserve it.

Balchik Botanical Garden

Tourists come here for the huge collection of cacti . Some of them are very rare. The garden is visited by travelers from all over the world.

It presents a rich collection of different plants, among which the irises and the rose stand out.

Horse lovers will appreciate the local jockey club, offering horseback riding lessons with a trainer or solo riding for professionals.

Cacti in Balchik Botanical Garden

Unique fauna of the Balkan country

Not to forget the multitude of animals that inhabit the local forests and national parks. There are hares, wolves, wild boars, weasels, badgers, ferrets and squirrels.

In the local waters of the country there are different kinds of fish: mullet, mackerel, pelamida and flounder. If you are in Varna, go to the dolphinarium and enjoy a show of dolphins.

When visiting Bulgaria you will have the opportunity to see a variety of feathered birds: gulls, cormorants, pelicans and others. Also, there are snakes, lizards and turtles.

The natural world of Bulgaria is very rich. Come to the country and enjoy its nature with your own eyes.

Arabian Peninsula, more information

Nature in Bulgaria

To the question of what nature in Bulgaria, you can, in fact, answer with one word – diverse. But this answer is unlikely to satisfy anyone. So let’s get into details.

So, the nature in Bulgaria: all we know is very short.

In the east of the country is the Black Sea. In the north is the Danube. In the middle there are several mountain ranges. One of them – Stara Planina, or the Balkan Mountains – divides the country into two parts: northern and southern. Therefore, it is impossible to get from north to south or back without crossing the mountains.

sand lily

Sand lily – endemic species

There is an opinion that Southern Bulgaria is much warmer than Northern Bulgaria. This is not entirely true – the difference in temperature is only a few degrees. But winters in the south are really milder, and in summer it is a little bit hotter than in the north – of course, if we talk about the coast, not the mountains. It is always colder in the mountains than in the lower elevations and the snow cover lasts longer in winter than in the lower elevations.

Bulgaria successfully combines a variety of landscapes with compactness of the country as a whole. You do not have to admire the same scenery from the car window for weeks – it is enough to go away from home for a couple of tens of kilometers to nature has changed.

Reserves in Bulgaria

Nature Reserve

Reserve “Srebirna” – a habitat for many birds, including pelicans

There are many places in the country where nature is carefully protected. They are called reserves, protected areas. In most of these reserves, you can walk freely, but you cannot hunt, litter, and in some cases, you cannot go off a specially built trail. Rare species of plants and animals listed in the Red Book can usually be found in the reserves. In natural conditions, they breed and in general, feel quite well. You can often watch them, for example, in the Srebrna Reserve near Silistra there are cameras installed near birds’ nests and the images are transmitted to the screens in the museum. We did not go to the museum, so we tried to watch pelicans through binoculars.

Forests in Bulgaria

Those who come to rest on the southern coast, for example, in Sunny Beach or St. Vlas, sometimes sincerely believe that there are no forests in Bulgaria. Of course, this is not true: you should not judge by the resorts. All the more so because Sunny Beach is notorious for being the greenest resort. This is in contrast to another famous resort – Golden Sands, which is located in a protected area, and where even some of the hotels are drowning in lush greenery.

Hot Springs in Beppu, Japan

So, about the forests. There are a lot of them in Bulgaria. And there are real predators in these forests – bears and wolves. And we met the tracks of wild boars even in the symbolic forests, when we went mushrooming.

Mountains in Bulgaria

With the mountains in Bulgaria all is well – Rila, Pirin, Stara Planina, the Rhodope Mountains are available for lovers of heights. There are lots of ski resorts.

Musala peak

Musala Peak is the highest mountain peak in the Balkans

The highest mountains are the Rila Mountains, located in the southwestern part of the country. Here is Musala Peak, the highest in the Balkans and the sixth highest in Europe at 2,925.2 meters. The lowest temperature in the country was recorded here: -32.2 degrees. In winter, the height of snow cover reaches 2 m, and snow may stay for 200-220 days a year. The Rila Mountains are loved by tourists for their many (over 200) beautiful lakes. The nature is carefully preserved here, and there is also the largest famous Rila monastery in the country.

The Pirin Mountains are the second highest in Bulgaria. They are situated in the southeast. The maximum height is 2914,3 m (vrh Vikhren). There are beautiful caves, and originally shaped rocks, and even the oldest tree in the country, the age of which is more than 1300 years. Beautiful lakes and rivers with waterfalls complete the picture.

The Rhodope Mountains are situated in the south of Bulgaria. The highest peak Golyam Perelik is 2191 m high. It is the most extensive mountain range in the country with the most beautiful caves and many of the most famous resorts. Hidden here is also the famous Perperikon, an ancient megalithic settlement, about which we will write more.

Stara Planina, or the Balkan Mountains. This is the longest mountain range, which conditionally divides Bulgaria into North and South. The highest mountain is Botev peak (2376 m). There is only one lake here, but there are very beautiful caves and picturesque views in the reserve.

Waterfalls in Bulgaria

We have seen only one waterfall so far, so we rely on the information from the Internet. In the list of the most beautiful Bulgarian waterfalls:

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