Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador is Canada’s tenth province, the youngest province in the country, having been incorporated 60 years ago.
Newfoundland and Labrador are two peninsulas and one province in Canada with its rich history and natural beauty.
These lands were taken over many years ago by people who came there in search of experiences and experiences, and stayed for life.
The Vikings (Scandinavians) were the first visitors to the islands, and early settlers came from England, Ireland and Scotland.
Newfoundland and Labrador is the easternmost Canadian province, which is located in the northeastern corner of North America. It also includes thousands of small islands.
Symbols of the province are the caribou reindeer, the deadstock bird and the black spruce tree.
The word “Newfoundland” means “new land,” and the Labrador Peninsula got its name from the scientist with the same last name who discovered it.
Newfoundland Peninsula is separated from Labrador by the Bell Isle Strait. Newfoundland has a rocky, deeply rugged coastline.
Much of the peninsula is a plateau with many lakes and marshes, and much of the Labrador Peninsula is covered by dense forests.
The climate in the province is subarctic. Strong winds and storms are common here. Researchers also call it the foggiest place on earth.
Summers in the province are cool and the growing season is short, so agriculture develops slowly here, growing only potatoes and a few types of vegetables.
Most of the inhabitants live on the Newfoundland Peninsula and only 5% live on the Labrador Peninsula. Most are British, French, Indians, and in the north of Labrador you can see Eskimos.
People live in fishing villages along the coast, in small rural communities, and in towns.
The capital of the province is St. John’s. Approximately 100,000 people live there, and the total population on the peninsulas is about 600,000.
Fish processing is one of the main industries in the province. Fishermen catch cod, herring, salmon, flounder, and tuna, as well as lobster, shrimp, and crabs. Major exports are oil, iron ore, and electricity.
Churchill Falls, which is located on the Labrador Peninsula, is the second largest underground hydroelectric power plant in the world.
Facts about Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador is the only province that has four flags, its own time zone, its own “encyclopedia”, its own “dictionary” and even its own “dog”.
It was here that the first transatlantic flight was made, wireless communication was invented and an artificial ice arena was built. The active people who inhabit this province give it a natural beauty, developing a culture and an extensive heritage that goes back more than 5 thousand years.
The province of Newfoundland and Labrador has special places, as if from paradise, where people come every summer. The tent cities offer picturesque views of the mountains. There you can enjoy the healthy northern air and discover truly wild places.
The diverse nature makes this mysterious province unforgettable. You can find turquoise, lime green, and raspberry on every corner. It is very easy to forget that this place is as real as the sea that surrounds it.
The climate of the island is moderate maritime, but rather harsh; the northern tip of the island and all of Labrador belong to the Subarctic zone.
Temperatures of the warmest month – August – range from +15 °С on the island to +10 °С on Labrador, temperatures of January – respectively from -4 °С to -20 °С.
St. John’s – the average July temperature is +15.3 ° C, January -3.8 ° C, the absolute maximum of +30.6 ° C, minimum -23.3 ° C.
Newfoundland and Labrador sights
Newfoundland Island Appalachian Mountains St. Lawrence Bay Mount Thor International Airport Gander John William Roberts House Gros Morne Wildlife Museum Salmon Research Center
This site compiles Newfoundland and Labrador attractions – photos, descriptions and travel tips. The list is based on popular travel guides and is presented by type, name and rating. Here you’ll find answers to what to see in Newfoundland and Labrador, where to go and where to find popular and interesting places in Newfoundland and Labrador.
Newfoundland Island is located off the coast of North America and belongs to Newfoundland and Labrador. It is separated from the Atlantic Ocean by the Gulf of St. Lawrence. The island has a population of 479,105 (2006), and the largest city on the island is St. John’s. The area of the island is 111390 square kilometers, it is the 4th among the islands of Canada and 16th among the world islands. The coastline is 9,656 kilometers long.
In terms of geological structure, Newfoundland is part of a mountain system called the Appalachian Mountains. The landscape of the island is predominantly rocky, the island has marshes and many lakes, there are also small rivers. On average, 120 days a year, the island experiences foggy weather. The name of the island of Newfoundland translates as “newly discovered land”.
The Appalachian Mountains
The Appalachian Mountains are ancient mountains rejuvenated by recent tectonics. The formation of geologic structures, Caledonian and Hercynian, and the emergence of modern forms are separated by a long interval of time.
The Appalachian Mountains stretch northeast for 2300 km from Alabama to the Gulf of St. Lawrence and continue to the island of Newfoundland. They are 200-300 kilometers wide and have an average elevation of 1,000-1,300 meters.
The Northern Appalachians consist of crystalline and metamorphic rocks of Lower Paleozoic age (quartzites, gneisses, granites, limestones).
Most of the Northern Appalachian Mountains are less than 1,000 meters high, with only the individual peaks of the Adirondack Mountains rising above 1,600 meters and Mount Washington in the White Mountain Range reaching 1,916 meters.
Most of the area is a hilly plateau of 400 to 500 meters high with erosion-ostanza relief.
As the Appalachians gradually descend, they come very close to the shore of the Atlantic Ocean.
The Southern Appalachians are the outermost part of the mountain system, which straddles the southern edge of the North American plate. Erosion processes that have totally modified and inverted the original relief play a major role in forming the present-day relief of the Southern Appalachians.
Coordinates : 40.00000000,78.00000000
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St. Lawrence Bay
The Gulf of St. Lawrence is where the St. Lawrence River flows into the Atlantic Ocean on the east coast of North America.
For many indigenous peoples, the bay has been extremely important because it has been actively used for fishing as well as part of maritime routes.
In the Gulf of St. Lawrence you can observe a great variety of land and sea animals and birds. There are deer, elk, bears, beavers and harbor seals. The mouth of the St. Lawrence River is full of whales.
St. Lawrence Bay is one of the few places in the world where you can see such a wide variety of large marine mammals. There are more than 13 species here. They are attracted here by the rich selection of shellfish, which they enjoy eating.
Watching a whale jump out of the water is a fascinating and unforgettable experience. From May to October, you can experience it in person. There are plenty of daily excursions in boats of all sizes in the bay. And in some places, the river near the shore is so deep that you can see whales on land as well.
Coordinates : 49.79545000,59.00024500
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Thor is the highest cliff in the world. It is 1,250 meters of almost vertical rock. Located in Nunavut province in the Auyuittuk National Park. The cliff is named after Thor, the ancient Norse god of thunder. According to legends, it is on the top of the mountain Thor the terrible god has arranged his residence.
The natural conditions here are very harsh. Not for nothing, in translation from the language of the indigenous peoples, the area around the mountain is called “land that never melts. Endless ice fields and snow-covered fjords – this is the landscape that opens up from Mount Thor.
Nevertheless, it is a very popular place for skydiving and rock climbing. Everyone wants to conquer such a formidable peak and test their strength.
Gander International Airport
Gander is Canada’s largest international airport. Its history began in the late 1930s when a team of 900 men built the terminal building and four runways.
On January 11, 1938 the first Fox Moth BO-ADE aircraft, piloted by Captain Douglas Fraser, landed here.
During World War II, Gander served as a refueling point for military aircraft and a military base for the Canadian, British and American air forces. After the war the airport became civilian again. It was capable of handling up to 13,000 planes and a quarter of a million passengers a year. The airport needed reconstruction and modernization, for which 3 million dollars were spent. The renovated terminal began its work on June 19, 1959.
The widespread introduction of long-range aircraft and modernization of the aircraft fleet expanded the airport’s functions. Such aircrafts as An-124, An-225, B-747, Il-76 used by the largest international companies for cargo transportation operate regularly in Gander.
Coordinates : 48.93694400,-54.56805600
John William Roberts House.
The wooden John William Roberts House on the waterfront overlooking the bay was built in 1898. It is perhaps one of the most striking examples of early Newfoundland settler housing. Its owner, John William Roberts, arrived on the island in 1849.
The house is valuable aesthetically and as a historical site. It is a typical example of late 19th century houses – a simple solid building with minimal design. In addition, it is virtually the only historic structure that survived the 1922 fire that destroyed most of the neighborhood.
Nowadays this building is used as an information center and is freely accessible to the public.
Coordinates : 49.50119000,-57.91359000
Gros Morne Wildlife Museum
The Gros Morne Wildlife Museum recreates the wildlife of Newfoundland in a very naturalistic way. Not only are the stuffed animals (very similar to real animals, by the way) of all the big animals of the island collected here, but real works of art have been created here, drawing realistic scenes from the lives of the mammals. For full effect, the museum reproduces the sounds and smells of the wild forest. Modern displays, which are equipped with the museum, allow you to consider the animals in detail.
The museum opened recently in 2009, but it has already gained popularity. The staff is happy to give tours to anyone who is interested. Popular tours that include a visit to this museum.
At the museum operates a gift store, where you can buy unique items such as fur products and equipment for fishing and hunting.
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Salmon Research Center
The Salmon Research Center is located in Grand Falls on the Exploits River. The center’s activities are dedicated to the study of Atlantic salmon.
The center’s history begins in 1983, when an action group saw the potential for fish farming in the river. Since then, a long and fruitful work began, including groups of biologists, ecologists and just volunteers.
Visiting the center, you can learn a lot about the lifestyle and habits of this species of fish, observing through large windows their behavior in their natural habitat.
Since 1985, the center has hosted the annual Exploits Valley Salmon Festival, highlighting the issues the center is dedicated to.
The center is open from June through September. A restaurant and gift store are available to visitors.
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