Island of Niue
The state of Niue is located on a small island in the Pacific Ocean. The capital is the village of Alofi. Earlier the territory was part of Great Britain, then it was transferred to New Zealand, with which the free association was made. The island of Niue covers an area of 261 sq. km. The locals communicate in 2 languages: English and Niue, which has dialects.
The main currency of the country is the New Zealand dollar. But there is also its own currency, the Niue dollar, but it is rarely used for payment, as it is issued in small quantities. It is possible to pay for goods and services with U.S. and Australian dollars.
The country of Niue was marked on the map in 1974. Settlement of the atoll occurred in the 1st century BC by people from Polynesia. Europeans first came to the place in 1774 by James Cook. He was greeted negatively by the natives, so the navigator named the place “Savage.” In 1900. Britain took the island under its protection. But a year later it passed to New Zealand.
In the 2nd half of the 20th century, the island gained independence. And residents could apply for New Zealand citizenship. Since 1974, this country is self-governing. It is ruled by a constitutional monarchy.
The number of residents is 1611 people. The average age of people is 30 years old. About 81% of the population is indigenous, and the rest are immigrants from other countries.
Almost all people are followers of the Christian religion. The reason is the influence of Great Britain and New Zealand. Nicalesia – Niue is a recognized church organization that works with the English Protestant Church. This movement includes a major part of the state.
Places of interest
Alofi is the capital of the country, it is a wealthy village. There are many interesting places for tourists. In the village you can go canoeing, enjoy walks along the beautiful coast, which is located along the border of the capital.
In the cultural center – Juanaki – you can learn a lot of interesting things about the history, the rulers. The country of Niue is considered ancient, so immersing yourself in its atmosphere is very exciting. There is also a museum where artifacts and relics of the tribes are located. Some are thousands of years old. The most ancient rites and rituals can be found there.
Near Macaup port is a special place. It is the burial site of an extraordinary man who once lived there. According to legend, he introduced Christianity and eliminated paganism in the local tribes. His name is Nukai Peniomin. He was trained on the island of Somua, which was part of the British Empire. After arriving in his homeland, he began to educate the local people. He was able to lead the people as well as introduce Christianity to the area. This was between 1846 and 1850.
There is an experimental farm nearby. There breeders through experiments and experiments create new animals and plants. There are guided tours.
Avaiki Cave is another original place on the island. But it is not always accessible. During the kaloama period, the cave is closed. The reason is that at this time comes a lot of local fish – mullet. She lays her eggs. After the spawning period is over, a visit to this place is available again. According to a legend, the first ancient people who arrived on the island settled there. The place is located 7 km. from the capital.
If you like diving, the place Limu Pools. There are beautiful reefs and underwater tunnels that connect into a line of caves. This wonderful place has a lot of underwater animals. You can admire them to the fullest by diving into the underwater world.
Antiope Reef, which is 160 km from the island of Niue, is a wonderful diving spot. It is an oval plateau with a diameter of 400 meters. The minimum depth near the reef is 10 meters. It was discovered by a British ship of the same name in 1886. Since the place is far from human settlements, so you can fully enjoy the underwater journey.
Beveridge Reef, which is 225 km from the island, is also ideal for diving. It is a submerged atoll with an area of 56 square kilometers. On the reef there is a lagoon of 11 meters. On the west side of the lagoon is connected to the open ocean by a narrow strip of beaches no higher than 1.5 meters. Beveridge is rich with a unique underwater world. The reef is inhabited by coral fish, and in the depths there are dangerous animals. Even beneath the water can be found sunken fishing boats.
Harens Reef, which is in the Pacific Ocean, also belongs to the island of Niue. It was first replaced by Sailor Harens in 1848. Because it is small in size, you can view it by traveling in the waters that are nearby.
The climate on the island is hot and moderately humid. Because there are no mountains and the area is small, the weather conditions are almost the same throughout the country. In total, there are two seasons. The first is hot and humid, which lasts from November to March. It is manifested by high temperatures and humidity. Then there are cyclones. And the second is the cool, dry period, which lasts from April to October. During this time there are warm sunny days, cool nights and strong breezes.
The average temperature does not change much. In winter the air heats up to +30 degrees and in summer it is +26 degrees. The average rainfall is 2,180 mm. The dry season can be in any period. Most winds come from east to south.
Niue is located in the south of tropical cyclones, in the area of southeastern trade winds, so there are the strongest storms from April to October. Raging cyclones are seen every 10 years.
Flora and fauna
This island has a subtropical climate belt, where it is always warm and humid. The temperature level there is 25-30 degrees all year round. The island has a variety of vegetation. There are about 630 varieties of exotic plants.
Niue is home to special species of animals. One of them is considered the Tongan flying fox, which lives only on this island. The mammal is firmly established on the island because it has almost no competitors among predators on the island.
There are also some special birds. These are the Polynesian starling and the spotted whistler. In all, there are over 30 species of birds. The island is home to a flat-tailed snake, which is considered poisonous.
Hannan airport is located near Alofi. It was opened in 1970 and expanded in 1994, so there are flights by Boeing 737 aircraft. Every day there are direct flights from the airport to Auckland, a major New Zealand city.
There is 1 terminal. Transport links to the capital are made with the help of a quality access road. The runway is located at 1646 meters, it exceeds the sea 64 m. In general, the airport has a medium-developed infrastructure.
The sphere of tourism is only gaining momentum, but its development is considered the main direction in the work of the state government. On the basis of it is important to develop tourism. But there is a limitation – insufficient air service to the rest of the country. In addition, the island has no improved tourism infrastructure.
In 2002, 3,155 people visited the island. Niue is visited by citizens of New Zealand, Australia, European countries, the United States and Canada. Perhaps the island will become a popular tourist destination, because there are quite comfortable climatic conditions.
How to get there?
Niue is a state, which is not easy to reach. It is located on an island with an underdeveloped transport infrastructure. You can visit the country by air. But the departure is only from New Zealand. Flights are made once a week, so the travel period should be calculated in advance. To travel must obtain a double entry transit visa and passport.
It is desirable to book a hotel in advance, this is done through a website or travel agency. On the island, the movement is performed on foot or by car. Buses and other transport is absent there.
Before traveling, it is desirable to study the island map. On it marked the main places to visit. The first place to visit should be the capital, which is famous for its pristine nature and wonderful climate.
Niue or Savage – the island and state of Niue
The Kingdom of Niue (Niue) or Savage is an independent island nation which is a part of New Zealand. It is located in the South Pacific Ocean, east of the Tonga Islands. It shares a water border with American Samoa, the Cook Islands, and New Zealand. The capital city of Niue is Alofi.
The island has no mountains, so the climate is similar throughout the region: hot and moderately humid. The average summer temperature is +26 ° C and winter temperatures are +30 ° C. Precipitation falls mostly from January to March. It is advisable to travel to Niue between April and November.
Niueans, Europeans and Asians make up the majority of the island’s population. There are two official languages established in the Kingdom: Niuean (Niue) and English. The islanders’ dominant religion is Christianity.
The tapu forests are great for hiking on Niue. For those who love cruises, you canoe to Avatele and go fishing in the sea or ocean. If you like snorkeling or diving, we recommend the Coral Gardens Motel. For the snorkeling enthusiasts, the Snake Gully might not be the best place to explore.
Those who prefer a beach holiday should visit the famous resort of Avatele. And those who love golf can go to the golf tournaments held in Mutalau in June.
For vacationers who enjoy urban leisure and hours of shopping, it is best to stay in Alofi and stroll through the Swans Shopping Center.
When visiting Niue on vacation, every tourist must see with their own eyes the priceless corner of the ancient rainforest in the Huvalu Conservation Area. For archeology, culture and architecture, visit Nukai Peniamina’s Grave and Anono Marine Reserve.
A visit to Avaiki Caves, where visitors can photograph the stalactites, which are astonishingly beautiful, is also worthwhile. The Thaug-Peck Conservation Area surprises visitors with its diversity of fauna.
How to get there
Fly to Niue by plane
The most convenient and fastest way to travel to Niue is by air. There is no direct flight from EU and CIS countries, therefore it is possible to reach Niue with a connection in New Zealand. Air New Zealand flies to Niue from Auckland.
Citizens of CIS countries can travel to Auckland via major Asian hubs in Hong Kong (Hong Kong), Bangkok (Bangkok), Singapore (Singapore), Seoul (Seoul) or Tokyo (Tokyo).
Europeans can get to New Zealand by international flights from any European capital city.
Travelers can also choose to fly to New Zealand with Emirates Airlines through Dubai.
Tourists from Europe and the CIS, who are going to stay in Niue for less than 30 days, won’t need a visa. Since the Kingdom will be reached through Auckland, travelers will need a double entry transit visa.
When crossing the border, visitors to Niue should bring with them:
- A passport;
- Documentary proof of hotel reservations (fax or printout of an email);
- Return tickets or documents for your next trip;
- proof of financial self-sufficiency.
Tourists planning to visit Niue, as well as their traveling companions, should familiarize themselves with the list of items allowed and prohibited for import and export.
You may bring into or out of the Kingdom any currency (domestic, foreign) without restriction. Articles made of precious metals are subject to mandatory declaration.
People of legal age are allowed to import duty-free:
- tobacco products and alcoholic beverages;
- items of personal hygiene and souvenirs (up to $ 700);
- radios, cameras, laptops, and binoculars.
It is forbidden to bring on vacation:
- food products.
It is prohibited to export from the Kingdom:
- samples of plants and animals protected and controlled by the State;
- products made from animal and reptile skin, bird feathers, bones and coral.
Niue is famous not only for the beauty of its nature, but also for its excellent cuisine. It is based on seafood, fish, and coconuts. The main difference of Niue cuisine is the absence of meat. As an exception pork delicacies are included in the festive menu. Vegetables, greens, sweet potatoes, papaya, bananas, breadfruit, peppers, and yams are very common.
Uga or Unga (coconut crabs) is considered a traditional Niuean delicacy to try on the trip. Seafood lovers will appreciate the delicious fish “Ota” marinated in coconut milk and lemon juice.
Travelers with a passion for exotic cuisine and their fellow travelers should try “Luka” (baked or boiled fern) and the sweet drink “Ti” made from the local root.
Those with a sweet tooth can treat themselves to local desserts that resemble candy. These sweets are made from the root of the Ti plant.
The national currency of the state of Niue is the New Zealand dollar ( NZD ).
In resort areas accept American and Australian dollars.
Tourists arriving on vacation can exchange their currency at any hotel or bank and at exchange offices. Australian dollars can be exchanged only at the offices of the Bank of South Pacific and Westpac, located in Alofi. When planning a trip, it is advisable to change money in New Zealand.
In Niue, vacationers are free to pay with American Express, Diners Club, MasterCard, and Visa credit cards.
Traveler’s checks are accepted at all banks on the island.
What you need to know
Customs and traditions
Most Nihuana holidays are associated with the harvesting of foodstuffs: the ceremonial ritual of handling the “Tee” root and the “Luku” fern.
Every year, each village on the island holds its own festival where visitors to Niue can learn more about the local culture.
There are annual sporting events such as volleyball, rugby, darts, golf tournaments, canoe races, and soccer tournaments.
The capital of Niue, the village of Alofi, is built on the west side of the island of Niue. Travelers who come to the island on vacation can walk along the only street of Alofi and walk to the pier Opah Landing Berth. There is an international airport (Hannan International Airport) near the village. For those interested in the history of Niue, the Museum of Huanuco and the Huanuco Cultural Center are nearby. At Tomb Point, visitors can photograph the Ekalesiya Church and then walk to the Alofi Women’s Club, gift store and market.
Not far from Alofi there is an experimental farm (Alofi Experimental Farm) where they test new technologies in cattle-breeding and crop production.
Visitors to Lima-Pulse can go scuba diving in the coral reef with caves. The Maman-Chasma cave and Talava cave complex are popular diving destinations. In Lakepa you can dive through the underwater cave tunnels.
A trip to Tamakautoga Village offers travelers the chance to visit the Tamakautoga War Memorial, dedicated to a World War I soldier.
From a trip to Niue, tourists bring back magnets depicting the island and souvenir coins of Niue, which depict coral islands.
Vacationers will be offered to buy fine jewelry and crafts made of wood and shells.