Oryol and the sights of the city.
Oryol is a famous Russian city, which is the administrative center of Oryol Region. The first mention of the city dates back to the XII century. Orel is located on the banks of the old Russian river Oka, as well as its picturesque tributary – Orlik. It was the river that gave the city its name.
Orel is administratively divided into 4 districts, each of which has its own name – Northern, Zavodskoy, Soviet and Zheleznodorozhny.
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Today, Orel is a major industrial as well as agricultural center in Russia. The city has mechanical engineering and instrument-making enterprises and a well-developed light industry. In addition, the city is both railway and automobile center of our country.
Tourists should visit Orel to admire the ancient buildings of the city, especially the many churches and chapels. In addition, the city has museums dedicated to the great Russian writers – Turgenev, Andreev, Bunin, Leskov.
In Orel, about 17 hotels of various categories, restaurants and cafes are open, tourist infrastructure is developing.
The climate of Orel is of the moderately continental type. Winters are moderately cool, and summers are both hot and temperate.
The sights of Eagle are numerous architectural and religious monuments.
Thus, the most interesting tourist attractions of Orel are: a monument to the poet Yesenin, which stands on the site where there used to be the home of his wife, Zinaida Reich, a monument to the heroes of the Civil War, the building of a commercial bank.
To the religious sites of Orel are numerous churches – Church of the Iberian Mother of God, the Church of the Icon of the Mother of God “The Sign”, the Holy Dormition Monastery and many others.
The city has many places of interest such as museums of Russian writers such as Turgenev, Bunin, and others.
Among the natural attractions of Orel is the arrow of the rivers Oka and Orelik. Also you should visit the Tankistov Square.
First of all, we recommend tourists to go on a sightseeing tour of Orel.
You can also go sightseeing in the holy places of Orel: visit the Life-Giving Cross in Godenovo, bus tour in Kostomarovo, visit Optina Hermitage.
We also recommend such excursions in Orel as “Orel literary”, “Nature and people of the Orel region” and others.
In the warm season we recommend excursions on the Oka river by water transport.
The history of Oryol began approximately in XII century – at that time the first settlements appeared on local territories.
Ivan the Terrible founded Oryol in 1566. Originally, the history of Orel was a history of the fortress, located on the southern outskirts of Muscovy.
Under Tsar Peter the Great the city became a province, by the end of the 18th century it had already become a major center of Orel Province. In addition, Orel was the center of the Orthodox diocese of Oryol-Sevski.
In the XVII century the history of Oryol for some time was associated with False Demetrius the First, and then the Second. Also at this time Orel was attacked by the Poles.
In the same XVII century in Orel actively built churches, opened Vvedensky monastery. At the end of the XVII century a sailing factory opened in Orel.
In 1815 the first theater opened in Orel. In 1868 a railroad was built to Orel.
Such famous people as Pushkin, Zhukovsky, Leo Tolstoy, Esenin, Tchaikovsky, Tvardovsky and many others have visited the city.
After World War II, 167 residents of Orel were awarded the title Hero of the USSR.
Today Orel is an attractive tourist destination with a good infrastructure, preserving its ancient appearance.
Hotels in Orel are a variety of hotels, as designed for the budget tourist (“Dubrava”, “Mayak” – from 300 rubles per day), and higher category hotels (“Ackerman”, “Oryol”, “Sarkis” – from 1’000 rubles per day and above).
It is worth noting that hotels in Orel are located both in the city center and on the outskirts of Orel.
Active recreation and sports
Orel offers tourists to engage in various sports, in particular, in the sports center “Atlant” you can do karate, orienteering, aerobics, athletics, judo, boxing, etc. There is also a soccer club “Oryol” in Oryol. In addition, in Orel is popular sport, widespread in the Netherlands, such as korfball.
Orel is a major transportation hub – it is here that 7 major highways converge, which have national importance. There are also railway lines to such Russian cities as Moscow, Elets, Kursk, etc.
Buses, trolleybuses and streetcars run through the city. You can also take a cab or a minibus to travel around Orel.
There are river streetcar runs along the Oka in Orel.
The main souvenirs of Eagle are, of course, a variety of images of the Eagle, the symbol of the city. Be sure to buy an eagle figurine made of glass.
Other souvenirs of Eagle are ceramic magnets mi bells with views of the city, as well as plates and cups with Eagle theme.
You can also buy such souvenirs in Eagle, as shot glasses and beer glasses with views of Eagle.
How to get there
You can get from Moscow to Orel by bus. Travel time is 6 hours and the fare is approximately 600 rubles.
Also you can get to Orel from Moscow by train from the Kursk station. The trip time is approximately 5 hours and the ticket price is 500-600 rubles.
In addition, you can get to Orel by car on the highway M2. The distance from Moscow to Orel – 362 km.
Oryol and the sights of the city.
Holy Vvedensky nunnery in Orel
In the Zheleznodorozhny district of Orel is one of its main attractions – the current Holy Vvedensky nunnery, founded in 1685 and has a long and glorious past. It originally settled on the left bank of the river Orlik, where there was the ancient Athanasievsky pogost.
Church of Smolensk icon of Mother of God in Orel
There are many sights and interesting places in Orel, and many of them are temples and churches. The most valuable is the Church of the Smolensk icon of the Mother of God. It is distinguished from the others by its unique Russian-Byzantine style and size.
On the high bank of the Oka, in the center of Eagle, the white bell tower can be seen from afar. On this hill was situated Pyatnitskaya Sloboda, which was burned together with the church during the Time of Troubles. They say that in 1773 a barman Konstantin Pastukhov came from Orel to the horse fair in Akhtyrka.
Cathedral of the Epiphany in Orel
Located in the historic center of Orel, Epiphany Cathedral stands out against the background of Russia’s ancient churches for its relatively prosperous fate. Only one major fire in 350 years of existence, no natural disasters and a more or less tolerant attitude on the part of the Soviet government.
Gostiny Dvor in Orel
Almost every Russian city had shopping malls, the most crowded places, similar to Moscow’s Okhotny Ryad, where live animals were offered for sale. Orel was not far behind in this respect either. All these wooden structures were often subjected to fires, then built again – and so on without end.
House Museum of V. A. Rusanov in Orel
This museum is related to the life and work of a remarkable figure of national science, polar explorer V. Rusanov. The museum was opened in 1982 and it occupies an old wooden house in Zheleznodorozhny district, which is included in the list of cultural heritage sites.
House-Museum of Leskov in Orel
The Leskov House-Museum on 9 Oktyabrskaya Street, Orel, is the only literary memorial museum of the great Russian writer Leskov in Russia. The museum was built in a mansion of 1874 by architect I. F. Thibault-Brignol on the place of the Leskovs family homestead.
Gymnasium building in Orel
A whole block of the historical center of Orel is occupied by a strict two-story building. It was built in 1795 specifically for the Main Public School at the state expense and donations of local nobility.
Iverskaya Church in Orel
Orel is a city that emerged on the famous “frontier” line of southern Russia. Its main purpose was defense against attacks of Crimeans, who annually made devastating raids on Russia, Lithuania and Poland, so it was necessary to build the fortified settlements along the southern border of the young state.
Bunin’s museum in Oryol
The Bunin Museum in Orel is one of the three Russian museums devoted to the life and work of the famous Russian writer, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1933. Despite the fact that Bunin himself never lived in this house, the creators of the museum have managed to create a unique world of Bunin.
Museum of Orlov Writers
“And may Platonov’s own land give birth to Oryol” – so one could rightfully paraphrase the classic by visiting a wonderful museum dedicated to Russian writers who lived and worked in Oryol and its picturesque surroundings.
Turgenev Museum in Orel
The I. S. Turgenev Museum is one of the oldest in Russia. It was opened during the Civil War. The museum occupies a building from the 1870s which was built according to the design of I. F. Thibault-Brinol in the part of the town where noble families lived and which belonged to the writer’s distant relative.
The Military Historical Museum of Oryol
Military Historical Museum is a branch of the Oryol local history museum. The premises of the museum are located in the former home of the merchant Chikin, listed as a cultural heritage. In front of the building exhibited samples of military equipment, and inside the museum you can appreciate an extensive collection of cold steel arms.
Orlov Museum of Local Lore
Local history museum is one of the oldest in Orel and the region. It was founded in 1897 by the Orel Scientific Commission, and at that time it was among the first provincial museums of the state. Today its collection includes more than 170 thousand artifacts one way or another related to the history of the region.
Orel Museum of Fine Arts
The Museum of Fine Arts of Orel has an amazingly diverse collection. Here you can see artworks of foreign and domestic masters, Russian and Soviet masters, as well as samples of modern and decorative and applied art.
Orel Puppet Theater
Puppet Theatre in Orel was founded in 1943, just after the liberation of the city from the Nazis, it became an outlet for children and adults. The actors worked in difficult conditions, huddled in dilapidated clubs, making puppets and decorations with their own hands.
Monument to Ivan the Terrible in Orel
On October 14, 2016, a monument to the founder of the city, Ivan the Terrible, was unveiled on the 450th anniversary of Orel. The tsar is depicted riding a horse, with his right hand holding up an Orthodox cross and a sword in his left hand pointing to the place where the fortress of Orel was founded in 1566 to protect the Russian borders.
Monument to Leskov in Orel
In a very beautiful place in the city of Orel (historic center) on the Arts Square, where on the bank of the river Orlik around the Archangel Michael Church stretches a small park, June 11, 1981 to the 150th anniversary of Leskov Nikolai Semenovich, was established an unusual literary monument.
Park of Culture and Recreation in Orel
On the bend of the Oka is one of the oldest parks in Russia – the Orel Park of Culture and Recreation, it is almost two centuries old. The city garden was opened in this place in May 1823 on the initiative of Governor Schroeder, so for a long time it was called the Schroeder Garden.
Not far from Orel, ten kilometers to the south-east, in the village of Saburovo is a noteworthy Saburovo fortress built by Count Mikhail Fedotovich Kamensky (1738-1908) on an area of eighteen hectares.
Orel – the city in which the first salute in honor of the liberation from the Nazi invaders, a quiet, provincial, but completely modern, spread out on both banks of the Oka River, 368 km south of Moscow, a Russian literary nest, associated with the names of famous writers, natives of Orel: I. S. Turgenev, N. S. Leskov, V. A. Rusanov, M. M. Prishvin, L. N. Andreev, A. A. Fet and others.
Eagle was founded in 1566 at the confluence of the river Orlik in Oka, a settlement which existed in the 12th century. At the order of the tsar a fortress was built here in order to strengthen the southern borders of Russia. Legend has it that an eagle flew over the woods while the fortress was being built, and the settlers decided the city would be named after the proud bird.
The fortress was repeatedly attacked by the Crimean Tatars and ruined by the Polish-Lithuanian army in the 17th century, but it remained unshaken. Later Orel lost its defense importance, but became a cultural, commercial, industrial, and later regional center. During the Great Patriotic War, Orel survived the terrible years of Nazi occupation. The inhabitants of this wonderful glorious city are very careful about their past. Tourists will be something to see in Orel, which is rich in historical and contemporary attractions: interesting museums, picturesque streets and embankments, literary places, ancient churches and many other attractions.
At the site of the ancient settlement and the foundation of the city, where the Oka and Orlik merge, there is now a small park and a memorial complex, a 27-meter granite obelisk carved with the most important historical dates of the city, erected in 1966 to a joint project of sculptor A. N. Burganov and architect R. K. Topurizde in honor of the four hundredth anniversary of the city.
Nearby, on a picturesque bank of the river, stands the oldest temple – Epiphany Cathedral. At first it was a wooden church (1642), which burned down in a fire in 1680. Later the church was built of stone, it was repeatedly rebuilt, in Soviet times it was closed. In it there were warehouses, then for a long time worked a puppet theater, and since 1994 the Cathedral of the Epiphany was again given to the church.
The current temple, which is still being restored to this day, is interesting both externally and internally. There are many other beautiful temples in Orel: the Church of St. Michael the Archangel (1722), Nicholo-Peskov Church (1790), etc. Magnificent cathedrals, churches and monasteries are the main attractions of the city.
Of the ten museums of Orlov – six literary, which attracts fans of the Russian classics. Those who are accustomed to a quiet holiday, can visit theaters, walk through parks and squares, decorated with monuments of remarkable people. The national park “Orlovskoe Polesie”, fascinating with its beauty, on a vast territory contains many animals and birds in an almost natural habitat of large and spacious aviaries.
There are also monuments of Russian manor culture in Orel: Spasskoye-Lutovinovo estate museum and Saburovo-Kamenskoe surrounded by a magnificent park area.
To the cultural heritage of the city can be referred a wooden house of the Fomichevs, the house of governors, the cinema “Rodina” and other buildings, each having its own unique history and significance.
Rest in Orel with its rich past brings a lot of pleasure for tourists who have decided to visit this wonderful Russian city.