Our Lady of Lincoln’s Cathedral in England

Our Lady of Lincoln Cathedral

The Cathedral of Our Lady of Lincoln is a structure that is truly magnificent. This astonishing work of human hands, like a fairy tale castle, rises on a hill overlooking the city, its towers reaching up into the sky in awe of its grandeur.

Bishop Hugo of Lincoln, who became the man who brought the cathedral to life, had exactly that in mind.

The ambitiousness of the minister’s plans is still astounding. Suffice it to say that today Lincoln Cathedral is considered the third-largest ancient cathedral in Great Britain, and before that it was also the tallest structure in the world.

The fate of Lincoln’s Cathedral of Our Lady is, in general, typical of all medieval buildings.

It began as a small church, to be replaced by the first temple.

Passed centuries, rulers were replaced.

In place of the old buildings in 1072 began to build a new cathedral, but it was built in a hurry, collapsed during an earthquake in 1085.

England, Lincoln Cathedral, East End.

The new bishop of Lincoln, Hugo, decided his parish was worthy of a grand temple. The new cathedral was built thoroughly and for centuries.

Lincoln Cathedral Entrance E. Challis after a picture by T. Allom publ. 1837 edited

Construction took over 100 years and was almost complete by 1290. That’s when the spire of the temple rose to the sky a height of 160 meters, taking away the palm of height from the Egyptian pyramids. And if not for its collapse in 1549, Lincoln Cathedral would have held the title of the tallest building on earth until 1884, when it was “overtaken” by the Washington Monument in New York.

Completed and rebuilt over the centuries, today it is a breathtaking sight: tall stained glass windows, among which medieval examples have been preserved; beautiful rose windows; amazing openwork stone carvings; a stunningly beautiful “Angel Choir,” built between 1256 and 1280 and adorned with monumental sculptures.

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By 1290, when Queen Eleanor of Castile was buried in the cathedral, the main building work was completed. According to John Ruskin and many other connoisseurs of medieval art, Lincoln Cathedral is the purest embodiment of English Gothic. Its architectural motifs are evident in the appearance of many Victorian neo-Gothic structures, including the Victoria Tower at the Palace of Westminster in London.

The central nave, the Chapter House, the lower tiers of the towers, and part of the west façade are built in the style of ‘Early English Gothic’. The choir of angels, so named because of the carved figures of angels decorating it, is considered one of the most beautiful in England.

And at the very top of one of the choir walls is a stone figure of a sitting devil.

Among the carved stone decorations of the northern part of the choir nestles a small 30-centimeter figurine of a devil. The legend says that the devil let his little devils out to play. Two of them wound up in Lincoln. One hesitated to enter the temple, and the other flew in and began to mischief-jostling, tripping, and howling.

The angels could not bear such slander in the sanctuary and came down to call the little devil to order. But he refused to leave the cathedral and declared, flying merrily up to the very dome of the temple, that the heavenly messengers could do nothing to him, as he suddenly turned to stone and forever remained sitting on the column.The angels transformed him into stone, and the choirs have since been called “Angelic”, and the little devil has been called the Lincolns. One of the souvenirs, apparently, is the bellman, whose photo is from Donna Baker’s book.

The interior of the cathedral is remarkably noble. The Angel Choir houses rows of wooden pews with backs decorated with carved panels depicting sleeping Roman fighters. Colorful stained-glass windows paint the interior with all the colors of the rainbow.

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The plan of the cathedral is very complex and asymmetrical, with randomly placed portals, but, as in almost all English cathedrals, there are two transepts above which an 82-meter tower, once with a spire, rises.

The main decoration of the north façade of the main transept is the “Eye of the Abbot” rose window, and on the south façade is the “Eye of the Bishop” with openwork bindings. The preserved colored panes on the south side are fragments of authentic stained glass that survived both the Reformation and the civil wars.

The facades of the marble presbytery are adorned by five lantern ledges with tall windows and a lancet window framed by columned arches. The eastern part of the temple is considered the best example of English architecture: it has fine openwork carvings and a number of striped buttresses on the outside. In the Lincoln Cathedral rests Bishop Hugo of Lincoln, posthumously numbered among the saints. Pilgrims from all corners of Britain come to the tomb.

The black Tournai marble font.

The three towers of the cathedral, which resemble a fairy tale castle, stand proudly on the very top of the hill and can be seen from any point on the surrounding plain. Lincoln Cathedral is an impressive structure that has suffered more than once from fires and other destruction, and today it is truly breathtaking.

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Our Lady of Lincoln’s Cathedral in England

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Lincoln Cathedral (Lincoln Cathedral of the Virgin Mary) is a Gothic cathedral of the Church of England’s diocese of the same name in the city of Lincoln, built from the late 12th century to 1311. Before the central spire collapsed in 1549, the 160-meter-tall cathedral was the tallest building on earth. Before it was built, the record of height for thousands of years belonged to the pyramid of Cheops.

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Construction of the cathedral in Lincoln began after a bishop moved there from Dorchester in 1072. The first cathedral was built in a hurry and collapsed in an earthquake in 1085. The ambitious Bishop Hugo planned to replace it with a grandiose structure, which is still one of the three largest churches in Britain.

By 1290, when Queen Eleanor of Castile was buried in the cathedral, the main building work was completed. According to John Ruskin and many other connoisseurs of medieval art, Lincoln Cathedral is the purest embodiment of English Gothic. Its architectural motifs are evident in the appearance of many Victorian neo-Gothic structures, including the Victoria Tower at the Palace of Westminster in London.

At the same time as the cathedral, the Chapter House, the oldest example of its kind in Britain, was erected in the mid-13th century.

The cathedral library is famous for its collection of medieval manuscripts. Its construction was supervised by Christopher Wren, who donated 5,000 volumes from his personal collection. The Cathedral has long been proud of its organists, one of whom was William Bird. The current organ is of Victorian origin.

The cathedral has a complex and asymmetrical plan with portals haphazardly arranged in unconventional places, twin transepts and rows of chapels. The eastern part of the cathedral is considered the best creation of English architecture of the second half of the XIII century. It is distinguished on the outside by a fine openwork carving on the stone and a number of striped, faced with stone buttresses.

On the west facade of Lincoln Cathedral between the two towers is a vestibule with giant portals, made in the XIII century. The motifs of the sculptural frieze on the west facade are clearly borrowed from the architecture of Western France. The motif of the Gallery of the Kings, built by John of Welbourne in the 14th century, is also borrowed from France.

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The north façade of the main transept is decorated with a beautiful rose window, known as the “Eye of the Abbot”. A similar window, with extremely fine openings, can be seen on the south façade; it is called the Bishop’s Eye. Among the colored panes of the south window are fragments of authentic medieval stained glass, survivors of the storms of the Reformation and civil wars.

The marble-clad presbytery adjoins the cathedral. Its facades, adorned by five lantern protrusions with high windows and a high lancet window on the east side. The windows are framed by arches with columns whose capitals are covered with magnificent carvings.

The interior of Lincoln’s Cathedral is notable for its noble architectural forms. The celebrated Angel Choir, built in 1256-1280, is a fine example of the mature English Gothic style with its complex architectural decor. Thirty monumental sculptures adorn the choir. There are also rows of wooden benches, the backs of which are decorated with carved panels depicting sleeping Roman soldiers. Multicolored window stained-glass windows color the interior of the temple with all the colors of the rainbow.

High on the north wall of the “Angel Choir” one can see a small, about thirty centimeters long, figure of a sitting devil carved out of stone. The legend says that once, in broad daylight, the devil let his little devils out for a walk. Suddenly a strong gust of wind picked up the two and brought them to Lincoln. The little devils were so amazed by the majesty of the cathedral that they were afraid to enter it at first. But one of them, the most desperate, still flew inside the cathedral and began to make mischief: he pushed the priest, set his foot on the bishop, began to whine and disturb the singing of the choir, and finally tried to break the window. Then the angels who descended from heaven told him to stop his outrage. “Well, try and stop me!” – the little devil cheekily declared, flew high to the very vaults of the temple, and. at the angel’s word, immediately petrified, forever frozen on the wall of the choir, which has since been called the angelic choir.

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