Peru. Attractions of the country. Description, photos.

Sights of Peru.

The catalog contains the main sights of Peru with photos and descriptions, video review, location on the map. From the article you will learn what to see in Peru in the first place: ancient cities and shrines, famous natural places and the best sightseeing sites, sights of large cities.

Peru is a very interesting country with many cultural monuments of ancient civilizations and colonial architecture. Here the amazing nature of the Amazon valley neighbors with high-mountain deserts and canyons, and the snow-capped peaks of the Andes are not so far from the plateaus, dotted with salt marshes. And this is by no means a complete list of Peru’s treasures.

Around the year, hundreds of foreign visitors learn about the country’s culture by visiting ancient complexes near the city of Cuzco, the former capital of the Inca Empire. Here almost at every step there are the remains of the Inca civilization and the times of colonization: the ruins of residential buildings and temples, salt mines and much more.

The nature of Peru is just as fascinating as the grandiose cult constructions of antiquity. Canyons, picturesque lakes, islands, waterfalls, vast tropical jungle – jungle, and protected lands literally beckon independent travelers. There are so many beautiful and virtually undiscovered places on the relatively small territory of the country that it is impossible to go around them even in a few months.

The legendary Lake Titicaca is the largest in South America in terms of fresh water reserves. The tourist attraction of these places are the floating islands where the Aymara Indians live.

What to see in Peru

Machu Picchu is rightly considered one of the most amazing and mysterious places on the planet. Ancient Citadel

Lake Titicaca is located at an altitude of 3.8 kilometers above sea level and is the largest, among the highlands.

The main wonder and star attraction of the Ike region is in Nazca, on the desert plain of the Pampa Colorada.

The Sacred Valley of the Incas (Urubamba Valley) in Peru is a huge open-air archaeological museum. At .

Manu National Park is the main natural attraction of the Madre de Dios region. The park is located near the westernmost .

The sights of Peru do not end after visiting Machu Picchu. Colca Canyon is the main natural attraction.

The Ica region is home to one of Peru’s most famous national parks, the National Park.

Titicaca’s main tourist draw, in addition to being the world’s highest navigable lake, is the floating.

The Ballestas Islands, located 260 kilometers south of Lima and very close to the national park.

Sights of Peru on the map

  • Country info
  • Weather in Peru

The main sights of Peru

Peru’s calling card and one of the Seven New Wonders of the World is the fortified city of Machu Picchu, perched atop a mountain range above the Urubamba Valley (the Sacred Valley of the Incas). Most hiking trails lead here, as it is one of the most tempting places in South America. It is appropriate to spend at least two days exploring the site.

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The Sacred Valley of the Incas also includes other ancient cultural sites, the most famous of which are the archaeological site of Pisac on the Vilcabamba range, the settlement of Ollantaytambo, including the temple hill, and the unique Inca temple at Racchi dedicated to the deity Viracocha.

Peru’s list of attractions should definitely include the Tucumi Pyramid Valley and the giant drawings (geoglyphs) in the Nazca and Pampas de Humana areas, especially the largest anthropomorphic geoglyph known as the Atacama Desert Giant, estimated to be nearly 9,000 years old.

Famous Peruvian sites also include national parks. Two natural sites have been added to the World Heritage List so far: the Manu National Park, covering the Amazon forests, reservations and parts of the Andes; the Huascaran Mountain Park, named for Peru’s highest peak, these places attract amateur photographers and birdwatchers.

Panoramic view of the Nazca Lines, Peru from Airpano.com

Sightseeing in Peru’s cities

In the major cities, the capital Lima, Cuzco and Puno, there are more than a dozen spacious squares, majestic cathedrals and churches, colorful old neighborhoods, where almost every house is a monument of architecture.

The historic center of Lima is famous for its magnificent Spanish colonial architecture. Popular architectural landmarks can be found in and within walking distance of the Plaza de Arms. The best known and most magnificent are the Archbishop’s Palace, the Cathedral, erected in honor of St. John the Apostle, and the baroque Government Palace building, which occupies an entire block. There are several viewpoints in the city, the most popular being in the Parque de la Lovers and the Larco Mar shopping center.

The old city of Cuzco in the southwest of the country usually serves as the starting point for all travelers interested in the heritage of Inca culture, because it is the easiest place to get to the main ancient sites. However, Cusco itself also has a lot to see. According to legend, it was founded by the ancestors of the Inca civilization, and its history goes back over three thousand years. As in the capital, the hiking trails start at the city’s Armory Square, span baroque churches and cathedrals, and end with the “Peruvian Montmartre” – the nearly vertical San Blas descent, favored by artisans and souvenir vendors.

The best vantage points are not to be found in the cities, but in the highlands. For example, mesmerizing views can be found from the site of Colca Canyon, not far from Arequipa, also a very interesting city in terms of architecture.

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The 18 Best Sights of Peru

Peru is an ancient and mysterious country that attracts many tourists. Here you will find islets of lost civilization, the heritage of ancient Indians and many picturesque places where you can see the world with new eyes.

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Who goes to Peru and why

First of all Peru is interesting because of its history. If you want to wander through the ancient ruins and ancient cities of the Incas, then you should definitely come here. You can visit Machu Picchu which is located high in the mountains. Also of interest is the archaeological complex of the pyramids of Tucume and the ruins of the ancient city of Chan Chan, built by the Chimu Indians.

You can learn more about the country and its history at the Museum of Pre-Columbian Archaeology, and at the Metropolitan Museum of Art the exhibits are presented in the form of holograms. Of the religious buildings, the Lima Cathedral is noteworthy. Its appearance is a mixture of different styles and the interior decoration is strikingly luxurious.

Also the country is known for its beautiful and wild nature. The famous Lake Titicaca is worth seeing. If you want to communicate with representatives of the animal world, you can go to the reserve “Pacaya Samiria” or Manu National Park.

Also interesting and fun to spend time on the Monkey Island or Crocodile Farm. And Kolka Canyon, located in the river valley, offers many beautiful photographs.

Historical and Cultural Sites

Machu Picchu

macu pikchu

Machu Picchu is a mysterious cultural monument that we inherited from the ancient Indians. However, it was discovered only 100 years ago, and absolutely by accident, when local peasants told archaeologists about the Inca monument, hidden high in the mountains.

In fact, the name Machu Picchu does not refer to the ancient city – it is a mountain peak located nearby. The settlement itself is divided into sectors, each serving a different function: a dungeon, a cemetery, a residential area, and a temple complex.

Metropolitan Museum

musei metropoloten

In 2011 Lima opened the Miracle Museum of Technology, the first virtual museum in the country. Upon entering, visitors are shown a video about the National Library, and then tourists are guided along the way by holograms. They tell the history of Lima, from the pre-Hispanic period to the present day. In the museum you can learn about the life of the capital, the architecture, music and religion of the Peruvians.

Lima Cathedral

kafedralni sobor

In Plaza Mayor Square in the historic center of Lima is the cathedral, built in the 16th century. Frequent earthquakes periodically destroyed the temple, so it was constantly being repaired. This is reflected in the appearance of the building, which reveals features of different styles, from Baroque to Neoclassical.

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Inside the cathedral, you can see the gilded altar and carved wooden images, as well as paintings depicting the Way of the Cross. The old sacristy of the temple houses the Museum of Religious Art.

Tukume Pyramid Valley

dolina piramid

The Tucume Archaeological Complex is located on the northern coast of Peru and consists of 26 pyramids. They are made of clay bricks and are lined up in a strict order over a large area.

The pyramids were built by the Lambayeque Indians in 700 BC and later passed to the Incas. People lived in them and there were separate areas for sacrifices and rituals. At a certain point, the inhabitants would leave the pyramid, burn the top where the ruler had previously lived, and build a new dwelling.

Pre-Columbian Archaeology Museum

arheology musei

The Museum of Archaeology is housed in a building that was built in the 18th century on the foundations of a 7th century pyramid and was a royal mansion. It has a huge collection of gold and silverware, ceramics and textiles from ancient times.

In the thematic rooms there are exhibitions of ceramics, tools, implements and molds. Here you will learn all about the culture and life of the tribes of pre-Columbian Peru.

Chan Chan Ruins

ruini chan

Before Columbus arrived in South America, there was a town called Chan Chan located west of Trujillo. It was built in the fourteenth century with stones and clay by the Chimu Indians, and it is believed to have been one of the continent’s largest cities at the time.

The ancient Indians deified water, so there are many depictions of the sea and fish in the city. Today, the city has turned to ruins, but some areas have survived quite well – some houses even have their front halls.

Peru’s natural attractions and parks

Lake Titicaca

osero titikaka

The famous lake is located high in the mountains on the border with Bolivia. In fact, it is part of the ancient ocean, which happened to be at an altitude of 3,812 m. It is home to marine animals, as well as a large number of fish and even sharks.

In the vicinity of Lake Titicaca there are many ruins of ancient settlements, and in 2001 divers discovered the city of Vanaca underwater. Tourists can go to the lake on a two-day tour to see Puno, the reed islands, and aboriginal settlements.

Pacaya Samiria Reserve

sapovednik pakaia

The reserve is located in several provinces of Peru and covers 20,000 km2. It is the largest not only in the country, but in all of South America. There are numerous rivers, marshes and lakes in which trees are reflected (because of this the reserve is called “mirror”).

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The jungle is home to a variety of animals and birds: turtles, river otters, spider monkeys, red macaws, and other representatives of exotic fauna can be found here.

Kolka Canyon

kanion kolka

The canyon is located in the valley of a river that flows in the southern part of Peru. Its name in the Quechua language means “granary”. The presence of a large number of stepped terraces in the valley indicates that the ancient inhabitants of the country were actively engaged in agriculture.

Colca is surrounded by volcanoes up to 6,000 meters high, and you can see American Vultures in the sky above it.

Monkey Island

ostrov obisian

This island is located near the city of Iquitos and has an area of about 250 hectares. It is home to 8 of the 51 species of primates that live on the territory of Peru.

Most of the monkeys came to the island thanks to people who found orphan primates in the cities. The inhabitants of the island are very friendly and sociable, willing to make contact with tourists. They live freely on this territory in the dense jungle of the Amazon.

Manu National Park

nac park manu

The national park is located at the confluence of two rivers and is recognized as the world capital of flora and fauna. The reserve is divided into three zones, one of which is open to the public, the other is a place of scientific research, and the third is generally not accessible.

The park is home to a variety of animals, birds, insects and reptiles, as well as unique trees, shrubs and flowers. From Manu you can go rafting on the river to the Amazon tribes and spend the night in an eco-capsule.

Crocodile Farm

krokodilova ferma

On the outskirts of Iquitos is the Crocodile Farm, which consists of 5 small lakes. The reservoirs are home to alligators, black caimans, which reach a body length of 5 meters, as well as the largest freshwater fish of the Amazon paiche, large turtles, and waterfowl.

Tourists can feed the alligators and caimans with small fish, which is completely safe and under the supervision of the farm staff. You can also admire the giant lilies, the Victoria regia.

Notable structures in Peru

Archbishop’s Palace of Lima.

arhiepiskopski dvorec

The palace, which serves as the residence of the archbishop and cardinal, is located on the main square in the historic center of Lima. It is an excellent example of Neoclassical style: the facade is of stone and the central entrance has two balconies of cedar wood in a neo-baroque style.

Inside the Archbishop’s Palace is a collection of paintings, sculptures, and religious decorations from the colonial period.

The palace of Torre Tagle

dvorec toppe

The palace was built in the 18th century by order of the Marquis of Torre Tagle, the Spanish treasurer. He invested a lot of money in the construction of the palace, so the palace is striking in its luxury and grandeur.

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The facade of the building features elements of Andalusian Baroque, Creole and Arabic morisco style. Its main decoration are the openwork balconies. Today the palace houses the Peruvian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, so it is closed to the public.

Puente Bolonesi Bridge

most bueno

The hewn stone bridge, which dates from the 16th-17th centuries, is in the Peruvian town of Arequipa. It crosses the Chile River and connects La Puente Bolonesi and the historic center of the city.

The city’s oldest bridge is a cultural heritage, but at the same time serves its direct function. It has an original appearance thanks to its thick arches and blends in with the modern panorama of the city.

Floating houses in Belen

plavauchie doma

Belém is a district of the city of Iquitos, also called the Venice of the Amazon. Lower Belém consists for the most part of houses on stilts and rafts on the banks of the Itaya. Such dwellings were built because of the seasonal changes in the water level of the river.

People inhabited this area because of its proximity to the port, which was beneficial to trade. Houses are connected with each other by wooden bridges. Although there is a lot of tourism and intensive commerce in the Belém markets, it is considered one of the poorest areas of the city.

Goyenes Palace

dvorec goienesh

The Goyenes Palace is located in the city of Arequipa and is one of the most famous local buildings. It was built in the 16th century for Martin de Almazán, who owned this piece of land. It was a one-story house with a patio that was almost completely destroyed by earthquakes. The building was subsequently rebuilt and modified.

Today it is a luxurious mansion with columns on the facade and a balcony on the roof, which offers a beautiful view of the city. The palace is on the UNESCO list.

Casa del Moral

kassa del moral

Large Baroque mansion was built in the first half of the 18th century. The palace was named after the mora, an ancient mulberry tree which still grows in the courtyard of the house. The stone gates are decorated with carvings depicting the heads of pumas spewing from the mouths of snakes and the coat of arms with a crown, supported by two angels.

The interiors are no less luxurious. The rooms are furnished with furniture from the republican and colonial periods, and there are paintings of the masters of the Cuscan school of painting on the walls. In the mansion there is a library with an extensive collection of ancient works of Latin American literature.

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