Poklonnaya Hill Museum of the Great Patriotic War

Poklonnaya Hill Museum of the Great Patriotic War

Kultura.ru” portal has prepared a special project about the Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 – The Victory Museum on Poklonnaya Gora. Take a walk through the main halls of the museum, its galleries, diorama complex and open-air exhibitions.

Kultura.ru” portal has prepared a special project about the Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 – The Victory Museum on Poklonnaya Gora. Take a walk through the main halls of the museum, its galleries, diorama complex and open-air exhibitions.

Kultura.ru” portal has prepared a special project about the Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 – The Victory Museum on Poklonnaya Gora. Take a walk through the main halls of the museum, its galleries, diorama complex and open-air exhibitions.

The park’s main avenue, The Years of War, leads to the building of the Victory Museum. It is divided into five terraces, each of which symbolizes a year of the Great Patriotic War. Along the alley in the summertime there are 225 fountains: 225 weeks of battles. In the evenings, they turn on the red, “bloody” illumination.

At the beginning of the alley, on the left, there is a small hill – this is what is left of Poklonnaya Hill. Much of it was torn down when they built Kutuzovsky Avenue and nearby residential neighborhoods. This place got its name back in the days of ancient Russia. It offered a view of the city, and travelers stopped here to worship at the Moscow shrines. At the same place “bows” were collected – fees for entry into the city.

The majestic Victory Monument – the highest monument in Russia – completes the alley. It is twice as high as the “Mother Motherland” in Volgograd. The monument is made in the form of a three-edged bayonet, which rises from the muzzle of a soldier’s rifle. The project was prepared by Moscow sculptor Zurab Tsereteli, and to erect the structure helped architects Leonid Vavakin and Vladimir Budaev.

The height of the monument is symbolic: 1,418 decimeters, the same amount as the days of the war. The edges of the bayonet are covered with bas-reliefs, which are dedicated to the battles. Here you can see scenes of the Battle of Stalingrad, the Battle of Kursk, the Siege of Leningrad, the crossing of the Dnieper, and at the very top – the capture of Berlin. At the level of 104 meters on the bayonet there is a sculptural composition – the goddess Nika with a golden laurel wreath and two cupids trumpeting their horns.

The Victory Monument is a complex engineering structure. Multi-ton counterweights are built into its pedestal, and the bayonet itself has elements that protect it from strong winds. Inside the obelisk moves an elevator, on which the staff can climb to the top.

At the foot of the monument is a sculpture of St. George the Victorious, the patron saint of Moscow. Like on the emblem of the capital, he is wrestling with a huge serpent.

The building of the Victory Museum is behind the monument. The facade is in the form of a semicircular colonnade and behind it rises the main dome. The project of the building was chosen in a competition in 1979 – then the best work was recognized by the team of sculptors and architects, led by Nikolai Tomsky and Anatoly Polyansky.

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Construction of the museum began in 1983, but soon because of the difficult situation in the country the construction site froze. Work resumed in 1994, and a year later, to the 50th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War, opened the entire complex with a memorial park and the Victory Monument.

On the ground floor of the museum is the Hall of Historical Truth – an exhibition space dedicated to the prewar period and the first months of the Great Patriotic War. On information stands and monitors you can see archival photographs and brief information about the events of those years. There are also statistics: the number of military and civilians killed, destroyed cities and villages, as well as the magnitude of the material losses of the country. Under the glass there are some rare exhibits: Georgiy Zhukov’s briefcase with which he went to see Stalin and the “Fokor-M” camera with which he imaged the parade on November 7, 1941. At that time troops were leaving the Red Square to go straight to the front, and photos of Soviet soldiers and equipment were distributed to demoralize Wehrmacht units. The exhibition also includes items of soldiers’ everyday life, weapons, documents and even the whip of German concentration camp guards.

The hall is decorated in black and red colors, and on the walls are words that characterize the war years: grief, inhumanity, looting, ruin, aggression, strike, madness, murder, destruction.

Behind the Hall of Historical Truth is the national historical depository “Faces of Victory” – a digital archive of photographs and personal stories of millions of people who fought against Nazism during the Great Patriotic War. On the ceiling of this room are millions of brass threads with crystal drops. They symbolize the tears of soldiers’ mothers. Crystal tears also cover the vaults in the next space, the Hall of Remembrance and Mourning. In its center there is a sculpture of a grieving mother who is leaning over her dead son. The composition was carved from white marble, quarried in the Urals, to the design of Lev Kerbel.

On the ceiling of St. George’s Hall – millions of brass threads with crystal drops. They symbolize the tears of soldiers’ mothers. Crystal tears also cover the vaults in the next space – the Hall of Memory and Mourning. In its center there is a sculpture of a grieving mother who is leaning over her dead son. The composition, designed by Lev Kerbel, was carved from white marble quarried in the Urals.

In this hall one can commemorate the victims with a minute of silence. At such moments there is a special silence here, because the walls are covered with noise absorbing basalt fiber plates, and sounds from outside do not get here.

Victory Museum in Moscow

Victory Museum in Moscow

Tue-Fri, Wed 10:00-20:30 (cashiers and visitors admission up to 20:00) Fri, Sat 10:00-21:30 (cashiers and visitors admission up to 21:00) Open Space and the exhibition “Motors of War”: work cash and visitors admission from 10:00 to 19:30 service visitors from 10:00 to 20:00:

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400 p – single ticket / 300 p – reduced single ticket 300 p – main museum building / 200 p – reduced ticket 300 p – open area / 200 p – reduced ticket 300 p – area of local wars and armed conflicts of 50-80s of the XX century / 200 p – reduced

Victory Museum on Poklonnaya Hill is the main part of the memorial complex, dedicated to the victory of Russia in the Great Patriotic War, located on Kutuzovsky Avenue in Moscow. This is the largest and most extensive museum in Russia, detailing today the events of that war, dedicated to the courage and heroism shown by the soldiers and the people as a whole.

Today the museum is a well-developed system of various exhibition projects: artistic and thematic, stationary and traveling, domestic and foreign.

Victory Museum in Moscow

The museum part of the ensemble includes halls of the Commanders, Memory and Glory, an art gallery, six dioramas devoted to the major battles of the Great Patriotic War, halls of historical exposition. In addition, the museum building houses a film lecture hall, an exhibition hall for thematic exhibitions, a meeting room for veterans and a cinema hall for the demonstration of chronicle-documentary films.

Also outdoors in Victory Park near the museum building is an exhibition of weapons, military equipment and engineering structures (weapons of victory, captured vehicles, railroads, military roads, artillery, armored vehicles, air force and navy). Among the exhibits of the museum are many unique ones, such as rare aircraft – U-2 and the legendary tank of the Great Patriotic War – the Soviet T-34. Also constantly popular with visitors is the exhibition “War engines. Rare, unknown and famous”.

Victory Museum in Moscow

History

In 1983 the Council of Ministers of the USSR issued the decree “On the construction in Moscow of the monument to the Victory of the Soviet people in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945”. The decree stipulated the establishment on Poklonnaya Hill of the monument to the Victory of the Soviet people from the funds earned by the communist subbotniks of labor collectives.

The staff of the future museum and veterans’ organizations worked together to create the museum, arrange exhibits and design its expositions.

The main activity of the Museum, according to its Statute adopted in 1994, was research, collection, exposition and educational work.

In December 1993, when the museum building was already being actively prepared for its opening (the first temporary exhibitions were created, which later will become the basis for the permanent exhibitions), the government of the capital decided to create exhibitions of military equipment and engineering and fortification structures as part of the memorial complex.

This decision influenced the extension of the terms of museum’s completion and, accordingly, postponed its opening date.

As a result, the grand opening of the Museum was held on May 9, 1995, the day of celebration of the 50th anniversary of the victory over Nazi Germany. The opening was attended by the heads of 55 countries, including U.S. President Bill Clinton and British Secretary of State John Meijer, which emphasized the national character of the Victory Museum.

Victory Museum in Moscow

The museum building in Victory Park and the main exhibits

The Great Patriotic War Museum itself is a four-story building impressive in size and architecture, topped by a dome with a fifteen-meter spire.

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Inside the building there are three main museum halls: “The Hall of Commanders”, “Hall of Glory” and “Hall of Memory and Grief” and also the hall of historical exposition, 6 three-dimensional dioramas, covering the key moments and battles of the Great Patriotic War, a large hall for 400 seats and a cinema-lecture hall for 200 seats, three VIP-halls, the “Book of Memory” department and an art gallery.

The museum is unique because of the contrast of its different halls – so in the Hall of Fame is a tribute to the heroes and victors, while the Memorial Hall depicts grief for the dead.

At the entrance to the Victory Museum there are showcases and stands with exhibits – personal belongings, documents and awards of the commanders and ordinary soldiers. Authentic samples of weapons and uniforms of soldiers and officers of different kinds of armies of the anti-Hitler coalition and our enemies are represented.

Victory Museum in Moscow

The Hall of Military Leaders

The first hall that opens the museum’s exhibition is the “Hall of Commanders,” which is a large spacious room with a grand staircase in the center, on the upper platform of which there is an artistic and decorative composition “The Shield and Sword of Victory,” and in its center – the panel “Soldier’s Road of Glory,” made of colored metal.

Along the perimeter of the Hall of Commanders is a collection of bronze busts of holders of the highest military decoration – the Order of Victory, made by sculptor Zurab Tsereteli. Stylized heraldic shields with military orders of the Soviet and Russian armies depicted above sculptural depictions of persons who held the Order of Glory among generals and marshals.

Every year on memorable historical dates cultural events take place in the Hall – performances by choirs, orchestras and creative bands.

Hall of Fame

The Hall of Fame is the main composite element of the museum that is dedicated to the courage and heroism of privates and officers. In the center of this austere and solemn hall is the bronze sculpture Soldier of Victory with a sword made by Tula gunsmiths at his feet, and on either side of the sculpture are the busts of legendary ace pilots, thrice Heroes of the Soviet Union Ivan Kozhedub and Alexander Pokryshkin.

The main hall of the museum is circular in shape, around the perimeter of which there are white marble slabs with the names of more than 11,800 soldiers who were awarded the honorary titles of Heroes of the Soviet Union and Heroes of Russia, and bas-reliefs with images of Hero-Cities, and above it all there is a dome with a large bright Victory Order in the center, edged with a laurel wreath symbolizing victory.

The main purpose of the Hall of Fame is a place for holding military-patriotic events, for example, the oath taken by conscripts and initiation into the Suvorov Military School.

Hall of Fame at the Victory Museum on google panorama

Hall of Remembrance and Sorrow

This solemnly mournful hall has a visual design appropriate to its subject: its walls are decorated in dark purple, red and black colors and are decorated with lamps in the form of funeral candles; the floor is paved with polished marble slabs; pendants of thin brass chains descend from the ceiling; drops of “crystals” symbolizing tears are attached to their lower edges.

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Along the walls of the hall there are tables with books of Memory, and on the floor there is a path lined with dark tiles, which leads to the main element of the hall – the sculptural composition “Sorrow”. It represents the figure of a mother bent over her lying son, and embodies a symbol of grief and loss for all women who mourn the men who did not return from the war.

Dioramas, other halls and departments of the museum

Another important component of the exposition of the Museum on Poklonnaya Hill are six dioramas, telling about the largest military battles of the Great Patriotic War, which played a decisive role in it. Their subjects are: the Soviet counter-offensive near Moscow in December 1941, the connection of the fronts near Stalingrad, the Battle of Kursk, the Siege of Leningrad, the crossing of the Dnieper and the storming of Berlin.

The outer perimeter of the “Hall of Glory” covers the Guards halls with the main military and historical exhibition of the Victory Museum, numbering more than 6000 exhibits, and other exhibitions, which feature authentic relics of the war years – photographs, newsreels, front letters, awards, uniforms, documents of those years, weapons and equipment. In addition to historical exhibits the museum features works of art on related topics – sculptures, paintings, posters, graphics.

Victory Museum in Moscow

The “Memory Book” department of the Victory Museum keeps information about the fates of millions of victims who died and disappeared in the volumes of the All-Union Memory Book and the electronic catalog, created in 1995, the work on filling and refining the data is actively carried out today.

Museum of Technology in Victory Park

Another important part of the Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War is a unique exhibition of military equipment and engineer and fortification structures, set up in the open air in the park.

The exhibition of military equipment of the Victory Museum is famous for being the largest such collection: it has over 300 units of military equipment and weapons.

Each equipment model at the exhibition is equipped with an information plate, reflecting information about the model itself, its developer, information about the main technical characteristics and production date of a particular model.

Exhibition of military equipment on Poklonnaya Hill

Among the exhibits there are representatives of all kinds of military equipment – artillery pieces, famous Soviet tanks, cars of that era, aircraft, as well as samples of naval equipment, for which there was an artificial reservoir created in the museum.

Moreover, there is “Guerilla unit’s base” reconstructed according to the model of a dugout from the war years. It includes a headquarters, a radio room, a medical point, guerrillas’ accommodation, a kitchen, a bakery, and a canteen.

Victory Museum in Moscow

Prices in the Victory Museum in Moscow

Entrance to the Victory Museum is by tickets, the cost of which varies depending on the site visited:

  • 400 rubles. – Single entry ticket for the main building and open areas of the museum / 300 rubles. – Concessional single ticket;
  • 300 rubles. – Main building of the museum / 200 rubles – discount ticket;
  • 300 rubles. – an open-air area for military equipment of the 1930s-1940s / 200 rubles – preferential ticket;
  • 300 rubles. – an open-air area of military equipment of the 1950s-1980s / 200 rubles – discount ticket.
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The following categories of citizens of the Russian Federation have the right to visit the museum at a discount:

  • pupils;
  • students (cadets) of Russian institutions of higher professional education, including foreign students (cadets);
  • Conscripts in the armed forces;
  • retirees;
  • disabled persons.

Moreover, people under 16 are entitled to visit the main and temporary exhibitions of the Museum for free.

Victory Museum in Moscow

Excursions in the Victory Museum

There are tours for adults, foreigners, excursions for schoolchildren, thematic tours, and interactive excursions.

The cost of the excursions at the Victory Museum differs depending on the excursion programme and the number of people in the group – from 250 rubles per person to 5000 for a group (up to 4 people).

The main sightseeing tours at the museum (duration of 1 hour 30 minutes) are:

  • Excursion “Motors of War. Unknown, rare and famous”,
  • tour of the diorama complex “Six Battles in History” and the children’s tour “We Won”,
  • excursion to the open-air site of the exposition of weapons, military equipment and engineering structures “Weapon of Victory” (held from March to October).

In addition to tours and thematic programs the museum holds the lessons of history and Russian literature for students as well as educational and developmental programs and quests for children. Read more about children’s programs on the official site of the Victory Museum.

Laser tag at the Victory Museum

Laser paintball or laser tag games take place on Poklonnaya Hill from Tuesday to Friday. The game lasts for 50 minutes. At first players pass a ten-minute briefing and then the fun begins. You can choose any game scenario. Price – 500 rubles on weekdays and 700 rubles at week-ends.

How to get to “Victory museum

You can get to the Great Patriotic War Museum in Moscow by metro, buses, private transport and cab.

Subway to the Victory Museum

The nearest metro station is “Park Pobedy” (Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line – blue and Solntsevskaya line – yellow), 2 exits of which are in the park. There are also several other metro stations within walking distance (within 10 minutes): “Minskaya” (Solntsevskaya line – yellow), Kutuzovskaya (Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line – blue), “Filevsky park”, “Bagrationovskaya” and “Fili” (Filevskaya line – blue).

Land transport

Buses to the park: № 157, 205, 339, 523, 840, H2 (stops “Victory Park Metro”, “Poklonnaya Gora”, “Victory Park (Kutuzovsky Prospekt)”), № 442, 477 (stop “Victory Park Metro”), № 91, 474 (stops “Poklonnaya Gora”, “Victory Park (Kutuzovsky Prospekt)”).

Take a shuttle to the park: № 339k, 454 (stops “Park Pobedy Metro Station”, “Poklonnaya Gora”, “Victory Park (Kutuzovsky Prospekt)”).

How to get there by car

It is possible to get to the Victory Park in Moscow by car along Kutuzovsky Avenue or Minskaya Street, but be sure to take into account the situation on the roads: during traffic jams faster and more convenient still by subway.

For a comfortable ride to the park you can use cab apps (Uber, Gett, Yandex.Taxi, Maxim) or carsharing (Delimobil, Anytime, Belkacar, Lifcar).

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